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in support of the calumny. As a five times every day; and on Sunspecimen of all the subjects of dis. days they are strictly prohibited course mentioned by Mr. Ellis, I will from cooking any kind of victuals, transcribe without selection, or or even making a fire. Boki was known omission, the texts found in refractory on this point,-protested the first hundred pages of his Tour, strongly against a tabu of this rigid Speaking of the observance of the nature, and insisted on having his first Sabbath on Hawaii, he remarks tea on Sunday mornings, as he was -"Mr. Bishop preached from John accustomed in London." iii. 16, God so loved the world, This statement is almost too ri. that he gave bis only begotten Son, diculously untrue to be worthy of that whosoever believeth in him refutation. The religious services should not perish, but have ever- held by the missionaries at the lasting life-and endeavoured in churches with the natives, instead the most familiar manner, to set of being five every day—are only before the people the great love of three in each week-two of these God in sending his Son to die for are on the Sabbath, and the third sinners, and the necessity of for on the afternoon of Wednesday. saking sin, and believing on him, At the time I left the islands in in order to eternal life. The suc- 1825, there was a catechetical exceeding passages within the limitercise every Monday, at which, mentioned above, are-" This is however, some fifty or a hundred the day the Lord hath made, we will only of the people attended-also rejoice and be glad in it.”—“ Bless- a prayer meeting on Friday, held ed are the eyes which see the things by a few natives themselves, and which ye see.”—“ Jesus said unto at which the missionaries were selher, I am the resurrection and the dom present. life: he that believeth in me, though
The manner of cooking among he were dead yet shall he live; and the natives is totally different from whosoever liveth and believeth in ours--they are universally in the me shall never die.”—“We preach 'habit of preparing at one time a unto you,
ye should turn from quantity of food sufficient for seve these vanities unto the living God, ral days, and the process of doing which made heaven, and earth, and this requires the labour of nearly a the sea, and all things that are whole day. Not to have discoutherein.”—“ Good and upright is raged this labour on the Sabbath, the Lord; therefore will he teach would have been to allow it to resinners in the way.”—
-" This is a main unnecessarily a day of work. faithful saying, and worthy of all We therefore advised both chiefs acceptation, that Christ Jesus came and people to have their poe (a into the world to save sinners.". principal article of diet) beaten and &c. &c.*
mixed before the Sabbath; but this It is then alleged that “according advice was unaccompanied by any to their (the missionaries) rule, the prohibition whatever, much less by more time that is spent in preach that of kindling a fire. As to the ing, praying, and singing, the bet. making of tea and such refreshter. The least that is required inents on the Sabbath, Boki could from the half-naked converts of hardly have found occasion for the Owhyee, &c. is to attend at church remark attributed to him. It would
not have been necessary for him to Mr. Loomis stated to us that Mr. have pleaded his indulgencies in Bingham had preached, in order, on every London to secure his cup of teaprecept of the Decalogue; and that his he need only have pointed to the discourse on the eighth commandment caused the restoration of several articles
same hot beverage on the breakfast of stolen goods.--EDITOR.
and tea tables of the missionaries
every Sabbath, and asked why we of Honoruru, where he came to an partook so openly of a luxury, which anchor, without having the fullest by rigid tabu we denied to him and proof that the king at least was in his people?
no danger of starvation. All our instructions in reference But to the charges of his letter to the Sabbath were founded on the in their order.--He states that the general principle of avoiding un- country is becoming a desolation necessary work, and abstaining from from the influence of the Missionunsuitable recreations; and in no aries--that thousands of acres of instance did they extend to the in- land that before their efforts) protroduction of burdensome observ- duced the finest crops, are now ances, or to the injunction of any sandy plains. In the year 1804, self-denial involving an unprofita- sixteen years before the arrival of ble austerity.
the Missionaries at the Sandwich We are next presented with a Islands, Mr. Shaler, a gentleman of series of allegations, supported by respectability and information, at the name and letters of Captain present American Consul at AlBeechey, commander of H. M. sloop giers, was at that group in the of war the Blossom. This officer Pacifick. His journal was published, visited the Sandwich Islands in and a copy of it was politely put May, 1826, on his way to Behring's into my hands by Dr. Mease, of Straits, and as the Reviewer says, Philadelphia, shortly after I saw writes to England in the following this account of Capt. Beechey. Mr. manner: “ The efforts of the few Shaler notices the same desolate zealous missionaries are tending, plains as bearing marks of former as fast as possible, to lay waste the high cultivation, which caused the whole country, and plunge the in- commander of the Blossom so much habitants into civil war and blood- alarm; but he attributes their apshed. Thousands of acres of land, pearance to a much more rational that before produced the finest cause—the despotism of Tamehacrops, are now sandy plains. Pro- meha. He remarks, “it is well visions are so extremely scarce, understood that no chief of the that not long since the king sent to least consequence can reside any beg a little bread of the American where but near the person of the consul: the fishery is almost de. monarch; and as he migrates serted, and nothing flourishes but through his dominions, he draws the missionary school.”
after him a train more destructive Captain Beechey's visit at the than locusts. Every thing is abanSandwich Islands was limited to a doned to follow the sovereign; period of about ten days; and it is and the country, deserted by all not probable that his report of the who have an interest in its cultiva. condition and prospects of the na- tion, and in the improvement of the tion was the resuit of extensive lands, becomes of course neglected. personal observation. He has the I have observed many fine tracts of reputation of being an intelligent land lying thus neglected, even in and scientifick man; but in this the fertile plains of Lahaina :-the single instance, at least, he must ruined enclosures and broken dykes, have permitted his better judgment around them, were certain indicato have been imposed on by the tions that they were not always in misrepresentation of others, and that state.” must have yielded the sense of see I well recollect on landing at ing entirely to that of hearing, in Oahu, in 1823, to have had the unforming his opinion of the state of cultivated plain, to which Captain the islanders. He could not have Beechey probably alludes, pointed been on shore an hour at the port out to me by one of the older of the
foreign residents, as an evidence of advantage of water in irrigation, the rapid deterioration of the coun &c. &c. try since the accession of the young
As to the scarcity of provisions king Riho Riho. While Tameha- mentioned by Capt. Beechey, and meha lived, he said, that extensive the extremity to which the young tract was covered with potatoes king in consequence of it was and melons, sugar-cane and bana- driven for a crust of bread, I have nas; but since his death every some striking illustrations in a few thing was going to ruin. The mis- statistical dates, put into my possion at that time had scarce be- session by a gentleman just arcome firmly established. Little rived in this country from a six change had then been effected on years' residence at the Islands, and the habits and pursuits of the peo- who was at Oahu at the time of ple; and it was too early to bring Capt. Beechey's visit.—Ships in a calumny against them through considerable numbers, first began this channel. But now, when thou- to frequent the Sandwich Islands sands of the natives have become for refreshments in the years 1822 interested in learning to read and and 1823. In 1822 the number write, and have been prevailed on touching at Honoruru was 33; and to devote the hours of every day, in 1823 it amounted, at the same which they once spent in games place, to 57. The mission at that and dances, to their schools, it is time, had exerted no influence over very easy and very convenient for the people in general; there were the
opposers of our instructions to then but few religious services to say to a visiter, from whom the en- call them from their work, and no gagedness of the islanders in the school to interfere with the cultiva. objects of the mission cannot be tion of their lands—but provisions concealed, “ It is true the schools were scarce, the prices were high, and churches flourish, but look at and the ships were not readily supthe desolation of that plain—it is plied with the refreshments they all in consequence of the influence required. In the year 1826, that of the missionaries-the whole of Capt. Beechey's visit, the numcountry is going to rain in the ber of vessels that called at Oahu, same manner!”
was 107—some remained a week, The true cause of the appear- some a fortnight, others a month, ances in many parts of the country and others again three moths. They of a more extensive cultivation and were all abundantly supplied with improvement of land formerly than provisions, such as hogs, goats, is seen at present, is two-fold. fowls, eggs, potatoes, taro, cabbage, They arise first, and principally, onions, pumpkins, cucuinbers, bafrom the rapid depopulation of the nanas, melons, &c. &c. while they islands, from destructive wars and remained in port; and each, on the crime of infanticide, which pre- an average, carried to sea from vailed to a very great extent; and 40 to 60 bbls. of potatoes, and other from the drunkenness and disease vegetables, besides live stock. The introduced by foreigners; and se. market was always full, and the condly, from a custom among the demand so profusely supplied, that patives of frequently changing the potatoes and taro, instead of being location of their cultivated grounds 83 per bbl. as was the case in pre-forming a new plantation where ceding years, sold in the publick there had not been one, and leaving market for 82 and 81 50, and that which they previously occu- could be procured at private sale pied to go to waste. This they for 81-the rate of all other artifrequently do from various causes, cles was proportionably lower than such as that of securing greater formerly. Vol. V.- Ch. Adv.
As to the story about the young ing proof of the correctness of his king and American Consul, every opinion, he adds the following senperson in the least acquainted with tence: “Their dispersion over the the despotick power of the govern- Pacifick is easily accounted for, by ment, knows that the whole nation the constant easterly winds, which would die with famine before the at various times and in various diking's tribute would fail; and proof rections, may have blown fishing is not wanting that there never was canoes from the Asiatick islands to a time, in the reign of the present those scattered over the Pacifick, and king, when he could not in a day from one of these islands to anohave raised provisions for a thou- ther,—which last accident, indeed, sand men.
is constantly happening at the preMy next, sir, will complete the sent day.” series of letters which I promised. Unfortunately for this theory, the Yours, &c.
argument here adduced, instead of C. S. STEWART,
being the strongest in its favour, is Late of Sandwich Island Mission. the most conclusive of all others
against its truth. The constant
easterly winds of the Pacifick, be. Boston, July 18, 1827. tween the parallels of latitude inMy Dear Sir, I think it unneces. cluding most of the clusters of issary to pursue a refutation of the lands, instead of facilitating the disremarks on the Sandwich Islands, persion of an Asiatick race over the extracted from the letters of Capt. face of that ocean, would present Beechey, to a more tedious length. the most formidable of existing imThey are all equally open to expo- pediments to such migration. The sure: the apprehension of civil war canoes of the South Sea islanders are and bloodshed, which he expresses, peculiarly unfit for sailing against was as groundless as his fears of a the wind : and with these rude boats famine. And the gratuitous charge only for navigation, it seems imfounded on it, by the Reviewer, possible that the inhabitants of the “ that the American teachers apply Marquesas, Society, and Sandwich and expound the text of scripture Islands, should have struggled which says, that in the kingdom of against a regular eastern wind to heaven none is before or after ano- their present abodes. ther, -none greater nor less than Had the argument been adduced another, so as exactly to tell the poor to prove the islanders to be of Mercreatures, that all men are equal;' ican or Peruvian origin, it would and thus to have produced a visible have been good ; but as it stands, it insubordination to the chiefs," is as is only an additional evidence of the ridiculous as his pretended text of error of the article from the beginscripture is untrue.
ning to the end. With these extracts from Capt. It was doubtless thought by the Beechey's letters, the animadversion author a most happy circumstance, of the writer ceases; and shortly that just as the Review was about to after, the article is brought to a close appear, a letter should arrive from in true philosophic style, by a specu- the islands confirming the allegalation on the origin of the islanders. tions against the American mission. The author's decided opinion is, that aries. This letter is introduced in it is oriental. In Pele, the goddess a note, at the close of the number, of volcanoes, he clearly recognises and is so important a document, the Pel, Bel, or Baal, of the eastern that I will place before you the world : and in all the customs, ha- whole of it, as published by the edibits, games, &c. of the people, traces tors, together with their introducthe Asiatic character. As a finish- tory paragraph.
“ Since the preceding pages have God send you good health and a long been struck off, we have been fa- life. voured with the following literal • Mrs. Boki sends her kind love copy of a letter of Boki, (which we to Lord Biron and Mr. Camrone and pledge ourselves to be genuine,) the Hon. Mr. Hill. confirming what we have stated with (Signed) NA-Boki.” regard to the conduct of the Ameri.
I have called this letter an imcan missionaries at the Sandwich portant document, and I believe Islands.
that you, sir, upon examining it, in • Islands of Woahoo, Jan. 24, 1826. connexion with one or two facts in • Sir, I take this opportunity to my possession, will be of the same send you thes fu lines, hopping the opinion. The editor pledges himwill find you in good health, as blesself that it is genuine-if it is meant god the leve me at present. I am by that term, that the original letter sorrey to inform You that Mr. Pitt is the composition and writing of (Karaimakoo) has gon thro four op. Boki, I do not hesitate, on my part, perashons since you sailed from to pledge myself that it is not gehere, but thank god he is now much nuine; and being thus at issue, I better, and we ar in hops of his re- will present the evidence on which covery, and I am verey sorey to tell I stake the case, you that Mr. Bingham the head of The first proof I would offer, is in the Misheneres is trieng every thing the spelling of the proper names in his pour to have the Law of this Woahoo, Karaimaka, Cahomano, country in his own hands. all of us and Otiety. All these words are in ar verry happy to have sum pepel to constant and familiar use--they are instruct us in what is rite and good words of the native language, which but he wants us to be entirely un Boki bas bad occasion to spell a thouder his laws which will not do with sand times since he has learned to the natives. I have don all in my write; and yet, not one of them is pour to prevent it and I have done here spelled correctly; nor are the it as yet. Ther is Cahomano wish- mistakes committed, in any instance, es the Misheneres to have the whol those into wbich a native would fall. atority but I sholl prevent it as long Every letter in their language has as I cane, for if the have their will one sound only, and every letter is be nothing done in thes Islands not sounded. Consequently their errors even cultivation, for their own use. in spelling are all in the omission, I wish the peppel to reid and to rite and not in the substitution of letters. and likewise to worke, but the These words, however, are spelled Misbeneres have got them night and according to the orthography in use day old and young so that ther is among foreigners. Boki would have verrey little don her at present. written them thus-Oahu, KaraiThe pepel in general ar verrey much maku, Kaahumanu, and Tahiti. discetisfied at the Misheneres think In the second place, the general ing they will have the laws in their spelling is such as no native, wriown hands. Captain Charlton has ting in English, would have adopted. not arrived from Otiety which makes The peculiarity of the native orthome think sumthing has happened to graphy is not betrayed in a single him. Mr. Bingham bas gone so far instance--which, in the midst of so as to tell thes natives that neither much bad spelling, is truly singular. king George nor Lord Byron has One great difficulty in such a case any regard for God, or any of the would have been, in stringing conEnglish chreefs, that they are all bad sonants together without the interpepel but themselves, and there is vention of a vowel : in his own lanno redemsion for any of the heads guage every consonant is invariably of the English or American nations followed by a vowel : but in this let