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Perpetuity and Divine Authority of the dily adopted to prevent the evil, every Sabbath;” the second—“Of the Sabbath kind of travelling will shortly be as comas a rest to be occupied in Personal, Do. mon-perhaps more common--on the mestic, and Social Religion.” The first Sabbath, than on any other day of the shows that the observance of the Sabbath week. The influence of this, if it should is enjoined by the authority of God; the take place, in deteriorating publick mo. second points out the manner in which rals, and of ultimately endangering our the season of sacred rest ought to be free institutions, will be fearful indeed. employed. Taken together, they may The God of nations will assuredly punish be regarded as forming a compendious us; we do not say by miracle, or by and yet complete system, in reference to drought, or famine, or pestilence, or fothe Sabbatical institution. This institu- reign war. Some of these, his ordinary tion is proved to be not only of Divine ori- scourges, he may use. But he needs gin, but of perpetual obligation; its du- only to leave us to the natural effects of ties are specified; the advantages to be our iniquities—the loss of a sense of moderived to individuals and communities ral obligation, and the prevalence of vice from the performance of these duties are and unhallowed passions-and these will clearly shown, and the ruinous conse urge us on to self-destruction. The vital quences of their neglect are justly and principle of free states is the general prestrikingly exhibited. After a careful pe valence of virtue; and when this no rusal of this pamphlet, we can recollect longer exists, the termination of their but one idea of any interest, in regard to liberties will soon follow. Let piety and the whole subject, which the writers patriotism therefore awake, and unite have not touched on-It is an idea de. their efforts to arrest the mischief, before rived from Selden, that the Jewislı Sab. it be past a remedy. bath was a departure, as to the day, from

A SCRIPTURAL View of BAPTISM. By the original institution; and that the

Daniel Baker, Pastor of the 2d PresbyteChristian Sabbath is in reality a return to

rian Church, Washington City. that institution, being observed on the very day which was at first appointed by God. than 23 pages in small octavo, we have

This little tract, consisting of no more This, however, is not a point of any prac found to contain all the radical ideas retical importance. We can scarcely ex

lative to the subject of baptism, which press our opinion of the able and pious we have elsewhere seen dilated into vomanner in which the writers of this pam

lumes. The writer has likewise the talent phlet have handled their subject, without of presenting his thoughts in a clear and appearing to indulge in extravagant en. comium. We do earnestly hope that it with a good spirit. He is a decided ad.

striking manner; and the whole is given will be reprinted in as cheap a form as

vocate for infant baptism, but he expossible, and distributed into every part

presses no uncharitable sentiments, and of the United States. A copy of it ought to be sent to every publick functionary, ward those who differ from bim in opi

uses no harsh or irritating language, toand to be laid on the table of every nion. He acknowledges himself indebted member of Congress, and every mem

“ for many valuable thoughts and some ber of every state legislature in the Ame- happy expressions, to Doctor Rice's adrican Union. It appeals equally to the

mirable Essay on Baptism, Pampbleteer, feelings of the Christian and to the prin; No. 1.” Mr. Baker considers, I. THE NAciples of the republican. And never did

TURE OF BAPTISM. II. Tur SUBJECTS. Christians and republicans need to be ap- III. Tue Move. We think this tract is pealed to, in regard to the Sabbath, more

well calculated to aid those whose minds than our countrymen need it, at the pre- are labouring on the subject of baptism, sent time. Our general government, in and wbo have not lime or inclination to the arrangements made for carrying the mail, bas taken the lead in breaking such we particularly recommend it. At

perusę more extended treatises; and to through the laws, and breaking down the the same time it may be useful to those publick sentiment, by which the ob

who, after reading much, would be glad servance of the Sabbath in our land was

to see a perspicuous summary of the aronce fortified and enforced. And now, in the city where we write, steam-boat limits forbid us to make extracts, and in

guments in favour of infant baptism. Our excursions for the Sabbath are advertised, deed they could not easily be made so as with as unblushing an effrontery as if

to do justice to the author. they violated neither the laws of God or man, while they are in nbtorious contra AN EXAMINATION OF THE QUESTION, vention of both. Canals are opening, " Whether a man may marry his deceased and rail roads are about to be established, wife's sister 2" with some remarks on Do. in various sections of our country; and mesticus and others. unless some vigorous measures are spee We certainly should not notice this

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pamphlet at all

, if the writer had not con saysthat the reviewer has intimated that redescended, in a postscript, to notice us. ligious persecution is lawful in some cases. -Nor shall we now enter into any argu. We really must call this a gross slander. ment with him, farther than to clear our. We have intimated no such thing. We selves, if we can, from sundry grievous abhor persecution in all its shapes and charges which he brings against us. His forms. Our accuser indeed would fain postscript is a review of our review of the make us a persecutor of poor M‘Crimpamphlets on the subject of incest, con mon. But all we have said in regard to tained in our number for April last; and him, was said in support of an act of dis. in four duodecimo pages, of which the cipline already inflicted, and of an article postscript consists, we have counted eight of the constitution of the Presbyterian allegations, in which we think there is no church, actually existing—and is this pertruth. We will enumerate and reply to secution! We believe our accuser would them as briefly as we can. 1. He says the be right glad to have this whole cause in reviewer substantially charges all who do his own hands. 7. He charges the renot concur in his opinion with infidelity. viewer with an extreme want of charity. There is no truth in this. We showed that In what has this appeared ? In M'CrimDomesticus, in arguing the law of incest mon's case, it is said, and in the appeal to without the aid of the Bible, was on ground the Baptist church, "and in other parts of common to him with infidels, and by such his essay.” Of M'Crimmon's case we men as Hume might be beaten at his have already spoken; in our appeal to own weapons. But we have never so much the Baptist Church we declared, that " for as insinuated that Domesticus, or any other our Baptist brethren we cherish a sincere opponent in this controversy, was an infi. affection." Is this uncharitable! As del. We abhor the thought of such an “other parts of the essay"are not specified, imputation. On the ground of reason we can say nothing of them-We believe alone Christians may, and often do, argue that the charge of uncharitableness is not many questions of morals : we only gave unfrequently made by those whose own our opinion that the question in hand lack of charity is the greatest of all. could not easily be settled on this ground. Whether this is, or is not, applicable to 2. He intimates that the reviewer would our accuser, let others judge. For our be disposed to charge a layman with pre. selves, we have charity for men who have sumption, in pretending to understand or grievously erred in marrying their dediscuss a question on which he had de ceased wives' sisters, and for all those who cided. There is nothing to warrant this have been our opponents in this controintimation in our review. On the con- versy: yes, for our accuser himself, who trary, we referred to a layman-the im- we fain hope has not intentionally charged mortal Selden-as having treated this sub us falsely, but probably in consequence of ject with more ability than any other being blinded by some strong bias of a writer. We do indeed think that such personal kind. 8. He charges his re. writers as our opponent, whether clergy. viewer with dictation, and an overweening men or laymen, would better let the sub- desire to govern the General Assembly. ject of this controversy alone. 3. He in As to dictation, our manner of writing sinuates that our article seems to favour must answer for itself. But indeed we the idea that Henry the Viilth. was influ

are not so foolish as to expect, or even enced by conscientious scruples in endea- desire, to govern the General Assembly. vouring to rid himself of his first wife. We Whoever knows that body half as well as thought we had shown that our opinion we know it, will be satisfied that no indiwas the exact opposite of this: we think vidual ever did or can govern it-l'he so still; and can only refer to the article attempt to do it, would at once destroy all in our April number, to satisfy any candid the influence of the attempter. We remind that this insinuation is utterly ground- joice that such is the fact. If we have less. 4. He often calls the reviewer a pro ever had any influence there-and we fessor-who, alas! is no professor at all; certainly think we have had none to boast but only an humble editor of a monthly of—it was only because we were able to miscellany, a part of whose drudgery it convince independent men, that we gave is, to review such pamphlets as that now good reasons for the measures we advobefore him. 5. He charges the reviewer cated. We suppose that our accuser, in with coming forth with something like a charging us with having done mischief pretension to an infallible right to settle (in a case which he does not specify) all disputes. This is not a point for argu must refer to the “no creed” business; ment. We deny the charge. We pre- and we do not wonder that a man who tend to no right which is not common would be glad to mutilate the Confession to us with all our fellow-citizens—the of Faith (which we rejoice to find is for right of endeavouring to support our opi- the present preserved in its integrity, by nions by facts, argument and reason. 6. He an overwhelming vote of the presbyteries

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on the article submitted to them) should cern in the subject he discusses; and feel sore, whenever the subject of creeds therefore, although we are not able even comes into his mind. We can only say, to conjecture who the individual is, yet, that so far as we have had any agency in as we happen to have a portion of yankee preventing infractions of the Constitution blood in our veins, we may be permitted of the Presbyterian church, or in with to guess, that he is some man who wants standing those who would be glad to set to marry the sister of his deceased wife; it aside altogether, we rejoice and will re. or else, that he is the advocate of some joice-On the whole, we repeat that our dear friend, who wishes to do that-in accuser has manifested a feeling which our humble judgment-unlawful thing. strongly indicates a deep personal con

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.

Arrivul at Timbuctoo.-We are happy Steam Boats in India.-A Calcutta paper to learn that letters have been received says, “steam vessels will become as nufrom Major Laing, dated subsequent to merous on the rivers of India as on those his arrival at Timbuctoo; but by some of Europe and America. They continue oversight, the particular date is not in to multiply. In addition to those now on serted. The state of this city, so much the Hooghly, four are on the stocks. talked of, and so much sought after by Some of these are to be put on the BrahEuropeans, together with the rivers and maputra. The existence of coal in Sylthe country adjoining, will soon be made het, and its recent discovery in Asam, are known, and by a hand fully able for the fortunate.” work. We regret, however, by these letters, to learn, that, instead of proceed. .

The India Gazette, and the Hurkaru, ing down the river Niger, to the sea, as

have proposed that the Indus should be he intended, Major Laing intends return. surveyed by steam gun-boats, for the puring home by way of Tripoli. What has pose of promoting geographical knowoccasioned this change in his route, whe. ledge, and of ascertaining the clefensive ther ill-health, or finding insurmountable property of the river in the event of a obstacles to his progress eastward and

Russian invasion. southward, we have not heard, and cap.

Mr. P. Hawkes, of Washington, has not take upon ourselves to determine.

just issued an octavo volume, accompaSouth Africa.-Mr. George Thompson, nied by a chart, which appears to us to a merchant of much respectability, who be, for all persons, and particularly stulhas resided eight years at the Cape of dents and leachers, a valuable and very Good Hope, has lately been induced, convenient manual for geographical purpartly from motives of commercial enter. poses. The volume is entitled—The prise, and partly from the impulse of cu American Companion, or A Brief Sketch riosity, to explore some of the unknown of Geography;" and points out, "the regions of Southern Africa. His re. Člimate, Latitude, and Longitude, Bearing searches, often attended with imminent per Compass, and Distance in Geographiperil, were always accomplished, undercal Miles, of each Place, from the City of circumstances of astonishing privation Washington,” &c. and fatigue, and even romantick vicissi. The chart, which is particularly clistinct tude; but the result, we understand, has and beautiful, exhibits at one view, the been the acquisition of more perfect names of about thirteen hundred of the knowledge than has hitherto been pos- principal ports and places in the world, sessed, relating to the external aspect of with their

bearings, &c., as stated in the the country in that part of Africa, and to volume. The places belonging respecthe savage tribes which inhabit it.- tively to the United States of America, Among other distant places which Mr. and the foreign countries, are so presentThompson visited, his journey to the ed as to be immediately ascertained.Bechuana country, which occurred at a There is much of novelty, ingenuity, and most interesting crisis, enabled him to acuteness in the whole arrangement, and survey the character of the natives in great care would seem to have been new and singular points of view, under taken in the logarithmic calculations. the excitement of extraordinary events. The chart is embellished by a fine enHis narrative is, we understand, just on graving of the Capitol at the city of Washithe eve of publication.

ington.

Malte-Brun's Geography, is too well In addition to the schools established known among students to need at this by publick authorities and benevolent time any recommendation as to its merits. societies for the instruction of children of To the edition of it, however, published African descent, there are five private here, by A. Finley, we invite attention, schools in Philadelphia, conducied by as promising to afford a very valuable coloured men. work, at a comparatively cheap rate; and An Indian stone pipe, formed of grain point of mechanical execution, in a creditable style.

nite, finely polished and having several We have now lying before us the three bam, Connecticut.

hieroglyphics, bas been found at Chatfirst volumes—all that are yet published --there will be four in all-comprising Boston are 31,000 dollars, 10,000 dollars

The whole expenses of the poor in 500 pages in each, which are furnished at $2 per volume.

of which is paid by the state, and 20,000 For the mass, and value of information, by the city.-In Baltimore, the total ex. this is a very cheap book, and wortby, penditure on this account is 18,000 doltherefore, of patronage. That portion re

lars. In New York, for criminals and specting America, is reserved for the last, paupers, 80,000 dollars are expended an. and will be revised and added to, so as to nually. Within the bounds of the poor give the result of the latest information corporation of Philadelphia, including respecting our continent, and especially about four-fifths of the whole population the portion of it occupied by the United

of the city and county, the amount levied States.

in 1822, 23, 24, 25, averaged 120,000 a The later discoveries in Africa have also year. It has recently been reduced to been carefully embodied in this work.

80,000 dollars. Tooth Ache.--A remedy for this most

The cultivation of sugar is said to be painful affection, which has succeeded in increasing in Georgia. A resident in ninety-five of a hundred cases, is ahum Early county made, last year, 1800 lbs. of reduced to an impalpable powder 2 good sugar, from an acre and a quarter of drachms, nitrous spirit of ether 7 drachms, Cowpen pine land. mixed and applied to the tooth.

It is stated in a Paris paper, that a At a recent meeting of the London great number of animals in the garden of Medical Society, Dr. Blake stated that plants are sick, not of the plague, but of the extraction of the tooth was no longer a species of leprosy, wbich was commı necessary, as he was enabled to cure the nicated by the camels presented to the most desperate cases of tooth ache (un. King by the Dey of Algiers. Several of less the disease was connected with rheu the keepers are sick of the same malady matism) by the application of this re. in the Hospital of St. Louis, and two medy.

have died. The American Sunday School Union was instituted in 1824. At the last anni. versary, there were connected with it, in

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. all the states and territories in the Union, 400 auxiliaries, 2,139 schools, 19,289

A Compendious Introduction to the teachers, and 135,074 scholars. During Study of the Bible. By T. H. Horne, A. M. the year previous to the last report, 8,003 Being an Analysis of * An Introduction lo teachers, and 52,379 scholars were added the Critical Study and Knowledge of the to the schools. A great deal of the suc.

Holy Scriptures. cess of Sunday Schools is to be attributed

History of Roman Literature from its to the economy introduced in the public Earliest Period to the Augustan Age. cation of necessary books. The amount By John Dunlop. of these publications now exceeds

Museum for May and June. 3,000,000 of books a year, in the prepa.

De Vere; or the Man of Independence. ration of which more than 60 persons

Prairie. By the Author of the “ Spy." are employed as printers, binders, en.

Captain Keppel's Travels.
Stewart's Philosophy, 3 vols.

Miller's Letters on Clerical Manner A Society of Ladies is about to be

and Habits. formed in Boston, for the protection and

Dick's Christian Philosopher. encouragement of female domestics.

Quarterly Review, No. 60. (From the Society of Friends.--It is stated that of London Edition.) this society there are seven yearly meet. Edinburgh Review, No. 90. (From the ings in the United States, and one half- Edinburgh Edition.) yearly in Canada, which are all said to Memoirs of Jane Taylor, embrace upwards of one hundred and Janeway's Letters on the Atonement. fifty thousand members,

A New Map of Europe.

Gravers, &c.

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.

Heligious Intelligence.

The presenting them with a record of the af-'

Aictions and the triumphs of the church

within their bounds, during the past year. This body met agreeably to ad- The whole cannot be told ; but enough jourament, on Thursday, the 17th can be told to awaken the tenderest senof the last month, in the First Pres. sibilities of the Christian's heart, and to byterian Church of Philadelphia, excite mingled emotions of sorrow, gra

. and was opened with a sermon by In the picture which has been present. the Rev. Doctor M'Auley, of Newed to the Assembly from the different secYork, the moderator of the last tions of the church, there is a mixture of year. In consequence

of a unani. light and shade-good and evil alternately

obtain: although they have reason to mous vote, the Assembly, at an

thank God that the indications of the proearly period of their sessions, set gressive triumphs of Divine truth and apart one whole day as a season of grace, are strong and palpable, calculated special thanksgiving, humiliation, to call into action the yet dormant enerand prayer.

It was a day long to gies of the church, and fill her mouth with be remembered—The exercises of songs of praise.

We shall first speak of the evils which the day seemed to spread a most exist. From many places, we hear combenign influence over all the pro- plaints of the extensive prevalence of imceedings of the Assembly. Sub- morality, under its different forms. Sabjects of much importance, and some bath-breaking is particularly noticed as of which enlisted personal and lo- prevailing in almost every region of our

country. We bear with pain of the concal feelings, and called forth ani- tempt which is poured upon this holy mated discussions, were, notwith- day, by the driving of waggons and stages, standing, disposed of without any the running of canal and steam boats, the angry or acrimonious controversy business and pleasure : by hunting, fish

opening of mails, the travelling of men of The number of the members consti- ing, horse-racing, visiting, distilling, drive tuting the Assembly was about 130. ing of cattle to market, and other pracThe sessions of the Assembly con tices equally incompatible with the sanctinued just two weeks—The final tity of the day, and the good order of soadjournment, or dissolution of the the fact, that among the members of the body rather, took place on Wednes- mercantile community in some of our day evening, the 30th of May. In large cities, a reformation has taken place, our present number we have only and they refrain from travelling in pursuit space to insert the Narrative on the of their worldly business on this sacred State of Religion, and the notice day. It would rejoice the bearts of the

Assembly, if their good example were relative to the establishment of the universally followed by that extensive and Western Theological Seminary. influential class of our fellow citizens, The pastoral letter, addressed by The report of abounding intemperance the Assembly to the churches under is still beard from many sections of the their care, and the last report of the the south, we hear the loudest complaints

church. From the north, the west, and directors of the Theological Semi- of the ravages of this destructive vice. nary at Princeton, shall appear in And, although in many places, its progress our next number.

has been partially arrested by the influence of mural, religious, and physical causes, we have to lament that it still exerts a

desolating power over vast numbers in NARRATIVE OF THE STATE OF RELI

our land. When, () when, shall man "the GIon, within the bounds of the glory of creation," cease to merge his General Assembly of the Presbyte- high character and destinies in this sink rian Church, in the United States of brutish defilement ! of America; May, 1827.

Profaneness still partially prevails to

dishonour its subjects, and insult the Ma. The General Assembly would meet the jesty of heaven: and gambling, that infaexpectations of their fellow Christians, by tuating and destructive vice, is still main

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