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be to her,---if she allows vice and misery spicuous, full and satisfactory; and to prevail in any of their forms, without the speech which he delivered beusing her influence and authority

against fore the Assembly does him credit lead in surrendering to the enemy. In in every view of it-It appears that regard to the particular subject under M'Crimmon has entirely forsaken discussion, the magistrate has performed the Presbyterian church, and gone his duty nobly. It is not a little singular to the Baptists. We hope that our that the church should have exhibited the first symptoms of degeneracy."

Baptist brethren, for whom we che

rish a sincere affection, will not, Only strike out the parenthesis for their own sakes, receive such from the second proposition in this men to their fellowship and comquotation, or consider it as it seems to munion-We say for their own be intended—as a saving clause, to sakes, because we certainly esteem preserve some show of consistency it no loss to the Presbyterian church in the author-and we have not one when any man of this description word to object against this statement leaves it, and no gain to any church of “the whole doctrine" of Domesti

that receives him. cus. We can subscribe it cheerfully and cordially. It stands on the very

In drawing our review to a close,

we wish our readers to know, that ground for which we contend, and goes to the utmost extent of our

are fully aware it may be wishes; and we could freely forgive tisfaction by our opponents

, that

remarked, perhaps with some sathe writer for all the extravagance in the interpretation we have given and flippancy which precedes it in his pamphlet, if we could only be

to the eighteenth chapter of Levitisure that all his readers would con

cus, our appeal has been to the sider him as here unsaying the most opinion of commentators, controof what he has said before. With vertists, and councils, and not to this remark we leave him.

any new and convincing arguments We have already expressed our

of our own. But we have done this opinion of the work of Dr. Living under a deliberate conviction, that ston-have given some extracts froin

in no other way could it, and sincerely regret that we have

said that ought to have, and that not room for more. It is in our judg- would have, nearly as much weight

, ment, instar omnium, in relation to with the whole discerning and conthis subject. In a few unessential par-siderate part of the community, ticulars we must differ from him; but We do not believe that the study of we differ with all the diffidence of an a month, or a twelvemonth, would affectionate scholar, who cannot fully enable any man in the United agree with an able inaster. Although States, to offer a new thought or arit is not usual to review a work gument, of any worth, on the one side which has been ten years published, or the other of this controversywe determined to bring this distinct we mean as it arises out of the inly before our readers; not solely be- terpretation of the chapter referred cause we intended to quote it, but to-Nay, we do not believe that a for the purpose of recommending it, new thought has been offered on it, as we now earnestly do, to the care for nearly two hundred years past. ful perusal of all who can obtain a All that can be said has been said, copy:

and repeated a hundred times, for The pamphlet of Mr. M'Iver con centuries that have gone by.* Now, tains a historical statement of the case of M‘Crimmon-the case * Whoever is able and willing to read, which has occasioned a reference to on this subject, nearly two folio volumes the Presbyteries, and given rise to

in Latin, plentifully interspersed with this whole controversy. The nar- rabbinical), Greek, Syriac, Arabic and

quotations of Hebrew (both biblical and rative part of the pamphlet is per- Persic, ought carefully to consult the fol

any thing be


in such a case, the best appeal that ed to vote on the retention or recan be made, is to the deliberate jection of that part of the article in opinion of the Christian publick, in our Confession of Faith which reregard to arguments and considera- lates to this subject, to consider tions that have been so long in well what they do. What, we ask, view: The general and practical will they gain by a rejection or reconviction of enlightened indivi- peal of the article? Will they produals and communities, affords, in duce uniformity of practice, and thus every such case, the best evidence, prevent controversy and appeals, to show on which side of a contro- which seems to be the principal obverted point the truth lies—They are ject in view—No such thing. There the jury, who decide the cause after will be as much controversy and as the pleadings are finished. We have many appeals afterwards, as in therefore shown that all Christen- times past. Nay, there are portions dom, from the earliest periods of of the Presbyterian church that the Christian church to the present cannot, and will not, yield to any hour, after the most learned and human authority, which sanctions thorough investigation of this sub- the marriages in question. They ject, has steadfastly abided in prac. dare not do it-They would sooner tice, by that construction of the eigh suffer the severest censures of the teenth chapter of Leviticus for church, leave it, or be expelled from which we are advocates—The only it, than submit, even silently, to appearance of an exception is in our what they consider as an abominaown country; and this we solemnly tion in the sight of God, and forbid believe is not owing to new light, and den by his holy law. And for the an impartial view of the subject, sake of relieving a few individuals, but to the relaxation of church dis who, it is agreed on all hands, have cipline; and to the repeal in one or acted indiscreetly, and violated the two instances, and the non-execu- law of Christian charity, shall the tion generally, of the civil enact- inoffensive and conscientious be ments which prohibit and punish grieved ? Shall they be driven from incest.

our communion? Shall the PresbyAnd we now most seriously en terian church be the first on earth, treat those of our readers who, as formally to open a door, as many ministers and elders of the Presby- other churches will account it, for terian church, will shortly be calls the most detestable licentiousness

and impurity? Is this church willowing works of the immortal SELDEN; ling to present herself to the world, De Jure Naturali et Gentuim, juxta disci. plinam Ebræorum-Uxor Ebraica-De Sy.

as leading the way, to what the most nedriis Veterum Ebræorum. We certainly of Christendom will consider, and make no pretence to much acquaintance we think justly consider, as land dewith these works; but since we began to filing, and heaven provoking iniquithem till we were' heartily tired ; and be. ty? Forbid it reputation, justice, delieve that whoever should go through, cency, humanity, conscience and and comprehend them, would bave little piety-Great Head of the church, more to learn on this subject.

forbid it!

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.

Juriscope.-The difficulty of inspecting of a greater attention being paid to disthe Meatus Auditorius, or Passage of the cases of the ear than formerly, an inge. Ear, from its peculiar winding structure, nious French Aurist has lately invented a is well known; hence the uncertainty novel instrument, termed ani Auriscope, that often arises in ascertaining the cause which allows a complete inspection of the of diseases in this organ. In consequence parts. It consista of a circular brass plate Vol. V, -Ch. Adr.

2 A

with straps that go completely round the tion. My man cuts with one knife-mabead, and at the angle over each ear is chine, in four hours, enough wheaten affixed a hook and screw, together with straw for nine horses for twenty-four a lever, so as to pull the ear backwards hours." and forwards in different directions, and

Winter Food

for Cows.-M. Chabert, the thus lay the meatus open to the membrane of the tympanum. But this instru. director of the Veterinary school at Alment being complex in its mechanism, fort, had a number of cows which yielded and painful in its application, has been twelve gallons of milk every day. In his reduced to greater simplicity and effect publication on the subject, he observes,

that cows fed in the winter upon dry subby Mr. J. Harrison Curtis, the Surgeon to the London Royal Dispensary for Diseases stances, give less milk than those which of the Ear, where, since making these

are kept upon a green diet, and also that alterations, he has had ample opportuni- their milk loses much of its quality. He ties of appreciating its merits.

published the following recipe, by the use

of which his cows afforded an equal quanA gentleman who has discovered a tity and quality of milk during the winter mode of dressing flax without rotting, as during the summer :-"Take a bushel and who has an establishment in success of potatoes, break them whilst raw, place ful operation on the Hudson river, has them in a barrel standing up, putting in agreed, if the produce of two hundred

successively a layer of potatoes and a acres of fax land can be secured to him, layer of bran, and a small quantity of to locate himself in Essex or Middlesex county, where he will give fifteen dollars yeast in the middle of the mass, which

is thus left to ferment during a whole per ton for flax from the field, after the week, and when the vinous taste has per: seed is taken off, without any other pre- vaded the whole mixture, it is given to paration. It is calculated that at this price the cows, who eat it greedily." a net profit of from twelve to eighteen dollars per acre, may be realized from Ancient Vases. The proprietor of an the land; while the farmers will be freed estate in Tuscany having employed some from the trouble of rotting, dressing, &c., workmen to make excavations, had the and yet the gentleman proposes to sell good fortune to discover an extensive bis dressed flax cheaper by 20 per cent., Etruscan sepulchre, in which there were than others who first rot, and then dress about 800 vases, equally remarkable for it. Besides, the flax that is dressed with beauty of form and elegant design. He out rotting, is much stronger, loses less

has presented the whole to the Grand in the manufacture, is firmer, and more

Duke of Tuscany, who has ordered them soft.

to be placed in the Museum of Florence. The Rev. W. Evans, of Llandefeilog,

Bell's Weekly Messenger gives the fol. Carmarthenshire, Wales, has announced the following discovery for maintaining lowing account of the rise of the National and keeping horses without the aid of hay At the Revolution, in 1689, £1,054,925 and corn, viz:-"Cut straw and potatoes. At the peace of Ryswick, 1697, 21,515,742 or straw, chaff, and pounded furze mixed; At the peace of Utrecht, 1714, 53,681,076 wetted with some salted water, prepared At the peace of Aix la Chaas follows: let a tub of fresh water, with

pelle, 1758,

78,293,313 an egg in it, be impregnated with as much domestick salt as will cause the egg

At the peace of Paris, 1763, 183,259,275 to rise and float on the surface, that being

At the peace of Versailles,

after the American war, the criterion of its saltness equal to that of sea-water. The provender being put At the peace of Amiens, 1802, 499,752,073


238,232,243 into a wicker basket, and placed on the

Amount of the debt in 1813, 600,000,000 tub, pour the salted water upon it, in

Estimated amount, on the quantity sufficient to wet the whole mess

5th of Jan. 1827 - and when it shall have done filtering

900,000,000 through it, give it to the horses. The A Milledgeville (Geo.) paper notices salted water will not only moisten and the formation of two large vineyards in sweeten the food, but also operate as a the neighbourhood of that place. The most efficient alterative, to purify the climate of Georgia is every way suitable blood, purge all gross humours, prevent to the cultivation of the grape, and the the increase of worms, and all painful at experiment bas been successfully tried. tacks from those troublesome vermin. The continued depreciation of cotton Horses fed in this manner will work well, renders it more than ever necessary to and will be fit for all sorts of work; and seek for some staple, which will reward if this method be but tried, it will not fail the toil, and return an interest on the caof recommending itself for general adop- pital of the planter.

Ancient Roman Foot. From the inqui peii was intrusted by the Neapolitan go. ries of M. Cagnazzi, to whom the scien vernment, it appears that the ancient tifick examination of the monuments of Roman foot was 0.29624 of a metre, or antiquity found in Herculaneum and Pom- 101.325 lines French measure.

Religious Intelligence.

Within the last month we have received number had received Christ as the Mes. from a much esteemed correspondent, a siah, of which a son of a Chief Rabbi was letter, from which we give the following one. They were looking forward to sufextract-containing information that will ferirg, but most of all feared a very rich be bighly interesting to the friends of vi. and powerful Jew, who, from the situatal piety, and the general diffusion of the tion he held under the Turkish governHoly Scriptures.

ment, was known by the name of the

Sapdgi, his influence being such, that he “ You have been long aware of the tot could effect the ruin of any individual tering state of the Bible Society in Rus. isposed to Christianity : this rendered sia, and will not be surprised that it has them cautious in their meeting together, now fallen. Its officers have been dis to avoid suspicion. It so happened, howmissed, and its operations ceased; but ever, that in the course of events, conthere is a stock of about 200,000 copies nected with the revolt of the Janissaries, of the Scriptures, in different languages, this man, who stood so high in favour, in its stores; and, in whatever way they fell under the Sultan's displeasure. He may be hereafter circulated, this incor. ordered him to be beheaded, and seized ruptible seed will not be in vain.

all his treasure ;—thus, the enemy who * Let me state to you at the same time, was most feared was removed out of the a fact, connected with the operations of way. By the last accounts, however, it the Russian Bible Society, while it has appears that a persecution has now comhad existence, in which you will greatly menced: one of the Jews who has emrejoice. The consequence of an exten braced Christianity, has been committed sive circulation of the word of God in that to prison, and severely bastinadoed; after Fast empire, for many years past has which, his immediate release was probeen, to raise up in various parts of it, mised if he would renounce Christ, or, if and to a very great extent, a body of he would not, a repetition of punishment * Scriptural or Bible Christians' who was threatened; but he continues faithhave renounced the Greek Church, and ful, and a confidence is felt that others under this denomination associate toge. are also ready to go to prison and to death ther, to read and study the Holy Scrip for the name of Christ. tures, acknowledging this blessed Book “ The effect of the free circulation of as the only rule of faith and practice, and the Scriptures amongst the Catholics, is observing the Christian Sabbath as a day beginning to appear in the south of of sacred rest. A considerable effect, I France : in Lyons and the neigbbourhood, understand, is manifest in the peaceable no less than 1500 Roman Catholics bave and orderly lives of the people who are embraced Protestantism, In some parts thus separating under the influence of of Germany, particularly Wirtemberg, the Christian truth; and some circumstances people meet together in the villages to have been related which afford a pleasing read the Scriptures. In Prussia a good evidence of truly Christian principles ope- work is said to be going on amongst all rating on their minds. Thus, my dear ranks; and also in the Canton de Vaud, in friend, is the most high God ruling and Switzerland, where many are brought overruling amongst the children of men, under the power of the truth. to carry on bis purposes of mercy in his “ I am glad to observe Mr. Sergeant's own way; cheering us by rays of light in appointment to the Congress of South the darkest seasons, and saying to us, America, hoping much good will result be still, and know that I am God.' Let to the new siates, from the association of as continue waiting on him, still sowing their Representatives with men of liberal in hope as opportunities arise, and where and enlightened Christian views. Mr. his providence directs, assured that it Thomson will probably go to Mexico in shall not be altogether in vain, however tho course of a few weeks, as agent to feeble and inefficient the instrument em. the British and Foreign Bible Society. I ployed may be.

shall give him an introduction to Mr. S., "A few months since I mentioned to anticipating it as probable that he may our friend -a movement amongst attend the meeting adjourned there from the Jews in Constantinople, and that a Panama.


"In a late New York Observer, I was try was free, he must relinquish his stupleased with a statement, that in some of dies for the camp. He entered the the old slave-holding states, Maryland army as a volunteer, and though young, particularly, the landholders are begin. soon obtained the command of a veteran ning to find that their interest is promoted company. From loss of blood by the by the employment of free labour in pre. wound which he received, he was re. ference to slaves. Should this powerful duced so low as scarcely to breathe ; and principle in the human heart be brought was sometimes thought to be dead; but into full operation on the subject, it may six faithful soldiers carried him away se. tend rapidly to effect the desirable end; veral miles on a sheet, (his weakness preshowing at the same time, that selfish venting any other mode of removal,) and views and feelings are equally unfavoura. quartered him for a season in the family able to the real interest of man in the pre- of two ancient maiden ladies, who though sent state, as they are inconsistent with entirely strangers to him, nursed him ashis future good as a moral and unaccount- siduously, and under Providence were able being."

the means of his restoration. His sense of obligation to them, and his gratitude, were lasting as life.

Before he could return to active mili

tary duty, his father heard what had beOBITUARY NOTICE OF GENERAL John fallen his son, and after much search,

STEELE, late Collector of the Port of found him in Bucks county, whither he Philudelphia, and of ABIGAIL, his Wife's had been carried, after many removals, the first of whom departed this Life on

with a view to his safety. His temporary the 27th of February, and the latter on residence at home, while disabled, was the 13th of March, 1827.

nearly as dangerous as the battle of the

Brandywine; for an unskilful surgeon, This venerable couple, when released thinking it necessary to probe his wound, from earth, had been united to each other divided a large artery, and had not the in the happiest matrimonial union during means of tying it. To prevent him from the lapse of forty-three years, lacking bleeding to death, his sister held the orionly three days; and by death were not fice with her fingers, while a messenger long divided. They were born within a was despatched to procure another phy. few months of each other, in the county sician from Lancaster. He came, but of Lancaster, in Pennsylvania, of respect. alas! without his case of instruments, and able families of Presbyterians—were was obliged to return for them ; so that brought up in the nurture and admoni- distance of sixteen miles was travelled tion of the Lord-became pious in early over four times, while a sister's hand life, and together lived in the service of alone performed the office of a ligature. their Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, until Returning health and strength restored they had nearly completed their three the young 'soldier to his companions in score years and ten.' Their attachment arms, not at all discouraged by what he to each other was formed a short time had suffered. before the commencement of the war of At the close of the war, poor and penour American revolution, and their in- nyless, he returned to his native abode, tended nuptials were delayed for seven with the consciousness of having served years, by patriotic devotion to the cause his country faithfully, which was then the of liberty and our country. During the only pay of our disbanded revolutionary contest for national independence, Gene- worthies. He arrived at the end of a ral Steele, then a youth, full of ardour lane which led from the main road to his and enterprise, followed the immortal paternal mansion, cheered with the ex: Washington through all his toils and pri- pectation of embracing, after years of vations. He was actively engaged in the absence and toil, his much loved relatives; battle of Brandywine, in which he re but here a new conflict awaited him, for ceived a British ball through his shoul. he saw collected under the shady trees der; but for this affliction he felt himself which surrounded his home a multitude compensated by participation in the cap- of horses, carriages and people, evidently ture of Lord Cornwallis. His pious pa- about to move in funcreal procession; and rents had cherished the hope in his he could not advance. “Who now is youth, that he would become a minister dead?” said he to himself; “ Is it of the gospel

, and with a view to this sa. ther? Is it my mother? Or is it some other cred office, he was under the tuition of member of my family?” Proposing such the Rev. James Latta, D.D., at Chesnut questions to himself

, he lingered at the Level, when be heard the call of bis end of the avenue; desiring,

and yet dread. country to arms, and declared to his ing to know the truth; until he finally venerable preceptor, that until his coun- beckoned a passenger to him, and learned,



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