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(3.) To represent by Types, Figures and Em·blems many of the Offices of Christ, and the Glories and Blessings of his Gospel.
116 Q. How does it appear that any of these Jewish Ceremonies are Emblems or Types of Christ and his Gospel? 4. 1. This appears from many Places in the New Testament, where Jesus Christ and the Blessings of the Gospel are called by the same Names.' So Christ is called our HighPriest, Heb.iii. 1. and iv. 14. He is the Lamb that was lain, Rev. v. 6. 1 Pet. i. 19, 20. Our Paffover, i Cor. v. 7. and Sacrifice to take away, Sin, Heb. ix. 26. The Atonement or Propitia tion for Sin, Rom. iii. 25. 1 4ohn ii. 2.' His Body is called the Temple, because God dwelt in it as in the Jewish Temple, John ii. 19, 21. Col. ii. 9.
2. This appears yet further from the evident and intended Resemblance which the Scripture represents between several of the Jewijs Ceremonies and the Things of the Gospel. The Blood of Christ obtained eternal Redemption for us, as the Blood of Bulls and Goats cleansed and freed the Yews from ceremonial Defilements, Heb. ix. 12, &c. His Blood is called the Blood of sprinkling, Heb. xii. 24. to sprinkle or cleanse us from a guilty Conscience, as the sprinkling of the Blood of the Jewish Sacrifices purified the People, Heb. ix. 20. and x. 22. The most holy Place where God dwelt of old on the Mercy-seat is the Figure of the true Heaven where God dwells on a Throne of Grace, Heb. ix. 8, 24. and iv. 16. The High-Priest's Entrance with the Blood of the Sacriñce and with the Names of the Tribes on his Breast into the most holy Place, to appear before God there for the Jews, is a plain Figure of Christ's
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Entrance into Heaven with his own Blood to appear before God for us, Heb. ix, 12, 25. The Jewish Incense was a Type or Figure of Prayer, Rev. v. 8. and viii. 3. The Jewish Sabbath or Day of Rest, as well as the Land of Canaan, was a Type of the Rest and Release of Believers from Sin and Guilt, and from an uneasy Conscience under the Gospel, and the final Rest of the Saints in Heaven, Heb. iv. 3, 4, 9, 10.
This might be proved more at large by fome other Scriptures, where the Jewilh Rites in general are called Figures or Shadows of the good things of the Gospel, Col. ii. 16, 17. Heb. viii. 5. and ix, 1-14. 23, 24. "117 l. Did the Jews themselves understand the Spiritual Meaning of these Ceremonies ? A. Perhaps a few of them who were more enlightened might understand the Meaning of some of the chiefest and most considerable Types ; but the Bulk of the People can hardly be supposed to have understood the spiritual Meaning of them : at least, the Bible gives us no Intimation of it. ,
118 Q. How could they be appointed as Types and Figures of spiritual Things, if the People who were required to use them in their Worship did not understand the spiritual Meaning of them? A. 1. The Jewish Dispensation was the Childish or InfantState of the Church of God, as it is described, Gal. iv. 1, 2, 3, &C. Now, Children are sometimes employed in several things by their wiser Pasents, the chief Design and Meaning whereof they understand not till riper Years..
A. 2: If there Ceremonics were not underfood by the ancient Jews to whom they were given, yet they might be designed as Types and Figures of Christ and the Bleslings of the Gospel in order to confirm the Religion of Christ and the Gospel when it should be afteward published to the World, by seeing how happily it answers these ancient Types.
119 Q. Wherein doth this appear ? A. St. Paul does actually confirm Christianity this way, especially in his Epistle to the Hebrews, by Thewing how these ancient Types and Ceremonies are fula. filled in the Gospel of Christ.
Note, As a Prophecy is the foretelling of things to come in Words, so a Type is the foretelling of something to come in some real Emblem or Figure or Resemblance of it: Now as there are many ancient Prophecies which were not understood by the Persons to whom they were first spoken, nor by the Persons who spoke with them, i Pet. i. 11, 12. yet when they are fulfilled, they come to be better understood, and bear witness to the Hand of God both in the Prophecy and in the Accomplishment: So though Types may be obscure when they are first appointed, yet when they are accomplished or fulfilled they are better understood, and shew the Hand of God both in ap. pointing the Sign, and bringing to pass the thing fignified.
ó, , 1 il. 120 Q. Can these things be said therefore to be fulfilled or accomplished in Christ, since the Meaning of all these Ceremonies or Types is not yet known even to Chriftians themselves? A. The New Testament has revealed to us and taught us to understand the chief and most considerable both of the Types and Prophecies ; but neither one nor the other are understood fully : And yet we make no doubt but the Prophecies are or shall : be accomplished in Chrift; and why not the Types also ? Probably 'tis reserved as one part of
the Glory of that happy Day when the Jews Thall be converted, that the rest of their Prophecies, as well as the Rites and Ceremonies of their ancient Worship, together with their Accomplishment in Christ and the Gospel, shall be more compleatly understood.
C H A P, VI.
DE have had a particular Relation of
W the Moral and Ceremonial Laws of the Jews, Say now, what was their Judicial or Political Law ? A. That which related to their civil Government as a Nation.
20. Who was their Governor ? A. God him.. self condescended to take upon him the Title of their King, and he appointed various kinds of Go. vernors under him as he thought fit, Judges viii. 23. 1 Sam. xii. 12, 13. Ifai. xxxiii, 22.
Note, Since the fame Person was both their God, and their King, the Tabernacle and the Temple may be considered not only as the Residence of their God. but as the Palace of their King also: The Court of the Tabernacle was the Court of the Palace, the Holy of Holies was the Presence-Chamber, the MercySeat was his Throne, the Cherubs represented his Attendants as God, and the Priests were his Minifters of State as a King, the High-Priest his Prime Minister, the Levites were his Officers dispersed through all the Kingdom, the Table of Shew-Bread, together
with some part of the Sacrifices which were given to the Priest, did represent the Provision for his Houshold, C.
Whatsoever other Governors were made from time to time, either Captains, Judges, or Kings, they were but Deputies to God, who put them in and turned them out at pleasure,
3Q. What did the Political or Civil Laws, or Commands, oblige the People to? A: To many particular Practices relating (1.) To War and Peace. (2.) To Husbands and Wives. (3.) Parents and Children. (4.) Masters and Servants. (5.) Food and Raiment. (6.) Houses and Lands. (7.) Corn and Husbandry. (8.) Money and Cattle. (9.) The Birds and Beasts. (10.) The Firft-born of all Things.' (11.) The Maintenance of the Levites and Priests. (12.) The Care of the Bodies and Lives of Men. Mit
4 Q. What were some of the more peculiari Laws about War and Peace? A. That they should make no Peace with the seven Nations of Canaan, but that they should destroy them utterly; and that when they went to War, every Soldier who was afraid might go home, Deut. vii. 1,2,3. Deut. xx. 8. .
5 Q. What were some of their peculiar Laws as' bout Husbands and Wives? A. That a Man fhould marry his Brother's Widow if his Brother died childless: and that Men 'were permitted to put a-way their Wives by a Writing of Divorce, Deut. xxv. 5. xxiv. 1. And that - Adultery was to be punished with Death, Lev. xx, 10.1.
6 Q. What were some of their special Laws' about Parents and Children? A. The first-born. Son was to have a double Portion and that any