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Pofterity were the Priests, provided they liad no Blemish in their Bodies, Lev. xvi. 32. and xxi. 17. Exod. xxix. 30. Num. iii. 3, 4, 10, 32, iv. 16. xvi. 40. and xx. 25, 26.
14How were they maie Priests? A. They were folemly separated at first to the Priests Office by Anointings and Purifications, and Sacrifices, Lev. viii.
15 Q. What was the Business of the Priests? A. Their chief Business was to offer Sacrifices to the Lord, to burn Incense before him in the holy Place, to kindle the Lamps, to do the higher Services of the Sanctuary, and to instruct the People, Lev. i. 5, 7, 8. and ii. 2. Num. xvi. 40. Ex. XXX. 7.
16'Q. What was the Office of the High Priest? A. He was appointed to come nearer to God, even to enter into the most holy Place, to do special Services on the yearly Day of Atonement, to oversee all the publick Worship, and to judge among them in many civil Matters as well as religious, Aits xxiii. 4, 5. Lev. xvi. Num. iii. 4, 6. Deut. xvii.
17 Q. Was there any Work which the Priests performed in common with the High-Priest ? A. All the Priests were to teach the People their Duty, to affiít in judging of civil and religious Matters, and bless the People in the Name of the Lord, Deut. xvii. 8-13 and xxi. 5. Num. vi. 23. Mal. ii. 7.
Note, The Priests were appointed to give the Sense of the Law in civil as well as religious Concerns, because the same God who was the Object of their Worship, was allo King of their Nation. · 18 Q. Who were the Nazarites ? A. Men or Women of any Tribe who separated or devoted
themselves to the Lord for'a Time by a particular Vow, Num. vi.
19 Q. What were the Rules of a Nazarite's Vow. or Separation? A, He was to drink no Wine nor strong Liquor, to come at no dead Body, nor to suffer any Razor to come upon his Head, but let his Hair grow all the time, unless he fell under some. ceremonial Defilement, Num. vi. 5, 6, 9, &c.
20 l: How was his Vow to be finished. or ended ? A. By Thaving his Head at the. Door of the Tabernacle, offering a.Sacrifice, and burning his Hair. in the Fire of it, Num. vi, 13, 18.
21 Q. Who were the Levites ? A. All the Tribe or Family of Levi, for they were taken into the Service of God instead of the First-born of all the . Tribes of Ifrael, whom God claimed as his own, Num. iii. 40. and viji. 13-19.
22 Q. Why did God claim all the First-barn. of Ifrael ? A. Because he saved them from the destroying Angel when he smote all the First-born of. Egypt, Num. viii. 14–18.
23 Q. What was the Business of the Lévites ? A. To wait on the Priests in their Office, and to do the lower Services of the Sanctuary or Holy Place, Num. viii, 19. and iii. 4, 6.
24 Q. How. were the. Levites separated to the Service of the Sanctuary? A. By sprinkling Water of Purification on them, shaving their Fles, washing their Garments, and the People laying their Hands on them, as well as by several Sacrifices, Num. viii, 6-16.
Of the holy Places particularly the
25 Q. N EXT to the holy Persons let us enquire
by what were the holy Places? A. The Tabernacle in the Days of Moles, and the Tem. ple in the Days of Solomon, each of which is some. times called the Sanctuary, Exod. xxv. 8. i Chron. xxii. 19.
26 Q. What was the Tabernacle? A. It was a fort of moveable Building made of Pillars and Boards set in sockets of Silver, and fine Linnen Curtains embroidered with Cherubs, and coupled with Loops and Tacks of Gold, that the whole might be taken to Pieces, and carried with them in their journeys. See Exed. xxvi.
Norr, When Mofes had received full Orders for mak. ing this Tabernacle, he came down from Mount Sinai; and found the People had been guilty of Idolatry in making a golden Calf: Then it is said, He took the Ta. bernacle and pitched it without the Camp, and afar from sbe Camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the Congregation : and every one that fought the Lord, went out to this Tabernacle. This is supposed to be a little occasional Tabernacle made like a small Chapel for present Worship ; for God resided there at the Door of it in a cloudy Pillar, and Mofes went into this Tabernacle and talked with God there, Exod. xxxiii. 6, 7, &c. But when the great Tabernacle was finished according to God's Appointment, it stood not without the Camp, as appears in the following Question,
27 Q. Where did the Tabernacle fand when.it was reared up? A. It stood within a large Space
of Ground which was called the Court of the Ta. bernacle, one hundred Cubits long, and fifty Cubits broad, Exod. xxvii. 18. and all the Tribes pitched their Tents round it, Num. ï.
28 Q. How was the Court of the Tabernacle inclosed ? A. It was inclosed by a Row of Pillars on each side with Curtains reaching from Pillar to Pillar, Exod. xxvii. 9-18. and xl. 33.
29 Q. How was the Tabernacle covered? A. With four Veils or Curtains ; one of fine Linnen, one of Goats Hair, the third was made of the Skins of Rams dyed Red, and the fourth or outermost of Badger-Skins to endure the Weather, Exod. xxvi. 1-14.
30 Q. Into what Rooms was the Tabernacle di. vided? A. Into the holy Place, where the Priests entered to minister daily, and the most holy Place where none but the High-Priest entered, and that but once a Year, Heb. ix. 6,7.
31 Q. How was the holy " Place divided from the most holy ? A, By a Curtain or Vail of fine Linnen with various Colours embroidered with Cherubs, and hung on four: Pillars overlaid with Gold, Exod. xxvi. 31, 32, 34: 13 olfossi ! ** 32 Q. What was the Teinple? 1. A most glos rious Building of Stone and Timber raised near five hundred Years afterward by King Solomon instead of this moveable Tabernacle, i Chron. xvii. 5, 11, 12, 1 Kings vi. 1, 2.
33 Q. But besides thefe holy Places, (viz. the Tabernacle and the Temple) was nat Jerusalem çalled the Holy City ? A. Yes, because God ap. pointed the Tabernacle in David's Time to be removed to Mount Zion, and because the Temple was built by Solomon on Mount Moriah, both • ' ...' isi
which are included within the City of Jerusalem, Nehem. xi: 1, 2 Chron. iii. 1, and i Kings viii. 1.
Sect. IV. Of the Holy Things. 2. W HAT were the holy Things? A. There
VI was a great Number of holy Things made of Gold and Silver, Brass and Wood, and fine Linnen, and other Materials both dry and lia quid, which were used in the Jewish Worship.
35 Q. What were the chief or most considerable of these hely Things ? A. The Ark of the Covenant and the Mercy-Seat, the Altar of Incense, the Table and the Candlestick, the Altar of BurntOffering and the Laver, the Priests Garments, the Sacrifices, the purifying Water, the holy Oil and holy Perfume, together with Vessels or Instruments relacing to all or any of these, Exod. xxxi. YII
36 Q. What was the Ark? A. It was a Cheft or: Coffer made of Wood and overlaid with Gold, wherein the two Tables of the Law were kept, of God's own writing, with some other precious things which were afterward laid up there, Exod. XXV. 1016. Deut. Xi' 1-5. Heb. ix. 4,56
Note, The Rod of Aaron which blossomed and brought forth Almonds, and the Pot of Manna which the If. raelites lived upon in the Wilderness, were both laid up in the Ark for a perpetual Memorial of those miraculous Events, Exod. xvi. 33, 34, Num. xvii, 10. Heb. ix. 4. Though some learned Men rather suppose these were only placed before the Ark, and not in it.
37 Q. What was the Mercy-Seat? A. It was the Covering of the Ark, and it was made of pure Gold, with a Cherub of Gold at each End of it;