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of their Nation have been scattered abroad through the Earth unto this Day.
43 Q: What general Remark may be drawn forom the whole History of the Jews fince their Return from the Captivity of Babylon A. That the Affairs of their Church and of their State have been for the most part so unhappy, they have been fo much disquieted by the Invasions and Persecutions of the Kings of the Earth, fo wretchedly corrupted with the Introduction of human Traditions, Pharifaical Superstitions and Heathenijh Rites among them, and so frequently and grievously oppressed by their own Priests and Princes, as well as Strangers, that they never did enjoy so peaceful, so pious, and so flourishing a State, as to give a full Accomplishment of all those glorious Prophecies which relate to their Happiness after their Return from Captivity.
44 Q. What follows from this Remark? A. That there must be in the Decrees and Providence of God a further Reserve of Peace, Holiness, and Happiness for the Seed of Israel, which shall be conferred upon them in the latter Days; and therefore we cannot but expect a more large and general Converfion of the Jews to the Faith of Jesus the true Messiah, than hath ever yet appeared, with greater Blessings on that People, who were once lo dear to God, and are beloved for their Fathers sakes. St. Paul, in his eleventh Chapter to the Romans, abundantly confirms what the Prophets encourage us to hope for,
С НАР. CH A P. XX.
Of the Prophecies which relate to JESU'S
CHRIST our Saviour, and their Accomplishment ; or, Q Prophetical Connexion between the Old and New Testament.
S I have given an Historical Continuation of the Affairs of the Jews from the Time
of Nehemiah, where the Old Testament ends, to the Times of Jesus Christ our Lord; fo - I have here inserted a Chapter of some of the plainest Predictions or Prophecies which are found in the Old Testament that relate to the Person, Offices and Glories of our Lord Jesus Chrift our Saviour, and are fulfilled in the Gospel: And it may be called, A Prophetical Connexion between the Old Testament and the New.
And because I would not give Offence, by introducing such Prophecies as are either much doubted or denied by any Christians; therefore I Thall scarce mention any but what some of the Writers of the New Testament either directly cite, or to which they have a plain Reference in some of their Expressions.
1 Q. Since the great Subject of the New Testament is our Lord Jesus Christ and his Gospel, Tell me now what are the chief Discoveries or Representations made of him in the Old Testament A. Besides the Types or Emblems of Christ and his Gospel, which are found in the Jewish Worship, there are also several plain Expressions in the Books of the Old Testament, which are Predictions or Prophecies concerning him long befose he came into the World. See some of the Types in Ch. V. Q. 116.
2 Q. What is the first and earliest Prophecy of Chrift? A. Gen, iii. 15. Where God said to the first Woman, i. e. to Eve, that her Seed should bruise the Head of the Serpent.
3 Q. Wherein is this Prophecy fulfilled ? A. Gal. iv. 4. God fent forth his. Son made of a Woman. 1 John iii. 8. The Son of God was manifefted that he might diftroy the Works of the Devil, i, e, he should deftroy the mischievous Designs and Deeds of the Devil who lay bid in the Serpent, when he tempted Adam and Eve to fin: and this in the Language of Prophecy is called Bruising the Serpent's Head.
4 Q. What is the next plain Prophecy of Chrift? A. Gen. xviii. 18. and xxii, 18. Where God tells Abraham, that in him and in his Seed fall all the Nations of the Earth be blessed.
5 Q. How does this appear to have a Reference to Chrif? A. Gal. iii. 8. The Scripture preached the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee fall all Nations be blessed. v. 16. Now to Abraham and his Seed were the Promise's made: be faith, To thy Seed, which is Chrift; who was to be derived in a long Course of Generations from Abraham,
and therefore Christ may be called the Son of Abraham, Mattb. i. i.
6 Q. To whom was this Promise given besides Abraham? 4. It was given to Ifaac the Son of Abraham, Gen. xxvi. 4. and to Jacob his Grandson, Gen. xxviii. 14. In thee and in thy Seed fel all Nations be blessed.
7 Q. Did Jacob prophefy concerning Christ? A. Yes, in his dying Speech to his Son J udah, Gen. xlix. 10. The Sceptre (or Tribe, as the Word fignifies) shall not depart from Judah, nor a Lawgiver from between his Feet, until Shiloh come, and till the gathering of the People be unto him.
8 Q. How can you prove that-this Prophecy relates to Christ? A. Shiloh signifies one that is Sent, which is the frequent Character of Chrift, that he was fent by the Father, John X. 36, 6c. and xvii. 18, 21, 23. (and indeed the Jews themselves own that it fignifies the Meffiah:) Now J&dah did continue to be a Tribe, and to have some sort of Government among them till Chrif 'came : He was about ten or twelve Years old when Archelaus was deposed, and Judea reduced to the Form of a Roman Province, and then the Power of Life and Death was taken from them. See Chap. XIX. Q. 36. And when the People, i. e. the Jews and Gentiles, were gathered in great Numbers unto Christ, then the Tribe of Judah or the Jewish Nation was broken to Pieces and scattered, Ferusalem was destroyed, and all Appearance of Government amongst them was loft: which is an effectual Argument against the Jews that their Mefiah is already come.
9 Q. Who was the next Person that prophefied concerning Chrift? 1. Mofes in the xviiith Deut. ver. 15, 18. The Lord thy God will raise up unto
thee a Propbet from the midst of thee, of thy Brethren, like unto me, and to him fall ye hearken.
10 Q: How does it appear Mofes defigned Jesus Christ in this Prophecy? A. St. Stephen the Martyr cites these Words in his Dying-Speech when he was put to death for the sake of Christ, and applies them to him, Aets vii. 37:
a Q. But were not many Prophets, as Isaiah, Jeremiah, Elijah, Elisha, and several others like unto Moses? A. None of them besides Jesus Chrift came to institute a new Religion as Moses did, or wrought such numerous and various Miracles to atteft their Doctrine.
12 Q. Who was the next eminent Prophet that Spake plainly of Chrift? A. David speaks osten of him in his Book of Psalms in many remarkable Expressions, and describes his Incarnation, his Sufferings, his Exaltation, and bis various Offices of Prophet, Priest and King. (viz.).
1. His coming into the World to preach the Truth of God and the Doctrine of Righteousness for the Salvation of Men, and the Weakness and Insufficiency of the Jewish Sacrifices, Psal. xl. 6, 7, 8. Sacrifices, and Offering thou dids not defire;
1. e. the Jewish Sacrifices were not required as real and effectual Expiations, because they could not take away Sin. But mine Ears haft thou opened : then said 1, Lo, I come ; in the Volume of the Book it is written of me: I delight to do thy Will, Oʻmy God. I have preached Righteoulness in the great Congregation, I have declared thy Faithfulness and thy Salvation, &c. The first Part of this Pfalm is expressly applied to Christ, Heb. x. 5, &c. and instead of the Words, Mine
Ears haft thou opened, the Apostle expresses it, A Body has thon prepared me: and then he goes