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dom of Syria, he was seized, and shut up close Prisoner in Ptolemais, i Mac. xi, and xii. And afterwards was flain with his two Sons, chap. xiii.
52 Q. Who fucceeded Jonathan in the HighPriesthood and Government? A. Simon his Bro. ther, by the Request of all the People.
53 Q. What were some of the first Enterprizes of Simon ? A. After an honourable burial of his Brother in Modin, the City of his Fathers, and the noble and lofty Monument, and seven Pyramids which he set for his parents, his four Brethren and himself, he fortifyed the Cities of y udea, made a League with young Demetrius, the Son of Demetrius, took the City of Gaza, cleansed the Houses from Idols, and built himself a House there. . · 54 Q. Did the Garrison in the Tower of Acra, near the Temple, continue to annoy the Jews in their Worship? A. Notwithstanding all the Ats tempts of Judas and Jonathan, these Enemies remained still till the Days of Simon, who shut them up so closely, that after great numbers perished with Famine, the reft yielded up the Tower to Simon: immediately he cleansed it from its Pollutions, and entered into it with Harps and Songs, and great Triumph. . ..
55 Q. What Precautions did Simon take against the like Annoyance for time to, come? A. By Confent and Affiftance of the People, he pulled down the Tower, and reduced the Mountain itself so low, that there might be no poffibility of any fue ture Annoyance to the Worshipof the Temple froin that Place.
56 Q. What further Success had Simon in his Government? A. He established Jerufalem, and Judea in great Peace and Plenty; he sought out the Law, and made it to be obeyed; he beautifyed
the Sanctuary, multiplyed the Vessels of the Temple, and maintained their Religion in the divine Institutions of it.
57 Q. What peculiar Honour was done him by the Jews ? A. In a general Assembly of the Priests and Elders, and the People of the Jews, met together at Jerusalem, he was constituted the Prince, as well as their High-Priest ; and these Dignities and Offices were settled upon his Posterity for e. ver. This was engraven on Tables of Brass, to. gether with the good Deeds of himself and his Family, which had merited such an Honour ; and these Tables were hung up in the Sanctuary
58 Q, What Regard was paid to him among the Heathen Nations ? A. Several Princes and People, the Lacedemonians, the Romans, and Antiochus, Surnamed Sidetes, the Son of Demetrius, King of Syria, all fought his Friendship, made Leagues and Covenants with him, and conferred on him fpecial Honours, i Mac xiv, and xv.
59 Q. Did Antiochus keep his Covenants with Simon ? A. By no means; for when he had vanquished Tryphon, his Rival, he brake his League with Simon, and invaded some part of Judea : but his General Cendebeus was routed by Simon and his two eldeft Sons, Judas and John, whose Surname was Hyrcanus. · 60. Q. What was the Fate of Simon at last ? A. When Simon was visiting the Cities, and give ing Orders for their Welfare, one Ptolemus, who was his Son-in-law, invited him and his Sons to a Banquet at Jericho, and New Simon, with two of his Sons, in order to get the Government of the Country into his own hands; and sent privately to kill John also.
61 l. Did Ptolemeus succeed in this his Treachery and murderous Enterprize ? A. obn having got timely Notice of it, flew the Assassins, and was invested with the High-Priesthood, and the Government after his Father.
Note, Here ends that excellent History, the first Book of the Maccabes. The following part of this Account of the Jews is borrowed chiefly from Josephus, who usually calls John by the Surname of Hyrcanus.
Sect. VII. Of the Jewish Affairs under
the Conduct of the Posterity and Succesors of SIMON the MACCABEE ; and of the several Seats among the Jews, viz. Pharisees, Sadducees, Effenes, Herodians, Karaites.
IQ: DID John Hyrcanus enjoy his Office in
Peace ? A. Antiochus Sidetes being informed of the Death of Simon, and being invited by Ptolemeus, invaded Judea again, befieged Jerusalem, and reduced Hyrcanus, and the Jews to the last Extremity by Famine: But when they sued for Peace, he granted it, upon Condition of paying certain Tributes to the King, and demolishing the Fortifications of Jerusalem.
Note, About this time Iefus the Son of Sirach, a Jew of Jerusalem, coming into Egypt, translated' the Book of Ecclefiafticus, written by Jefus his Grandfather, out of llebrew into Greek, for the Use of the Hellenistic Fers there. The Ancients called it Pauareton, or the Treasury of all Virtue.
• 2 Q. How did the Affairs of the Jews fucceed under Hyrcanus ? A. A few Years afterwards he took advantage of the vaft Confusions that ensued among the Nations, upon the Death of Antiochus, to enlarge his Borders, by seizing some neighbouring Towns on several sides of Judea ; and to renounce all his Dependance upon the Kings of Syria.
3 Q. Was he supported therein by any Foreign Powers? A. He renewed the League of FriendThip which his Father Simon had made with the Romans, who were then growing to their Grandeur ; and they ordered that he should be freed from the late imposed Tribute, and that the Syrians should make reparation for the Damages they had done him.
4 Q. In what manner did Hyrcanus deal with the Edomites, or Idumeans, who were on the Sbuth of Judea ? A. He constrained them to embrace the Jewish Religion, or leave their Country:; whereupon they chose to forsake their Idolatry, they became Profelytes to Judaism, and were mingled and incorporated with the Jews; and, by this means, in less than two hundred years, their very Name was lost.
Note, In Defence of this Practice of Hyrcanus, among the Idumeans, which seems to be so contrary to the Laws of Nature and Scripture, it may be said, that at this time thefe Edomites had incroached on the Land of Judea, and inhabited all the South part of 'it; 10 that Hörcanus, in banishing those who would not be. come Jews, did but dispossess them of that Country which was given to the Jerus by Göd himself. Yet it must be confeffed, by this practice he seems to have set an unhappy Pattern to his Succeffors, to impose
the Religion of the Jews on conquered Countries by Force.
s Q. How did he treat the Samaritans on the North, when his Power was thus increased ? A. He marched with his Army and took Shechem, which was then the chief Seat of the Samaritan Sect; and he destroyed their Temple on Mount Geri. zim, which Sanballat had built ; though they continued still to keep an Altar there, and to offer Sacrifices.
6 Q. How came Shechem to be their chief Seat instead of Samaria ? A. They were expelled from Samaria, by Alexander, for killing one of his Deputy-Gover nors in a Tumule ; and they retiring to Shechem, made that their chief Seat ; while Alexander repeopled Samaria with Heathens of the Syrian and Macedonian Race.
7 Q. Did Hyrcanus extend his Power farther on that Side of the Country? A. He besieged Samaria, and took it, and utterly demolished it ;, he not only ruled in Judea, but in Galia lee also, and the neighbouring Towns : He became one of the most considerable Princes of his Age, and preserved the Jewish Church and State in Safety from their Enemies, throughout a long Government.
8 Q. What other remarkable Astions are afcribed to Hyrcanus ? A. He was esteemed a Prophet for one or two notable Predictions, or Knowledge of things done at a Distance. He built the Castle Baris, on a fteep Rock, fifty Cubits high, without the outer Square of the Temple, but on the same Mountain : This was the Palace of all the Afmonean Princes in Jerusalem, and here the fa