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6 Q. In what Manner were they delivered? A. When Alexander marched against Jerusalem, designing to punish the Jews on this account, yaddua the High-Priest, the Son of Johanan, being directed by a Night Vision, met the Conqueror in his Priestly Robes, with the other Priests attending him in proper Habits, and all the People in white Garments : Alexander being ftruck with this Sight, faluted the High-Priest with a Religious Veneration, embraced him, entered JerusaTem in a friendly manner, and offered Sacrifice to God in the Temple, for his late Victories.
7 Q. How came Alexander jo suddenly to change bis Purpose, and behave himself with.fo much Mild. ness? Å. Alexander declared that he himself, in Macedonia, had seen this very same Person, thus habited, in a Night Vision, encouraging him to pursue his Expedition against the Persians, and promising him Success.
8. What further Favours did Alexander here the Jews ? A. When I addua, the High-Priest, had thewn him the Prophecies of Daniel, particularly Chap. viii. ver. 21. where the He-Goat is interpreted to be the King of Grecia, who should conquer the Medes and Persians; and Chap. xi. 3. He bid the fews ask what they had to desire of him: And, according to their Request, he granted them the Liberty of their own Laws and Religion, and a Freedom from Tribute or Taxes every seventh Year, because then they neither sowed nor reaped.
9 Q. Did Alexander succeed in his following Wars, and his Attempts against the Persian Empire, according to the Jewiß Prophecy? A. When he departed out of Judea and Palestine, he marched into Egypt, which speedily submitted to him :
. . There
There he built the City Alexandria, and peopled it with several Nations, among whom were many Jews, to whom he gave the same Privileges as to his own Macedonians. The next Spring he haftened to find out Darius Codomannus King of Perfia, whom he had routed once before, and he 'now vanquished him in a final decisive Battle near
Arbela, and became Master of the Persian Empire.
10 Q. How long did he reign after this Battle? A. He went on and conquered India ; but in five Years time he fell into such a Riot and Drunkenness, that put an End to his Life; though others fay he was poisoned..
11 Q. What became of the Jews after Alexan. der's Death ? A. A little after the Death of Alexander, four of his Generals divided his Empire, who were the four Horns of the He-Goat, mentioned by the Prophet Daniel, which grew up' after breaking of the first Horn, Dan. viii. 22. and xi. 4. And the Jews fell under the Dominion of Ptolemy, afterward surnamed Soter, who had Egypt, Arabia, Cæle-Syria, and Palesine, or the Land of Israel, for his Share. .
Here it may be observed, that as Ptolemy had Egypt, Palestine, &c. for his Share, so Calander had Macedonia' and Greece ; Lyssmachus had Thrace and Bithynia, and : some other Provinces thereabout; Seleucu's had Syria, and the Northern and Eaftern Provinces in Afia. Thus was the Empire of Alexander the Great divided among . his Generals.
SECT. III. Of the Jewish Affairs under Pro
LEMY SOTER, PTOLEMY PHILADELPHUS, and PTOLEMY PHILOPATER, Kings of Egypt. Of the great Synagogue, the Jewish Traditions, their Mishnah and Talmud ; and of the Septuagint Translation of the Bible into Greek.
il. How did Ptolemy, King of Egypt, deal
I with the Jews ? A. Ptolemy designing to make Alexandria, which was built by Alexander, in Egypt, his capital City, he persuaded a Multitude of Jews to settle there, granting them the same Privileges as Alexander had done before him: whence it came to pass, that Alexandria had a greater Number of Jews ftill Aocking to it.
2 Q. What remarkable Story is related of one Mosollam, a Jew, who follow'd Ptolemy about this time? A. When a certain Soothsayer, or Cunning-Man, advised a Jewis Troop of Horse, in which Mofollam rode, to stand still, upon the fight of a Bird in the Way, and told them, they Thould either go backward or forward, as that Bird took its Alight; the few being a great Archer, imme. diately shot the Bird with an Arrow, and said, “ How could that poor wretched Bird forelhew us 66 our Fortune, which knew nothing of its own?” hereby he designed to expose and condemn the Superstition of the Heathens.
3 Q. How did it fare with the Jews that were dispersed about Babylon ? A. Seleucus, another of Alexander's Generals, who ruled in the greater and
Sect. 3. The Great Synagogue. 177
4Q. What considerable Person arose among the Jews at Jerusalem about this Time ? A. Simon the
Just, who is spoken of so honourably in the fiftieth of Écclefiafticus": He was a High-Priest of the 7ews about this time, who merited the Surname of the Just, by his great Holinefs toward God, and Justice toward Men ; and he was the last of the Men of the Great Synagogue.
5 Q. What was this Great Synagogue, and who were the Men that composed. it? A. A hundred and twenty Elders, who, in a continued Succesfion, after the Return of the Jews from Babylon, laboured in restoring the Jewijh Church and State; and made it their chief Care to publish the Scriptures to the People with great Accuracy. ;
6 Q. What part of this work is attributed to Simon? A. It is supposed by some learned Men, that he added the two Books of Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, and the Prophecy of Malachi, to the Canon of Scripture ; which Books were scarce supposed to be inserted by Ezra, because sea veral of them are thought to be written by Ezra himself; and the Books of Nehemiah and Malachi were most likely written after Ezra's time.”
70. Did the Jews, after this Time, when the Old Testament was compleated, religiously confine themselves to the Direction of Scripture A. After
this Time their Traditions began to prevail ; i.e. the Sayings of the Ancients delivered down by Tradition.
Note, Though Traditions prevailed about this time, yet the Mishnah, which is their Secondary Law, or a. Collection of Traditions, and which they pretend to be dictated from God to Mofes, was not compiled and put together 'till above a hundred Years after the Time of Christ, by Rabbi Judah Hakkadesh : And this Misenàb, together with their Comments on these things, are called the Talmud.
· Note, There are two Talmuds; that of Jerusalem, which was compleat about three hundred Years after Chrift; and that of Babylon, about five hundred Years : but each of them have the same Mishnah, though with different Comments, which Comments are called the Gemara. · 8 Q. Who were the chief Teachers of this See condary Law or Traditions ? A. Antigonus of Soo cho was the first of them, who being an eminent Scribe in the Law of God, was Prelident of the Sanhedrim, or Senate of the Elders at Jerusalem, great Master of the Jewish School, and a Teacher of Righteousness to the People, and of these Traditions. Afterward all the Teachers or Doctors of the Jewish Law were, in the New Testament, sometimes called Scribes, sometimes Lawyers, or those that Jate in Moses's Seát. ::9 Q. What Special Honour, was paid to these Men? A. Belides other Respects Thewed them by the People, who called them Rabbi, and highly esteemed them, it was out of these Doctors, that the Great Sanhedrim, or Council of Seventy-two, was chosen to govern the whole Nation; and the
these times called y were, in Teachers ochefe Trace