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was old, Adonijah set himself up for King, 1 Kings
63 Q. How came Adonijah to be so infolent? A. His Father humoured him too much all his Life, and never displeased him, ver, 6.
64 Q. What did David do under this Trouble? A. He proclaimed Solomon the Son of Bathsheba King in his own Life-time, and Zadok the Priest and Nathan the Prophet anointed him King of ifrael, ver. 34, 38, 39,
65 Q. Why was Solomon preferred when he was a younger Brother? A. Because God chose him to the Kingdom, and gave David some Notice of it, i Chron. xxii. 8, 9, 10. and xxviii
. 5, 6, 7. 66 Q. What became of Adonijah ? A. 'He submitted to Solomon, who spared him for that time, though for a new Fault he put him to Death afterwards, ver. 50, 53. and ii. A, 24.
67 Q. How long did David reign in all ? A. Forty Years, and then he died in his Bed in Peace, 1 Kings ii. 10, 11.
68 Q. What were David's remarkable Characters, besides that of a Musician, a Warrior, and a King ? A. He was a great Poet and a Prophet, 2 Sam. xxiii. 1, 2.
69 Q. Wherein did his Skill in Poesy appear? 1. Not only in his admirable Elegy on Saul and Jonathan, but on several Occasions he wrote the most part of the Book of Psalms, which are the finest Pieces of ancient Poely, and he was called, The sweet Pfalmift of Israel, 2 Sam. xxiii, 1,
70 Q. Wherein doth it appear that he had the Gift of Prophecy? A. Because these Psalms were written by divine Inspiration, for in some of them there are many things evidently foretold concerning Christ, Luke xxiv. 44. Als ii. 29, 30.
71 Q. What further Evidences are there of his being a Prophet? A. He had a particular Revelation made to him by the Spirit of God, of the Pattern of the Temple, which Solomon bis Son was to build, and of the Orders of the Priests and Levites, and of several things relating to the Worship of God, which he gave to his Son Solomon, i Chron. xxviii. 11, 12, 23, 19.
72 Q. What did David do towards the building of this Temple before his Death ? A. He made a vaft Preparation of Gold and Silver, and Jewels, and other Materials, and gave the Pattern of every thing to his Son Solomon, as he received it of God, 1 Chron. xxii. 5, 14. and xxviii. 11, 19. and xxix. 2.
C H A P. X. Of the Reign of SOLOMON and REHOBOAM
over all I S R A E L, and the Division of the
Nation into two Kingdoms. IlWHA
HAT was the general CharaEter of So
lomon? A. That he was the wiseft of Men, 1 Kings iii. 12. and iv. 31.
2 Q. Wherein did his Wisdom toward God appear ? A. In that he asked not for long Life, nor Riches, nor Honours, but Understanding and Knowledge to govern so great a People, 1 Kings iii,
3 Q. What was the first Instance of his Wisdom in the Government ? A. His deciding the Quarrel between two Women who contended about a Child, and in giving the Child to the true Mother, 1 Kings iii 16-28.
4 Q. How did he find out the true Mother? A. He commanded the Child to be divided in two, that each Woman might have half: then the Tenderness and Love of the true Mother appeared in yielding up her Pretensions to it, rather than see it divided, 1 Kings iii, 25.
5 Q. IVbat special Care did Solomon take for the Worship of God? A. He built that Temple for which David had made so large a Preparation. It was a most glorious Palace built of Cedar and Fir, and Olive-wood, and hewn Stone, with most amazing Expence of Gold and Silver, and Brass, and precious Stones, both for the adorning of the House itself and for the holy Vefsels thereof, 1 Kings vi. and vii. He built also two distinct Courts about it, one for the People of Israel, and one for the Priests, all which were called The Temple, 2 Kings xxiii. 12, and 2 Chron. iv. 9.
Note, In this Temple of Solomon there does not seem to be any Court of the Gentiles, but only the Court of the Priests, in which the House of God or Sanctuary ftood," and the Court of the People, to which all Ifrael resorted; nor can I find the Gentiles forbidden by any express Word of God. See 2 Chron. vi. 32. one was the outer Court, and the other the inner Court, 2 Chron. iv. 9. and 1 Kings vi. 36. Nor were the People utterly excluded from the inner Court. See 2 Cbron. xxii. 10.
In the second Temple which was built by Zerubbabel after the Captivity, we do not read of any Court of the Gentiles at the building of it: But in following Years, when there were more frequent Communications and Transactions with Gentiles, there was a Partition made called Chel, to divide them from the Fews, and the other part of the outer Court was left for the Gentiles. In the Temple which Herod built, and which was in our Saviour's time, there was a Court made on purpose for the Gentiles, and those Jews which
were unclean. But this Division does not sufficiently apo pear to be of divine Appointment, though it must be confest the Partition Wall in Eph. ii. 14. seems to refer to it. .6 l. In what Form did he build it? A. In I. mitation of the Tabernacle of Mofes and the Court thereof, but with vast and universal Improvement in the Grandeur and Riches, and Magnificence of it, by the Pattern that David his Father received from God, and gave to him, i Chron. xxii. 5. and xxviii. 11, 19.
7 Q. On what Spot of Ground did he build it? A. On Mount Moriah, not very far from Mount Zion in Jerusalem : 'twas the Place where Abraham was called to offer his Son Ifaac, and where God appeared to David when he stopped the Pestilence, 2 Chron. iii. 1. and Gen. xxii, 2. and gave
him miraculous Token of his Acceptance, by Fire from Heaven consuming his Sacrifice, i Chron, xxi. 26.
Note, Though the Temple was built on Mount Mon riah, yet the Name of Zion is still preserved by the fol. lowing holy Writers as the Place of the Sanctuary : partly because David had written fo much in his Psalms concerning Zion, where the Ark and Tabernacle stood in his Days, and made the Name familiar to the People : and partly because Zion was literally the City of David, and in a typical Sense, the City or Residence of Christ. And indeed Zion and Moriah may be accounted but two distinct Heads of the fame Mountain ; and though there was a Valley between them, Solomon joined them by a Bridge, that he might easily pass from his Palace in Zion to the Temple.
Josephus makes mention of it more than once.
8 Q. How did Solomon dedicate this Temple 19 God? A. By assembling all the Men of Israel, by bringing thither the Ark and the holy Things
from Zion, by a devout Prayer to God, by Mufick and Praises, by a Feast of seven Days, and a vast Number of Sacrifices, 1 Kings viii. and 2 Chron. vi. and vii,
9 Q. In what manner did God for his Approbation it? A. He filled the House with a Cloud of Glory, to represent his taking Possession of it: he fent Fire down from Heaven to consume the Sacrifices, and he appeared in the Night to Solomon, and assured him he had heard his Prayer, and chosen that place for a House of Sacrifice to himself, 2 Chron. vii. 1, 2, 3, 12.
10 Q. Wherein did God bless the Reign of Solomon? A. By giving him prodigious Treasures and magnificent State, and spreading the Fame of his Greatness and Wisdom over all Nations, 1 Kings x.
1 Q. What peculiar Honours were done to him on this account? A. The Princes round about him coveted his Friendship, and gave him their Aflistance and many Presents, and the Queen of Sheba came to visit him, 1 Kings ix. and x.
: 12 Q. What Satisfaction did she find in this Vifit? A. She was astonished at the sight of his Grandeur and Wisdom, and confessed that the one half of it was not told her, 1 Kings x, 1-10.
13 Q. Wherein did Solomon displease God afterwards? 1. In Process of Time he forgot his great Obligations to God, he took Wives and Concubines in Multitudes, and that out of the Idolatrous Nations; and by them his Heart was so far led away for other Gods, that he built Places of Worship for them very near Jerusalem, and offered Sacrifices to them. See i Kings xi. 1-8, 9.