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doubt of the kind of wood which had preceded the present sand or grit. The combustion which assisted the change of peat into coal, he considers, as having been effected by means of the pyrites. #ERMANY. The ingenious LINK has proved, by a series of experiments, that animal albumen and vegetable gluten are of similar principles, if not the same. Messrs. PARR9T and ENGELHARDt have determined with great accuracy, the respective levels of the Black and Caspian Sea, and it appears that the latter has sunk 200 feet, and has lost 30,000 square leagues of its surface. May not the whole, in the course of ages, form a basin like the London and Paris basins 7 The Mediterranean was determined by the French to be twenty-seven feet lower than the Red Sea ; and the Pacific Ocean is known to be twenty-three feet higher than the Gulf of Mexico. Between the years 1455 and 1487, there were printed twenty-two different editions of the Bible in Latin ; and, between 1462 and 1490, thirteen editions in German. In 1712, Baron Charles Hildebrand, of Canstein, caused to be cast such a number of types, that all the pages of the Bible might be kept set up, for a permanency. His Biblical Establishment, formed in the Orphan-House, at Halle, in Saxony, produced in the space of ten years, one hundred and twenty-five thousand copies of the Bible; and one hundred and thirty thousand copies of the New Testament; and according to an exact calculation made at Halle, published in 1812, there had been vended in the space of a hundred years, one million nine hundred and forty-three thousand and sirty-two complete copies of the Bible; and a proportionate number of copies of the New Testament. ITALY. Among the works published during these ten years by the pupils of the School of Architecture, at the expence of Napoleon, we may distinguish the Ruins of Paestum, by M. Lagardette; a Collection of Town and Country Houses, by M. Dubut ; Tuscan Architecture, by Messrs. Grandjean and Famin ; a Collection of the finest Tombs of Italy, by M. Grandjean ; the Ruins of Pompeii, by M. Mazois ; the Complete

Works of Vignole, by Messrs. Le Bas and Debret. There now remains to be engraved, the Restorations of the Temple of Patrician Chastity, by M. Dubut : the Temple of Vesta at Rome, by M. Coussin ; the Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella, by M. Grandjean; the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, by M. Menager; the Arch of Titus, by M. Gue: nepin; the Temple of Fortune at Praeneste, by M. Huyot ; and of the Pantheon, by M. Leclerc ; to which we may also add the restorations of the Portico of Octavius, by M. Chatillon ; and the Temple of Mars the Avenger, by M. Gauthier. FRANCE.

As one among a hundred similar proofs of the deliverance of Europe, (into the hands of despots and bigots,) six individuals, authors, printers, and publishers, have been sentenced to be transported, we suppose to Guyana, for an alleged libel ; other cruel sentences of twenty years and ten years solitary imprisonment, are daily features of the triumph of that odious system which the free English people are insultingly called on to celebrate by festivals, monuments, and new churches |

The Geography of New Holland, according to M. MALTE BRUN, is now completed. Its coasts to the EAST are called New South Wales. The island

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North, consists of Leuwin's Land, Ebel's Land, and Endracht's Land. . The NorthERN coast from West to East, is De Wilt's Land, Dieman's Land, Darnheim's Land, and Carpenter's Land. On the Northern coast is the Gulf of Carpentaria; on the Western, the Gulf of Chicus-Marius ; and on the Southern, the Gulf of Bonaparte. The strait. which separates the Northern Point from New Guinea, is called Torres Strait. The coasts of New Guinea have not yet been accurately surveyed. - M. LAPLAce finds, from thirty-seven of the best experiments on the length of the seconds pendulum in different latitudes, that the increase of gravity from

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1816.] the equator, to the poles, follows the law which theory points out as the most simple; and, he concludes, that the density of the earth must augment regularly from the surface to the centre; and , hence he infers the original fluidity of - the whole—a state, he adds, which nothing but excessive heat could produce. . M, BUPIN, counsel to Sir R. Wilson, Mr. Bruce, and Captain Hutchinson, ! has lately written an interesting and circumstantial Narrative of the Escape g of M. Count de LAvALETTE. A trans; lation has just been published in London. - AMERICA. The Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York, established and incorporated in the year 1814, have lately offered to the public the first volume of their Transactions in large 4to. This volume, besides the elaborate and valuable discourse of the President, contains a large body of interesting and novel information, relative to the literature and science of the American States.

List of New Publications in June.

553

The American Ornithology is at length completed, by the appearance of the 9th volume. Mr. WILson, in this celebrated work, has figured and described 278 species of the feathered tribe of the United States, 56 of which are asserted to

have not been known before.

Dr. Hosack is about to lay before the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York, the results of his experiments and observations on the mode of communication existing between the mother and foetus. It is familiarly known, that physiologists are much divided in opinion on this interesting subjec; and Dr. H. we are informed, is disposed wholly to reject the present received doctrines concerning it. He denies to the placenta the office of lungs, and maintains that the blood, already oxygenated, passes by direct communication from the mother to the foetus in utero. He has long inclined to this belief, and in 1807, promulgated these opinions as teacher of midwifery in the University of New York.

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reform in the system, as the only means of giving o to the present property of the two Winter Theatres; by Dramaticus. 2s. EDUCATION. osophy, in Easy Dialogues ; by a

Lady. 1s. o: history England, ditto. Is. EThics. Hints, designed to promote Beneficence, Temperance, and Medical Science ; by Dr. Lettsom ; re-published in three vols. 8vo.with Memoirs of the Author, and of James Neild, esq.; and brief notices of many other of Dr. Lettsom's Friends: embellished with forty plates, ten of which were not in the first edition. 21. 25. Spurinna ; or the Comforts of Old Age, with notes and biographical illustrations; by Sir Thomas Bernard, baronet. 8vo. 9s. Sancho ; or, the Proverbialist. Roya. 12mo. 5s. f J. Liberty, Civil and Religious; by the Rev T. Bowdler, A. M. 8vo. 3s. The Cottagers of the Lakes. 12mo. 8s. 6d. FIN E ARTS. Letters on the Fine Arts, written from Paris in the Year 1815; by Henry Milton, eso. 8vo. 7s. 6d. A Dictionary of Painters and Engrayers; by W. Bryan. 2 vols. 4to. 5l. 5s, royal 91. Of Statuary and Sculpture among the Ancients ; with some account of Specimens preserved in England ; , by James Dallaway, M.B. F.A.S. With thirty engravings and several wood-cuts ; imp. 8vo. 21. 8s. An Inquiry into the Origin and Early His

Mox. MAG. No. 285,

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Memoirs of Oliver Cromwell and his Children, supposed to be written by himself. 3 vols. 18s. Craigh Melrose Priory, or Memoirs of the Mount Linton Family. 4 vols. 24s. Tales of To-day ; by Mrs. Isaacs, author of Ariel, Wanderings of Fancy, &c. &c. PHILOLogY. An Easy, Natural, and Rational Mode of teaching and acquiring the French Language, on a Plan entirely new ; in which the Anomalies and Irregularities of Verbs are clearly demonstrated and reduced to Rules; the whole deduced from the Philosophy of Lanuage, and an Analysis of the Human Mind; y William Henry Pybus. 8vo. 8s. Poetry. Ilderim, a Syrian Tale: in four Cantos. 8vo. 4s. 6d. Poems; including correct copies of Fare Thee Well, &c. and Five others never before printed ; by Lord Byron. 8vo. 2s. o Essays in Rhyme, on Morals and Manners; by Jane Taylor. foolscap. 8vo. 6s. The Stage, in 1816, a Satirical Poem, in three Parts, with Notes and Illustrations; Part the first. 3s.

Freedom, with other Poems; by George

tory of Engraving upon Copper and in Wood; with an Account of Engravers and their works, from the Invention of Chalcography by Maso Finiguerra, to the time of Marc Antonia Raimondi; including Observations on some of the first Books, ornamented with Wood-cuts ; by William Young Ottley, F.S.A. in 2 vols. 4to. 81. 8s. illustrated by numerous fac-similes.

The Apocrypha to Macklin's Bible, which .

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- HISTORY.

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Lectures on the Philosophy of Modern History, delivered in the University of Dublin : by George Miller, D. D. late fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. Vol. 1, 2, 8vo. 1]. 14s.

LAW.
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• 48.

Thomas. 6s.
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- THEOLOGY -
Dissertations on Various Interesting Sub-

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1816.)

jects, with a View to Illustrate the amiable and moral Spirit of Christ's Religion; by the Rev. T. Watson. 3vo. 6s. Agency of Divine Providence manifested ; by Samuel O'Sullivan, 8vo. 10s. 6d. Brief Memoirs of Four Christian Hindoos. 12mo. 3s.6d. Family Prayers ; by J. Cotterill. 12mo.6s. Farewell Sermons. 8vo. 11s. A Sermon, preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Consecration of the Right Rev. Robert, Lord Bishop of Nova Scotia; by Joseph Hölden Pott, A. M. 4to. 2s. A Brief Statement of the Nature of Baptism; §. Robert Hardy, A. M. 6d. Dr. Mant's Sermon on Regeneratiou, vindicated from the Remarks of the Rev. T. T. Biddulph. 1s. 6d. Sermons on various Subjects and Occasions; by G. S. Faber, B. D. 8vo. , 12s. Every-Day Christianity ; by the Author of Rhoda, &c. 12mo. 3s. 6d. The Christian's Manuel, compiled from the Enchiridiom Militis Christiani of Erasmus; by Philip Wyatt Crowther, esq. 8vo. 8s. Sermons; by Thomas Trevor Trevor, LL.D. Prebendary of Chester, Rector of West Kirby, and Vicar of Eastham. 8vo. 6s. Hume's History of England, revised for Family Use; with such Omissions and Alterations as may render it salutary to the Young, and unexceptionable to the Christian ; by the Rev. George Berkeley Mitchell, A. M. 8 vols. 8vo. o 12s. The Doctriné of the Church of England on the Efficacy of Baptism, vindicated from isrepresentation; by Richard Laurence, L.L.D. 8vo. 5s. Sermons on Practical Subjects; by the late Rev. William Jesse, A. M. 8vo. 9s. Commentaries and Annotations on the Holy Scriptures: containing I. Various Prolegomenous Essays, and short Disquisitions. II. Introductions to the Books of the Old and New Testament, and the Apocrypha... III. A Series of Critical, Philological, and Explanatory Notes, partly original, and partly comiled. IV. A Chronological Index; by the ev. John Hewlett, B. D. 31. , The Connection between the Sacred Writings and the Literature of the Jewish and Heathen Authors, particularly that of the Classical Ages, illustrated, principally with a view to evidence in confirmation of the truth of Revealed Religion; by Robert Gray, D.D. Prebendary of Durham and of Chichester. 8vo. 12s. Memoirs of Mr. James H. Wood, late sureon, &c. &c. to the Dispensary and Workouse at Blackburn ; including his Conversion and oppy Death ; by the Rev. Thomas Wood. ss. 6d. Episcopal Claims investigated, and the Liberty of the Pulpit defended, in five Essays; by the Rev. Mr.’1&aac. 12mo. 4s. Lectures delivered before the Christian Philological Society, in which several important differences between Modern Arminians and Calvinists are impard .lly considered, with a View to promote Mutual Forbearance; by N. Rogers. T2mo. 7s. The Village in an Uproar; or the Thresher's Visit to the Missionary Meeting in London, May 1814. 1s. 6d. The Pagan Temple, or Missionary'Idolatry detected ; containing Sketches of the Interior of some Chapels in the Metropolis. 2s.

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Procès destrois Anglais, Robert Thomas Adolphe, Anecdote trouvée dans les papiers Wilson, John Ely Hutchinson, Michel Bruce, d'un inconnu, et publiée par Benjamin de et autres. Précédé d'une notice Historique Constant. 12mo, Londres, 1816. 6s.

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MONTHLY REPORT OF DISEASEs IN N. W. LoNDON,

From May 24, to June 24, 1816.

-oTo complaints which have most frequently arrested our attention, are meazles and scarlatina, Acute rheumatism has also been very general, and more severe than usual, which may so be accounted for by the strange vicissitudes of weather we have witnessed this month. Depletion in general is the plan of treatment found most successful; but I ought not to overlook the benefit experienced in a variety of instances from nitre in combination with opiates. . In those cases where a repetition of bleeding seemed unavoidable, from a recurrence of the pain and fever, added to great strength of arterial action, a few doses of these medicines have effected more in the space of twenty-four hours than the loss of the largest quantities of blood ; and I have reason to believe that this treatment will often supersede the necessity of ..of altogether, though the state of the pulse'and severity of the pain may seem to demand it. - One of the rheumatic patients has been affected by a most copious expectoration of mucus from the lungs, and, although kept free from pain, labours under fever of a hectic kind, and is in a state of debility, . I fear must terminate fatally. Pulmonary consumption is not unfrequently occasioned by rheumatism and gout. Morton, in his Exercitationes de Phthisi, notices the fact, that, not only these affections long continued, are succeeded by complaints of

the lungs, but even the first attack sometimes occasions an acute and incurable Phthisis, that it

is not relieved by the ordinary pectoral medicines, but requires the liberal exhibition of remedies which he supposed to be efficacious in the treatment of the original disorder. The same fact was also recorded by Sydenham, who professed, however, a contrary opinion respecting the object of treatment. here the disease, he observes, has been translated to the lungs, the curative indications are not to be levelled at the gout, but it is to be treated as a real peripneumony, by bleeding and gentle purging. To the propriety of the practice Igive my cordial assent, though I should adopt it on different principles---I know of no disease in which bleeding and purging are more efficacious than in gout. I refer to a case of severe scald in a child, for the purpose of introducing to the notice of the public a remedy for burns---the oil of turpentine, first I believe recommended by Dr. Kentish, and which for its efficacy is unequalled. I am anxious to impress the importance of an attention to this subject, because this accident, more perhaps than any other, requires. immediate care, on account of the pain and vesication consequent on delay. If the remedy be at hand, and can be immediately applied, it will be found to abate the pain, and if continued a sufficient time, will prevent the formation of blisters and subsequent sores, which are known to be so tedious in healing. In this instance the scald was occasioned by boiling tea---the arts were instantly immersed in cold water, and kept in that situation till I was called, when changed the ap #. for linen rags kept constantly wet with the oil of turpentine, and the parts ...; their healthy action before the following morning. Practitioners are however divided on this subject, some still preferring the use of cold water; but from much observation, may actual experiment on my own person, I have formed a contrary opinion. .

11, North Crescent, Bedford Square. J. WANT. . - toREPORT OF CHEMISTRY, NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, &c.

TVHE following are the means recommended by M. ORFILA, in his elaborate work on Poi- '

sons, to be employed in combating the effects produced by Belladonna, Datura stramonium, Tobacco, Digitalis, Anagallis arvensis, Aristolochia clematitis, the different kinds of Hemlock, the rose, the laurel, and the rue :--“1. If the poison have not occasioned copious vomiting, two or three grains of tartar emetic, and 20 or 30 of ipecacuanha, mixed in a small quantity of water, should be administered, to favour its immediate expulsion; and there is little danger of hastening absorption, if the uantity of water in which the emetic is mixed be not considerable. The action of vomiting should be aided by titillating the throat with a feather. “2. If some time have elapsed since the poison was swallowed. and it is supposed to have passed into the intestinal canal, two or three grains of tartar emetic, and from an ounce to an ounce and a half of sulphate of soda, should be given ; exhibiting at the same time purgative lvsters. gly 3. If, after these means have been employed, symptoms of cerebral congestion remain, blood-letting from the jugular vein must be had recourse to, and repeated according to the temperature of the patient, and the benefit derived from it. -- “4. Acidulated drinks, particularly vinegar largely diluted with water, should be exhibited in small dozes, and frequently repeated. If these acidulated lix unds, however, be strong, or not exhibited until twenty or thirty hours after the poison has been taken, and inflammatory

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