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whose works have otherwise irrecoverably, and many of them lately, per"ished. The Burhan Cata, the favourite . . . of the Professors of the Calcutta college, and other native dictionaries of the Persian language, have been published since: a much unacknowledged and illdigested use has been made of the Farhangi Jehangiri in them, particularly in their examples, by quoting much inferior late Persian writers in preference to the classic quotations of their original ; which shows as bad a taste, as if some future compiler of an English dictionary might quote Blackmore and some of our present race of sycophant poetasters in preference to the Popes, Addisons, and Arbuthnots, of Doctor Johnson | The third volume of the interesting Transactions of the Geological Society will be published about the middle of July. It will be illustrated by a considable number of highly finished plates, chiefly coloured. The dramatic novelty of the most sterling merit of the present season has been a new Tragedy, called BERTRAM, or the Castle of St. Aldobrand ; by the Rev. Mr. MATURIN, of Dublin. The fable is extravagant and ill made out ; but the poetry is excellent, and some strongly drawn characters called forth all the powers of the actors. Mr. Kean sustained that of Bertram with his usual energy; and that of Countess of Aldobrand was ably filled by Miss SoMERvil LE, who made her first appearance with the Tragedy. Aided by the superior acting of Kean, in the New Way to Pay Old Debts, in Othello, Richard, &c. &c. Drury-Lane Theatre has had a prosperous season. Mrs. SIDDoNs and Mr. John KEMBLE have performed two * nights within the month at Covent-Garden, to crowded and enraptured audiences. . . Celiquiae Hearnianae ; or, the Genuine Remains of Tilo MAS HEARNE ; are preparing for the press, in 2 vols. 8vo. This celebrated antiquary left no less - than a hundred and fifty (or more) pocket volumes, written in his own hand, containing what may very justly be termed, a Diary of his Pursuits. This Diary comprises his opinions on books and persons, a considerable portion of his correspondence, anecdotes of his

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acquaintance, and indeed of most of the literary and political characters of his day; with a variety of papers on subjects of history and antiquity ; and from these volmes it is proposed to select such parts as appear the most interesting and authentic ; and it is confidently hoped that they will form a work of great literary interost and curiosity. Several auxiliary Peace Societies have been projected in the country, in aid of the London Society, announced in our last, for the purpose of distributing Tracts to expose the folly and wickedness of Wars. A new work is nearly finished at press, entitled, Vulgar Errors, Ancient and

Modern, attributed as imports to the

proper names of the globe, clearly ascertained; with approximations to their rational descents, investigating the origin and use of letters. Moses's hitherto misunderstood account of Eden, biblical long lost names, unknown names of heathen gods, of nations, provinces, towns, &c. with a Critical Disquisition on every station of Richard of Cirencester and Antoninus in Britain. Many of the subjects which these stations embrace, were originally printed in this Magazine, where they interested many of our erudite readers. The Society of Arts have voted their gold medal, and a reward of 100. to Mr. RYAN, for an improved system of ventilating mines. Coal-owners may now work out the entire bed of coal, and not leave behind them about one half as pillars to support the roof; and this will yield another benefit—the roof and floor being allowed to close, the cavity will be so much diminished as not to form a reservoir for water, threatening the neighbouring mines. Sir George CAYLEY, in a very interesting paper on Aérial Navigation, in a late number of the Philosophical Maga. zine, states, that upon large constructions, aerial navigation will be performed much cheaper in a horizontal path by the steam-engine, than upon the ascending and descending plan by the inclined plane. Several years ago he made many estimates of the application of first movers to these large balloons; but found that the enormous size required to be successfully driven by them, placed the roper scale of experiments quite out of he reach of any individual, while they were of such magnitude as to render the public of that day, if appealed to, incredulous upon the subject. He invites, therefore, a public subscription of 1500). to carry an experiment into effect. A fine Panorama of Jerusalem, and of the interesting country round that celebrated city, is now to be seen near Temple-Bar, in Fleet-street. We are glad to see this mimic representation of Nature in other hands, since the original buildings are prostituted to flatter the admiration of the vulgar for human slaughter, without regard to the justice of the contest which is celebrated. The panoramic picture is only commendable when designed to bring distant scenes of Nature under the eye, to save the pains and expence of travelling. Mr. Luckcock, of Birmingham, has in the press, Sunday-School Moral Lectures; interspersed with a variety of interesting and illustrative anecdotes, many of them gleaned from his own personal observation, followed by a brief account of the origin, progress, and permanent success of the institution for which the lectures were prepared. Mr. Howship has nearly ready for publication, some Practical Observations on the Diseases of the Urinary Organs, illustrated by cases and engravings. The attention of the patrons of the fine arts has been invited to a series of Portraits of celebrated Painters, engraved by John CoRNER; with a biographical compilation from established authorities. Each part will contain four portraits of distinguished painters, engraved in the line manner, ornamented with a Tablet, containing a miniature of some esteemed performance of the artist, and accompanied by a concise memoir, derived from the best authorities. Mr. William PHILLIps will publish, early in July, a new edition of his Outlines of Mineralogy and Geology, revised and improved. This elementary book is designed chiefly for the use of students. To this edition will be added, some Account of the Geology of England and Wales, together with a coloured may and section of the strata; which is intended also to be published separately


to accommodate the purchasers of the first edition. The Eighth Number of Mr. BRIT-7, ton's superb work of Cathedral Anti- .

quities, containing seven engravings of

Norwich Cathedral, is just published; and another number, to be published in August, will complete the history and illustration of that Cathedral. Winchester Church, which is to be third in his series, will be illustrated by thirty engravings, and will be published in five successive numbers in the course of the next winter. The history and illustration of York Cathedral will immediately follow that of Winchester, and will consist of thirty-six engravings, with ample historic and descriptive acCOunts. We learn that the publication of the second volume of Mr. BloRE's splendidly, embellished History of Rutland, is suspended by the unhappy confirmation of the malady of the ingeniousauthor's mind. We again assure our readers, that Dr. JoiiN Wolcot, the author of the inimitable pieces published under the name of PETER PINDAR, has not published any new work, besides the short pieces in this Magazine, for several years' past. The poetical name of the venerable bard has lately been grossly abused. Such has been the effect of the increased duties on Almanack stamps, and such is the inability of the people to pay high duties, that we understand the sale of Moore's Almanack alone has been diminished this year between 70 and 80,000 copies. Proposals have been circulated for publishing, in one volume quarto, price 1l, 1 1s. 6d. in boards the History of Plymouth; by HENRY Woollcombe, esq. It will be derived from authentic records in the possession of the corporation of Plymouth, in the Tower of London, the British Museum, the Exchequer, &c. &c. and will contain the History of Plymouth-Dock and Stonehouse; comprising an account of the Dock-yard, with the other naval and military establishments at that port. Parliament having liberally allowed the Gas-light Company to extend their capital from 2 to 400,000l. and their charter to forty years, there is reason to

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An English and Mahratta Dictionary is proposed to be compiled by Captain Gideon Hutchinson, of the Bombay Native Infantry.—Specimens have been laid before the Court of Directors of the E. I. Company, with a view that the efforts of the compiler may meet with their liberal attention.—Capt. H. remarks that the Mahratta language may be divided into two classes; the Rooddhhee Blasha, or that which is more immediately colloquial, and the Prakroot, which has a greater abundance of Sanscrit words, and in which their poems, histories, &c. are composed. It has been an object to combine the two classes; as the Prakroot is ever had recourse to, when the

conversation turns to other than com

mon topics, and rises to discussions on politics, religion, philosophy, and other subjects of importance. The Prakroot is more generally understood by the lower classes than may be generally presumed. The rich and the poor of the Mahrattas are peculiarly attached to the recital of the poems celebrating the achievements of their divinities and heroes. The public reciters are numerous, and experience considerable patronage—ever engaged to chant in the temples—to enliven the convivialities of a marriage— to add to the entertainment of public rejoicing, or the solemnities of funeral ceremonies.

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. 549

In consequence of the peace, and the diminished interest of public news, the sale of most of the London Newspapers has fallen one-third. A novel is printing by Miss EMMA PARKER, under the title of “Self Deception.” In the very curious and important work of Mr. G. N. Hill, of Chester, on insanity, he cousiders himself as having established the following results:– 1. That insanity has always corporeal disease for its foundation. 2. That insanity consists of but one species under two forms, viz. the Stewic and AstENic, or Mania and Melancholia. 3. That insanity is not an hereditary disease, in the vulgar sense of the word, as commonly understood. 4. That insanity is as generally curable as any of those violent diseases most successfully treated by medicine. Mr. Steve Nsox, an engineer, in a communication to the Geological Society, maintains, that the general bed of the German ocean and British channel is filling up, and the level of the water rising. He illustrates the position by facts relative to the encroachments of the sea on the shores of sheltered bays. A mass of meteoric iron has been found by Mr. MoRLEY in the Brazils, seven feet long and four feet broad, containing twenty-eight cubic feet, and weighing 14,000lbs. Four per cwt. of nickel was found in the iron mast, and it was magnetic. The subject selected this year by the Margaret Professor at Cambridge, for his discourses before the university, is, the Interpretalion of Prophecy. Mr. CAMPBELL has read an able paper to the Wernerian Society, in which he proves that the upright growth of vegetables is owing to the perpendicular ascent in the sap vessels of gazeous products lighter than atmospheric air. But be speaks before this learned physical society, of gravitation as an occult power, notwithstanding the repeated proofs published of late years, that the force by which masses of matter fall, or gravitate together, is a necessary result of the mu

tual mechanical action of any two hodies placed within the elastic medium of space.

Speedily will be published, a secret history of the marriage of the Princess Charlotte with Prince Leopold, and of the breaking off the Treaty with the

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Hereditary Prince of Orange ; with an

Castle, December 14, 1810. On the

outline of the policy of the Court of 23d of May, or 160 days after the acciLiterary and Philosophical Intelligence.

Russia, and some anecdotes of the Duchess of Oldenburgh. We observe in the recent French journals, that translations of our best elementary School Books are announced at Paris. Blair's Universal Preceptor and Grammar of Philosophy, Goldsmith's Elementary Geographies, and Robinson's Grammar of History, are prefaced by high eulogiums. Mr. SALISBURy, of Brompton, has commenced a series of botanical excursions round the metropolis, on the plan of Jauffret's interesting walks round Paris. He publishes the results in the Medical and Physical Journal. Mr. HAyes, of King-street, CoventGarden, is preparing a Catalogue of a numerous collection of classical, biblical, and critical literature, arranged (for the convenience of reference) in chronological order, from the infancy of printing to the present time. Speedily will be published, some Practical Remarks in Surgery, illustrated by cases, by A. Copla ND HUtcuiso N, M. D. late surgeon to the Royal Naval Hospital at Deal. Mr. PyNE's superb work of the Royal Residences will be succeeded by a Second Series, which will comprise interior views of the most magificent seats of the nobiiity and gentry throughout Great Britain, with historical and biographical notices of the families to whom they belong ; and a descriptive catalogue of the pictures, statues, and superb decorations contained in each mansion. The two works will display, by graphic means, a considerable portion of the grandeur of our domestic architecture ; and will exhibit, at one view, much of the magnificence of England; many of the seats of our mobility and gentry vieing, in extent and splendour of internal decoration, with the royal palaces. We feel it due to Mr. Pyne to observe, that we have seen some of the drawings of rooms in the

royal palaces, and they, in our judgment,

exceed in beauty and execution any drawings of the kind that we ever saw.

It appears by the late volume of the Transactions of the Linnaean Society that a hog was buried in its stye by a fall of part of the chalk cliff under Dover

dent, the pig alive was extricated from its confinement. Its figure was extremely emaciated, having scarcely any muscles discernible ; and its bristles were erect, though not stiff, but soft, clean, and white. well, and took food eagerly. At the time of the accident it was fat and supposed to have weighed about 160lbs. ; but it now weighed only 40lbs. At the time of the fall there was neither food nor water in the stye, which is a cave about six feet square, dug in the rock, and boarded in the front; and the whole was covered about 30 feet deep in the fallen chalk. The door and other wood in front of the stye had been much nibbled, and the sides of the cave were very smooth, having apparently been constantly licked for obtaining the moisture exuding through the rock. Dr. PARRY, of Bath, in an able work on the Arterial Circulation, gives the following curious explanation of the phenomenon of the Arterial Puise:—“When, by the contraction of the left ventricle, the blood included in it is forcibly expelled into the aorta, all these columns (says he) receive the shock of propulsion at the same instant. But the velocity, during this systole, being greater than during the diastole, the momentum, and consequently the impulse, in every direction, is also greater in the systole. When, therefore, an artery is compressed with the fingers in the usual mode of feeling the pulse, the blood, in consequence of the systole, rushing into the artery with an increase of momentum, gives a stronger impulse of dilatation to the fingers than from the less momentum, which exists during the diastole, and thus produces the phenomenon of the pulse.” It appears, in addition to the facts which we have already stated, that the Admiralty Telegraph could transmit to Plymouth the hour of twelve by the Horse Guards clock, while the hour was striking; and that several questions and answers could be sent and received back within twelve minutes. Mr. Dyer’s “Privileges of the University of Cambridge,” will not be published till the winter, in consequence of the necessary enlargement of his plan.

The animal was lively, walked

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is more simple than the method adopted

in this country. The steam is of the intensity of boiling water, and the compensation is made by a longer exposure to its influence: in general about two hours answer. The utensils consist of a boiler nearly filled with water, with a copper convex cover, inserted three or four inches in the water, and fitting the boiler sufficiently tight, though it is not essential that it should be completely close ; a pipe, to indicate when the water has evaporated so low as to endanger the burning of the boiler; a steam-pipe, in parts, conveying steam to the washingtub, which has a false bottom, perforated to let the steam ascend to the clothes; and a washing or steaming tub, the cover of which need not be very close. A work is in the press, on the Beauties and Defects of the Horse, comparatively delineated in a series of coloured plates, from the pencil of Mr. H. ALKEN, with references and useful instruction to young purchasers, or to those who wish to pursue the study of that noble animal. A novel, entitled Adolphé, is printing, by M. BENJAMIN DE Constant. The library of the late Field-Marshal JUNot, duke of Abrantes, containing a splendid assemblage of books, chiefly printed upon vellum, will shortly be sold by Mr. Ev ANs. Mr. Doughty is about to publish, Observations and Inquiries into the Nature and Treatment of the Yellow, or

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Bulam Fever, in Jamaica, and at Cadiz ; particularly in what regards its primary cause and contagious powers.

Mr. T. WILLIAMs announces a volume, under the title of Religious Liberty, stated and enforced on the Principles of Scripture and Common Sense; in six essays.

Mr. WRight, of Liverpool, whose attachment to the principles of liberty are well known and deservedly respected, announces a new weekly publication, to be entitled, the Liverpool Freeman, with this excellent motto from Mr. Fox :—

“If to inform the people of England of their actual situation is to inflame them, the fault is in these who have brought them into that situao and not in those who only tell them the truth.”

It will partake of the character of a Magazine ; political intelligence and discussion will be the primary object, but, by compressing the events, and reserving the space occupied with advertisements, a large portion of the paper will be appropriated to a greater variety of subjects, and to communications of merit. It will be printed on a sheet of demy, in octavo pages. As an addition to the slender means left in the hands of the people for resisting the flood of political corruption, we heartily wish Mr. WRIGHT the success which his good intentions merit. - ; The school of Sacred Music in Edinburgh at this time reckons more than 250 pupils : they are taught upon the German plan, viz. by means of a large black board, on which the master writes his lessons with chalk. Mr. W. CHAPM AM has communicated to the Royal Society an hypothesis, that coal is derived from the prolonged compression of beds of peat. The deepest peat-bogs are from thirty to forty feet; and he finds, by calculation, that, if this mass was compressed, it would be about equal to the strata of coal at Newcastle. He also traces the analogy between the timber or trees found in peat-bogs, and on the sea-shores of Northumberland, and the gritstone found in the Canton mine at Newcastle. This stone, speci

mens of which have been sent to the British Museum, has the perfect form and appearance of trees; and even its apparent fibres are such as to leave ne

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