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equally as throughout this colony for the last three years, has reduced this river so much that it may be more properly called a chain of pools, than a running stream at the present time. In the reach. •s, or pools, of the Campbell River, the very curious animal called the paradox, or water-mole, is seen in great numbers. The soil on both banks is uncommonly rich, and the grass is consequently luxuriant. Two miles to the southward of the line of road which crosses the Campbell River, there is a very fine rich tract of low lands, which has been named Mitchell Plains. Flax was found here growing in considerable quantities. The Fish River, which forms a junction with the Campbell River, a few miles to the northward of the road and bridge over the latter, has also two very fertile plains on its banks, the one called O'Connell Plains, and the other Macquarie Plains, both of considerable extent, and very * of yielding all the necessaries of *fe. At the distance of seven miles from the bridge over the Campbell River, Bathurst Plains open to the view, presenting a rich tract of champaign country of eleven miles in length, bounded on both sides by gently rising, and very beautiful hills, thinly wooded. The Macquarie River, which is constituted by the junction of the Fish and Campbell River, takes a winding course through the plains, and can be easily traced from the high lands adjoining, by the particular verdure of the trees on its banks, which are likewise the only trees throughout the extent of the plains. The level and clean surface of these plains, gives them at first view very much the appearance of lands in a state of cultivation. The governor and suite arrived at these plainson Thursday the 4th of May, and encamped on the southern or leit

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On Sunday, the 7th of May, the gov-.

ernor fixed on a scite suitable for the erection of a town at some future period, to which he gave the name of Bathurst, in honour of the present secretary of state for the colonies. The situation of Bathurst is elevated sufficiently beyond the reach of any floods which may occur, and is at the same time so near to the river on its south bank, as to derive all the advantages of its clear and beautiful stream. The mechanics and settlers of whatever description, who may be hereafter permitted to form permanent residences to themselves at this place, will have the highly important advantages of a rich and fertile soil, with a beautiful river flowing through it, for all the uses of man. The governor must, however add, that the hopes which were once so sanguinely entertained, of this river be

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During the week that the governor .

remained at Bathurst, he made daily excursions in various directions; one of these extended twenty-two miles in a south-west direction, and on that occasion, as well as on all the others, he found the country composed chiefly of valleys and plains, separated occasionally by ranges of low hills; the soil throughout being generally fertile, and well circumstanced for the purpose of agriculture or grazing. Within a distance of ten miles from the scite of Bathurst, there is not less than fifty thousand acres of land clear of timber, and fully one half of that may be considered excellent soil, well calculated for cultivation. It is a matter of regret that in proportion as the soil improves the timber degenerates; and it is to be remarked, that every where to the westward of the mountains it is much inferior, both in size and quality to that within the present colony; there is, however, a sufficiency of timber of tolerable qua


1816.] - Tour in New South Wales.—Plagiarism. 503

lity within the district around Bathurst, for the purposes of house-building and husbandry. The governor has here to lament, that neither coals nor lime-stone have been yet discovered in the western country; articles in themselves of so much importance, that the want of them must be severely felt whenever that country shall be settled. Having enumerated the principal and most important features of this new country, the governor has now to notice some of its live productions. All around Bathurst abounds in a variety of game; and the two principal rivers contain a great quantity of fish, but all of one denomination, resembling the perch in appearance, and of a delicate and fine flavour, not unlike that of a rock cod; this fish grows to a large size, and is very voracious. Several of them were caught during the governor's stay at Bathurst, and at the halting place on the Fish River. One of those caught weighed seventeen pounds, and the people stationed at Bathurst reported, that they had caught some weighing twentyfive pounds. The field game are the kangaroos, emus, black swans, wild geese, wild turkeys, bustards, ducks of various kinds, quail, bronze, and other pigeons, &c. &c. The water-mole, or paradox, also abounds in all the rivers and ponds. The scite designed for the town of Bathurst, by observation taken at the flag-staff, which was erected on the day of Bathurst receiving that name, is situated in latitude 33°24' 30" south, and in longitude 149°37′ 45' east of Greenwich, being also 274 miles north of Government-house in Sydney, and 944 west of it, bearing west 20° 30' north, 83 geographic miles, or 95% statute miles, the measured road distance from Sydney to Bathurst being 140 English miles. The road constructed by Mr. Cox, and the party under him, commences at Emu Ford, on the left bank of the river Nepean, and is thence carried 1014 miles to the flag-staff at Bathurst; this road has been carefully measured, and each mile regularly marked on the trees growing on the left side of the road proceeding towards Bathurst.


The governor in his tour made the following stages, in which he was principally regulated by the consideration of having good pasturage for the cattle, and plenty of water:— 1st stage :--Spring Wood, distant from Emu Ford - - - - 12 miles 2d ditto---Jamieson's Valley, or 2d depôt, distant from ditto 28 miles 3d ditto---Blackheath, distant from ditto - - - - - - 41 miles 4th ditto---Cox's River, distant from ditto - - - - - - 56 miles 5th ditto--- The Fish River, distant from ditto - - - - - 72 miles 6th ditto---Sidmouth Walley, distant from ditto - - - - 80 miles 7th ditto---Campbell River, distant from Emu. Ford - - - - 91 miles 8th ditto---Bathurst, distant from do. 101.4 miles All of which places the traveller may assure himself of good grass, and water in abundance. -oTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. SIR, I REQUEST your permission to notice a mistake of your correspondent, Mr. William Hornby, of Cambridge, in his endeavour to correct an error respecting the poem of “the Bea23 I L - - con,” which appeared in your Magazine for February, under the head of “American Literature.” This poem was not written by the Rev. J. Plumptre, but by Mr. P.M.James, of Birmingham. April 2, 1816. • *-** To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. SIR, Y OUR correspondent E. M. vol. xli. p. 217, has advanced curious and weighty doubts concerning the execution of the celebrated Joan of Arc. The question had been already agitated, on the evidence of other documents, in your sixth volume, p. 3. There is, however, one method of conciliating the proofs of the execution, with the proofs of the appearance afterwards, of a person recognized as Joan of Arc by her brothers and by the king: it is to suppose that the Joan of Arc, who, in 1436, married a gentleman of the house of Amboise, and received a dower from the king, was a natural daughter of the famous pucelle. It might be a great object to conceal such a descendant, while the mother's reputation of virginity favored a belief in her being divinely inspired; and it might be a real duty of national gratitude afterwards to rocognise and ennoble this descendant, who perhaps resembled her parent so obviously, as to account for the monarch's welcoming her in the words—Pucelle, m'amie, soyez la trèsbien revenue aw nom de Dieu. The faculty of imitating the voice, and articulation of various persons, so totally independent of an ear for music, entirely depends on the great flexibility of the organs of utterance, and other peculiar physical powers. Those who are destitute of an ear for music, are as accurate judges of the truth of imitations, and can as certainly distinguish one person from another by the sound of their voice, as those who have the best ears for music.

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Indeed, unless this resolution is resorted to, the proofs of death in the flames, and of a subsequent terrestrial existence and marriage, would be so strong as to require the admission of a supernatural resurrection; and it is only to be wondered at, that, during the superstitious ages, she was not canonized, on the exbress ground of a miraculous reanimation. The legend of Joan of Arc would have become deservedly dear to French patriotism; she delivered her country from a foreign conqueror. Original remarks on this topic occur in the Month

iy Review, vol. 71, p. 126-132.

M. R. •-soTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. SIR,

A LLOW me to inform Mr. Middle+A ton, who, in your number for April, has excited alarm by his remarks on the influx of the sea, that, with regard to the shore at Gorleston, near Yarmouth, he is strangely mistaken. The distance between the town and the shore, or the breadth of the dams, as they are called, is not, as stated by Mr. M. any thing near three miles, nor more than half a mile. Mr. M. strongly argues that the sea gains most on rocky shores; but if, when observing the distance between Gorleston and the sea, he had gone on to the south of the town, and observed the cliffs, a conviction to the contrary must forcibly have struck him; or if he had proceeded a few miles further, to the village of Pakefield, he would there have learnt the loss of a town once very large, standing on a soft sandy soil, and which has been, except a very few houses remaining, with every chance of a similar fate, entirely swallowed up by the sea. Mr. M. might also have learnt (which must have eased his alarm) that what the sea gains in one place it loses in another; for at the town of Lowestoff, between * Pakefield and Gorleston, the sea has for several years past been losing ; and indeed such an alternancy is known at that


coast to continue very apparently within

a distance of a few miles. , NEMo. May 10, 1816.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine SIR, IT certainly is an absurdity to apply * the terms melody and harmony to poetry or oratory ! Melody consists of certain musical intervals or tones, (called notes) played in succession; harmony consists of two or more of these notes The construction of poetical numbers, and the mechanical arrangement of words and syllables, have no analogy whatever to musical sounds; rough and smooth lines might, with equal propriety, be called black and blue, as harmonious and discordant.— It is well known, that several of the finest versifiers, (Pope, Prior, Thomson, Darwin, and others,) were totally destitute of an ear for music; while Milton and Cowper, (who were musicians,) are often remarkable for the harshness of their lines. Every one of common sense may be taught the mechanical construction of verses, and to judge of poetical numbers; but an ear for music is a distinct sense, bestowed by nature, and not to be acquired; children, at an early age, shew whether or not they have this sense, and in what degree of perfection;" sometimes it is so perfect, as to admit of

little or no improvement; but in ge

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* All the eminent musicians, of whose life there is any particular account, gave in early childhood proofs of the most perfect ears, and could distinguish every musical tone with a precision hot always attained by veteran professors---Mozart, the Westleys, and Crotch, are striking instances.

+ Some of the most celebrated orators and actors were without an ear for music---Lord

Chatham, Mr. Pitt, Sheridan the elder (who

taught oratory,) Garrick, Foot, &c.


1816.j Melody and Harmony—Miss Hutton's Tour in Wales. 505 yet its staple article is the entertainment, little Welsh town, if it were not an epis

* * A. C.


For the Monthly Magazine.

LETTERs written during a second Tour in North wales; by Miss Hutton, of BENNETT's HILL, near BirminghAM,

LETTER X. Caernarvon; Aug. 27. Mydear Brother,

E have pursued the track we followed last year as far as Pont-yGlyn, from whence the great road led us through Cerig-y-Druidion, the Rock of the Druids. It is a considerable village, with a church, an inn, and a shop; but there is no rock to be seen, or Druid to be heard of. It was now the fair; and about two hundred home-spun coats and blue cloaks were intermingled with a small number of cattle; and a few stalls of gingerbread and earthenware. Three or four men of a higher class appeared in broad-cloth coats; but not a female in a gown of dis-, tant manufacture, except one dirty creature, who seemed to be the refuse of another country. Here, an old woman had a piece of striped woollen under her arm, for sale; there, another had a remnant of linen, or a pair of stockings, the produce of her own industry, and the overplus of the family apparel. Men and women were chatting, in small parties; and the women, universally, were knitting. The public-house was so crowded that we could not enter it; and as to a stable for our horses, we should have been laughed at if we had asked it, for the Welsh ponies stood, by fifties, in an adjoining inclosure. This is a regular piece of Welsh economy; and each person pays a halfpenny for the standing of his horse, except on Sundays, when the 3 T

church-yard commonly serves for that purpose. We remained out of doors; the servant and horses drawn up at the horse-block, ourselves walking in the fair of Cerig-y-Druidion, and making no inconsiderable part of the shew. We proceeded, over high and wild moors, till we found ourselves hanging, at an immense height, over the Vale of Llanrwst, which is composed of grass of the finest verdure, and corn of the richest yellow, intersected by green hedges. The river Conwy, not, like the Dee, foaming over its rocky bed, but a placid, though a noble stream, moves majestically along it; and white houses, of every description, from the palace to the cottage, enliven it. The town of Llanrwst, and its elegant bridge, appear towards the further end, and the whole is encircled by hills, rocks, and woods. The magnificent mountains of Snowdonia should have been seen towering above these, on the left; but heavy clouds hid them from our view. The town of Llanrwst is ill-looking and ill-paved. The bridge is the work of Inigo Jones, and is deservedly admired. The workmanship is said to be so true, that one person, leaning against a large stone, in the centre of one of the parapet walls, while another strikes the corresponding stone in the opposite wall, feels the shock. This I experienced. But the truth of the work will probably accelerate its destruction, for the stone has been so often struck that it has given way. Theinn at Llanrwst is the best I have seen in the country. A Welsh harp welcomed our arrival, though we entered on foot,

and dropping like the water-works at

Chatsworth. Having crossed the Conwy, on leaving Llanrwst, we rode under stupendous mountains by its side. Three torrents poured down from different lakes, high above, and, crossing our road, under bridges, rushed into the river. After quitting the vale, wepassed over high grounds. The last of these presented us with a sight wholly new to us; a town, surrounded by an ancient wall, with battlements and towers; the beautiful castle of Conwy rising from a rock at one end. I almost saw the place as it had been left by Edward the First. \{o N. MAG. No. 285,


There are only two entrances into the town of Conwy, one from the land, and one from the water, both are under arched gateways in the wall. We had no sooner passed through the former of these, than we were attacked by a kind of hostler, who offered to conduct us to the inn; and, without further ceremony, seized the bridle of one , of the horses. We imagined, from this circumstance,

that there were two inns; and, recollect

ing the old adage, “Good wine needs no bush,” we determined to go to that which

the man did not recommend. We un

derstood, afterwards, that the Harp was the old house, and the Bull the new; and that the Bull had taken this extraordinary method of sending out its emissaries to forestal travellers in order to supplant its rival. The Harp, in its own defence, had adopted the same method; and it had happened more than once, when the contending parties met, that they came to an engagement, and the vanquished had been obliged to retreat, with a black eye or a bloody nose. It was even asserted, that the mistress of the Bull had defeated the chamber-maid of the Harp, in single combat. The beauty of Conwy Castle; the strength of its towers; the elegance of its turrets; the magnificence of its great hall ; the wonder of the tower still standing, though its base, a mighty ruin, has been long prostrate on the shore; and its charming appearance, all together, from either land or water, have been often described. It is well they have, for I do not think any words of mine could do them justice. Conwy was the first Welsh town in which I observed an air of industry, and a greater number of people were seen in its streets, than in any I had met with ;

I look with admiration on the mecha

nism of the mail-coaches; not on the construction of their wheels and springs, but, on the whole considered, as one grand machine, pervading every part of the kingdom, and governed by invariable laws. As an individual, I never tried a mail-coach but once. I was then struck with the singularity of finding the table ready spread, when I entered an inn; and was reminded of those scenes of enchantment in which the traveller finds the door of the castle open, and the banquet on the table, before he has time to signify his wishes. I own I was also struck with another circumstance—As decent people do, sometimes, travel in stagecoaches; and as all, I presume, pay sufficiently for the refreshment they take, I was surprised that they should be regarded, at inns, as vagrants, who were whipped from town to town.

Two miles and a half of steep, hilly

road, brought us from Conwy to the pass of Sychnant, a pass that leads down to the straits of Menai. The descent is steep, and on the brink of a precipice. The smacking of a whip, reverberated from the opposite mountain, sounded like a shower of stones. From hence, to Caernarvon, the road lies along the shore of the Menai, except where it climbs the bold promontory of Penmaen Mawr, which shoots out into the water. Much has been said of the tremendous road over Penmaen Mawr, and terrific, as welf as dangerous, it must have been, as it has a great and steep precipice on one hand, and an impenetrable rock on the other. It is now, however, fenced with a stone-wall, that has the peculiar advantage of being cemented with mortar. Bangor, nine miles short of Caernarvon, would only be noticed as a neat

of travellers, and its principal trade is to convey them across the river: I meed not tell you that the high-road from London to Holyhead is over this river. At high water it is nearly a mile in breadth. The mail-boat is always afloat, and the passengers cross the river in all weathers and at all tides; but persons who can wait, seldom choose to go at less than half-flood, or more than half ebb, on account of the wet sands they would have to walk over,

copal see. The cathedral boasts a tower steeple, which is a great mark of dignity in this country; and the bishop's palace, and the deanery, seem sheltered from the blasts of weather and of fortune. The tombs are of a black stone, of a remarkably fine texture; and, as the sculptor

might have searched the Herald's office

in vain, for the titles of the dead, he has contented himself with announcing to the world, that one was a mercer, and ther a grocer, and another a taylor.

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