Liberal Diplomacy and German Unification: The Early Career of Robert Morier

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000 - 277 pages

This work explores the early diplomatic career of Robert Morier, the British Foreign Office's foremost expert on German affairs in the period leading up to German unification in 1871. As the subject of an intellectual biography, Morier provides valuable insights into the effects of German events and ideas upon the changing character of mid-Victorian liberalism. Morier is an important figure in understanding the dynamics of Anglo-German relations during this period, not only because of his unrivalled knowledge of German affairs, but also because of his broad connections to prominent liberal politicians and intellectuals in both countries. Through Morier's career, Murray examines the general currents of political, economic, and cultural change.

Murray addresses four main components of liberal thought under debate during the mid-Victorian period: constitutionalism and self-government; the problem of nationalism; free trade and commercial treaties; and church-state relations in the aftermath of the first Vatican Council. Robert Morier was forced to confront each of these themes as they found concrete expression in German events, engaging leading liberal intellectuals and politicians in discussions over the future of both Germany and Britain. Thus, Germany became an important source of debate among British liberals regarding several fundamental aspects of their ideology, the most prominent being the proper role of the state in a modern liberal society.

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Contents

Unspoken Assumptions The Oxford Background
1
Politics IThe Organic Roots of German Constitutionalism
15
Politics IIPrussian Constitutional Conflict to Kreisordnung
45
Nationality and the German Question
91
Free Trade and Commercial Treaties 18601864
139
Free Trade and Commercial Treaties 18641870
167
Vatican Politics and the Kulturkamph 18701876
207
Conclusions
247
Select Bibliography
251
Index
269
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Page 68 - Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment ; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinion.
Page xvii - But what was it, this liberalism, as Dr. Newman saw it, and as it really broke the Oxford movement? It was the great middleclass liberalism, which had for the cardinal points of its belief the Reform Bill of 1832, and local self-government, in politics; in the social sphere, free trade, unrestricted competition, and the making of large industrial fortunes; in the religious sphere the Dissidence of Dissent and the Protestantism of the Protestant religion.
Page xv - I would call symbols), culture is not a power, something to which social events, behaviors, institutions, or processes can be causally attributed; it is a context, something within which they can be intelligibly that is. thickly described.
Page 23 - He feels no ennobling principle in his own heart, who wishes to level all the artificial institutions which have been adopted for giving a body to opinion, and permanence to fugitive esteem.
Page 17 - Their sound is gone out into all lands : and their words into the ends of the world. 5 In them hath he set a tabernacle for...
Page 122 - These territories are ours by the right of the sword, and we shall dispose of them in virtue of a higher right the right of the German nation, which will not permit its lost children to remain strangers to the German Empire.
Page 98 - To those generous spirits we would urge, that, in the present day, commerce is the grand panacea, which, like a beneficent medical discovery, will serve to inoculate with the healthy and saving taste for civilization all the nations of the world.
Page 94 - In continual struggle with each other and with Semitic and Turanian races, these Aryan nations have become the rulers of history, and it seems to be their mission to link all parts of the world together by the chains of civilization, commerce, and religion.
Page 130 - For there is no denying that the malady under which Europe is at present suffering is caused by German Chauvinism, a new and far more formidable type of the disease than the French, because instead of being spasmodical and undisciplined, it is methodical, calculating, cold-blooded, and selfcontained.
Page 5 - ... heard and read them. He has to transfer himself to another age ; to imagine that he ( is a disciple of Christ or Paul ; to disengage himself from all that follows. The history of Christendom is nothing to him...

About the author (2000)

SCOTT W. MURRAY teaches British History at Louisiana State University. He has published articles in The International History Review and The Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism.

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