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CLEO. Get thee hence; farewell.

Which is my heaven to have. — Come, thou Clown. I wish you all joy of the worm.

mortal wretch, CLEO. Farewell. [Clown sets doum the basket. [To an asp, which she applies to her breast.

Clown. You must think this, look you, that With thy sharp teeth this knot intrinsicate the worm will do his kind.

Of life at once untie : poor venomous fool, CLEO. Ay, ay; farewell.

Be angry, and despatch. O, couldst thou speak, Clown. Look you, the worin is not to be That I might hear thee call great Cæsar, A88 trusted but in the keeping of wise people; for, Unpolicied ! indeed, there is no goodness in the worm.

CHAR. 0, eastern star! Cleo. Take thou no care; it shall be heeded. CLEO.

Peace, peace! Clown. Very good. Give it nothing, I pray Dost thou not see my baby at my breast, you, for it is not worth the feeding.

That sucks the nurse asleep? CLEO. Will it eat me ?


0, break! O, break! Clown. You must not think I am so simple, CLEO. As sweet as balm, as soft as air, as but I know the devil himself will not eat a woman :

gentle,I know that a woman is a dish for the gods, if the 0, Antony !-Nay, I will take thee too :devil dress her not. But, truly, these same whore

[Applying another asp to her arm. son devils do the gods great harm in their women ; What should I stay

[Dies. for in every ten that they make, the devils mar CHAR. In this vile* world ?-So, fare thee five.

well.— Cleo. Well, get thee gone; farewell.

Now boast thee, Death, in thy possession lies Clown. Yes, forsooth; I wish you joy o' the A lass unparallel'd !Downy windows, close;

[Exit. And golden Phæbus never be beheld

Of eyes again so royal !—Your crown's awry;t

I'll mend it, and then play.
Re-enter IRAs, with a robe, crown, &c.
Cleo. Give me my robe, put on my crown ; I

Enter the Guard, rushing in.

1 GUARD. Where is the queen ? Immortal longings in me. Now no more

CHAR. The juice of Egypt's grape shall moist this lip :

Speak softly, wake her not. Yare, yare, good Iras ; quick.--Methinks I hear

1 GUARD. Cæsar hath sent-

Too slow a messenger.
Antony call; I see him rouse himself
To praise my noble act ; I hear him mock

[Applies an asp The luck of Cæsar, which the gods give men

O, come apace, despatch : I partly feel thee. To excuse their after wrath :-husband, I come :

1 GUARD. Approach, ho! All's not well: Now to that name my courage prove my


Cæsar's beguild. I am fire and air ; my other elements

2 GUARD. There's Dolabella sent from Cæsar ; I give to baser life.-So,-have you done?

.--call him. Come then, and take the last warmth of my lips.

1 GUARD. What work is here !-Charmian, is

this well done? Farewell, kind Charmian ;-Iras, long farewell. [Kisses them. IRAs falls and dies."

Char. It is well done, and fitting for a princess Have I the aspic in my lips ? Dost fall ?

Descended of so many royal kings. (2) If thou and nature can so gently part,

Ah, soldier!

[Dies The stroke of death is as a lover's pinch, Which hurts, and is desir'd. Dost thou lie still ?

If thus thou vanishest, thou tellst the world
It is not worth leave-taking.

Dol. How goes it here?
CHAR. Dissolve, thick cloud, and rain, that I 2 GUARD,

All dead. may say,


Cæsar, thy thoughts The gods themselves do weep!

Touch their effects in this: thyself art coming CLEO.

This proves me base: To see perform’d the dreaded act which thou If she first meet the curled Antony,

So sought'st to hinder. He'll make demand of her, and spend that kiss Without. A


there !

å way for Cæsar!

a [Iras falls and dies.) "Iras must be supposed to have applied an asp to her arm while her mistress was settling her dress, or I know not why she should fall so soon."-STEEVENS.

(*) Old text, wilde. Corrected by Capell. (t) Old text, away. Corrected by Pope.

As she would catch another Antony
Re-enter CÆSAR and Attendants.

In her strong toil of grace.

Here, on her breast, Dol. O, sir, you are too sure an augurer: There is a vent of blood, and something blown : That you did fear is done.

The like is on her arm. CÆS.

Bravest at the last ! 1 GUARD. This is an aspic's trail : and these She levell’d at our purposes, and, being royal,

fig-leaves Took her own way. —The manner of their deaths ? Have slime upon them, such as the aspic leaves I do not see them bleed.

Upon the caves of Nile.
Who was last with them ? | Cæs.

Most probable 1 GUARD. A simple countryman, that brought That so she died; for her physician tells me her figs :

She hath pursu'd conclusions infinite
This was his basket.

Of easy ways to die.—Take up her bed ;
Poison'd then.

And bear her women from the monument:1 GUARD.

0, Cæsar! She shall be buried by her Antony: This Charmian liv'd but now; sh: stood and No grave upon the earth shall clip in it spake :

A pair so famous. High events as these I found her trimming up the diadem

Strike those that make them ; and their story is On her dead mistress; tremblingly she stood, No less in pity than his glory which And on the sudden dropp’d.

Brought them to be lamented. Our army shall, CÆs.

O, noble weakness ! In solemn show, attend this funeral ; If they had swallow'd poison 't would appear And then to Rome.—Come, Dolabella, see By external swelling : but she looks like sleep, High order in this great solemnity. [Exeunt.




(1) SCENE I.

To-night we'll wander through the streets, and note

The qualities of people.] The extracts selected for the illustration of this tragedy are, with two exceptions, taken from the biography of Antonius in North's translation of Plutarch.

Plato writeth that there are foure kinds of flatterie : but Cleopatra devided it into many kinds. For she (were it in sport, or in matters of earnest) still devised sundry new delights to have Antonius at commandement, never leaving him night por day, nor once letting him go out of her sight. For she would play at dice with him, drinke with him, and bunt commonly with him, and also be with him when he went to any exercise or activitie of body, And sometime also, when he would go up and downe the city disguised like a slave in the night, and would peere into poore mens windowes and their shops, and scold and braule with them within the house, Cleopatra would be also in a chamber maides array, and amble up and downe the streets with him, so that oftentimes Antonius bare away both mocks and blowes. Now though most men misliked this maner, yet the ALEXANDRIANS were commonly glad of this iolitie, and liked it well, saying very gallantly and wisely : that Antonius shewed them à comicall face, to wit, a merie countenance : and the ROMAINES a tragicall face, to say, a grimme look."

(2) SCENE II. — Fulvia thy wife is dead.] * Now Antonius delighting in these fond and childish pastimes, very ill newes were brought him from two places. The first from ROME, that his brother Lucius and Fulvia his wife, fell out first betweene themselves, and afterwards fell to open warre with Cæsar, and had brought all to nought, that they were both driven to flie out of ITALY. The second newes, as bad as the first : that Labienus conquered all Asia with the army of the PartHIANS, from the river of Euphrates, and from SYRIA, unto the country of LYDIA and IONIA. Then began Antonius with much ado, a litle to rouze himselfe, as if he had bene wakened out of a

deepe sleepe, and as a man may say, coming out of a great drunkennesse. So, first of all he bent himselfe against the PARTHIANS, and went as farre as the country on PHOENICIA : but there he received lamentable letters from his wife Fulvia. Wherupon he straight returnel towards ITALIE, with two hundred saile : and as he went. tooke up his friends by the way that fled out of ITALI to come to him. By them he was informed, that Ls wife Fulcia was the only cause of this wer: who being of a peevish, crooked, and troblesome nature, had pur. posely raised this uprore in ITALIE, in hope therebs te withdraw him from Cleopatra. But by good fortune bi wife Fulvia going to meet with Antonius, sickned by the way, and died in the city of Sicyone." (3) SCENE IV.

It is reported thou didst eat strange flesh,

Which some did die to look on.] "Antonius flying upon this overthrow, fell into great mixery al at once : but the chiefest want of al other, and that pinched him most, was famine. Howbeit he was of such a strong nature, that by patience he would overcome any adversity, and the heavier fortune lay upon him, the more constant shewed he himself. Every man that feeleth wan: or adversity, knoweth by vertue and discretion what he should do : but when indeed they are overlaid with extremity, and be sore oppressed, few have the hearts to follow that which they praise and commend, and much lesse to avoid that they reprove and mislike : but rather to ye contrary, they yeeld to their accustomed easie life, and through faint heart, and lacke of courage, do change their first mind and purpose. And therefore it was a wonderfull example to the souldiers, to see Antonius that was brought up in al finenesse and superfluity, so easily to drink puddle water, and to eate wild fruits and roots : ani moreover it is reported, that even as they passed the Alpes, they did eate the barkes of trees, and such beasts as never man tasted of their flesh before."



For't is a studied, not a present thought,

By duty ruminated.] “Thereupon every man did set forward this mariage, hoping thereby that this lady Octavia, having an excellent grace,

wisdome and honesty, ioyned unto so rare a beauty, when she were with Antonius (he loving her as so worthy a Lady deserveth) she should be a good moane to keepe good love and amity betwixt her brother and him. So when Cæsar and he had made the match between them, they both went to Rome about this mariage, although it was against the law, that a widow should be maried within

ten moneths after her husbands death. Howbeit the Senate dispensed with the law, and so the mariage proceeded accordingly." (2) SCENE II.

to the air; which, but for vacancy, Had gone to gaze on Cleopatra too,

And made a gap in nature.] Tłe manner how he fell in love with her was this. Astonius going to make war with the PARTHIANS, sent to command Cleopatra to appeare personally before him when he came into CILICIA, to answer unto such accusations as

were laid against her, being this : that she had aided thee) is affraied of his : and being coragious and high when Cassius and Brutus in their war against him. The mes. he is alone, becommeth fearefull and timerous when he senger sent unto Cleopatra to make this summons unto cometh neare unto the other. Howsoever it was, the events her, was called Dellius; who when he had throughly con ensuing proved the ÆGYPTIAN8 words true : for it is said, sidered her beauty, the excellent grace and sweetnesse of that as often as they two drew cuts for pastime, who shold her tong, he nothing mistrusted that Antonius would do have any thing, or whether they plaid at dice, Antonius any hurt to so noble a Lady, but rather assured himself, alwaye lost. Oftentimes when they were disposed to see that within few daies she should be in great favour with cock-fight, or quails that were taught to fight one with him. Therupon he did her great honor, and perswaded another, Cæsars cocks or quailes did ever overcome. The her to come into CILICIA, as honourably furnished as she which spited Antonius in his mind, although he made could possible ; and bad her not to be affraid at all of An no outward shew of it: and therfore he beleeved the tonius, for he was a more courteous Lord, then any that ÆGYPTIAN the better. In fine, he recommended the she had ever seene. Cleopatra on the other side beleeving affaires of his house unto Cæsar, and went out of ITALY Dellius words, and guessing by the former accesse and with Octavia his wife, whom he caried into GRECE after he credit she had with Iulius l'a sar and C. Pompey (the son had had a daughter by her.” of Pompey the Great) only for her beauty, she began to have good hope that she might more easily win Antonius. (4) SCENE V.For Cæsar and Pompey knew her when she was but a yong

'Twas merry when thing, and knew not then what the world meant: but now

You wager'd on your angling ; &c.] she went to Antonius at the age when a womans beauty is at the prime, and she also of best iudgement. So she fur

“But to reckon up all the foolish sports they made, revel

ling in this sort, it were too fond a part of me, and therenished her selfe with a world of gifts, store of gold & silver, and of riches and other sumptuous ornaments, as is

fore I will onely tell you one among the rest. On a time cre<lible enough she might bring from so great a house,

he went to angle for fish, and when he could take none, he and from so wealthy & riche a realme as ÆGYPT was. But

was as angrie as could be, because Cleopatra stood by. yet she caried nothing with her wherin she trusted more

Wherefore he secretly commanded the fishermen, that then in her selfe, and in the charmes and inchantment of

when he cast in his line, they should straight dive under her passing beauty and grace. Therefore when she was sent

the water, and put a fish on his hooke which they had unto by diverse letters, both from Antonius himselfe, and

taken before : and so snatched up his angling rod, & also from his friends, she made so light of it, and mocked

brought up a fish twise or thrise. Cleopatra found it Antonius so much, that she disdained to set forward other

straight, yet she seemed not to see it, but wondered at his wise, but to take her barge in the river of Cydnus; the

excellent fishing : but when she was alone by her selfe poope whereof was of gold, the sailes of purple, and the

among her owne people, she told them how it was, & bado oares of silver, which kept stroke in rowing after the sound

them the next morning to be on the water to see the fishing. of the musicke of flutes, howboyes, cithernes, vials, and such

A number of people came to the haven, and got into the other instruments as they played upon in the barge. And

fisher boates to see this fishing. Antonius then threw in now for the person of her selfe, she was layed under a

his line, and Cleopatra straight commanded one of her men pavilion of cloth of gold of tissue, apparelled and attired

to dive under water before Antonius men, & to put some like the goddesse Venus, commonly drawne in picture :

old salt-fish upon his bait, like unto those that are brought and hard by her, on either hand of her, pretie faire boyes

out of the country of Pont. When he had hung the fish apparelled as Painters do set foorth god Cupid, with little

on his hooke, Antonius thinking he had taken a fish fans in their hands, with the which they fanned wind upon

indeed, snatched up his line presently. Then they all fell her. Her Ladies and Gentlewomen also, the fairest of

a laughing. Cleopatra laughing also, said unto him : them were apparelled like the Nimphes Vereides (which

Leave us (my Lord) ÆGYPTIANS (which dwell in the

country of PHARCS and CANOBUS) your angling rod : this are the Myrmaides of the waters) & like the Graces, some stearing the helme, others tending the tackle and ropes of

is not thy profession, thou must hunt after conquering of

Realmes and countries." the barge, out of the which there came a wonderfull passing sweet savour of perfumes, that perfumed the wharfes side, pestered with innumerable multitudes of (5) SCENE VII.--They take the flow o' the Nile.] It people. Some of them followed the barge all along the has been suggested that Shakespeare derived his informariver side : others also ranne out of the city to see her tion on this subject from Philemon's translation of Pliny's coming in. So that in the end, there ranne such multi Natural History, 1601 :-“How high it (the Nile] tudes of people one after another to see her, that Antonius riseth, is knowne by markes and measures taken of certain was left post alone in the market place, in his Imperiall pits. The ordinary height of it is sixteen cubites. Under seate to give audience : and there went a rumour in the that gage the waters overflow not at all. Above that peoples mouthes, that the goddesse Venus was come to stint, there are a let and hindrance by reason that the later play with the god Bacchus for the generall good of all it is ere they bee fallen and downe againe. By these the ASIA. When Cleopatra landed, Antonius sent to invite seed-time is much of it spent, for that the earth is too her to supper to him. But she sent him worde againe, he wet. By the other there is none at all, by reason that the should do better rather to come and suppe with her, An ground is drie and thirstie. The provence taketh good tonius therefore to shew himselfe courteous unto her at her keepe and reckoning of both, the one as well as the other. arrivall, was contented to obey her, and went to supper to For when it is no higher then 12 cubites, it findeth exher : where he found such passing sumptuous fare, that no treame famine : yea, and at 13 feeleth hunger still ; 14 tongue can expresse it."

cubites comforts their heart, 15 bids them take no care,

but 16 affordeth them plentie and delicious dainties. So (3) SCENE III.

soone as any part of the land is freed from the water, and his gunils ever

streight waies it is sowed." Beat mine, inhoop'd, at odds.] “With Antonius there was a soothsayer or astronomer of

(6) SCENE VII. EGYPT, that coulde cast a figure and judge of mens nati

Repent that e'er thy tongue vities, to tell them what should happen to them. He,

Hath so betray'd thi ne act : &c.] either to please Cleopatra, or else for that he founde it so Sextus Pompeius at that time kept in SICILIA, and so by his art, told Antonius plainly that his fortune (which made many an inrode into ITALY with a great number of of itself was excellent good and very great) was altogether pinnaces and other pirates shippes, of the which were bleamished and obscured by Cæsars fortune : and therefore Captaines two notable pirates, Menas and Menecrates, who he counselled him utterly to leave his company, and to get so scoured all the sea thereabouts, that none durst peepe him as farre from him as he could. For thy Demon, said out with a saile. Furthermore, Sertus Pompeius had dealt he, (that is to say, the good angell and spirit that kepeth very friendly with Antonius, for he had courteously re

ceived his mother when she fled out of ITALY with Fulvia: 1 house they have left me. He spake it to taunt Anteated and therefore they thought good to make peace with him. because he had his fathers house, that was Pomjatha So they met all three together by the mount of MISENA, Great. So he cast ankers enow into the sea, to make bs upon a hill that runneth farre into the sea : Pompey having gally fast, and then built a bridge of wood to convey the his shippes riding hard by at anker, and Antonius and to his galley, from the head of mount Misena : and there Casar their armies upon the shore side, directly over he welcomed them, and made them great cheare. Noa: against him. Now, after they had agreed that Sextus the midst of the feast, when they fell to be mery Pompeius should have SICILE and SARDINIA, with this Antonius love unto Cleopatra, Menas the pirate came is condition, that he should ridde the sea of all theeves and Pompey, and whispering in his eare, said unto him: SE pirates, and make it safe for passengers, and withall, that I cut the cables of the ankers, & make thee Lond not o he should send a certaine of wheat to ROME: one of them of SICILE & SARDINIA, but of the whole Empire of Ron did feast another, and drew cuts who should begin. It besides ? Pompey having paused a while upon it, at le was Pompeius chance to invite them first. Whereupon answered him ; Thou shouldest have done it, and pete Antonius asked him : And where shall we suppe? There, have told it me; but now we must content us with the said Pompey; and shewed him his Admirall gallie which we have: as for my selfe, I was never taught to breaker! had sixe bankes of oares : That (said he) is my fathers | faith, nor to be counted a traitor."




Agrippa with him. She tooke them aside, and with al

the instance she could possible, intreated them they wel: In the habiliments of the goddess Isis

not suffer her that was the happiest woman of the work. That day appear'd.]

to become now the most wretched & unfortunatest creator “But the greatest cause of their malice unto him, was for

of all other. For now, said she, every mans eyes do que the division of lands he made among his children in the

on me, that am the sister of one of the Emperours, and city of ALEXANDRIA. And to confesse a troth, it was too

wife of the other. And if the worst counsel take place arrogant and insolent a part, and done (as a man would

(which the gods forbid) and that they grow to warres: fox say) in derision and contempt of the ROMAINES. For he

your selves, it is uncertaine to which of them two the gos

have assigned the victorie or overthrow. assembled all the people in the shew place, where yong

But for me, men do exercise themselves, and there upon a high tribunall

which side soever the victory fall, my state can be bet silvered, he set two chaires of gold, the one for himself, and

most miserable still." the other for Cleopatra, and lower chaires for his children, then he openly published before the assembly, that first

(3) SCENE VII.of all he did establish Cleopatra Queene of ÆGYPT, of

- do you misdoubt CYPRUS, of LYDIA, and of the lower SYRIA ; and at that

This sword and these my wounds ?] time also Cæsarion king of the same Realmes. This “Now as he was setting his men in order of battell, tbere Cæsarion was supposed to be the son of Iulius Casar, who was a Captaine, a valiant man, that had served Anonim had left Cleopatra great with child. Secondly, he called in many battels and conflicts, and had all his body hacker! the sons he had by her, the kings of kings, and gave and cut: who, as Antonius passed by him, cried out upto Alexander for his portion, ARMENIA, MEDIA, and PAR him, and said : O noble Emperour, how commeth it to pase THIA, when he had conquered the country; and unto that you trust to these vile brittle ships? What, do you Ptolomy for his portion, PHENICIA, SYRIA, and CICILIA. mistrust these wounds of mine, and this sword I let the And therewithall he brought out Alexander in a long ÆGYPTIANS and PHOENICIANS fight by sea, and set us ao gowne after the fashion of the MEDEs with a high cop the maine land, where we use to conquer, or to be slaine tanke hat on his head, narrow in the top, as the kings of on our feete. Antonius passed by him and said never s the MEDES and ARMENIANS do use to weare them : & word, but onely beckened to him with his hand and heal Ptolomy apparelled in a cloake after the MACEDONIAN as though he willed him to be of good courage, althout maner, with slippers on his feet and a broad hat, with a indeed he had no great courage himselfe. For when the royall band or diademe. Such was the apparell and old masters of the galleys and pilots would have let their attire of the ancient kings and successors of Alexander sailes alone, he made them clap them on ; saying to colour the Great. So after his sons had done their humble duties. yo matter withal, that not one of his enemies shoul and kissed their father and mother, presently a company

scape." of ARMENIAN souldiers set there of purpose, compassed the one about, and a like company of MACEDONIANS the (4) SCENE XI. other. Now for Cleopatra, she did not onely weare at that

- Fortune knows time (but at all other times else when she came abroad)

We scorn her most when most she offers blows.] the apparell of the goddess Isis, and so gave audience unto “There Antonius sbewed plainly, that he had not onely all her subiects, as a new Isis."

lost the courage and heart of an Emperour, but also of a

valiant man, and that he was not his owne man (proving (2) SCENE VI.

that true which an old man spake in mirth, That the soule - whereon, I begg'd

of a lover lived in another body, and not in his owne ;) be His pardon for return.]

was so caried away with the vaine love of this woman, as “There his wife Octavia that came out of GRECE with him, if he had bene glued unto her, and that she could not besought him to send her unto her brother, the which he have removed without moving of him also. For when he did, Octavia at that time was great with child, and more saw Cleopatraes ship under saile, he forgot, forsook, and over had a second daughter by him, and yet she put her betrayed them that fought for him, and imbarked uroa self in iourny, and met with her brother Octavius Cæsar by a galley with five bankes of oares, to follow her that had the way, who brought his two chiefe friends, Macenas and ' already begun to overthrow him, and would in the end be

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