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they say, becall me thy reasdam, require

poor ; though many of the rich are damned : But, if I may have your ladyship's good will to go to the world, Isbel the woman and I 4 will do as we may.

Count. Wilt thou needs be a beggar ?
Clo. I do beg your good-will in this case.
Count. In what case ?

Clo. In Isbel's case, and mine own. Service is no heritage 5 : and, I think, I shall never have the blessing of God, till I have issue of my body; for, they say, bearns are blessings.

Count. Tell me thy reason why thou wilt marry.

Clo. My poor body, madam, requires it: I am driven on by the flesh; and he must needs go, that the devil drives.

Count. Is this all your worship’s reason ?

Clo. Faith, madam, I have other holy reasons, such as they are.

Count. May the world know them ?

Clo. I have been, madam, a wicked creature, as you and all flesh and blood are ; and, indeed, I do marry that I may repent.

Count. Thy marriage, sooner than thy wickedness.

Clo. I am out of friends, madam ; and I hope to have friends for my wife's sake.

Count. Such friends are thine enemies, knave.

3 — to go to the world,] This phrase has already occurred in Much Ado About Nothing, and signifies to be married : and thus, in As You Like It, Audrey says : “ – it is no dishonest desire, to desire to be a woman of the world." STEVENS.

4 – and 1-] 1, which was inadvertently omitted in the first copy, was supplied by the editor of the second folio.

MALONE. In the first folio, w is put for I. Boswell.

5 Service is no heritage:] This is a proverbial expression. “ Needs must when the devil drives,” is another. Ritson.

Cio. You are shallow, madam ; e'en great friends?; for the knaves come to do that for me, which I am a-weary of. He, that ears my land”,

7 Clo. You are shallow, madam ; E'en great friends ;] The meaning [i. e. of the ancient reading mentioned in the subsequent note] seems to be, you are not deeply skilled in the character or offices of great friends. Johnson.

The old copy reads-in great friends ; evidently a mistake for e'en, which was formerly written e'n. The two words are so near in sound, that they might easily have been confounded by an inattentive hearer.

The same mistake has happened in many other places in our author's plays. So, in the present comedy, Act III. Sc. II. folio, 1623 :

Lady. What have we here?

Clown. In that you have there." Again, in Antony and Cleopatra :

“ No more, but in a woman.” Again, in Twelfth-Night:

“ Tis with himn in standing water, between boy and man." Again, in Romeo and Juliet, 1599 :

“ Is it in so ?” The corruption of this passage was pointed out by Mr. Tyrwhitt. For the emendation now made, I am answerable.

MALONE. 8 — the knaves come to do that for me, which I am a-weary of.] The same thought is more dilated in an old MS. play, entitled, The Second Maid's Tragedy:

Soph. I have a wife, would she were so preferr'd!
“ I could but be her subject; so I am now.
“ I allow her her owne frend to stop her mowth,
“ And keep her quiet; give him his table free,
“ And the huge feeding of his great stone-horse,
“ On which he rides in ponipe about the cittie
“Only to speake to gallants in bay-windowes.
“ Marry, his lodging he paies deerly for ;
“ He getts me all my children, there I save by't ;
“ Beside, I drawe my life owte by the bargaine
“ Some twelve yeres longer than the tymes appointed ;
“ When my young prodigal gallant kicks up's heels
“ At one and thirtie, and lies dead and rotten
“ Some five and fortie yeares before I'm coffin'd.
'Tis the right waie to keep a woman honest :
“ One friend is baracadoe to a hundred,

And keepes 'em nwte; nay more, a husband's sure
VOL. X.

spares my team, and gives me leave to inn the crop : if I be his cuckold, he's my drudge: He, that comforts my wife, is the cherisher of my flesh and blood; he, that cherishes my flesh and blood, loves my flesh and blood; he, that loves my flesh and blood, is my friend : ergo, he that kisses my wife, is my friend. If men could be contented to be what they are, there were no fear in marriage; for young Charbon the puritan, and old Poysam the papist’, howsoe'er their hearts are severed in religion, their heads are both one, they may joll horns together, like any deer i' the herd.

Count. Wilt thou ever be a foul-mouthed and calumnious knave ?

Clo. A prophet I, madam; and I speak the truth the next way? :

“ To have his children all of one man's gettinge ;
And he that performes best, can have no better :
“ I'm e'en as happie then that save a labour."

Steevens. 9 — that ears my land,] To ear is to plough. So, in Antony and Cleopatra :

“Make the sea serve them, which they ear and wound

“ With keels of every kind.” Steevens. See 1 Sam. viji. 12, Isaiah, xxx. 24, Deut. xxi. 4, Gen. xlv. 6, Exod. xxxiv. 21, for the use of this verb. HENLEY.

1 Young Charbon the puritan, and old PoysAm the papist.] I apprehend this should be read old Poisson the papist, alluding to the custom of eating fish on fast days. Charbon the puritan alludes to the firy zeal of that sect. So, Camden, in his Account of the Death of Henry, the Third Earl of Huntingdon, describes him thus; “ purioris religionis studio inflammatus, ministros flagrantiores impendiosè fovendo patrimonium plurimum imminuit."

MALONE. 2 A prophet I, madam; and I speak the truth the next way:] It is a supposition, which has run through all ages and people, that natural fools have something in them of divinity. On which account they were esteemed sacred : Travellers tell us in what esteem the Turks now hold them; nor had they less honour paid them heretofore in France, as appears from the old word bénet, for a natural fool. Hence it was that Pantagruel, in Rabelais, advised Panurge to go and consult the fool Triboulet as an oracle; which

For I the ballad will repeat,

Which men full true shall find;
Your marriage comes by destiny,

Your cuckoo sing's by kind. Count. Get you gone, sir ; I'll talk with you more anon.

STEW. May it please you, madam, that he bid Helen come to you; of her I am to speak.

Count. Sirrah, tell my gentlewoman, I would speak with her; Helen I mean. Clo. Was this fair face the cause , quoth she,

[Singing. Why the Grecians sacked Troy? Fond done , done fond,

Was this king Priam's joy.

gives occasion to a satirical stroke upon the privy council of Francis the First “Par l'avis, conseil, prediction des fols vos scavez quants princes, &c. ont esté conservez,” &c. The phrase—“speak the truth the next way," means directly ; as they do who are only the instruments or canals of others, such as inspired persons were supposed to be. WARBURTON. See the popular story of Nixon the Idiot's Cheshire Prophecy.

Douce. Next way, is nearest way. So, in K. Henry IV. Part I.:

" 'Tis the next way to turn tailor,” &c. STEEVENS. “Next way” is a phrase still used in Warwickshire, and signifies without circumlocution, or going about. Henley.

3 — sings by kind.] I find something like two of the lines of this ballad in John Grange's Garden, 1577 :

“ Content yourself as well as I, let reason rule your minde,
As cuckoldes come by destinie, so cuckowes sing by kinde."

STEEVENS. 4 Was this fair face the cause, &c.] The name of Helen, whom the Countess has just called for, brings an old ballad on the sacking of Troy to the Clown's mind. MALONE.

This is a stanza of an old ballad, out of which a word or two are dropt, equally necessary to make the sense and alternate rhyme. For it was not Helen, who was King Priam's joy, but Paris. The third line, therefore, should be read thus :

“ Fond done, fond done, for Paris, hem." WARBURTON. If this be a stanza taken from any ancient ballad, it will proba-,

With that she sighed as she stood,
With that she sighed as she stood,

And gave this sentence then ;
Among nine bad if one be good,
Among nine bad if one be good,

There's yet one good in ten?.

bly in time be found entire, and then the restoration may be made with authority. STEEVENS.

In confirmation of Dr. Warburton's conjecture, Mr. Theobald has quoted, from Fletcher's Maid in the Mill, the following stanza of another old ballad :

“ And here fair Paris comes,

“ The hopeful youth of Troy, “ Queen Hecuba's darling son,

“ King Priam's only joy.". This renders it extremely probable, that Paris was the person described as “king Priam's joy,” in the ballad quoted by our author; but Mr. Heath has justly observed, that Dr. Warburton, though he has supplied the words supposed to be lost, has not explained them ; nor, indeed, do they seem, as they are connected, to afford any meaning. In 1585 was entered on the Stationers' books, by Edward White, The Lamentation of Hecuba, and the Ladyes of Troye ; which probably contained the stanza here quoted. MALONE.

I am told that this work is little more than a dull amplification of the latter part of the twenty-fourth book of Homer's Iliad. I also learn, from a memorandum by Dr. Farmer, that The Life and Death of St. George, a ballad, begins as follows :

“ Of Hector's deeds did Homer sing,

“And of the sack of stately Troy;
“ What grief fair Helen did them bring

“ Which was Sir Paris' only joy." STEEVENS. s Fond done,] is foolishly done. So, in King Richard III. Act III. Sc. III. :

“ Sorrow and grief of heart,

“ Makes him speak fondly." STEEVENS. 6 With that she sighed as she stood. I At the end of the line of which this is a repetition, we find added in Italick characters the word bis, denoting, I suppose, the necessity of its being repeated. The corresponding line was twice printed, as it is here inserted, from the oldest copy. STEEVENS. 7 Among nine bad if one be good,

There's yet one good in ten.] This second stanza of the ballad is turned to a joke upon the women : a confession, that there was one good in ten. Whereon the Countess observed,

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