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expens of blood and leather waz thear between them, az & moonth's licking, I ween, wyl not recoover; and yet remain az far out az ever they wear. It was a sport very pleazaust of theez beasts; to see the bear with his pink nyez leering after hiz enmiez approch, the nimbleness and wayt of the dog to take hiz avauntage, and the fors and experiens of the bear agayn to avoyd the assauts : if he wear bitten in one place, how he would pynch in an oother to get free: that if he wear taken onez, then what shyft, with byting, with claw. yng, with roring, tossing, and tumbling, he woould woork too wynd hymself from them; and when he waz lose, to shake his ears twyse or thryse wyth the blud and the slaver about his fiznamy, was a matter of goodly releef.”


[“ A GAME formerly much in use among schoolboys, and occasionally played by men in those parts of Suffolk on the sea coast—more especially in the line of Hollesley Bay between the rivers Orwell and Alde, sometimes school against school, or parish against parish. It was thus played : Goals were pitched at the distance of 150 or 200 yards from each other; these were generally formed of the thrown off clothes of the competitors. Each party has two goals, ten or fifteen yards apart. The parties, ten or fifteen on a side, stand in line, facing their own goals and each other, at about ten yards distance, midway between the goals, and nearest that of their adversaries. An indifferent spectator, agreed on by the parties, throws up a ball, of the size of a common cricket-ball, midway between the confronted players, and makes his escape. It is the object of the players to seize and convey the ball between their own goals. The rush is therefore very great: as is sometimes the shock of the first onset, to catch the falling ball. He who first can catch or seize it speeds therefore home, pursued by his opponents (through whom he has to make his way), aided by the jostlings and various assistances of his own sidesmen. If caught and held, or in imminent danger of being caught, he throws the ball—but must in no case gire it—to a less beleagured friend, who, if it be not arrested in

its course, or be jostled away by the eager and watchful adversaries, catches it; and he hastens homeward, in like manner pursued, annoyed, and aided, winning the notch (or snotch) if he contrive to carry, not throw, it between his goals. But this, in a well-matched game is no easy achievement, and often requires much time, many doublings, detours, and exertions. I should have noticed, that if the holder of the ball be caught with the ball in his possession, he loses a snotch; if, therefore, he be hard pressed, he throws it to a convenient friend, more free and in breath than himself. At the loss (or gain) of a snotch, a recommence takes place, arranging which gives the parties time to take breath. Seven or nine notches are the game, and these it will sometimes take two or three hours to win.

“ It is a most noble and manly sport; in the whole, little, if at all, inferior to cricket, or hunting, or horse-racing. The eagerness and emulation excited and displayed in and by the competitors and townsmen are surprising. Indeed, it is very animating to see twenty or thirty youths, stripped to the skin, and displaying the various energies that this game admits of; rushing with uplifted eye, breast to breast, to catch the descending ball, and all, at once, running full ding to gain a point, and when nearly gained, half falling over the stumbling object of pursuit (for the game is always played where the grass is short and slippery), and after much scuffling to see the ball again in the air, thrown to a wily distant sidesman, and seized and carried in the contrary direction, backwards and forwards perhaps half a score times, amid the shouting and roaring of half the population of the contiguous villages.

"Sometimes a large foot-ball was used, and the game was then called “ kicking camp, and if played with the shoes on, • savage camp.

“The sport and name are very old. The camping pightel' occurs in a deed of the 30 Hen. VI., about 1486 ; Cullum's Hawstead, p. 113, where Tusser is quoted in proof, that not only was the exercise manly and salutary, but good also for the pightel or meadow :

• In meadow or pasture (to grow the more fine)
Let campers be camping in any of thine;
Which if ye do suffer when low is the spring,
You gain to yourself a commodious thing.' p. 65.

“ And he says, in p. 56:

Get campers a ball,

To camp therewithall.' “Ray says that the game prevails in Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex ; and he derives it from the Saxon, camp, to strire. The Latin campus, a field, or, according to Ainsworth, a plain field, may have its share in the name.

“ Since this was written, a friend informs me that this game fell into disuse in Suffolk, in consequence of two men having been killed at Easton about forty or fifty years ago, in their struggles at a grand match.

“In Scotland we find that camp and kemp and campy, mean to contend ; bold, brave, heroical; a champion. In ancient Swedish, kaempe, athleta. In Danish, kempe, a giant. Kemp, kempin, and kemper, farther mean, in Scottish, the act of striving for superiority, and one who so strives ; but is chiefly confined to the harvest field.” Moor.]

CASTING OF STONES. This is a Welsh custom, practised as they throw the blacksmith's stone in some parts of England. There is a similar game in the North of England called long bullets. The prize is to him that throws the ball farthest in the fewest throws.


DR. JAMIESON, in his Etymological Dictionary, tells us this is the name of an ancient sport used in Angus and Lothian. “ The following account,” he adds, “is given of it: Three play at this game, who are provided with clubs. They cut out two holes, each about a foot in diameter, and seven inches in depth. The distance between them is about twenty-six feet. One stands at each hole with a club. These clubs are called dogs. A piece of wood about four inches long, and

one inch in diameter, called a cat, is thrown from the one hole towards the other, by a third person. The object is to prevent the cat from getting into the hole. Every time that it enters the hole, he who has the club at that hole loses the club, and he who threw the cat gets possession both of the club and of the hole, while the former possessor is obliged to take charge of the cat. If the cat be struck, he who strikes it changes places with the person who holds the other club ; and as often as these positions are changed, one is counted as one in the game, by the two who hold the clubs, and who are viewed as partners. This is not unlike the stool-ball described by Strutt, Sports and Pastimes, p. 76; but it more nearly resembles club-ball, an ancient English game, ibid. p. 83. It seems to be an early form of cricket,"

[The game of cat, played with sticks and a small piece of wood, rising in the middle, so as to rebound when struck on either side, is still common. It is thus alluded to in Poor Robin's Almanack for 1709 :

“ Thus harmless country lads and lasses
In mirth the time away so passes ;
Here men at foot-ball they do fall;
There boys at cat and trap-ball.
Whilst Tom and Doll aside are slank,
Tumbling and kissing on a bank ;
Will pairs with Kate, Robin with Mary,
Andrew with Susan, Frank with Sarah.
In harmless mirth pass time away,
No wanton thoughts leads them astray,
But harmless are as birds in May."]

1 In the Life of the Scotch Rogue, 1722, p. 7, the following sports occur : “I was but a sorry proficient in learning : being readier at cat AND DOUG, cappy-hole, riding the hurley hacket, playing at kyles and dams, spang-bodle, wrestling, and foot-ball (and such other sports as we use in our country), than at my book.Cappy-hole is also mentioned in the notes to Bannatyne's Scottish Poems, p. 251, where play at the trulis likewise occurs. This last is supposed to resemble T. totum, which is like a spindle. Trouil is spindle.

CAT I'THE HOLE, ACCORDING to Jamieson, is the designation given to a game well known in Fife, and perhaps in other counties. Kelly, in his Scottish Proverbs, p. 325, says, Tine cat, tine game;" an allusion to a play called cat i' the hole, and the English kit-cat. Spoken when men at law have lost their principal evidence.

Jamieson says: “If seven boys are to play, six holes are made at certain distances. Each of the six stands at a hole, with a short stick in his hand; the seventh stands at a certain distance holding a ball. When he gives the word, or makes the sign agreed upon, all the six change holes, each running to his neighbour's hole, and putting his stick in the hole which he has newly seized. In making this change, the boy who has the ball tries to put it into an empty hole. If he succeeds in this, the boy who had not his stick (for the stick is the cat) in the hole to which he had run is put out, and must take the ball. There is often a very keen contest, whether the one shall get his stick, or the other the ball, or cat, first put into the hole. When the cat is in the hole, it is against the laws of the game to put the ball into it.”

CENT-FOOT. I know not what this means, which occurs in the following passage in a Boulster Lecture, 1640, p. 163 : “Playes at centfoot purposely to discover the pregnancy of her conceit.” It was most likely a game at cards.

CHANGE SEATS, THE KING'S COME. DR. JAMIESON says this is a game well known in Lothian and in the south of Scotland. In this game as many seats are placed round a room as will serve all the company save one. The want of a seat falls on an individual by a kind

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