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of;' but he says • You will not be well until after the bile is got rid of.' He knows after the cause of the malady is removed, that morbid habits are to be changed, weakness to be supported, organs to be called back to their proper exercise, subordinate maladies to be watched, secondary and vicarious symptoms to be studied. The physician is a wise man—but the anserous politician insists, after 200 years of persecution, and ten of emancipation, that Catholic Ireland should be as quiet as Edmonton or Tooting,

Not only are just laws wanted for Catholic Ireland, but the just administration of just laws ; such as they have in general experienced under the Whig government; and this system steadily persevered in will, after a lapse of time, and O'Connell, quite conciliate and civilize that long injured and irritable people.

I have printed in this Collection the Letters of Peter Plymley. The government of that day took great pains to find out the author; all that they could find was, that they were brought to Mr. Budd, the publisher, by the Earl of Lauderdale. Somehow or another, it came to be conjectured that I was that author : I have always denied it; but finding that I deny it in vain, I have thought it might be as well to include the Letters in this collection; they had an immense circulation at the time, and I think above 20,000 copies were sold.

From the beginning of the century (about which time the Review began) to the death of Lord Liverpool, was an awful period for those who had the misfortune to entertain liberal opinions, and who were too honest to sell them for the ermine of the judge, or the lawn of the prelatè :-a long and hopeless career in your profession, the chuckling grin of noodles, the sarcastic leer of the genuine political rogue-prebendaries, deans, and bishops made over your head-reverend renegadoes advanced to the highest dignities of the Church, for helping to rivet the fetters of Catholic and Protestant Dissenters, and no more chance of a Whig administration than of a thaw in Zembla—these were the penalties exacted for liberality of opinion at that period; and not only was there no pay, but there were many stripes. It is always considered as a piece of impertinence in England, if a man of less than two or three thousand a year has any opinions at all upon important subjects; and in addition he was sure at that time to be assailed with all the Billingsgate of the French Revolution-Jacobin, Leveller, Atheist, Deist, Socinian, Incendiary, Regicide, were the gentlest appellations used; and the man who breathed a syllable against the senseless bigotry of the two Georges, or hinted at the abominable tyranny and persecution exercised upon Catholic Ireland, was shunned as unfit for the relations of social life. Not a murmur against any abuse was permitted; to say a word against the suitorcide delays of the Court of Chancery, or the cruel punishments of the Game Laws, or against any abuse which a rich man inflicted, or a poor man suffered, was treason against the Plousiocracy, and was bitterly and steadily resented. Lord Grey had not then taken off the bearing-rein from the English people, as Sir Francis Head has now done from horses.

To set on foot a Journal in such times, to contribute towards it for many years, to bear patiently the reproach and poverty which it caused, and to look back and see that I have nothing to retract, and no intemperance and violence to reproach myself with, is a career of life which I must think to be extremely fortunate. Strange and ludicrous are the changes in human affairs. The Tories are now on the treadmill, and the wellpaid Whigs are riding in chariots; with many faces, however, looking out of the windows, (including that of our Prime Minister,) which I never remember to have seen in the days of the poverty and depression of Whiggism. Liberality is now a lucrative business. Whoever has any institution to destroy, may consider himself as a commissioner, and his fortune as made; and to my utter and never ending astonishment, I, an old Edinburgh Reviewer, find myself fighting in the year 1839, against the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London, for the existence of the National Church.

SIDNEY SMITH.

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DR. PARR. (EDINBURGH REVIEW, 1802.) feated; the public good is impaired, rather than increased;

and the claims that other virtues equally obligatory have Spital Sermon, preached at Christ Church upon Easter- to our notice, are totally disregarded. Thus, too, when

Tuesday, April 15, 1800. To which are added, Notes by any dazzling phantoms of universal philanthropy have Samuel Parr, LL.D. Printed for J. Mawman in the seized our attention the objects that formerly engaged it Poultry. 1801.

shrink and fade. All considerations of kindred, friends,

and countrymen drop from the mind, during the struggles WHOEVER has had the good fortune to see Dr. Parr's it makes to grasp the collective interests of the species ; wig, must have observed, that while it trespasses a lit- and when the association that attached us to them has been te on the orthodox magnitude of perukes in the ante dissolved, the notions we have formed of their compararior parts, it scorns even the Episcopal limits behind; do not say any hold whatsoever, but that strong and listand swell's out into boundless convexity of frizz, the ing hold they once had upon our conviction and our feelHeya davra of barbers, and the terror of the literary ings. Universal benevolence, should it, from any strange world. After the manner of his wig, the Doctor has combination of circumstances, ever become passionate, constructed his sermon, giving us a discourse of no will like every other passion justify itself: and the impor. sommon length, and subjoining an immeasurable mass tunity of its demands to obtain a hearing will be propor. of notes, which appear to concern every learned thing, consequences ? A perpetual wrestling for victory between

But what are the every learned man, and almost every unlearned man the refinements of sophistry, and the remonstrances of insince the beginning of the world.

dignant nature—the agitations of secret distrust in opinions For his text, Dr. Parr has chosen Gal. vi. 10. , As we which gain few or no proselytes, and feelings which excite bare therefore opportunity, let us do good to all men, espe- little or no sympathy-the neglect of all the usual duties, rally to those who are of the household of faith. After a by which social life is preserved or adorned; and in the preliminary comparison between the dangers of the pursuit of other duties which are unusual, and indeed imaselfisk system, and the modern one of universal benev. ginary, a succession of airy projects, eager hopes, tumultuolence, he divides his sermon into two parts : in the every wise man foresaw, and a good man would rarely

ous efforts, and galling disappointments, such, in truth, as brst examining how far, by the constitution of human commiserate.' Dature, and the circumstances of human life, the prin. ciples particular and universal benevolence are con- In a subsequent part of his sermon, Dr. Parr handles patible : in the last, commenting on the nature of the the same topic with equal success. charitable institution for which he is preaching.

The former part is levelled against the doctrines of "The stoics, it has been said, were more successful in Mr. Godwin ; and, here, Dr. Parr exposes, very strong-weakening the tender affections, than in animating men to y and happily, the folly of making universal benevo- the stronger virtues of fortitude and self-command; and lence the immediate motive of our actions. As we consi. possible it is, that the influence of our modern reformers der this, though of no very difficult execution, to be by may be greater, in furnishing their disciples with pleas for far the best part of the sermon, we shall very willingly their endeavours for the performance of those which are make some extracts from it.

extraordinary, and perhaps ideal. If, indeed, the repre

sentations we have lately heard of universal philanthropy "To me it appears, that the modern advocates for uni- served only to amuse the fancy of those who approve of Tersal philanthropy have fallen into the error charged them, and communicate that pleasure which arises from upon those who are fascinated by a violent and extraor- contemplating the magnitude and grandeur of a favourite dinary fondness for what a celebrated

author calls “some subject, we might be tempted to smile at them as groundless moral species." Some men, it has been remarked, are and harmless. But they tend to debase the dignity, and to hurried Into romantic adventures, by their excessive ad- weaken the efficacy of those particular affections, for which miration of fortitude. Others are actuated by a head. we have daily

and hourly occasion in the events of real life. strong zeal for disseminating the true religion. Hence, They tempt us to substitute the case of speculation, and While the only properties, for which fortitude or zeal can the pride of dogmatism, for the toil of practice. To a be esteemed, are scarcely discernible, from the enormous class of artificial and ostentatious sentiments, they give the bulkiness to which

they are swollen, the ends to which most dangerous triumph over the genuine and salutary dicdone they can be directed usefully, are overlooked or de- tates of nature. They delude and inflame our minds with

pharisaical notions of superior wisdom and superior vir "A great scholar, as rude and violent as most Greek scholars tue; and what is the worst of all, they may be used as ". ere, unless they happen to be Bishops. He has left nothing be- cloke to us” for insensibility, where other men feel, and hind him worth leaving: he was rather fitted for the law than for negligence, where other men act with visible and we the church, and would have been a more considerable man, if he ful, though limited, effect.' kad been more knocked about among his equals. He lived with country footlemen nad clergymon, who fattered and feared him A attempting to show the connection between parti.

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