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mind with a deep and painful sense of the low and imperfect degree of your present knowledge.
519. Presume not too much upon a bright genius, a ready wit, and good parts : for these, without labour and study, will never make a man of knowledge and wisdom.
In order to show the pupil the difference between distinct and indistinct articulation, the following extract is presented; the left hand column being printed as the piece is sometimes read by careless pupils at school ; and the right hand column exhibiting the same as it should be articulated.
520. The young of all an- 520. The young of all ani. imals apear to receive plea- mals appear to receive pleasure from the excise of their sure from the exercise of lims and bodly facleties, their limbs and bodily faculwithout reffrence to any end ties, without reference to any to be atained, and any use end to be attained, and any to be answered by thexer- use to be answered by the shun.
exertion. 521. A child, without 521. A child, without knowin any thing of the use knowing any thing of the of languige is in a high de- use of language, is in a high gree dlighted with bein able degree delighted with being to speak.
able to speak. 522. Its incessant repti.
522. Its incessant repeshun of a few articlate sounds, tition of a few articulate or praps of a single word, sounds, or perhaps of a single which it has learned to pro- word, which it has learned to nounce, proves this point pronounce, proves this point clilly.
clearly. 523. Nor is it less pleased 523. Nor is it less pleased with its fust successful en with its first successful en. deavurs to walk, or rather to deavours to walk, or rather run, which purcedes walkin; to run, which precedes walkalthoughn tirely ignurunt of ing ; although entirely ignothim portance of that tain- rant of the importance of munt to its futur life, an the attainment to its future even without a plyin to any life, and even without appresent purps.
plying it to any present purpose.
524. A child's dlighted 524. A child is delighted with speakin, without havin with speaking, without havany think to say; an with ing any thing to say; and walkin without knowen with walking without knowwither to go.
ing whither to go. 525. An prevusly to both 525. And previously to these it is reasnable to blieve both these, it is reasonable that the wakin nours of in- to believe that the waking funcy are greeably taken up hours of infancy are agreeawith the excise of vishun, or bly taken up with the exerpraps more proply speakin cise of vision, or perhaps, with learnin to see.
more properly speaking, with | learning to see.
In reading the above sentences in the right hand column, the pupil must be particularly careful to pronounce clearly and distinctly all the sounds which are omitted in the left hand column.
MANNER OF EXPRESSION.
In this lesson, the pupil is required to adapt the manner of his reading to the meaning of the sentences which he is to read ; and to endeavour to imitate, as closely as possible, the tones which nature teaches him to use in common conversation, or when he is affected by strong feelings. Thus if he have such a sentence as the following to read:
Sirrah, savage, dost thou pretend to be ashamed of my company? Dost thou know that I have kept the best company in England ?”–
He will of course read it in quite a different manner from that which he would use in the following sentence :
“Are you sick Hubert? You look pale to-day. In sooth, I would you were a little sick, that I might sit all night and watch with you. I warrant I love you more
[The following sentence should be read in an angry "manner.] 526. Father, what sort of a tree is that which you
have given me? It is as dry as a broomstick; and I shall not have ten apples on it. You have treated my brother Edmund better than you have me. You have given him a tree which is full of apples. You ought to make him give me half of them.
[The following should be read in a milder manner.]
527. Give you half of them? Your tree was as fruitful and in as good order as his; but you have not taken good care of it. Edmund has kept his tree clear of hurtful insects ; but you have suffered them to eat up yours in its blossoms. I shall not direct him to share his apples with so idle a boy as you have been.
[To be read in a respectful, calm, but decided manner.]
528. Alexander! I am your captive-I must hear what you please to say, and endure what you please to inflict. But my soul is unconquered! and if I reply at all to your reproaches, I will reply like a free man. To be read in a threatening manner.] 529. He dares not touch a hair of Catiline. 530. [With surprise.] What! does life displease thee?
[ Calmly, but with emphasis.] Yes :—it displeases me when I see a tyrant.
531. [Mildly.] The sun not set yet, Thomas ? Not quite, Sir. It blazes through the trees on the hill yonder, as if their branches were all on fire.
532. [With energy.] Sirrah, I begin with this kick, as a tribute to your boasted honour. Get
you into the boat, or I will give you another. I am impatient to have you condemned.
533. [With moderation.] Stranger, if thou hast learnt a truth, which needs experience more than reason, that the world is full of guilt and misery; and hast known enough of all its sorrows, crimes, and cares, to tire thee of it-enter this wild wood, and view the haunts of nature.
534. [Proudly and haughtily.*] Do you pretend to sit as high on Olympus as Hercules ? Did you destroy tyrants and robbers ? You value yourself greatly on subduing one serpent. I did as much as that while I lay in my cradle.
* See Number 128, page 9.
535. [With fear.] Mirza, terror and doubt are come upon me.
I am alarmed as a man who suddenly perceives that he is on the brink of a precipice, and is urged forward by an irresistible force; but yet I know not whether my danger is a reality or a dream.
536. [In a threatening manner.] I know thou art a scoundrel! Not pay thy debts ! Kill thy friend who lent thee money, for asking thee for it! Get out of my sight, or I will drive thee into the Styx!
537. [In a commanding manner.) Stop, I command thee. No violence. Talk to him calmly.
538. [In a solemn manner.] Such are the excuses which irreligion offers. Could you have believed that they were so empty, so unworthy, so hollow, so absurd ? And shall such excuses be offered to the God of heaven and earth? By such apologies shall man insult his Creator?
539. [In a mournful manner.] Oh my dear, dear mother! don't you
know your son; your poor boy George ? 540. [In a terrified manner.] The Lord have mercy upon us,
- what is this? 541. [In a proud, disdainful manner.] Why then dost thou frown on Fingal? Or shake thine airy spear? But thou frownest in vain : I never fled from mighty men. And shall the sons of the wind frighten the King of Morven? No; he knows the weakness of their arms.
542. [In an energetic manner.] Now launch the boat upon the wave,-the wind is blowing off the shore-I will not live a cowering slave, on these polluted islands more. Beyond the wild, dark heaving sea, there is a better home for me.
543. [In a plaintive, sorrowful manner.] O Switzerland! my country! 'tis to thee I strike my harp in agony :My country! nurse of liberty, home of the gallant, great, and free, my sullen harp I strike to thee. O! I have lost you all !----parents, and home, and friends.
544. [With quickness and emphasis.] Talk to me of dangers ?-Death and shame!-is not my race as high, as ancient, and as proud as thine ? Py heaven, it grieves me, Harry Percy, preaching such craven arguments to
545. [With humility.] Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.
546. [With horror.] How frightful the grave! how deserted and dread! with the howls of the storm windthe creaks of the bier, and the white bones all clattering together.
547. [With calmness.] How lovely, how sweet the repose of the tomb! No tempests are there ; — but the nightingales come and sing their sweet chorus of bliss.
548. [In an authoritative manner.] Heat me these irons hot; and look thou stand within the arras : when I strike my foot upon the bosom of the ground, rush forth, and bind the boy, which you shall find with me, fast to the chair : be heedful; hence, and watch.
549. [In a supplicating tone.] Alas! what need you be so boisterous rough? I will not struggle, I will stand stone still. For heaven's sake, Hubert, let me not be bound! Nay, hear me, Hubert! drive these men away, and I will sit as quiet as a lamb; I will not stir, nor wince, nor speak a word, nor look upon the irons angrily; thrust but these men away, and I'll forgive you, whatever torments you do put me to.
PITCH OF THE VOICE.
Every person has three keys, or pitches of the voice, called THE HIGH, THE MIDDLE, and THE LOW KEY.
The HIGH KEY is that which is used in calling to a person at a distance.
The MIDDLE KEY is that which is used in common conversation.
The LOW KEY is that which is used when we wish no one to hear, except the person to whom we speak; and is almost, but not quite, a whisper.