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LESSON XXII.

ACCENT. Accent is the peculiar tone or force given to some letter or syllable of a word.

There are three accents, the Acute, the Grave, and the Circumflex.

The Acute accent is noted by a mark like this placed over a letter or syllable, as in the word Epicuréan.

The Grave accent is represented by a mark like this' placed over a letter or syllable, as in the word Clessammor.

The Circumflex accent is distinguished by a mark like this ^ placed over a letter or syllable.

The letter or syllable over which either of the accents is placed, is to be pronounced more forcibly than the other parts of the same word, as Rec'ognize, Reuthàmir, Fingâl.

The word or syllable orer which the acute accent is placed must be pronounced with the rising inflection of the voice; as Rec'ognize, Epicure'an, Ac'ceptable.

The word or syllable over which the grave accent is placed must be pronounced with the falling inflection of the voice ; as Reuthàmir, Clessàmmor.

The word or syllable over which the circumflex accent is placed must be pronounced partly with the rising and partly with the falling inflection of the voice. If it begin with the rising and end with the falling, it is called the falling cir. cumflex ; but if it begin with the falling and end with the rising, it is called the rising circumflex.

The circumflex accent is sometimes used to express the broad sound of a letter, as in Fingâl, in which the a is pronounced as in the word fall.

In every word of more than one syllable there is one (and sometimes more than one) which must be pronounced more forcibly than the others ; and the acute accent is often used to show which this syllable is. The syllable thus pronounced is called the accented syllable ; as Cap'illary, red'o. lent, ax'iom.

The acute, grave, and circumflex accents are sometimes used to direct the management of the voice in reading sentences; the acute accent indicating the rising, the grave the falling inflection of the voice, and the circumflex both the rising and falling united. When the circumflex is used to indicate a sound commencing with the rising and ending with the falling inflection, it is printed thus, ^; but when the sound commences with the falling and ends with the rising inflection, it is printed thus, ", which the pupil will perceive is the same mark inverted.

[The pupil may now read the following sentences, recollecting to manage his voice where he observes the respective marks of accent, as directed above.] .

405. Did they recite correctly, or incorrectly? 406. They recited correctly, not incorrectly. 407. Did they speak properly, or improperly? 408. They spoke prpòperly, not improperly. 409. Did Charles go willingly, or unwillingly? 410. Charles went willingly, not únwillingly. 411. Did you say Epicúrean, or Epicurèan? 412. I said Epicurean, not Epicúrean, I know better than to say sô.

413. You must not not say acceptable, but acceptable.

414. You must not pronounce the word recognize, but récognize.

415. We must act according to the law, not contrary to it.

416. Did he say wisdom, or wisdom?
417. He said wisdom, not wisdom.
418. What must the King do now? Must he submít ?

The King shall dò it: must he be depósed ?
The King shall be contented: must he lose

The name of King ?-let it go!
419. I'll give my jewels, for a set of beads ;

My gorgeous pálace, for a hermitage ;
My gay apparel, for an almsman's gown ;
My figured goblets, for a dish of wood;
My scéptre, for a painter's walking staff ;
My súbjects, for a pair of carved sàints :
And my large kingdom, for a little grave;

A little, little gràve-an obscure gràve. 420. Art thou poór? Show thyself active and indùstrious, peaceable and contented. Art thou wealthy? Show thyself benèficent and charitable, condescending and humàne.

421. This corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mórtal must put on immortàlity.,

422. Relígion raises men above themselves; írreligion sinks them beneath the brùtes.

423. And if you do, you will but make it blûsh, and glow with shame at your proceédings, Hubert.

424. Hamlet, you have your father much offended. 425. Madam, you have my father much offended. 426. If you said so, then I said sô.

427. Nó, say you ; did he say Nó ? He did; he said No.

428. Is the goodness or the wisdom of the divine Being, more manifest in this his proceeding?

429. Shall we in your person crówn the author of the public calamities, or shall we destroy him?

430. From whence can he produce such cogent exhortations to the practice of every vìrtue, such ardent excitement to piety and devotion, and such assistance to attain them, as those which are to be met with throughout every page of these inimitable writings ?

431. Where, amidst the dark cloud of Pagan philosophy, can he show us such a clear prospect of a future stàte, the immortality of the soul, the resurrection of the dead, and the general júdgment, as in St. Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians ?

432. Would it not employ a beau prettily enough, if, instead of eternally playing with his snuff-box, he spent some time in máking one?

433. Would an infinitely wise Being make such glorious beings for so méan a purpose ? Can he delight in the production of such abórtive intelligences, such short-lived reasonable beings? Would he give us talents that are not to be exérted, capacities that are not to be grátified?

434. Whither shall I turn? Wretch that I am ! to what place shall I betàke myself ? Shall I go to the capi. tol? Alas ! it is overflowed with my brother's blodd ! Or shall I retire to my house? Yet there I behold my mother plunged in misery, weeping and despairing!

435. King Agrippa, believest thou the prophets? I know that thou believest.

436. Art thou he that should come, or shall we look for another?

-or

437. The baptism of Jòhn, was it from héaven,or of mèn?

438. Will you gó,—or stày? Will you ride,-or walk ? Will you go to-dáy,—or to-mòrrow? 439. Did you see hím,

----or his brother ? Did he travel for health, or pleasure ?

440. Did he resemble his father --or his mother? Is this book yours,

-or mine? 441. Was it ar'med, say you ? 'Armed, my lord. From top to tóe ? My lord, from head to foot.

442. Then saw you not his fáce ? Oh yès, my lord, he wore his beaver úp.

443. I did not say a better soldier, but an elder. 444. Aim not to show knowledge, but to acquire it. 445. Did I say gó,- gò ?

446. Hènce !--hòme, you idle creatures, get you home. You blocks, you stones! you worse than senseless things!

447. Get thee behind me, Sátan. Nd. You did not read that rìght. You should say, Get thee benind me, Sàtan.

448. 'Angels and ministers of gràce, defend us. 449. Jésus, Màster! have mercy on us.

450. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaùnteth not itself; is not puffed up; doth not behave itself unseèmly ; seeketh not her own; is not easily provoked; thinketh no evil.

451. And though I have the gift of pròphecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.

452. I tell you, though you, though all the world, though an angel from heaven should declare the truth of it, I could not believe it.

453. I tell you, though you, though all the world, though an angel from heaven should declare the truth of it, I could not believe it.

454. You wróng me every way, you wróng me, Brutus.

455. You wròng me every way, you wròng me, Brutus.

456. Are you going to Bóston? What did you ask me?

Are you going to Boston ?

457. They tell ûs to be moderate ; but they, they are to revel in profusion.

458. I see thou hast learned to râil. 459. I know that thou art a scoûndrel.

460. Such trifling would not be admitted in the intercourse of mèn, and do you think it will avail more with Almighty God?

LESSON XXIII.

EMPHASIS.

By emphasis is meant the force or loudness of voice by which we distinguish the principal word or words in a sentence.

To emphasize a word means to pronounce it in a loud or forcible manner.

The meaning of a sentence, especially if it be a question, often depends upon the proper placing of the emphasis. Thus: in the sentence, Shall you ride to town to-day ? if the emphasis be placed upon ride, the question will be, Shall you RIDE to town to-day? and it may be answered, No, I shall not ride, I shall walk. If the emphasis be placed upon you, the question then becomes, Shall YOU ride to town to-day? and the answer may be, No, I shall not go myself, I shall send my son. If the emphasis be placed on town, the question then becomes, Shall you ride to TOWN to-day ? and the answer may be, No, I shall not ride to Town, but I shall ride into the country. If the emphasis be placed upon day, the question then becomes, Shall you

ride to town TO-DAY? and the answer may be, No, I shall not go to-day, but I shall to-morrow.

[In reading the following sentences, the pupil will enphasize the words in capital letters.]

461. You were paid to FIGHT against Alexander, 'not to RAIL at him.

462. And Saul said unto Michael, Why hast thou DECEIVED me so ?

463. Then said the High Priest, Are these things SO?

464. Exercise and temperance strengthen even INDIFFERENT constitution.

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