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366. Still must I wonder ; for so dark a cloud Oh deeper than thou think'st I've read thy heart. 367. Your grace will pardon me for obeying

Say no more, my child, you are yet too raw to make proper

distinctions. 368. Let them --- or suppose I address myself to some particular sufferer--there is something more confi. dential in that manner of communicating one's ideas—as Moore

says, Heart speaks to heart-I say, then, take especial care to write by candle-light.

369. To such unhappy persons, in whose miseries I deeply sympathize

Have I not groaned under similar horrors ?

370. That spares manual labour-this would relieve from mental drudgery, and thousands yet unborn - But hold! I am not so sure that the female sex in general may quite enter into my views on the subject. 371. I am glad to see you well : Horatio

-or I do forget myself.

372. Would I had met my dearest foe in heaven, or ever I had seen that day, Horatio !

My father- -methinks I see my father.

LESSON XX.

APOSTROPHE, QUOTATION, AND DIÆRESIS. An Apostrophe is a mark which differs from a comma only in being placed above the line ; thus i

The Apostrophe shows that some letter or letters are left out, as 'Tis for It is, thofor though, lov'd for loved.

The Apostrophe is likewise used in Grammar to point out the possessive case; as John's book.

A Quotation consists of four commas or apostrophes ; two paced at the beginning and two at the end of a word, sentence, or part of a sentence.

The two which are placed at the beginning are inverted, or upside down ; thus

A Quotation shows that the word or sentence was spoken by some one, or was taken from some other author.

A Diæresis consists of two periods placed over a vowel ; thus, ä.

The Diæresis shows that the letter over which it is placed is to be pronounced separately; as Creätor, Zoönoima, aërial.

EXAMPLES.

[In this Lesson the pupil is to recognise each of the above-mentioned marks, and explain their use.]

373. The fox-howl's heard on the fell (or hill) afar.

374. The kindling fires o'er heaven so bright, look sweetly out from yon azure sea.

375. Banished from Rome! what's banished but set free from daily contact of the things I loathe? “Tried and convicted traitor”- Who says this? Who'll prove it, at his peril, on my head ? “Banished ?"-I thank you for't. It breaks my chain! I held some slack allegiance till this hour-but now my sword's my own.

376. Your Consul's merciful. For this all thanks. He dares not touch a hair of Catiline. “ Traitor !" I gobut I return. This- trial! Here I devote your Senate ! I've had wrongs, to stir a fever in the blood of age. This day is the birth of sorrows.

377. The eye could at once command a long-stretching vista, seemingly closed and shut up at both extremities by the coälescing cliffs.

378. It seemed like Laocoön struggling ineffectually in the hideous coils of the monster Python.

379, In those mournful months, when vegetables and animals are alike coërced by cold, man is tributary to the howling storm, and the sullen sky; and is, in the pathetic phrase of Johnson, a “slave to gloom."

380. I would call upon all the true sons of humanity to coöperate with the laws of man and the justice of heaven in abolishing this “cursed traffic.”

381. Come, faith, and people these deserts ! Come and reänimate these regions of forgetfulness.

382. I am a professed lucubrator, and who so well qualified to delineate the sable hours, as

“A meagre muse-rid mope, adust and thin." 383. He forsook, therefore, the bustling tents of his father, the pleasant "South country” and “ well of Lahairoi ;" he went out and pensively meditated at the eventide.

384. The Grecian and Roman philosophers firmly be. lieved that "the dead of midnight is the noon of thought.”

385. Young observes, with energy, that " an undevout astronomer is mad.

386. Young Blount his armour did unlace, and, gazing on his ghastly face, said—“By Saint George, he's gone! that spear-wound has our master sped; and see the deep cut on his head! Good night to Marmion !"-" Unnurtured Blount! thy brawling cease: he opes his eyes,” said Eustace, “ peace !"

387. The first sentence, with which he broke the awful silence, was a quotation from Rousseau : “ Socrates died like a philosopher, but Jesus Christ like a God!”

388. A celebrated modern writer says, “ Take care of the minutes, and the hours will take care of themselves.” This is an admirable remark, and might be very seasonably recollected when we begin to be “ weary in well-doing,” from the thought of having much to do.

389. I've seen the moon gild the mountain's * brow; I've watched the mist o'er the river stealing ; but ne'er did I feel in my breast till now, so deep, so calm, and so holy a feeling: 'Tis soft as the thrill which memory throws ath wart the soul in the hour of repose.

390. Blest be the day I 'scaped the wrangling crew from Pyrrho's * maze and Epicurus'* sty; and held high converse with the godlike few, who to th' enraptured heart, and ear, and eye, teach beauty, virtue, truth, and love, and melody.

391. But thou, who Heaven's* just vengeance dar'st defy, this deed, with fruitless tears, shalt soon deplore.

392. O Winter! ruler of the inverted year! thy scatter'd hair with sleet-like ashes filled, thy breath congeal'd upon thy lips, thy cheeks fringed with a beard made white with other snows than those of age, thy forehead wrapt in clouds, a leafless branch thy sceptre, and thy throne a sliding car, indebted to no wheels, but urg'd by storms along its slipp’ry way, I love thee, all unlovely as thou seem'st, and dreaded as thou art!

393. For, as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, “ To THE UNKNOWN God.” Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.

* The Apostrophe in these words is the sign of the possessive case.

LESSON XXI.

THE ASTERISK, OBELISK, DOUBLE OBELISK, SECTION, PARAL

LELS, PARAGRAPH, INDEX, CARET, BREVE, AND BRACE.

The pupil will take particular notice of the following marks, so that he may call them by name, and explain their use in the following lesson.

This mark
This mark
This mark
This mark T
This mark
These marks !!

is called an Asterisk, or Star.
is called an Obelisk.
is called a Double Obelisk.
is called a Paragrapb.
is called a Section.
are called Parallels.

The Asterisk, Obelisk, Double Obelisk, Paragraph, Section, Parallel, and sometimes figures, or letters, are used to show that there is a note at the bottom of the page.

When many notes occur on a page, these marks are sometimes doubled. [See next page.]

The Paragraph I is used to show the beginning of a new subject.

The Section § is also used to divide chapters into less parts.

The Index or Hand It points to something which requires particular attention.

The Breve is placed over a letter to show that it has a short sound; as Hělěna.

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The Brace is used to unite several lines of poetry, or to connect a number of words with one common term.

The Caret 1 is never used in printed books ; but in writing it shows that something has accidentally been left out ; as

recited George has his lesson.

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When several Asterisks or Stars are placed together, they represent an Ellipsis. [See Lesson XIX.]

EXAMPLES.

394. Many persons pronounce the word Helēna* incorrectly. They call it Helena.

395. The leprosy, therefore, of Naäman shall cleave unto thee. * * * * And he went out from his presence a leper as white as snow.

396. The Cougart is the largest animal of the cat kind, found in North America ; and has occasionally received the name of the American lion, from the similarity of its proportions and colour to those of the lion of the old world.

397. The keeper of the elephant gave him a gallon of arrack,f which rendered the animal

very

furious. 398. I fell upon my knees on the bank, with my two servants, and the drogoman.

399. The history of Joseph is exceedingly interesting and instructive.

400. It was a cave, a huge recess, that keeps, till June, December's snow; a lofty precipice in front, a silent tarn below. 401. C-e-0-4-8,

C-i-o-u-s,
S-c-i-o-u-s,

are pronounced like shus. T-1-0-u-s, 402. The common heron has long legs for wading, ** long neck answerable thereto to reach prey, a wide throat to pouchtf it, and long toes, with strong hooked talons, one of which is remarkably serrateff on the edge.

403. The commands of God are clearly revealed both in the decaloguegs and other parts of sacred writ.

404. Look now to your aviary,|||| for now the birds grow sick of their feathers.

* This is the name of a small island situated on the west of Africa.

† Pronounced Coó-gar. The name generally given to this animal by the Americans is painter, evidently a corruption of panther.

# Arrack is a very strong spirituous liquor. § Drogoman means an interpreter. || The whole history of Joseph will be found in the Bible; from the 37th chapter to the end of the book of Genesis.

Tarn is a small lake high up in the mountains. ** To wade.-To walk through the water. * To pouch.-To swallow.

Serrate.- Marked like the teeth of a saw. $$ Decalogue.-The Ten Commandments. il || Aviary.--A place enclosed to keep birds in.

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