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Let Dr. Hampden and his friends consider this well, and the position in which it will place him. He is hardly likely to condescend to read these humble pages; but if any of his friends should do so, let them fairly consider the plain statement about to be made, and see, at once, whether Dr. H. can escape from one or other of the two alternatives presented, and whether the counsel which follows is offered in an unfriendly spirit. All consideration of Dr. H.'s technical defence is laid aside ; not because there is no strength in it, for, as a technical defence, as a lawyer's argument, to maintain his client, and annoy his adversary, the questions raised, as to the time of censure, the silence observed at first as to the Bampton Lectures, and the appointment to the Moral Philosophy professorship, have all of them undoubtedly weight; that is to say, they have the sort of weight which a lawyer wishes his arguments to have—they go to procuring a verdict on grounds quite irrespective of the real rights and merits of the case. Doubtless, in strict right, Dr. H. ought to have been censured (or, as his friends call it, persecuted) at once; and he ought not to have been honoured with any farther appointment. All this goes to a verdict, but no farther : it does not touch the real merits of the case, that is, whether his doctrines are false, unsafe, or unsound, which is a question quite unconnected with the time when they are proclaimed or pronounced to be so. It does not prove that they who forbore to take extreme measures, till they were necessary, from good feeling and kindness, and dislike to attack opinions, were liable to any other censure than that which always attaches to generous feeling, when it leads to overlooking real faults; while, for the purpose of shewing that they act from any bad feeling now, it is worse than contemptible. No reply is required to such a charge, but the recital of the names of those who have been active on this occasion ; men distinguished for learning, piety, genius, and worth; men utterly incapable, in short, of harbouring a bad, vindictive, or personal feeling. Where other charges, indeed, are laid aside, and that of persecution alone is maintained, what is it that is meant? A certain number of persons, capable of judging, conceive that there is very much unsafe and unsound in a particular book, published under particular circumstances, and, from those circumstances, likely to have much weight. They declare this publicly, and wish the book to be censured by public authority; and the writer, not to be fined, not be injured, not to be imprisoned, not to be deprived of his worldly goods, but, to be prevented from teaching young and inexperienced men the opinions which he holds. Let those who talk of persecution say what should be done by conscientious men in such circumstances, who are fully and thoroughly persuaded that the tenets held are dangerous, and that the consequences are likely to be deplorable? Supposing them to be right; supposing, in the case of a future Regius Professor, very grave and serious objections to his doctrines can be maintained, do Dr. H.'s friends mean that, whatever such professor may maintain, it is to be allowed to pass, sub silentio ; in short, that it is of no matter what a man teaches, while he outwardly continues in the church?

The plain statement spoken of is this : either Dr. Hampden is, or is not, prepared to abide by the positions he has laid down in his Bampton Lectures, and other works. Giving him all the advantage (which every one may fairly claim) of getting rid of verbal inaccuracies, or careless phrases, there is a very large number of positions to which his persecutors have formally and most justly objected. He must now have made up his mind whether he will, or can, abide by these or not. If he is conscientiously persuaded of their truth, of course he can do nothing but persevere in defending them; nor can it, perhaps, in fairness, be expected of one who believes that they are fully and entirely reconcileable with the articles and formularies of the church, that he should resign an honourable station, which he believes that he has fairly won, and to which he thinks he can do justice. But then he and his friends must remember, that they who believe as conscientiously in the falsehood and danger of their positions, as he (on this supposition) does on their truth and safety, must as decidedly oppose him, as he must resolutely maintain his position. This is a very painful condition of things ; but what remedy is there for it? It is a very false view of our condition here below, to suppose that there is a cure for every evil. If, indeed, Dr. H. can, by fair argument, maintain every position which he has laid down, and convince the world of them, that would be a remedy. But will his friends say, that they think this possible? If, on the other hand, Dr. Hampden, being a sincere and dutiful son of the church, cannot but confess, that he has spoken incautiously, unsafely, and unsoundly, although without the least intention of teaching falsehood, all may be well, if he can have magnanimity to avow this, and take the steps becoming him. It certainly wants great strength of mind, in any man, to avow publicly that he has been wrong, and especially in one who is to be a teacher of others. But if he should be so persuaded, he cannot, as a religious man, but see, that he owes the church, and the cause he has injured, a full satisfaction; and it will be hereafter his greatest pleasure to remember, that he has done all that in him lay to atone for the scandal and injury which he has caused. If he would come forward fairly and say this, accompanying it with an honest and open declaration of his unfeigned attachment to the church of England, and with a declaration, also, of his wish have time allowed him (a very natural and proper wish, under different circumstances,) for tranquil preparation of those lectures, which it has been the duty of his predecessors to deliver, but for which he is not prepared, all, it is repeated, may yet be well. By judicious and well-weighed publications, he may restore that confidence which he has lost, and which can never be forced back. It can only be regained by time, by a complete conviction of his good feeling, his honest intention, and his willingness to set himself right where he has been wrong. He may be well assured-probably he has little doubt* of it—that those whom his friends call his perse

Dr. H. has been unfortunate in an advocate. A wretched · Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury' grounds his defence merely on the technicalities alluded to, and then on gross, base personalities against those who are acting in the business, anecdotes picked up in the streets, scandal, passion, and vulgar gossip. One of Dr. H.'s assailants swore an oath; this poor man has heard that another hates the ministry; a third wishes for “a row;" a fourth was a long time before going into priest's orders, &c. &c.!! Such friends must injure any cause, beyond the power of sober judgment to retrieve. But who can be the writer? Some one who has abused the confidence of some member of the Board of Heads, from his knowledge of the statute as proposed.

cutors, would be the first to hail such a course, and to express their warm sympathy with him, and with the line of conduct which he had thus marked out for himself.

Dr. Hampden may be assured that he can do himself no good by such extracts from an early work of his as have just appeared, although coupled with a declaration, that, as he is about to republish it, it must be taken as a fair view of his present opinions. Surely he must see, that if, after having, as a young man, written wisely, truly, and rightly, in the fuller maturity of his mind he has written-as at least is openly alleged-unwisely, falsely, and wrongly, he cannot possibly refer to his early writings to show the correctness of his subsequent views. Surely he must see that this cannot go a single step towards restoring confidence, and that this is the one only thing which he has to do. Here are lately published works, which are felt to be dangerous. Let him disavow the dangerous consequences, or apologize for his incaution, or, if he can, defend them : nothing else can do.

P.S. Since the above remarks were written, Dr. Hampden's Inaugural Lecture has been put into circulation; but it does not, in any way, alter the case. It contains a direct, formal, and vehement declaration, on Dr. Hampden's part, of his adherence to the various great points of faith held by the church of England. But Dr. Hampden obviously forgets that confidence, like love, cannot be forced. It will be remembered that in the last Number of this Magazine, the whole argument proceeded on the supposition, that Dr. Hampden (by the very fact, indeed, of his remaining as a minister of the church) had already made such declaration, and that it was to be received. But still the litera scripta manet. His works still exist, and exist unretracted. Now, what his opponents say is, that the whole tenour of the phraseology of these works, the whole tendency of the view maintained through them, is inconsistent with such a belief; and that, consequently, Dr. Hampden does not deserve confidence, as a teacher of youth. They do not impute insincerity to Dr. Hampden ; very far from it; but it is a very common thing, that where a person chuses to promulgate some new (or, at all events, some fancied new,) system of philosophy, it is found by reasoners, who look farther than he does, that it is necessarily inconsistent with opinions which he himself, in all honesty, professes, and has always held. Whether in religion, or in other topics, it is quite a common thing, that the belief of early life stands fast by the individual, and will produce practical results in his conduct; when, if he logically followed out new views which he has adopted, every vestige of it ought to have been blotted out of his mind. There is, consequently, not the slightest wish felt to impute insincerity to Dr. Hampden, or the least suspicion entertained of his disbelieving what he professes to believe; but he believes it, in spite of his own proclaimed and promulgated philosophy. That remains just where it was,-equally (as his opponents say) false, and equally dangerous. His vehement profession of belief can, therefore, serve no purpose what

• To account for the chronology, it may be necessary to observe that there was just time to stop the press, and insert the statement in p. 434, as to the meeting of March 22.

VOL. IX.-April, 1836.

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ever which is not served by his remaining a minister of the church. If he wishes to set himself really right in the opinion of those who are now offended at his opinions, he must submit simply to the same law that every other man does; that is, he must either defend the opinions which he has put forward, and show that they are really consistent with the belief which he holds, or he must openly give them up, as inconsistent. What is there hard in this ? By what other law are other men, and other writers, judged ? Why should the King's Reader in Divinity at Oxford be alone exempted from the operation of that law which, to go no further, is common to every other literary man?

A second postscript is necessary, to notice a most laborious pamphlet, called “Dr. Hampden's Theological Statements compared with the Thirty-nine Articles," with a very learned, thoughtful, and powerful preface, by Dr. Pusey, in which the same view, so imperfectly and feebly expressed in the foregoing sentences, is put forth with a fulness, a depth, and a range of thought, which make the work most valuable, quite independently on this controversy. Now, if Dr. Hampden means to do himself any real good, he must answer this work, and show that it is wrong, and that the citations given from his works do not prove what they are alleged to prove.*

LANGUAGE OF DISSENTERS, AS TO THE GOVERNMENT.

First, let the “Christian Advocate," of February 29th, speak :

“We rejoice to perceive that the Birmingham voluntaries, including that staunch advocate of the voluntary principle, Mr. Burnet, of Camberwell, have made a movement in advance of the tardy and temporizing London dissenters. In an interview which the deputies of the former had with Lord John Russell a few days ago, they plainly told his lordship, that, rather than have a mere commutation of the churchrate, they would have nothing. This is the right method of proceeding. We are the more glad that has been adopted, because we have seen certain parties, as usual, forgetting their loud professions of determination to be content with nothing less than the absolute annihilation of the rate; and, after a few faint bow-wows of discontent, tamely acquiescing, with a wagging tail, in the minister's design. The government, no doubt, calculated upon this unworthy facility of disposition, when they resolved to insult the dissenters of England, by re-proposing the rejected juggle of Lord Althorp. But, thanks to the activity and honesty of our Birmingham brethren, they have received timely warning of the peril to which they will expose themselves, by trifling thus with a body of men whose support is indispensable to their official existence. They err egregiously if they suppose, that by the Municipal Bill of last session, and the Marriage Bill of this, they have made themselves so secure of the confidence of dissenters as that the question of church-rates may be trified with, or its satisfactory settlement be postponed another year. We believe we know the

* It appears, by a letter in the “Standard,” that the statements in the Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, alluded to in a former note, are quite false ; that instead of 70 out of 200 residents taking up the question, there are 120 out of 180; that, of the other 60, many are not with Dr. Hampden, and that 14 out of 25 heads are against him. With respect to the calumnies uttered in that disgraceful letter, against the venerable President of Magdalen, not a word of reply can be necessary. The slanderer who imputed scruples to him, must have known that he was uttering slander, and that the act in question, like every other act of that venerable man, proceeded from the highest and purest motives.

feelings of the great mass of the dissenters; and, unless we greatly mistake them, they will accept no measure as a measure of relief to them, which does not contain within it the acknowledgment of the great principle, that no man ought to be compelled to support or countenance, in any way, any form of religion, much less a form of which he does not approve. By merely abolishing the name of church-rate, whilst they retain the thing, therefore, government will not only not give satisfaction to dissenters, but will offer a gross insult both to their feelings and their understandings.

At this we are not surprised; for we did not suffer ourselves to be deluded into great expectations by the “toleration" paragraph of the King's speech. The Whigs are just as great sticklers for the principle of an establishment-yea, and all its practical, but especially its pecuniary details, as ever the Tories are. The see of Durham is vacant. By the deceased occupant's own admission, it yields an income little less than 20,0001. a-year. Now, let us see how the Melbourne cabinet will dispose of it. Will they fill it, subject to an agreement on the part of the fortunate individual to submit to whatever deduction Parliament, in its economy, may see fit to make? or will they afford one of their few right reverend friends the opportunity of acquiring a vested interest in its princely revenues ? With what ease might a few slices from this and other pieces of preferment, in which much is received for doing nothing, be taken to supply the place of church-rates, until the nation thinks proper to resume both the churches and the property attached to them, and devote them to purposes really national. The time when it will come to this is rapidly hastening; and the reason why the Whigs will not propose the entire abolition of church-rates is, that it would involve in its consequences the entire abolition of church-a consummation which it is not their cue to facilitate."

Next, let us hear the “ Patriot,” on church-rates :

“It will appear from our Parliamentary digest, that Lord John Russell stated, in reply to a question addressed to him by Sir Robert Peel, that it was the intention of government to bring in a bill relative to church-rates, soon after the Easter

At the same time, no intimation was given in what manner this litigated question is to be adjusted; whether by their commutation or extinction. If the information conveyed to us be correct, (and we have reason to believe that it is substantially so,) it would appear that ministers have not, up to the present time, fully determined what course to take. The character of the bill will probably depend, in a great measure, on the tone of public feeling, and on the manner in which that feeling is expressed; more especially on the line of conduct adopted by those who are most deeply interested in the question. Now is the time for the dissenters to speak out in a firm and decided tone, and to act with union and vigour, if they mean effectually to obtain relief from this odious, because most unjust, impost. If they remain apathetic or silent, they must blame themselves, should Lord John Russell commit the same error into which the amiable and upright Lord Althorp, with the best intentions, fell, in imagining that the diminution and commutation of the tax, in a form which would render it a fixed burden, less capable of being efficiently resisted, would prove satisfactory. His Majesty's Ministers should be told most respectfully, but plainly and firmly, that this is regarded by the general body of protestant dissenters as one of their most annoying grievances," &c. &c. &c.

recess.

REGISTRATION AND MARRIAGE BILLS. It may be well to say here a few words relating to this and all other public measures treated of in this Magazine. Magic is now at a discount. Consequently, if a periodical is to be in the country on the first day of a month (and the country readers will have it so) it really must leave London before the said first. To leave London before the first, in various conveyances, despatched from various booksellers, it must (on the same ground, of the present discount of magic) have been sent to the said booksellers by natural means, all of which (very inconveniently) want time. But, again, it cannot leave London un

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