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And at that hour, when all aghast I stand
“ Far be the ghastly crew !---and in their stead
Springs into liberty, and light, and life !" These verses are replete with harmony, a rich imagery runs. throngh the whole, and the beautiful climax at the close cannot fail ty strike with admiration.
In the year 1760, there was published a singular piece of in. fidelity, entitled, “ The History of the Mạn after God's own Heart,” the author of which was Peter Auriel. The object of this gross production was to expose to contempt the sacred history, 04 account of the aberrations of David. In point of argument it was poor and mean ; but was, nevertheless, calculated do considerable mischief on the dark mind and on the hardened heart. Its sophistry was such as to impose upon the weak, while its presumption and levity could not fail to gratify the prophane
and reprobate. To check the evil tendency of this work, our divine, among several other able writers, stood forth. He published a sermon, which he had preached Nov. 29, 1761, before the university of Cambridge, and entitled, “ The Character of David, King of Israel, impartially stated.” It was this discourse, we believe, which procured him the patronage of the learned Dr. Secker, then archbishop of Canterbury; for, about this period he appointed him one of his domestic chaplains, and, in the following year, he presented him to the rectory of Wittersham, in Kent. The friend. ship of the good prelate still followed him. In 1764, he gave him the rectory of Bucking, in the same county ; also a prebend stall in the cathedral church of Peterborough.
On May 13, 1765, Mr. Porteus entered the marriage state. The lady of his choice was Miss Hodgson, of Parliament-street; and in the same year he obtained the valuable living of Hunton. On July 7, 1766, he was created doctor of divinity, and in the month following the archbishop gave him the rectory of Lambeth, vacant by the death of Dr. Denne, and with this he was permitted to retain the rectory of Hanton.
In 1768, he lost his friend and patron Dr. Secker, who by his will intrusted him and Dr. Stinton, (his other chaplain,) with the revision and publication of his lectures on the Church Catechism, Sermons, &c. This trust was most faithfully executed. The Ser. mons, printed in 1770, were prefaced by an elegant memoir of their author, and this was written solely by Dr. Porteus. This was afterwards printed in a separate form with additions,
In 1776 Dr. Porteus became master of St. Cross, on option of Archbishop Secker; and, in the following January, he was ad. vanced to the episcopal bench, by the translation of Dr. Markham from the see of Chester to the archbishopric of York. This promotion, it is generally understood, was procured by the imme. diate solicitations of the queen, who, during her illness, had admired Dr. Porteus, as a private chaplain.
Observing with great concern the almost total neglect of the day which the early churches had appropriated for the comme. moration of the sufferings and death of the Redeemer, especially in the metropolis, his lordship printed, “ An earnest Exhortation to the religious observance of Good-Friday, in a letter to the in. habitants of Lambeth,” which excited considerable notice; and he had the satisfaction of finding that his exhortation was attend. ed with great success...He was strongly seconded in the laudable attempt by the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. They caused his pamphlet to be printed in a cheap form, and circulated in great numbers, by which means thousands were roused to pay e proper attention to that day; so that from this period it has been kept, in London and its vicinity, with great strictness.
On the death of Bishop Lowth, which happened in the year 1787, Dr. Porteus 'was translated to the see of London, ani event which every party, whether of the established church or of the dissenters, rejoiced at with unanimous satisfaction. His lordship instituted a society for the conversion of the negroes in the British islands, and which, we rejoice to say, has not failed, although it is known that many of the planters used every means in their power to impede the gracious attempt, by receiving the small tracts and extracts from the Bible, and instead of distributing them among their wretched slaves, either locking them ap, or destroying them. It is impossible to conceive a conduet more des. titute of christianity, and more depraved by guilt than this.
In 1797, lis lordship, in order to stop the gigantic strides of infidelity, commenced a course of Lectures on the Truth of the Gospel and the Divinity of Christ's Mission, which he preached in St. James's church every Friday, to crouded and admiring audi. ences. His unaffected, but persuasive eloqnence, his warm and impressive manner, engaged the attention and excited the interest of every hearer. Many who came from curiosity went away with applauding hearts. His exertions in the cause of christianity have continued to be unremitting, and conducted upon principles the most liberal, not seeking to “ Lord it over the consciences of any." Men of all parties have been ever ready to concor in the praise of bis candour, faithfulness, moderation, and liberality.
Dr. Porteus is, we believe, a more frequent preacher than the Test of his mitred brethren. During his summer residence in the country, he often ascends the palpit to explain the principles and to enforce the practice of our divine religion. Not only ready to preach charity to others, he is himself forward to practise it; not shutting his ears against the voice of distress, nor withholding his hand from its relief.
In politics his lordship is 'ever guided by moderation. He uni. formly voted with Mr. Pitt's administration, and, we doubt not, from principle. But he has on no occasion manifested a party wpirit; on the contrary, he has steered himself in peace, as becomes a follower of the “ Prince of Peace.”
Dr. Porteus is not less em' yat for his piety than for his literary attainments, which justly rank him among the first scholars of the age. His style is remarkable for its classical purity, while it is extremely plain, disdaining all ornaments but such as tend to il. lustration. Besides the productions already noticed, he has pub. lished two volumes of excellent sermons, and several charges and small tracts on religious subjects.
THE LATE RIGHT HONOURABLE
CHARLES JAMES FOX.
THE figure which this extraordinary character made in the political world, is so well known that any prefatory introduction to his Memoirs would be saperfluous. He was born on the 13th of January, 1749, and is the second son of Henry, first Lord Holland, by Lady Georgina Carolina, eldest daughter of the late Duke of Richmond. By the mother's side he, therefore, descended froin the royal house of Stuart ; and was consequently related to many of the great families of the ancient nobility. From his pa. ternal descent, however, as far as regards the dignity of birth, he derives no consequence. His father reared his honours on the foundation of his own merit, in his great application and talent in business. A master of figures, no calculation was too intricate, for hiin, and his address in parliament excited the attention of George II. whose patronage soon followed : for, in the year 1754, be raised him to the important office of secretary at war, and in the following year, to the still higher one of secretary of state for the foreign department. In 1763 he was, by his present ma. jesty, created a peer, by the title of Baron Holland of Foxley. In the year 1756, the Seven years' war, as it has since been termed, broke out. A series of evils rendered the people dissatisfied witla the ministry, and they zealously cried out for a change ; to whicla his majesty acceded ; and changed Mr. Fox for Mr. Pitt, afterwards Lord Chatham. Mr. Fox was, however, soon recalled to office, by means of a coalition between the two parties, and was nominated to the lucrative post of paymaster general of the forces. It was here that he accumulated that vast wealth which he trans. mitted to his heirs, apd which, in the decline of his life, drew upon him the mosć bitter sarcasm and opprobrious epithets. He was stig. matized with the appellation of “ The public defaulter of unac. counted millions."
This nobleman pursued a career diametrically opposite to that of his son ; for he continued to the end of his life, a firm and steady sapporter of government. Thus he always maintained a host of friends, who, however they inight disapprove his faults, suffered them to pass unnoticed.
But to return to the subject of the present memoir. The bright. ness of his genius was seen with gladness by his delighted father, whose attention was unremitting to the care of his education, while his tenderness for him was to great, that he sought not to excite his fear; and never did Charles know what it was to approach his father with awe.
He was placed at Eton school, under the direction of Dr. Bar. nard ; but had for his private tutor, Dr. Newcombe, the late Bishop of Waterford. His rapid progress in classical learning while at school, gained him a decided superiority in every class he entered.
Having accomplished his studies at Eton, he was sent to the university of Oxford. Here he is said to have read nine or ten hours a day, during the whole term, without any inconvenience arising from a series of nocturnal rambles, to which he displayed equal devotion. Tired, however, at length, with the restraint of college discipline, and with a spirit ill adapted for the apathy of merely contemplative life, he obtained leave of his father to make the usual tour,
Never was a mind better formed to reap the solid advantages of travelling. The etiquette of courts, the politics of nations, and the manners of men, attracied his penetrating mind ; he enguired into their merits, and made himself master of their economy ; ho remembered that he was the son of a nobleman, forgot not his own: dignity, and had an eye to the service of his country. Notwithstanding these, he frequently overstepped the bounds • p- priety : the fascinating vivacity of French manners, and the seduction of Italian luxury, at times enslaved him : he was often at the gaming table, till his excesses exceeding even the indulgence of his father, whose ears they had reached, he was summoned home ; and it was not without repeated commands that he obeyed.
On his return from those scenes of levity and disssipation, his father, in order to abstract him from the too great indulgence in pleasure, proposed his taking a seat in parliament, and thus to detach him from a course which threatened the destruction of his health and fortune. At the general election, therefore, in 1768, Lord Holland procured him the return for Midhurst, in Sngsex. Notwithstanding his nonage, for he was not yet twenty, he was suffered to keep his seat ; and whether this arose from accident or design in the committee of privileges, remains unknown. His powers surpassed the hopes of his most sanguine friends, and he was the favourite subject of conversation in all classes of society. There was such originality in his thinking, and so much of nature in his manner, that he excited universal admiration. Ilis first speech was upon Mr. Wilkes's petition from the King's Bench prison, to be permitted to take his seat, and thereby satisfy the desire of his constituents. Mr. Fox, on this question, did not take