« PreviousContinue »
The hallow'd ensign of blest peace to bear,
Science*, late fainting 'midst the savage gore, Which stain'd and delug'd poor Italia's shore,
undress) of the natives. On the 24th of August, M. Krusenstern was preparing to depart for Japan.
Count Golofkin's embassy to China comprises General Suchtenlen, as historiographer ; Ruttoffsky, as botanist; Schubert, as astronomer, &c.
The embassy of Count Potocki to China overland, is not less for scientific researches than to promote commercial intercourse. The Count is attended by several gentlemen distinguished by their talents :--by Adams, who explored Mount Caucasus, as zoologist and naturalist; by Redowsky, as botanist; by Pansner, as mineralogist and geologist ; by Schubert, as astronomer ; by young Klaproth, as philologist, &c. The literati, with their assistants, painters, artists, artificers, and a guard of fifty soldiers, in all about one hundred, set out on the 14th of May. Their route lies through Moscow, Nischney-Nowgorod, Kasan, Ekatarinenburg, to the south of Tobolsk, to Omsk, Kolywan, Irkutsk, as far as Kyachta, the Russian Staple on the border of Chinese Tartary. Here they were to wait for the Ambassador and the Chinese Ta-dschins, who are to escort them through the desert of Yobi and Kellow, Mongolia.--Count Potocki followed about six weeks after his whole retinue comprized nearly three thousand persons*.
* Alexander has invited men of genius from every country to settle in his dominions, and afforded them the most liberal protection. The German universities have been ransacked-agents have been sent to this couutry (Mr. Fletcher Campbell in par.
By subsequent accounts we have been informed that this enlightened commission has not been allowed to proceed, owing to the jealousy of the Chinese government :--it has consequently to retrace its steps. -Ed.
Affrighted, fled the ruthless shock of war,
ticular,) and even America has been searched for persons competent to fill the newly-established professorships. Amongst the numerous acquisitions thus obtained, are M. Tilesius, from Leipsic ; Dr. Langsdorf, from Gottingen; Dr. Schneegas, from Gotha; Dr. Horner, from Hamburgh ; Churchman, from America ; the younger Klaproth, from Berlin, &c. His Mac jesty has established a school, which was last year opened with great solemnity, for the education of teachers of schools, and has sent a considerable number of youths, who have given proof of capacity and diligence, to the most celebrated universities, to pursue their studies, and to qualify themselves for professorships at home.
* His Majesty has founded two new universities at Dorpat and at Charkoff; and has, in imitation of the policy of Charlemagne, established at Petersburg public lectures on mathematics, physic, chemistry, &c. for the artillery corps; and the officers are under the necessity of attending them, as their pro: motion is rendered 'dependant on their proficiency in these sciences. At Moscow, &c. besides the usual lectures to the students, his Majesty has ordered that there be read for the public at large, lectures adapted to their capacity, on history, physic, commerce, and the history of the European states; and to these persons of both sexes are invited : and with a view to
the farther extension of useful knowledge, the Imperial Academy of Science is required to publish two volumes annually, of a Technological Journal, containing the latest discoveries in the arts, together with their uses.
* His Majesty has revived the university of Wilna, which he has organized on the German system, and has granted 105,000 rubles in silver annually for its support. The professors have salaries of 1000 rubles in silver, and 500 more for each supplementary course; and foreigners entering it, are exempt from certain duties and restrictions on arriving in or leaving Russia.
The benevolent example of the Sovereign has animated the nobility and clergy throughout the country to devote them. selves to the sacred duties of humanity. M. Von Demidoff, of Moscow, has given an estate, comprising 3578 peasants, and 300,000 rubles, towards the support of places of public instruction. Counsellor Jude nkow has contributed 40,000 rables towards the endowment of schools in Little Russia; the nobility in Podolia have formed a fund competent to the erection and support of seminaries in that province; and the superiors of most of the Basilian Monasteries hare appropriate ed a considerable portion of their revenues for the instruction of the poor iu their respective dioceses.
The minister of public instruction, in his report for the last year, states, that the number of schools created, or supported from the royal treasury, amount to 494, containing 1425 teachers, and 33,484 male pupils, at an annual expense to his majesty of 1,727,732 rubles, or 215,9661. sterling. Independent of these, there are numerous civil and military acadamies, and a considerable number for the instruction of females, exclusive of several hundreds which are established in the different provinces by public or private benefactions. The
A city's* wealth here feeds the sacred flame,
total sum actually disbursed by the Emperor in the course of the year 1804, on account of public instruction, and passing under the immediate charge of M. Martinoff, amounted to 268,6501. exclusive of 83:31. given by his majesty to establish an university at Charkoff; but the aggregate expense to his majesty under this head, including the revenues applied by him to objects of this nature, and other expences to which he is subject, not coming within the inmediate cognizance of the minister of instruction, is, however, computed at eight millions of rubles annually. Of this latter description are the sums ordered from the royal treasury, to defray the charges of the publication of works of public utility-as M. Reimer's Travels, Antling's Life of Suwarrow, &c. &c. and pensions granted to persons employed in literary pursuits beyond the walls of the universities; as, in the case of counsellor Pospelow, director of the Imperial Loan Bank, who, having undertaken a translation of Tacitus, the emperor, with a view to reward his industry, and excite others to like labours, granted him a pension equal to the salary he had enjoyed from his office.
The Jews have obtained from his majesty a full emancipation, and permission to send their children to any of the pub. lic schools; and, under like tolerance and policy, the Jesuits have been allowed to form establishments at Riga, Astracan, Jaffa, and Odessa,
* The emperor has ordered the revenues of the city of Tschernigow to be appropriated to the erection and maintenance of useful institutions. During the first year, a house was opened for the education of 50 orphans, and another for the instruction of 408 scholars in mechanical arts,
+ The emperor has established commercial schools at Odessa and at Nicolayef, and veterinary schools at Petersburgh, Mos
THE PRISONERS OF BANDITTI, OR THE VAULT OF THE
HITHERTO no violence had been offered to the person of our captive hero, and his thoughts were not
cow, and Lubiny, and has sent six students in surgery to ata tend the veterinary schools at Berlin and Vienna; and six others in sculpture, architecture, painting, and engraving, to Italy and France, to perfect their studies there by the example of the ancient masters. The emperor affords the most liberal encouragement to the arts—the sculptor, the architect, and the painter, find ample employment in constructing or beautifying the imperial palaces; the magnificent church of the Virgin of Casana, and in the other public buildings; and upon all occasions, the Russian artist has a wise and equitable preference.
His majesty has appointed various scientific surveys of his dominions. Dr. Schneegas is employed in a botanical tour of the Russian empire in Asia-Kohler, the antiquarian, accompanied by Kugelgen, landscape painter to the emperor, is exploring the Crimea-Dr. Redowsky, the Caucasus, &c.—Count Mussin Puschkin, with several attendants, the shores of the Caspian Sea-Baron Biberstien, Georgia-General Sprengporten, with M. Carniff in his suit, different parts of the empire-M. Petroff, Siberia, &c. -The members of the scientific society at Warsaw are making surveys of the Carpathian and Cauca. sian mountains, and several noblemen, inspired by the example of their sovereign, are now engaged in useful researches, The courtiers of Alexander the Great, as Appian tells us, gratified the vanity of their prince by imitating even his per