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doubt whether it'is possible so grossly to deceive one whose principal employment has, for thirty years, been the observation of mankind. What she said to me, she both thought and felt; nobody shall ever persuade me of the contrary.

Sincerity and good-nature are legibly inscribed on the countenance of the hereditary prince. Prince Leopold and the two princesses appear to be rather bashful. All of them conversed with me in the German language; which the hereditary prince, in particular, speaks very fluently. The reciprocal behaviour of the children to the mother, and the mother to the children, which I had an opportunity of observing, is so tender, so unaffected, as to inspire the bosom of the stranger with the most agreeable sentiments. It is likewise a commendable trait in the character of the queen, that she is still so strongly attached to her native land. On entering her antichamber you hear nothing but German, and honest German faces every where smile upon you. The queen receives every week from Vienna, a written account of all occurrences remarkable or not in that city. She calls it her chronicle of lies, but has suffered it to be sent for thirty years without countermanding it*.

* The late persecutions of this unfortunate Princess give additional interest to her history. Buonaparte, a few months since, with all the usual acrimony of his hatred, declared that she had ceased to reign. We may, however, trust that the suspension of her regal power is but temporary, and that she will owe the recovery of her throne to the valour of Britons !

CHARACTER OF THE EMPEROR ALEXANDER,

Described in Poetry and in Prose.

Ler Fame no longer boast the Grecian age,
The godlike Ammon, or the Theban sage;
No more o’er Antoninus' ashes mourn,
Or pensive sigh o'er faultless Trajan's urn:
Again they live---for lo! their various worth
Regenerated, owns a nobler birth ;
And join'd with ev'ry grace (fond Heav'n's behest),
United blooms in ALEXANDER's breast.

The soul of great Atrides there we see,
Temper'd by mercy and humanity;
Achilles' ardour, undebas'd by rage,
A Nestor, too, uncumber'd by his age* ;

* Rex Pylius
Exemplum vitæ fuit a cornice secundæ :
Quique novum toties mustum bibit : oro, paruinpèr
Attendas, quantum de legibus ipse queratur
Fatorum, et nimio de stamine, cum videt acris
Antilochi barbam ardentem : nam quærit ab omni,
Quisquis adest, socio, cur hæc in tempora duret :
Quod facinus dignum tam longo admiserit ævo. Juv. Sat. x.
“ Next to the raven's age, the Pylian king
Was longest liv'd of any mortal thing :
Three hundred seasons guzzling must of wine :
But, hold awhile, and hear himself repine
At Fate's unequal laws, and at the clew,
Which, merciless in length, the midmost sister drew:

The prudence which enrich'd Ulysses' mind,
But yoid of guile, and pregnant as the wind ;)
The filial love which grac'd Æneas' course,
And prov'd and honour'd his celestial source ;
Sweetly with kindred virtue there combine,
And with seraphic lustre mildly shine*.

Then bid my numbers deep, majestic flow,
Worthy the greatness of the Prince they shew :
So shall the world his fair example own,
And emulate the virtues of his throne.

As when the sun first bursting into light, With placid smiles, dispels the gloom of night, A gentle fire shines mildly round his head, And rosy blushes the pale clouds o'erspread ; Yet e'er the god his sultry course pursues, He bathes his tresses in ambrosial dewst: So here, bless'd promise of a genial day, A pensive lustre ting'd the rising ray;

When his brave son upon the fun'ral pyre
He saw extended, and his beard on fire,
He turn’d, and weeping, ask'd his friends what crime
Had curs’d his age to that unhappy time? Dryden.

* Πολλων και συνεχων, &c.
Where numerous stars commute their various rays,
And form one vast, yet mild, eitulgent blaze.

+ The rosy finger'd morn appears,
And from her mantle shakes her tears.

Dryden, Alb. and Alban.

ALEXIS' grief empearl'd th' ethereal gleam,
Temper'd its fire, and dignifi'd its beam*.

While thus the son, by gentle nature mov'd,
Mourns o'er the parent whom he fondly lov'dit,
The Monarch's soul a thousand duties share,
Mankind his family !---the world his care !

-Jam Phoebum úrgere monebat
Non idem eoi color ätheris, albaque nondum
Lux rubet, et flammas proprioribus eripit astris.

Lucan. lib. ii.

Now thro' night's shade the early dawning broke,
And changing skies the sun's approach bespoke :
But yet the morn was dressa in dusky white,
Nor purpled o'er the east with ruddy light. Rowe.
+ Summa Deum Pietats ! cujus gratissima celo

Rara profanátàs inspectant numia terras. Stat. Sylv. 3.
Chief of the skies, celestial Piety !
Whose godhead, priz'd by those of heav'nly birth,
Revisits rare these tainted realms of earth. Addison.

# The first acts of Alexander's reign realised the expectations of the world, and exhibited the benevolence of his nature in the most impressive manner. His accession tu the throne was announced early on the 12th March, 1801. On the day fol. lowing, he went to the senate, and restored its authority. He suppressed the state inquisitions which had been guilty of the greatest tyranny and injustice-be gave liberty to the state prisoners arbitrarily confined in the several fortressesmrecalled the exiles-abolished the insulting ordinances about dress, allowing every one to deck his person agreeably to his fancy,

Mercy with sweet enrichment from his mind
Now mounts, seraphic, on the searching wind :
Now through the dungeon's gloomy sorrow breaks ;
Now from the languid limb the fetter shakes :
Now wings her flight o'er cold Siberia's plains,
Cheers the poor exile, and dissolves his chains ;
Inspires new being with Promethean breath,
And sweetly shines amidst the waste of death.

Now through the inquisition's sanguine cell,
(Where jealousy and tyrant faction dwell),
Justice appears, and breaks the mystic spell :
The foul abortion of unreal pow'r,
Engender'd in some curst malignant hour,
Which sapp'd the state it was design'd to rear,
(Injustice ever giving birth to fear);
Felt, as it coarsely on suspicions fed,
A coward gilt still trembling round its head :
While groans

and murder mark'd its fell career, And its vast crimes still blacken'd half the year.

and exonerated the inhabitants of the capital froin the trouble'some duty of alighting from their carriages at the approach of any of the imperial family. He dismissed from office many persons undeserving the stations they filled, and corrected numerous abuses which had crept into the military' as well as the civil department. In short, he did every thing that the most comprehensive judgment, or the most virtuous heart, could suggest. Amongst other ukases which were issued on the day succeeding his accession, was one for reviving and confirming all the regulations of the late ess Catherine for the encouragement of industry and cominerce.

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