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religious meetings, and directs magistrates to dissolve such meetings by force. Every person found guilty of being present at these meetings, is to be punished with fines, imprisonments, &c. • Thus is the Inquisition of Spain trausferred to Protes
tant Switzerland, and the noblest gift of the Reformation, • liberty of public worship, openly violated.'
• And is it in Switzerland,' exclaims Mr. Wilson, Switzerland, the nurse of the Reformation, the country of Zuingle, and Ecolampadius, and Beza; Switzerland, the last refuge of religious liberty in Europe, that this has taken place ? O, who can too strongly express his detestation of such intolerant and unchristian measures.... But so it is. The clergy, when they refuse to accept of Divine grace, have always been the worst of enemies to real spiritual religion. All experience declares this, and especially the history of the sufferings of Christ our Lord.'
The open persecution at Lausanne is not, however, so afAlictive a circumstance as the open denial of the Reformed Faith by the Church of Geneva. Mr. Wilson has devoted a note in reply to the laboured apology for the Pastors, contained in M. Simond's work on Switzerland, who, while he regrets the issuing of the reglement of May, 1817, is disposed to regard it as necessary to preserve the peace of the church. But the real question is,' remarks Mr. W.,' whether any body of
ministers have a right to alter, conceal, or check the full and • fair development of the great truths of Revelation, OR the
plea of preserving peace. We shall probably have occasion to advert again to this subject in our next Number, and mast, therefore, only add, that Mr. Wilson bears his testimony to the existence of much sincere and simple devotion among many individuals at Geneva, notwithstanding the general state of that fallen Church.
Mr. Wilson was much charmed with Lyon, which has been regularly increasing in population and commerce since the peace of 1816. Out of a population of 175,000 souls, five or six thousand are Protestants; yet, they have only one church, and but one service in that church. There is a Bible Society here, but it is not flourishing. The Government now is not
favourable to the Protestants." But this is not so bad a state of things as at Paris, where Mr. Wilson found only one public service on the Sunday, for a population of nearly 30,000 Protestants. In fact, speaking generally, he says, the Sabbath is utterly lost on the Continent: it is no longer the Lord's • day, but the day of the god of this world. When it is spoken of, it is called a féte or holiday, indiscriminately with the Nativity or Assumption of the Virgin Mary. Nay, the
newspapers, the theatres, &c. are actually suspended on Șt. Francis's day, or the Feast of the Virgin, but, on the Sunday, are regularly carried on, and more eagerly followed than ever. The Sunday is, in short, the day for shows, amusements, dissipation, and vicious pleasures of every kind. And what is worse than all, these things are countenanced by Englishmen.
Upon the whole, there is much that is lamentable and affecting, but not a little that is animating, in Mr. Wilson's account of the present state of the Continent. His work has deeply interested us, and we strongly recommend the perusat of it to our readers. We have unavoidably passed over much that is attractive and entertaining in the Author's descriptions of the exquisite scenery through which he travelled, on the banks of the Rhine, and in the recesses of the Alps; the volumes abound too with much valuable information of a general nature. Our object has led us to fix on the graver features of the work, from which we might otherwise have made more amusing selections. It is such travellers as Mr. Wilson, that we would have go forth as the representatives of English Christians : it is with such sentiments and feelings as breathe through these volumes, that we could wish,—were it not a vain hope, -that Englishmen might return. The prejudices against the Protestant doctrine and evangelical truth, which the ill conduct of Englishmen abroad have implanted or confirmed, are, Mr. Wilson says, deplorable. On the other hand, what incalculable good might English travellers diffuse, who should learn from these volumes to connect with their own health and gratification, the promotion of higher objects, and the recommendation of the religion they profess!
Art. X. Warreniana ; with Notes, critical and explanatory, by the
Editor of a Quarterly Review. f.cap 8vo. London, 1824.
and if we cannot have one without the other, must forego the human prerogative of laughter altogether. If our readers are of the same opinion, they will not waste their money on this book, which is only the old joke of travestie over again. In the “ Rejected Addresses,” it was amusing enough; but it is now stale and quite unprofitable. The subject of the poems is Warren's Blacking, and of course the wit is only a thin sein, running through a thick stratum of absurdity. The mine does not pay for the working.
2 N 2
Art. XI. 1. The Tract Magazine, or Christian Miscellany. Nos. I to
4. 12.no Price ld. London 1824. 2. The Gospel Tract Society Nos. 1 to 10. 12mo. Price ld. eaclı,
or 4s. per hundred. London, 1823, 4. 3. The Teacher's Offering, or Sunday School Monthly Visitor.
Edited by the Rev. John Campbell. No. XVI. April, 1824.
Price Id. 4. The Children's Friend. Edited by the Rev. W. Carus Wilson,
A.M. Vicar of Tunstall. No. IV. April, 1827. l'rice Id. 5. The Child's Companion, or Sunday Scholar's Reward. No. IV.
Price 1d. (Frinted for the Religious Tract Society.) 6. The Child's Magazine. Edited by Mrs. Sherwood. No. IV.
32mo. Price ld. THE present generation certainly bids fair to be penny
wise :' we hope there is no danger of its turning out ' pound foolish.'. The prodigious improvements made in the moral machinery of society, the diffusion of education among all classes by means of Sunday Schools, and the consequent over-stimulated activity of the press,-cannot be more strikingly shewn than by the inultiplication of publications like these. We might have added to the list, three-penny and four-penny periodicals almost without end. We cannot but rejoice in the immense increase of that class of readers among whom such works find purchasers and readers. Knowledge cannot be made too cheap: we entertain no jealousies respecting its widest and most unrestricted diffusion. Whatever evils can arise from kuowledge, find in knowledge their only antidote. If the element becomes vitiated, it is only through being compressed and confined : give it vent, and it will become pure. Religion, objectively considered, (to use a favourite phrase with our old divines,) is itself only knowledge of the highest kind, and knowledge homogeneous with every other kind. But though we are not jealous of the diffusion of knowledge, we may have reason to watch with some solicitude, the chan. nels by which it fiuds its way to the mind, -the tunnels and pipes by which it is distributed. Are not we Reviewers constituted by public consent, commissioners for watching, paving, and lighting as it were the high road to knowledge? Here is, however, a new case for which the Act does not provide,-a modern improvement, sprung up like the Gas lights, which seems to bid defiance to our vigilance, and to evade onr coguizance altogether. bis Penny, and Two-penny literature, this small retail of knowledge by the stick and the poitle, does
477 not bring the dealer under the denomination of regular traders and shop-keepers; and we know not how to proceed against them in case of misbehaviour, unless we can swear to them as a nuisance, or indite them under the Vagrant act. Some of these parties write great names over their stalls, as if in defiance of the beadle or magistrate. Thus, cne penny magazine puts up the popular name of Mrs. Sherwoud ; another, that of a much esteemed clergyman ; a third, that of John Campbell, whose book about Africa every one has read; and a fourth, that of the Religious Tract Society. Why, who would enter the lists with the whole Tract Society ? "And then, just in front of their stall, here is Dr. Hawker opening an opposition • Gospel Tract Society,'-a sly intimation that the Tract Society do not deserve that appellation, do not favour, by their publications, the gospel according to Dr. Hawker. It begins, surely, to be time that these matters were looked into, and that neither hawkers, nor pedlars, nor 'tract companies, should be suffered to trade without a licence.
One word with regard to the Tract Society, whose apparent invasion of the province of the Trade has subjected then, it seems, to some severe animadversions. It may be thought high fresumption in us, to offer any objection to plans re
peatedly discussed and fully considered ; but, without casting the slightest imputation on the motives of the Committee, we must express our regret that a measure, not unanimously approved by their own body, and involving the Society in all the responsibilities of authorship,-a measure, too, which has so invidious and trading a character,--should have been engaged in. The very tone of apology which the Committee have found it needful to adopt, proves that the step was an unwise one, The apology for the Tract Magazine, is, that nearly all the religious societies of any magnitude publish some periodical account of their proceedings. But out of twelve pages in each of the last three numbers, three only relate to the proceedings of the Tract Society, and many of the extracts are not of very high importance. We should have imagined that if quarterly extracts were thought necessary, it would have been better to lay the charge of a penny upon them. Other religions societies publish reports of their proceedings and extracts from correspondence; but, with the exception of the Home Missionary Society, we recollect no other that has had the indiscretion to commit itself by a iniscellaneous magazine. The Missionary Register, connected with the Church Missionary Society, is strictly confined to articles of intelligence. The London Missionary Society is by no means responsible for the Evangelical Magazine. But, in the present instance, we have
the Tract Society-one of the most useful and efficient of our popular religious institutions--identifying itself with a “ Christian Miscellany,” conducted by an anonymous Editor, unsactioned by the names of its proper Officers, who ought to be responsible for its contents, and, in the style and character of its composition, far below some of the rival pennyworths. In the last Number, we open upon the following remarks on the heart.'
. The difficulty' (of reconciling the phrase pure in heart with the doctrine of human depravity) . perhaps consists in our misapprehension of the word heart : it is not unusual to confound it with the affections or feelings, desires or wishes, which indeed more or less influence, but are distinct from, the heart itself. The heart in man is his will or purpose.'
Is this a style of writing adapted to the readers of tracts ? Is an Institution like the Tract Society to lend its sanctiou to the publication of crudities like this? The statement is as incorrect as it is muddy: the heart does mean the affections, both in Scripture and out of it, and to affirin the contrary can serye ouly to perplex a simple reader. Then for poetry, in the same Number, we have the dying Christian,' to the metre – we hope not the tune-of “ Poor Mary Anne.” • When the spark of life is waning,
Weep not for me ;
Weep not for me,' &c. The “ Child's Companion" appears to be conducted in much better taste. With less of an official air about it, it is more worthy of the Society. But still we doubt the expediency of a general society like the one in question, entering the lists of authorship, and deviating so widely from its original plan, in order to cater to the passion for novelty. The character of the Society must greatly depend on the respectability of its publications. We have long regretted that these are not umformly the best of their kind, either in style or matter. It is not a tract's being issued from No. 56, Paternoster Row, that will give it currency, if proper measures are not taken to secure the Institution against being outvied by private speculators in the quality of their articles.
We find that we have not room to notice Dr. Hawker-but he deserves an article for himself.