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according action administration advantage affairs alarm alliance allies already appears Argive Argos arms army arrived assembly assistance Athenian Athens attack attempt Attica authority battle became body Brasidas called carried circumstances Cleon coast command common commonwealth conduct confederacy connection consequence Corinthians democratical Demosthenes desired determined directed effect enemy engaged equally expected favour fleet followed force formed garrison gave give Grecian Greece Greeks heavy-armed held hostilities hundred immediately important interest island joined king Lacedæmon Lacedæmonian land less marched means measures numbers object occasion offered opportunity orders party passed peace Peloponnesian Peloponnesus Pericles Persian political port possession prepared present principal prisoners proposed protection received remained republics rest restored returned seems sent ships side situation strength subjection success superior taken territory thousand Thrace Thucyd Thucydides took town treaty triremes troops whole
Page 331 - Of depth immeasurable: anon they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood Of flutes and soft recorders: such as raised To height of noblest temper heroes old Arming to battle, and instead of rage Deliberate valour breath'd. firm and unmoved With dread of death to flight or foul retreat: Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage With solemn touches, troubled thoughts, and chase Anguish, and doubt, and fear, and sorrow, and pain, From mortal or immortal minds.
Page 162 - Lacedaemonian commissioners as the ground of their proceeding, he seems rather to have stated the arguments publicly circulated by the friends of the several parties. It appears to have been very generally held among the Greeks of that age, that men were bound by no duties to each other without some express compact. The property of foreigners might be any where seized, and themselves reduced to slavery, or even put to death, without the breach of any human law ; and not only without the breach of...
Page 96 - The fear of the divine power, says Thucydides, ceased ; for it was observed that to worship or not to worship the gods, to obey or not to obey those laws of morality which have always been held most sacred among men, availed nothing. All died alike ; or, if there was a difference, the virtuous, the charitable, the generous, exposing themselves beyond others, were the first and the surest to suffer.
Page 192 - CEniadse, and thence to their several homes ; and soon after they concluded a treaty of alliance offensive and defensive for a hundred years with the Ambraciots, including in it the Amphilochians ; with a condition, judiciously added, that neither the Ambraciots should be bound to act offensively with the Acarnanians against the Peloponnesians, nor the Acarnanians with the Ambraciots against the Athenians: and the...
Page 106 - Saxe, is the resource of ignorant generals: when they know not what to do, they fight a battle. It was almost universally the resource of the age of Pericles: little conception was entertained of military operations, beyond ravage and a battle. His genius led him to a superior system, which the wealth of his country enabled him to carry into practice. His favourite maxim was to spare the lives of his soldiers; and scarcely any general ever gained so many important advantages with so little bloodshed.
Page 300 - Lacedasmon, like other Grecian states, had its factions ; and there was now an opposition, if we may use a modern term perfectly apposite, not only adverse to the peace, but holding constant correspondence with the Corinthians, Boeotians, and other seceders from the confederacy. The political power of the kings, which should have given stability to the measures of executive government, was nearly annihilated; while the ephors, in the name of the people, had been gradually acquiring, to their own...
Page 44 - These injuries are in a great measure to be imputed to you. 214. " After the Persian war, you permitted the Athenians to fortify their city; then to build their long walls; and still you have continued to look on (though boasting to be vindicators of the freedom of Greece), while they have deprived of freedom not only their own, but our confederates. Is this a time to inquire whether we have been injured? No; rather, how we shall repel the injury. The Persians, we know, came from the farthest parts...
Page 347 - ... of philosophy and the fine arts; where Pericles had spoken and ruled, where Thucydides was then writing, where Socrates was then teaching, where Xenophon and Plato and Isocrates were receiving their education, and where the paintings of Parrhasius and Zeuxis, the sculpture of Pheidias and Praxiteles, the architecture of Callicrates and Ictinus, and the sublime and chaste dramas of Sophocles and Euripides formed the delight of the people.
Page 4 - Axiochus ; for her celebrity has preserved her father's name. With uncommon beauty were joined in Aspasia still more uncommon talents ; and, with a mind the most cultivated, manners so decent that, in her more advanced years, not only Socrates professed to have learned eloquence from her, but, as Plutarch relates, the ladies of Athens used to accompany their husbands to her house for the instruction of her conversation. Pericles became her passionate admirer, and she attached herself to him during...