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order to it, as the natural Lusts and Inclinations of the Body, or those that result much from it ; as the Passions prevail upon the Judgment or Reason, either by their Violence, or want of due Vigilance and Severity in the Soul in its Administration ; or if the Reason and Judgment do neglect or cross the Commands of God, or make not use of the Divine Directions to assist and guide her in her Administration, this is Sin, and presently brings Confusion, and Disorder, and Discomposure in the whole Man, and makes it unserviceable for the Ends to which it was ordained.
OF SELF.DENIA L.
1. G OD Almighty hath substituted the Soul of Man
LI as his Deputy or Vicegerent in that Province which is committed to him, and expects an Account from the Soul at his return, or sooner, how he hath managed that Province or petty Dominion committed to him.
2. The Province, or Territory committed to the management of the Soul, are his Body, and those Affections and Inclinations incident to it; and the Place, Condition, Relation, Abilities, and Opportunities put into his hand by Providence and Divine Dispensation, together with that Body in this World.
3. The end of this Substitution of the Soul in this Province is, First the Improvement of the Revenue of this Principle, viz. The Glory of his Name. Secondly, The improvement of the perfe&ion and advantage of the Soul, the perfecting of the Soul thereby in a Conformity to his Master's will, and fitting of it self and the Body with it for a more noble and divine Condition and Imployment.
4. The Breach of that T:ust committed to the Soul, consists either in the want of that due Improvement of the
Tech, atands and Process Defection of i, viz. Eithit: princi
Province committed to the Soul's Vicegerency, according to the Advantages that it hach ; ( which is the Case of the unprofitable Servant, that did not mis-imploy his Talent, but did not improve it to his Master's Advantage :) or, which is worse, Mil-government and Mis-imployment of the Province committed to its. Charge, to the disadvantage of the Soveraign, and it felf.
5. The Mis-government of our Province confifts principally in one of these particulars : viz. Either in the Original and Primary Defe&tion of the Soul it self in its Commands and Proceedings, whereby it Studieth, Practiseth, and Commands Originally and Primarily against its Principal; and this is Devilish : or, Secondly, in the want of Exercise in a due Superintendency over its Province, whereby the Subjects, which should be under its Rule and Superintendency, are not kept in their due Subjection neither to the Vicegerent nor to the Soveraign; bue rebel, and by their Rebellion either wholly cast off their Vicegerent and Soveraign together, or by degrees draw over the Vicegerent or Deputy to their Defection..
6. The great Engines of this Defe&tion are the Corrupt Ina clinations of the sensual Appetite, Lusts and Pallions of the Body, and especially those which are the great Favourites, and most powerful in respect of their Congruity to the Natural Inclinations and Temper, or rather Distemper of the Body; or those Temptations which the World offers, especially such as are most incident to the Place, Station, Relation, or Condition wherein we stand in the World. The former come under the name of the Lufts of the Flesh : the latter under the name of the Lusts of the Eye, and Pride of Life. :7. Those Lusts and Temptations are the instruments in the hand of Satan, either by Sollicitation to corrupt, or by Power to oppose the Vicegerency of the Soul under God, and to bring it over by Allurements or Force, to a Defection from him, and in both ways fight against the Soveraignty of God, and consequently his Glory ; and against the Perfection of the Soul, and consequently its Happiness.
oung Manels anan old,
8. Those Lusts are of greatest Power, that have the greats est dearness to the Body, either in respect of Age, Complexion, Inclination, Condition, or Stacioni ; and therefore of greatest Danger to the Soul, and fight against it with greatest Advantage : In a young Man, or a Itrong sanguine Complexion, Luxury, Wantonness and Uncleanness are most ordinarily most prevalent; In an old, or Melancholy Man, Covetousness; In a middle Aged or Cholerick Man, Anger, Ambition, Violence; In a Rich or Powerful Man, Oppression, Disdain, Pride ; In a Poor Man, Discontent, Rapine. And there is scarce any Man, but hath some Beloved Luft or Sin, that he will be content to sell all the rest of his Lufts for the enjoyment of that : Tempt him to a Lust not suitable to his Complexion, Age or Condition, he will easily reject it; but if it be a Luft suitable to his Age, Complexion, or Condition, he will hardly, or with difficulty enough refuse it.
9. As every Lust suitable to our Age, Complexion, or Condition, is of greatest Power, and consequently of greatest Danger; so every such Luft once entertained in Practice, becomes of greater Strength, and consequently of greater Danger than before; and this upon a double Reason: First, Because the Soul is made the weaker, and more emasculated by the reception and entertainment of a Lust: then it is like amill'a pudicitia, which is the likelier to make a Prostitute: Sense of Reputation is a great matter to keep Innocence, but a loft Reputation makes way for a further degree of Guilt. Again, the Soul by admittance and entertainment of Lust, gains a kind of Intimacy and Dearness with the Luft, and admits it with less difficulty a second iime, because it is. now become an acquaintance. And lastly, Every Sin causeth a withdrawing of Divine Assistance from the Soul, and an estranging of the Soul from it, a kind of Thameful absenting of the Soul from God; and so as it Joseth its strength, it losech its confidence of address for 1; which every Man's Experience will tell himn. Secondly, On the part of Luft, it is made more bold, and .
confident, and adventuring, than it was before it was entertained : It was then more modest and bashful, because it knew nor how it should be entertained ; but now it grows confident and imperious.
10. When Luft hath gotten the Victory in the Soul, it either makes the Soul, which is God's Vicegerent, his Vaffal, or his Prisoner ; either the Soul becomes Servant and Vassal to Sin, or at best it is led away Captive by it: And in both cases, God is dethroned, the Soul imbased, and Lust gets the Empire and Dominion ; and the Soul hath either broken his Trust with God, or not performed it as it should : The Province committed to his management loft, the Government abused, the Soveraign injured, and the Vicegerent is either become a Rebel, or at best a Prisoner, by his own default.
11. The Means of Prevention of this Inversion of the Order secled by the great Soveraign, is; First, That the Deputy take due notice of his Instructions ; for he is not placed in that Province without his Rules of Government which his Soveraign hath delivered him. Secondly, That he be very Vigilant over the secret Confederacies, Motions, and Risings of Lust against those Instructions; for Luft is busie, troublesome and active, and studies and watcheth all opportunities of Defection. Thirdly, That be keep his Authority with Resolution and Courage ; for Lust, if it be worthy the name of a Subject, it is a petulant and sawcy, but yet a slavish base-minded Subject; a litele countenance will make it infolent, and a severe hand over it will make it servile; and especially, that this severity be held over those Lusts that have or pretend to the greatest interest in the Age, Complexion, Disposition, Qualicy, Station, or Condition of the Province; for as they have the greatest opportunities to do mischief, so they will soonelt grow infolent. '
12. Though a slight and gentle superintendency over Luit will teach it to command, yet under a severe and rigid Government the most it will adventure upon, will be to ask admiilion : and upon such Addresses the Duty of this Deputy is to be so far from giving adınifsion to it, that it ought not to Complement, or Treat, or hold Conference or Debate with it, but flatly deny it: As a severe Deportment of the Soul must keep Lust from commanding, so it must check and discountenance it in asking; the holding of conference and debate, and reasoning with any Lust, is but a preparatory to its admission; and gives but the more Confidence, Boldness, Importunity and hope of success to it. Eve's reasoning with the Serpent was the first breach of her Innocency : Lust must not be mannerly treated withal, but flatly denied. This is that great Doctrine of Self-Denial which the New Teftament fo folemnly enjoyns : for though in truth, our Lufts are not our felves, yet those that grow out of our natural Constitution or Condition, are next to our selves, and by mistake we are apt to esteem them our Eyes; our Hands, our Selves.
12. This kind of dealing with Lufts and Temptations will in a little tine dis-acquaint the Soul with them, and make the Soul and them ftrangers one to another. It is easily seen that those things which a Man useth himself unto, so that they seem to become another nature, yet some desuetude from them do evidence to him, that they are not so necessary Aparam nobis ,
insuavem virtutunt and unseparable as he once thought
viam nimic facit them: A Man that hath accultomed vitiorum Consuetur; himself to vain Swearing, so that he do, quæ si in parteni can scarce speak a sentence without na Cank Cantence without alteram transfers.
tur, invenietur (lie an Oath, and when he is told of it,
cut Scriptura dicit) profefseth he cannot help it, yet lec 'Semita Juftitiæ le'a him resolvedly break the custom of it, nis. S. Hier. Ep. he will not find that he misseth that 14 unhappy Rhetorick in his discourse; the like is easily seen in Drinking, Gaming, Wantonness, and those other Sins that are precious and dear to a Man in his custom and use of them; by a little resolute disuse of them, he will soon find he doch not miss them; he can easily spare them, and be without them: nay, he finds as great an inconvenience and burdensomenefs to re-assume them, as before to leave them. And besides the Reasons before