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advantages affection ancient appears Appian arise arts Athenaeus Athenians Athens authority banished barbarous beauty beget causes Cicero citizens civil Columella commerce common commonly Comte de Boulainvilliers constitution Demosthenes Diodorus Siculus eloquence employed ESSAY established esteemed expence factions favourable foreign former free government Gaul genius give gold and silver greater Greece Greeks happiness increase industry inhabitants interest Italy kind kingdom labour laws liberty magistrates mankind manners maxim ment mind modern monarchy nation neighbouring never object observe opinion orator Ovid particular party passion perfection perhaps person philosophical pleasure Plutarch political Polybius possessed present prince principles reason refinement regard render republic riches Roman Rome says scarcely seems senate sentiments slavery slaves society sovereign Sparta species Strabo supposed Tacitus taste taxes Thucydides tion trade violent virtue whole Xenophon
Page 563 - I am apt to suspect the negroes and in general all the other species of men (for there are four or five different kinds) to be naturally inferior to the whites. There never was a civilized nation of any other complexion than white, nor even any individual eminent either in action or speculation. No ingenious manufactures amongst them, no arts, no sciences.
Page 334 - What nation could then dispute with us in any foreign market, or pretend to navigate or to sell manufactures at the same price, which to us would afford sufficient profit? In how little time, therefore, must this bring back the money which we had lost, and raise us to the level of all the neighbouring nations?
Page 249 - Beauty is no quality in things themselves: It exists merely in the mind which contemplates them; and each mind perceives a different beauty.
Page 293 - Thus industry, knowledge, and humanity, are linked together by an indissoluble chain, and are found, from experience as well as reason, to be peculiar to the more polished, and, what are commonly denominated, the more .luxurious ages.
Page 291 - ... men are kept in perpetual occupation, and enjoy, as their reward, the occupation itself, as well as those pleasures which are the fruit of their labour. The mind acquires new vigour ; enlarges its powers and faculties ; and by an assiduity in honest industry, both satisfies its natural appetites, and prevents the growth of unnatural ones, which commonly spring up when nourished by ease and idleness.
Page 285 - Every person, if possible, ought to enjoy the fruits of his labour, in a full possession of all the necessaries, and many of the conveniencies of life. No one can doubt, but such an equality is most suitable to human nature, and diminishes much less from the happiness of the rich than it adds to that of the poor.
Page 334 - BRITAIN to be annihilated in one night, and the nation reduced to the same condition, with regard to specie, as in the reigns of the HARRYS and EDWARDS, what would be the consequence? Must not the price of all labour and commodities sink in proportion, and everything be sold as cheap as they were in those ages? What nation could then dispute with us in any foreign market, or pretend to navigate or to sell manufactures at the same price, which to us would afford sufficient profit?
Page 242 - Every voice is united in applauding elegance, propriety, simplicity, spirit in writing; and in blaming fustian, affectation, coldness, and a false brilliancy. But when critics come to particulars, this seeming unanimity vanishes ; and it is found, that they had affixed a very different meaning to their expressions.
Page 199 - How oft, when press'd to marriage, have I said, Curse on all laws but those which love has made! Love, free as air, at sight of human ties, Spreads his light wings, and in a moment flies...