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designed to advance his own glory, suppose, call " anti-governmental." and to promote the happiness of his During this period, or at least the creature man.
greater part of it, war was consi
dered as antichristian ; but when
Christians, under Constantine and
of worldly power and dominion,
Christianity became debased by being 29th June, 1821.
blended with state policy; and the
monster War, instead of concealing Dear Sir,
nis hideous form, stalked triumphant,
under the banner of the Cross, among I ADMIRE your principles and mo
the Christian churches, mingling met tives ; but still say, Make us Christians; and as that succeeds, it will, Such has been, with a few almost
even with their devotional forms. it must embrace the good which solitary exceptions, the general state your Society makes an individual ob- of the Christian church for the last ject. It strikes me, you might as fifteen centuries..
dak well have a Society for the beneficial
Our Correspondent says, “ the sway of other Christian virtuesso
Christian will not draw the sword;" briety, honesty, chastity, &c. as the Pagans had their "gods many." I
we might ask him, Which of the
Christian Missionary Societies inculam still, my dear Sir, unconvinced
cate of the necessity of your isolated aims, With the exception of the Moravians
act upon this principle ? and deem them (I may be wrong)
we know of none. And if this “ Chris. Te supererogatory. The endeavours to make mankind Christians are power- sionaries cannot propagate it among tian duty" is not embraced, Mis
SPOR ful and extensive : never so much so
the Heathen, and their labours must in any previous period of the world, fall short of producing Christians and I do trust the Almighty favours who “ will not draw the sword,” the good design; and I cannot but view it, since I reflected on it, in this hatred to war, and the love of peace."
must fall short of exciting " the simple light, that as those enlarged Are then those friends of Christianity and universal measures prosper, the
who endeavour to purify it from the hatred to War, and the love of l'eace, must of consequence attend corrupt practices that have crept in it. The Christian will not draw the during the long night of apostasy, to
be accused of works of supererosword.
There is no Christian, no moral
community, but condemns intem
perance, dishonesty, and unchastity, 27th August, 1821.
as private vices; no government,' to
the laws of which the two latter Having received the above Cor- vices at least are not amenable. But respondence for insertion in our Work, when the Christian virtues are tramthe remarks in the last Letter call pled upon, and vice encouraged under for some notice. About 1800 years the sanction of human laws, we shall have elapsed since the first promul. not be deterred, by the fear of man, gation of Christianity; for the first from deprecating conduct that must three centuries, when it approximated bring down upon us the Divine disthe nearest to the apostolic faith and pleasure. Is not War the parent of practice, it was placed in that re
every crime? Who would seek the lative situation to the ruling powers ensanguined plain or the sacked town which our Correspondent would. we for the virtues-sobriety, honesty
chastity, &c.'? Yet War, which sanc two great classes or states, distintions every crime, and sacrifices at guished in the Holy Scriptures, by its shrine every Christian virtue, finds the terms carnal and spiritual. Each advocates among the majority of pro- of these states has its distinguishing fessing Christians. When our Cor- marks. The rule for ascertaining the respondent says, “ Make us Chris- members of each was laid down by tians, and as that succeeds, it will, our Lord himself, when he said, it must embrace the good which 'Every tree is known by its own your Society makes an individual fruit, for of thorns men do not gather [specific] object," he says true, if by figs, nor of a bramble-bush gather Christians he intended apostolical they grapes.' Christians. And what is the specific These are the marks by which the object of the Peace Society ? To call members of the carnal state may be Christians to the renunciation of a known. Their supreme delight seems practice which is one of the greatest to be in the objects of sense ; they stains upon the present professors of are pleasing and gratifying themthe Christian name : in short, to selves solely with the material world, "make us Christians" in reality, and and idolizing the powers and faculnot in theory only, and then, but not ties which they possess as rational till then, wherever Christian Mis- creatures ; they refuse to believe in sionaries spread the Gospel of peace what cannot be made plain to their and salvation among the Heathen, natural capacities, and in the pride it will be proclaimed “ the Chris of their hearts, even sit in judgment tian cannot draw the sword.”.
upon the operations of Infinite WisWe are, equally with our Cor dom. The carnally-minded are busy respondent, friendly to “ the endea in doing their own wills; and, desvours to make mankind Christians," pising the lowly appearance of the and therefore invite him to co-operate Spirit of Christ as inwardly maniwith us in our “ endeavours to make fested, they are in a great measure mankind Christians" at home, as the left to themselves; their foolish hearts most effectual means of ensuring the become darkened, and they have no Divine blessing on our Missionary more conception of the things which labours abroad. Whatever be his de- belong to the spiritual kingdom, termination, ours is fixed, and while than a man born blind has of colours. we have a tongue to speak, and a They become estranged from the pen to write, we shall, with the source of love, then hardened, and Divine aid, not cease to expose in some at length persecutors. They the teeth of a jarring world, War in are servants of a power which has all its forms as a desolating scourge, always been opposed to the happian antichristian abomination, which ness of man, and being out of the will be swept away from the face of Divine harmony which reigns among the earth by Him out of whose mouth the subjects of the spiritual kinggoeth a sharp sword with which he dom, they produce confusion and will smite the nations, and establish misery throughout the creation of his own everlasting kingdom of peace God. They are every moment liable and righteousness.
to be carried away by the whirlwind
of their passions; they will bear noBrief Remarks upon the Carnal and thing, will suffer nothing. When Spiritual Nature of Man.
strongly excited by pride and revenge, [An Extract.]
they become 'hateful, and hating one As man, in his natural and fallen another;' and no wonder, if such state, is prone to evil, and can only are the advocates and instruments be redeemed from it by the operation of War- an evil, which, whether we of the Spirit of Christ, so there are consider the mischief that it brings
Here is a career of
upon mankind, or
the malevolent the things he possessed as his own, feelings which it excites, must be but they had all in common the admitted to stand foremost in the selfish principle was overcome, and catalogue of those calamities which pure benevolence supplied its place. the unrestrained passions of men inflict on their fellow-creatures. Let us now turn to that state,
Testimony of the Trustees of a which is opposite to the carnal state :
Popular Seminary. this is known by its fruits, but they At a late semi-annual examination are of a very different descrip- of the students of the Raleigh Acation. · The fruit of the Spirit is love, demy, in North Carolina, Gen. Calvin joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, Jones, according to appointment of goodness, faith, meekness, temper- the Trustees, declared the honorary ance.' Again, ' The fruit of the Spirit distinctions which had been awarded, is in all goodness, and righteousness, and delivered an address to the stuand truth. These good fruits can dents. From this Address the folonly be produced by those who are lowing extract is made; and it is in the spiritual state, which is to be offered as an example worthy the attained by co-operating with the imitation of all individuals and bodies Spirit of Christ, a measure of which of men, who are fashioning the minds is imparted to every rational Being. and forming the principles of the
True religion alone can inspire with rising generation. true benevolence. When the loveof God “ I have ventured to stimulate has taken possession of the heart, we your ambition. But take care that cannot but love all that he has made. it is directed to proper objects. MiliWe love our fellow-men, of all na- tary fame has many dazzling attractions, as the children of our common tions to captivate the affections of Father, and, appreciating the value the young and ardent. The poems of their everlasting concerns, are of Homer, by the splendour they willing to spend and be spent to do have thrown round human butchery, them good. Our eyes being opened are believed to have had a mischieto the vast interests of eternity, we vous effect on the peace of nations shudder for those who are on the and the happiness of mankind. In brink of destruction, and rush to the present civilized and improved their assistance. Love is so emi- age of the world a new and higher neatly a fruit of the Spirit, that the species of glory is offered to the apostle John says, ' He that dwelleth grasp of ambition. It is that of conin love, dwelleth in God, and God in ferring benefits upon mankind, inhim.' Our Lord declares it to be a stead of plotting and effectuating distinguishing mark of his followers; their destruction. It is in rendering * By this shall all men know that rivers navigable, cutting canals, you are my disciples, if ye love one founding schools and colleges, cul. another.” Under the influence of this tivating science and the arts, and love, which is one of the strongest improving agriculture and all the marks of being in the spiritual state, means that sustain and embellish we cannot think evil of, much less life. It is in carrying the lights of injure one another; and so powerful civilization and the humanizing and was its effect, when the Holy Spirit consoling influence of religion into was poured forth upon the disciples the benighted and savage regions of on the day of pentecost, that they the earth, and in cherishing every were bound together as one man in where principles and practices of bethe precious feeling of union with nevolence and peace among our the Divine Being, and with each fellow-men. other in him, that no one considered glory in which all are qualified to
run, and where many may obtain thousands of sheaves to the garner the prize. No compunctive visitings of the grave! And what a scene will of conscience ever disturb the sleep it be again, when the trump of the of this hero. His steps to fame are archangel shall awake the sleepers not in the blood that has filled na that repose beneath its clods, and tions with' misery, and that has the mighty armies that day annihidrawn down upon his head the hea- lated, shall start up to life upon the ven-heard denunciations of widows plain on which they fell ! and orphans. No! He has the con I never heard a sermon so impresscious satisfaction of reflecting that sive as the silence that reigned around he has performed a great duty, that me on the field of Waterloo. I could he has contributed to diffuse widely not but connect a contemplation of the streams of human happiness; their everlasting destinies with a reand the blessings of mankind and membrance of the thousands of dead the approbation of Heaven are his upon whose dust I trod. The Eterreward."
nity that seemed to open there upon Several circumstances concur to my view, peopled with the spirits of render the foregoing address worthy the slain, was an awful scene. The of attention. Its object was bene- bitterness of dying on the field of ficent, the sentiments are humane battle the widows' cries, the orand patriotic, and the speaker was phans' tears--the agonies of survivwell acquainted with the “ dazzling ing friendship-were all forgotten. . attractions of military fame.” He I only saw the immortal soul hurhad been, we believe, the first in ried unprepared, and perhaps blasrank among the generals of North pheming, into the presence of its Carolina. A warning and exhorta- God! I shuddered at the contemplation from such a source must pro- tion, and felt how deadly a scourge, bably have made durable impres- how bitter a curse, is War! sions on the minds of the pupils. Amid the repose which mankind The example of this gentleman is once more enjoy, let it be the care worthy to be imitated by all who of England to cultivate the arts of have any concern in directing the peace. Let her pour the balm of the minds of young people. It is by the Gospel into the wounds of bleeding influence of education that children nations. Let her plant the Tree of are transformed into warriors, pri- Life in every soil, that suffering kingvateersmen, pirates, robbers, and doms may repose beneath her shade, murderers. A proper change in the and feel the virtue of its healing modes of education will produce op- leaves, till all the kindreds of the posite results. Let the rising gene- human family shall be bound togeration be properly instructed; then ther in one common bond of amity War and violence, with all their and love, and the warrior shall be a
dazzling attractions,” will be to character unknown but in the page them objects of horror, rather than of history. admiration.
Fenelon's Plan for preserving Peace. The Field of Waterloo.
“ But am I obliged, said Idome(From Raffles's Tour on the Continent.]
neus, to submit to an Umpire ? Am The field of Waterloo is now rich I not a sovereign prince ? And is a in waving corn, ripening for the sovereign to leave the extent of his sickle of the husbandman. What a dominions to the decision of foreignscene must it have been when Death ers?” was the reaper, and gathered his “ If you resolve to keep the lands
in question," answered Mentor, "you dience, yet the greatest deference must suppose that your claim to thein should be paid to them. He does is good : if the Sibarites insist upon not pronounce sentence like a judge a restoration, they must on their part from whose authority there is no suppose their right to be incontese appeal; but proposes expedients,table. Your opinions being thus op- and by his advice the parties make posite, the difference must either be mutual concessions for the preservaaccommodated by an umpire mu tion of peace."-- Adventures of Teletually chosen, or decided by force machus, book 23. of arms ;-there is no medium. If
Such was the project of the amiable you
should enter a country inhabited Fenelon, for preventing war, and by people who had neither judge such the advice which he gave to a nor magistrate, and among
young prince. That these sentiments every family assumed a right of de- are the dictates of benevolence, few termining their differences with a will deny. To say that it is imposneighbouring family by violence, sible for rulers to carry such a plan would you not deplore their mis- into effect, is to represent them as fortunes, and think with horror of the most ignorant or most depraved the dreadful confusion which must of the human race. Nothing but the arise from every man's being armed will not or the depravity of those in against his fellow ?-Is not justice power, can, with any reason, be yet more sacred and inviolable as an urged as an obstacle to the adjustattribute of kings, when it has whole ment of national disputes by an nations for its object, than as a pri- Umpire. As soon, therefore, as the vate virtue in an individual, when it nations of Christendom shall be relates only to a ploughed field ? Is blessed with good rulers, some me. he a villain and a robber who seizes thod of this amicable nature will be only a few acres; and is he just, is adopted to prevent the calamities of
a hero, who wrests whole pro- War. And so long as the appeal is vinces from their possessor? If men inade to deadly combat, it may justly are subject to prejudice, partiality, be inferred that deluded or unprinand error, with respect to the trifling cipled men have the management of concerns of private property, is it public affairs. probable that they should be less
“ Should, however, any question influenced by such motives in affairs arise, where principle and not pasof state ? Should we rely upon our
sion is involved, there can be no own judgment where it is most likely objection, in a just government, to to be biassed by passion ? And should submit it to the decision of an indenut error be most dreaded where its pendent tribunal.-If the object of consequences will be most fatal ?
a national claim is sincerely justice, “ The mistake of a prince with friendly discussion and the mediarespect to his own pretensions is the tion of a third power are the natural cause of ravage, famine, and mas- modes of promoting it. As long as sacres — of incalculable loss to the these can avail, no nation that has present generation, and of such der been sufficiently enlightened to abopravation of manners as may extend lish the trial by judicial combat in calamity to the end of time. If he the litigation of individuals, cap offer leaves his differences to arbitration; an apology for resorting to arms in he shows himself candid, equitable, its own cause." * and dispassionate ; he states the reasons upon which his claim is founded; that Umpire is an amicable * See the late Address of the Honourable mediator. Though his determina- Andrew Ritchie to the Massachusetts Peace
Society, p. 13. tions do not compel implicit obe