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plea of vengeance. But, however it Love to God. In it, the nature of may be considered in the light of that divine principle is explained, humanity, in a view to history the the motives to it insisted upon, and ancient practice had considerably the the way in which it operates forcibly advantage. The indecisiveness of pointed out. battles, the formalities of encounter, The grand and influential printhe multitude of fortified places that ciples, which ought to excite us to retard the course of victory, and the the active an constant pursuit of intricacy and multiplicity of views religious and moral duty, are preand negociations, render the detail sented to us in the seventh section. so dull and heavy, that, contradictory The following passage, though of as it may appear, the most active general application, is so well suited parts of modern history are gene- for the guidance and encouragement rally the least interesting and event- of the Friends of Peace, in their beful. By the rapidity of ancient battles, nevolent but arduous undertaking, we are so hurried along, as to lose that we should feel ourselves culthe idea of their inhumanity and pable in withholding it from our fatal effects : by the coldness and readers :deliberation of modern warfare, we “ Finally, if we would be helpers gain time to reflect on its deformity. in promoting the kingdom of heaven By the sudden and mighty conse- and righteousness on earth, we must, quences of ancient victories, the in all our words and actions, conattention is solemnly fixed on the stantly keep in view the glory of progress and issue of every contest; God. Whether ye eat or drink, or but the balance of modern successes whatever ye do, do all to the glory generally leaves the state of things of God.'* Not to ourselves, but to little altered, after long and destruc- Him must the praise be ascribed. tive campaigns, and an unwearied After all we can do, considering the perplexity of plot and negociation." Master we serve, our own inability,

and the important trust committed

to us in the diffusion of Gospel-light The Kingdom of God on Earth. By the and knowledge, we must solicit and

Rev. Joux WHITEHUSE. depend upon the divine assistance (Continued from p. 315.),

and support. If we are strong, it is

not in our own strength, but acThe fifth section of this valuable cording to the power that worketh little treatise, is occupied in exhi- in us, for every good and perfect biting to view the two grand prin- gift cometh down from the Father ciples of religious and moral duty; of lights, with whom there is no love to God and man, and it thus con- variableness nor shadow of turning:'+ cludes : “ This is the religion of the In a work which has for its object Bible, and which makes the Bible both the temporal and eternal welfare what it is. These heavenly precepts of mankind, we must not be disare eminently calculated to diffuse couraged by the opposition we meet peace and joy and happiness over with, or the difficulties we may have the whole earth, and to make it re- to encounter. We must esteem it a semble heaven! Would they were light matter to be condemned of written in men's hearts, in inefface. men, if approved by our own conable characters ; that they were science ; for • if our heart condemn graven, as it were, with an iron

us not, then have we confidence topen, in the rock for ever!'"

wards God.' # Men cannot penetrate The sixth section is devoted more particularly to the consideration of * 1 Cor. x. 31.

t James. i. 17. # 1 John iii. 21.

the motives of our actions, and they us : ' for this commandment we have often put the worst construction from him, that he who loveth God, upon the best of them ; but nothing love his brother also.'t Here a wide is hid from the sight, or escapes the field opens before us of relative duties notice of Him with whom we have which must always afford ample to do. Our wisdom is therefore, in scope for our benevolence. The all things to approve ourselves to question then is, how is this love him, and to acquit ourselves in the to be demonstrated ?—and what are task assigned us, not as men-pleasers, the proofs and evidences of it? We but as his true and faithful servants, have an apostle's authority for saydoing his will with our whole heart.” ing, that a man may bestow all his

The chief reason why the children goods to feed the poor,' and yet not of men have indulged those prin- have charity, or love in his heart. ciples and passions, from whence "" Therefore all things whatsoWars derive their origin, is, that ever ye would that men should do to they have not understood, nor felt you, do ye even so to them : for this the force of the precept' Thou shalt is the law and the prophets.' $ This love thy neighbour as thyself. To is a precept which comes home at inculcate and explain the sacred and once to the consciences of men, and extensive obligations of this duty, is a safe and certain rule of conduct therefore, is the most effectual me- in all common cases : and there can thod for promoting Peace on Earth, be no doubt that we should be able and for bringing War to a perpetual to form a better judgment than we end. Mr. Whitehouse is fully aware usually do, of the claims which others of this, and the following cursory have upon us, and the obligations we extracts will shew the importance owe to them, would we, but for a which this subject possesses in his moment, consider ourselves as placed estimation

in their situation, and contrast their " Owe no man any thing, but to condition with our own. This law * love one another; for he that loveth of equity is one of the great doctrines

another, hath fulfilled the law. For intimately connected with the kingthis, thou shalt not commit adultery, dom of God, which the disciple of thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not Christ must constantly bear in mind, steal, thou shalt not bear false wit- in order that the selfish principle ness, thou shalt not covet ; and if may not gain the ascendency over there be any other commandment, that sense of right which should init is briefly comprehended in this variably determine his actions. Whatsaying, namely, Thou shalt love thy erer our individual interests may be, neighbour as thyself. Love worketh they must not be pursued with a disno ill to his neighbour; therefore regard to those of our neighbour, love is the fulfilling of the law.'* nor in a manner detrimental to the We can do God no service by our goud of the community. Our self

: our professed love of him, love must be of the social kind; it therefore, is vain and profitless, un- must blend itself with a solicitous less accompanied with the other attention to the well being of others : great duty of loving others as our- it must incline us to coinpassionate selves. It is more especially by their sufferings, to redress their doing the will of God, in this respect, wrongs, and to promote their welthat we can advance his kingdom of fare. And what strong inducements righteousness in the world ; and this have we for the practice of these is the the test of our obedience and exemplary duties, when we consider love to our Maker which he requires of

op 1 Juhu iv. 21. #1 Cor. xiii. 3. Rom. xiii. 8. et seq.

§ Matt. vii. 12.

homage :

*

our own nature and condition, the in what else does all moral goodness precariousness and uncertainty of all consist than in seeking to advance the earthly good, and that whatever we glory of God, and the welfare of possess in this world is fluctuating mankind ? as, on the other hand, all and passing away. The advantages wickedness consists in neglecting, or we enjoy over the poorer and less endeavouring to oppose them. enlightened classes of our brethren, “The Almighty has revealed enough should serve as a powerful motive of his mind and will to enable all to stimulate our exertions to add to those who are sincerely desirous of their little stuck of enjoyments, and doing it, to walk in the way of to facilitate the means of their moral his commandments; and the means and intellectual improvement. No- which he has employed for this purthing shews in a clearer light than pose, are no less beneficent than the the inequality which must always object which he had in view, in first subsist in civilized society, the obli- calling them into existence. What gations we are under to supply, in can more illustrate his goodness in some degree, what is wanting in the this respect, than his having written lot of those who have been less fa- in their hearts that law of love which voured by Providence than ourselves; inclines them to promote each other's to be to them, as it were, in the happiness; to form themselves into place of God, and to promote to the societies and communities for their best of our power, their well-being mutual benefit; and not only to culand prosperity. The more the be- tivate the arts most necessary for nevolent affections are thus exer- their daily use and sustentation, but cised, the more they will be strength- those also which shed a pleasing inened, and act with the greater force tellectual light and lustre o'er this and effect : and surely nothing can earthly scene; which soften the rughave a more powerful tendency to gedness of man's nature, and prepare invigorate the mind in the perform- the way for all the charities and all ance of social duties, and to direct the enjoyments which are found in ciand regulate its motions, than the vilized and social life. It is the will of full persuasion that we best consult God that his rational creatures should our own individual interests by our derive from him, who is the fountain endeavours to promote the public of all good, such a measure of his own good; and that such a conduct is benevolence, such communications the certain means of securing to of his light and love out of the fulourselves the blessings, and averting ness of his own divine perfections, from us the ills, of life. It is evident should constrain them to live from the natural constitution of together in the unity of the spirit things, that God first designed the and in the bonds of peace, and to be happiness of the whole ; and then so friends and benefactors to each other. contrived the great moral schenie, It is by such amicable associations that his rational creatures should find that human happiness is increased their own happiness in no other way and extended. than in an interchange of the offices “ How evident it must be to every of kindness and benevolence towards unprejudiced mind, that the religion each other. It is therefore incumbent of Jesus is, in a peculiar manner, a upon us, in our several stations, and dispensation of love and good-will to according to our ability, to further, men; and which, when combined in the most effectual way in our power, with the love of God, possesses a the plan which the Divine Wisdom divine and powerful efficacy to eradihas adopted, to ' love others as our- cate from the heart that selfishness selves, and to do unto them as we which is the bane of human happiwould they should do unto us;' for ness, and which opposes itself to the

as

ever.'*

righteousness of God, and the king- good, and sendeth rain on the just dom of his dear Son, Seeing, says and on the unjust.” | The motive the apostle, ye have purified your here adduced for our rising superior souls in obeying the truth through to anger and rerenge, though asthe Spirit, unto unfeigned love of sailed by the most injurious prothe brethren, see that ye love one vocations; and for returning good another with a pure heart fervently. for evil, is one of the sublimest

that Being born again, not of corruptible can be conceived; for what can be seed, but of incorruptible, by the word more so than an imitation of the of God, which liveth and abideth for Supreme Being ? The apostle has

In what other manner can given a similar injunction, and Christians fulfil the purposes of their couched nearly in the same terms :creation, than by performing offices • Be ye followers of God as dear of kindness and good-will to their children.'s Such an appeal as this brethren and kinsmen according to will not be thrown away on noble the flesh; in assisting those who and generous minds : nor let any one labour under want, sickness, or any complain, that this is a lesson too other adversity; and in endeavouring difficult for human nature to practo reclaim the vicious, and to lead tise. We cannot, indeed, love bad those who err from the right way men, whether they be our enemies into the paths of rectitude? Chris- or not, with a love of esteem, but we tians are to esteem the virtuous and certainly may, and ought, to love all the good of every country with a men with a love of benevolence : and no regard similar to that which they more than this is required. However entertain towards their own families, exceptionable the character of others and dearest connexions. “Who, says may be, or whatever their conduct Christ, is my mother? and who are towards us ; we are not to forget my brethren? And he stretched forth that they are men of like passions his hand toward his disciples, and with ourselves that they are our said, Behold my mother and my bre- brethren, the children of the same thren! for whosoever shall do the Father, and heirs of the same imwill of my Father which is in heaven, mortality.” the same is my brother, and sister, Notwitnstanding the number of and mother.'t

countries avowedly Christian, and The heart which has been purified the succession of centuries during by divine grace from the dross of self, which they have borne the appellaand filled with the love of God, will tion, it must he admitted by all, that not rest satisfied in its own blessed- they have never given to the pure ness, but overflow with love and and unsophisticated principles of the good-will towards the whole human religion of the Cross a fair national race.

trial. It has never been ascertained, “ The divine Founder of our re- by actual experiment (the instance ligion has carried the principle of of Pennsylvania only excepted) how benevolence to such a pitch, that his far the peaceful character of Chriscommand is, 'Love your enemies, tianity is calculated to promote the bless them that curse you, do good prosperity and happiness of mankind to them that hate you, and pray for in conjunction with the safety and them which despitefully use you welfare of States. and persecute you ;

“ Learned men and divines, and be the children of your Father those who have devoted most of which is in heaven, for he maketh their time and attention to the study his sun to rise on the evil and the of the Scriptures, have, for the most

that ye may

* 1 Peter i. 22, 23. + Matt. xii. 48, 49,50.

Matt, v, 44, 45.

$ Ephes, v, 1.

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part, strangely passed by, or very su- that be in the earth; but when it is perficially considered, these powerful sown, it groweth up, and becometh and mighty principles, the love of greater than all herbs, and shooteth God and of man, powerful enough out great branches, so that the fowls to move a world, and what is more, of the air may lodge under the to make that world a scene of hap- shadow of it.'* In these words are piness! And, therefore, compared figured out the first principles which with which, all their theological are to ensure the growth and unisystems, all their fine-spun theories, versal spread of the Gospel. These the puny inventions of little minds, have appeared insignificant in the evaporate into mere nothingness ; eyes of a thoughtless, misjudging * Play round the head, bat come not near the heart.' world, but they will prove, ať length,

effectual remedy for all the Such is the simplicity of Christianity inoral and civil disorders which in reference to its two great, leading, afflict mankind. Human policy alone practical doctrines ; though the be- can never effect this cure, It lies neficial effects they are calculated to far beyond the reach of any thing of produce, owing to the bigotry and an earthly nature, but it will be tyranuy which every where prevail in brought about by a few truths, which the world, have never yet been suffered the reputed wise and learned, puffed to be experimentally tried on the great up with a vain knowledge devoid of mass of society. Yet who is there charity, have treated with contempwho does not perceive how com- tuous disregard. These truths are pletely they are adapted to the con- now making a rapid, progress, and dition of man, and to the improve- carrying irresistible conviction along ment and perfectibility of his moral with them. The soil has been prenature ?—what a powerful tendency pared, and the seeds have been sown, they possess to lift his soul above which shall bring forth an abundance every low, unworthy pursuit; to of happiness ; ' some thirty, some purify the affections; and to purge sixty, and some an hundred fold. the conscience from dead works, Our Saviour sufficiently explains the (the earthly, sensual, unprofitable nature of his kingdom, and who the works of unrighteousness) to serve subjects of it are, when, in his serthe living God; and to diffuse ' peace on the mount, he pronounces and happiness, truth and justice, re- a blessing on those who hunger and ligion and piety,' over the whole thirst after righteousness,' on the face of the habitable globe! The very pure in heart,' on the promoters of contemplation of this subject, so peace,' on those who suffer persedeeply interesting, and which unfolds cution and reproach, and calumnious to our view a blessed prospect of treatment · for truth and righteous. the Redeemer's kingdom, is such as ness' sake : 'Rejoice,' says he,' and to fill the mind, even now, with joy be exceeding glad, for great is your unspeakable, and full of glory.'

reward in heaven.'t We shall conclude our quota- “ It is, indeed, with heart-felt tions, for the present, with the fol- delight and thankfulness, that we lowing anticipations of the establish- are permitted to hail, although as ment of the kingdom of God upon yet at a distance, the advent of this the earth :

kingdom of righteousness which is “Whereunto,' says our Saviour, destined to be established on the shall we liken the kingdom of God, earth; and of which it is said, that and with what comparison shall we

all nations shall flow into it.' The compare it? It is like a grain of basis on which it is to be founded, mustard-seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds * Matt. xiii. 31. * Matt. v. 6–12.

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