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may be thrown over it; or what ever rent indeed; nay, the very reverse of artificial colouring may be employed this system of hostility and blood, is to conceal its deformity :- Let us the pure religion of the gospel, which consider, further, the value of immor- breathes, in every page of it, the tal souls; and then ask, Are lives spirit of universal charity, and which worth only a soldier's pay, that we lays down charity as the foundation can afford to squander them with of all our duties both to God and such reckless and indiscriminate pro- Thus the religion of Christ fusion? Is there an individual that is lies within the reach of every one slain in battle, however poor, or who has a desire to practise it;-to mean, or friendless, for whom Christ all others it must remain a dead letter: has not died and shed his blood on it can have no saving efficacy except the cross? Is there one among the with those who are willing to live by highest and greatest of those who are it, and to be judged by it :-it is the at the head of armies to whom this simplest of ail institutes ; but at the reasoning would not apply, "What same time, the noblest, the most shall it profit a man, if he gain the magnificent, the most comprehenwhole world and lose his own soul; sive, and universal, that can be conor what shall a man give in exchange ceived; and the application of its for his soul ?'*-Ask you, then, how doctrines are so powerful that there these disorders are to be remedied, is no moral evil which they will not and put a stop to? We answer, by be found to correct; nor a single inculcating the positive law of Christ, misery or suffering which it is not in which is the law of love and charity their power to alleviate : they are, and good-will to men. Were the moreover, alike intended both for spirit of the gospel rightly under public and private use; for the salstood, would there be wars among vation of the individual; the peace those, who found their hope of sal- and happiness of society; and the vation in their belief of it, and their prosperity of the world at large. obedience to it ?-If any of them “ Sec. IV.-The blind attachment should not be convinced of this, let of mankind to maxims of worldly open

their Bibles and learn, if policy, which stand in direct opposithey would be true to themselves, tion to their best and most essential what the morality of Christianity is : interests, if traced to its source, will let them examine Scripture, and dis- be found to originate in ignorance ;cover, from the lessons of our Sa- ignorance of their duty to God, to viour, or the writings of his apostles, others, and to themselves : but notthe expediency or lawfulness of war. withstanding this is the case, we are Can the war-spirit be traced in those confident it cannot always continue passages which recommend ' bro- so. The night of mental darkness is therly love,' t . patience, and for- already far spent, and the day is at giveness of injuries; or in those hand when War, with all its hideous which command us to be · pitiful train of evils, will be driven for ever and courteous,' to seek peace and from the abodes of social man. Vioto ensue it;' not to return evil for lence, injustice, and oppression, have evil, but, contrariwise, blessing;' not long enough been permitted to lay to suffer ourselves to be overcome waste the earth, and to make it the of evil, but to overcome evil with theatre of crimes : but there can be good.' — If this is the religion of little doubt that a different scene of Christ, and the gospel be true, it is things is about to commence, and impossible that war can be lawful. a new era of happiness to dawn upon 'No, my dear reader, very diffe- the world. The voice of reason has

been hitherto druwned amidst the * Matt. xvi. 26. + Heb. xiii. 1. din of arms; and the mutual hosti

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lity which has subsisted among na- and from the other auxiliary societions, has left them, hitherto, little ties which have been formed, and leisure and less inclination to culti- are now forming, for the same laudvate those mild and pacific virtues able purpose. We hail these as which Christianity enjoins, and which happy presages of the approaching are man's truest ornament and high- fulfilment of the petition in the est praise. Happily, however, the prayer our Saviour taught his disci. increased circulation of the Scrip- ples —' thy kingdom come!' and tures, which both contain the will of which we incessantly offer up, with God and instruct us in doing it, has unfeigned lips, to the great Father excited a more general attention to of the spirits of all flesh: we praise the contents of the sacred volume; him for the manifestations of his and has thus prepared the way, and mercy as revealed in the gospel, in disposed the reflecting part of the which he has caused us to hope, and community, to inquire into the na- we exult in the prospect of the peture and tendency of practices at di- riod when nation shall not lift up rect variance with the positive pre- sword against nation, and when they cepts of the gospel; and which, shall beat their swords into plowthough sanctioned by long usage, shares, and their spears into pruningcan now be considered in no other hooks.' * light than as the effects of popular Proceed, ye prophecies of elder time, delusion. When tyranny is no lon- Roll on, ye years, when peace sball dwell on earth, ger supported by physical force, man- And God with man; then shall the light of love kind will be free. It is manifestly

Dwell in each heart, and truth and righteousness

Shower down their blessings on redeemed manthe interest of nations, as well as of families and individuals, to cultivate

" Alas! what a contrast to this peace and good-will towards each

has been the (ondition of mankind other, by which alone their mutual

hitherto! What black and enormous prosperity and happiness can be promoted; and it must be, therefore,

crimes have been committed! What their unanimous wish to live under

wars, and murders, and rapine ! wise laws and a just government,

What violation of treaties among

christian States! What a total dereotherwise they could have no regard for their life, or liberty, or property,

liction of christian principle has been or whatever else dear to them.

exhibited in christian lands and unHence they would be more inclined

der christian governments !- It is to listen to the voice of their reason,

now high time that nations should than to their passions, were it not

repent of the evils which they have

been accustomed to inflict on each that they have been so long habituated to have recourse to force of other; that they should repent of arms, as the supposed shortest and their pride,-their injustice, and most effectual method of deciding

ambition ; convinced, as they must differences : but this is to smother be, from woful experience, that as the flame, and not to extinguish it, righteousness exalteth a nation, so which is apt to break out anew with sin is the reproach (and ruin) of any greater violence than ever; and thus people.' + It is time, likewise, that it is that wars are perpetuated, and

men of every class and situation in national animosities transmitted from

society should immediately deterone generation to another.

mine on such necessary reformation Much towards the remedying of and amendment as may arrest the evils so deeply rooted, and so widely progress of vice and immorality

, spread, may be expected from the and

in the spirit of love and charity, labours of the Society for the promotion of permanent and universal Peace, * Isaiah ji. 4.

t Prov. xiv, 34.

and Christian fellowship, unite with would undoubtedly preserve love and the virtuous and good of every sect harmony among his disciples. and denomination, and country, to The jarring passions and malignant hasten the kingdom of peace and feelings of mankind, since the world righteousness upon earth. Words began, have had so preponderating alone will not do this : the world has an activity, that history is little been long enough amused by speeches more than that of their mutual and professions. Christianity has too slaughter and destruction; and how often been, and still is, for the most painful is the reflection, that in the part, scarce litile more than a name; very countries where the Christian and such it will continue to be, as revelation is embraced, (which was long as the practical, self-denying ushered in as announcing Peace on duties it enjoins, are overlooked, or earth, and good-will to men) the but little attended to. Indeed it is demon of war has been as actively no uncommon thing to see those who occupied as among the Heathen, call themselves the disciples of Christ, who have never yet heard the name not ashamed to stoop to base and of our Saviour-Nay, may it not be unjustifiable practices, for the sake said, that war has been the trade of worldly interest ; thus affording of their governments, under the paundeniable proof, that whatever the tronage of whom, this destructive faith of others may be, they have art has attained a point of perfection none themselves in the religion they which almost constitutes it a science ? profess. Others, again, scruple not Seeing that War has ever been so to be the oppressors of their brethren, prevalent, and apparently so inevicaring only for themselves, and ba- table an evil, however its existence nishing from their hearts all sympathy may have been deprecated by the and regard for the sufferingsof others thinking part of mankind, its calaAlas ! what a falling off is here from mities have been endured, and acour Christian profession! What pre- quiesced in, like those attendant on sumption and mockery of God is some of the awful convulsions in the this ! How opposed is it to the in- natural world, over which mortals terests of the kingdom which the have no control. Redeemer came to establish, and The policy of drawing the sword the righteousness of which he was for the purpose of settling the disthe pattern!”

putes of nations has long been called in question. The more powerful party

(which, generally speaking, is the agArguments for Peace. gressor) bears away the palm of vic

tory, imposing upon the weaker humiTo the Editor.

liating and degrading terms of subYour useful periodical work has mission, in addition to prior injustice been ever since its commencement and oppression : thus, although the the medium, through which many contest be decided for the present, the excellent communications on the seed of future wars is sown; for the subject of War have met the public reconciliation is only apparent, hearteye; and it would be gratifying to burning envy and revengeful feelings me if you should think the following being excited on the one part, and arguments as adding to or confirming jealous watchfulness and distrust on the many powerful ones tending to the other. How much more wise, prove the utter inconsistency of na- rational, and Christian like, would it tions engaging in warfare, who profess be, when differences occur, to refer to believe in the Gospel of our Lord the matter at issue to be arbitrated and Saviour, the precepts of which, by honourable and impartial comif allowed to regulate our conduct, missioners, possessing the confidence

of the parties concerned. Something number, may be quoted, evincing like this is resorted to for the pur- the manifest incongruity of the dispose of negociating peace after a ciples of the Prince of Peace follong continued warfare, during lowing the profession of Arms, who which torrents of blood have flowed, when on earth told his followers that and millions of treasure have been his kingdom was not of this world, expended! Why then not adopt in as a reason why his servants did not the first place, and before the sword fight and deliver him from the Jews. is drawn, this reasonable mean of But I shall content myself with conreconciliation, and thus avert all the sidering one text only, which points horrors and numberless evils insepa- out the source of war, and if it thence rable froin war ? Such peace-makers plainly appear to be sinful in its would be blessed indeed, and truly origin, then it as clearly follows that entitled to the appellation of the chil- the Christian religion is too pure and dren of God. Matt. v. 9.

spiritual in principle to tolerate its The difficulty of obliterating im- practice. The first verse of the 4th pressions received in early life, and chapter of the general epistle of of eradicating opinions which have James runs thus : . From whence long held possession of the mind, and come wars and fightirgs among you ? the soundness of which have not come they not hence, even of your been suspected, is acknowledged to lusts,' &c. &c.

Since then it appears be great ;

and when we reflect on the by this inspired author, that this prevailing opinions of the world in dreadful scourge is derived from that general, on the subject of war, and impure fountain, whence flows all on the tendency which education has that defiles a man, it must of necesto inspire an admiration of martial sity be sinful in itself, and conseexploits and of deeds of heroism, quently offensive in the sight of

cannot be surprised that the God. Thus, it appears manifest, that youthful imagination should be daz- war, in common with all other moral zled by the splendour of representa- evils, results from a polluted and tion, leaving little room for the ex- unconverted state of the heart, which ercise of reason and reflection, on a must sustain a change, and become subject which of all others calls for renewed, before we can entertain reathe most serious consideration, inas- sonable hopes that so prolific a source much as it is one involving the best of misery to man can be abolishinterests of mankind.

ed.—Let us, then, who are actively If we were to take up the sacred engaged in promoting the cause of Volume, which as Christians we ac- universal peace, be upon the watch, knowledge to contain the precepts of and evince our sincerity and conour Divine Master, whom we professsistency, by maintaining a strict to serve and to obey, and candidly guard over our feelings, lest our evil examine the peaceable system of passions betrayus. Thus, conformably Ethics which it, unfolds, should we to the precepts of religion, let us so not be induced soberly to ponder and regulate our behaviour on all occato consider whether we may not have sions, whether in public or in pribeen taking for granted the legality vate, abroad in the world, or at and innocency of practices which the home within our own domestic cirScriptures of Truth, if allowed their cle, as to prove to all with whom we due influence, so far from sanctioning, have intercourse, how highly we would most assuredly be found to estimate the value of the peaceable condemn ?

principles we profess.

N. Passages out of Holy writ, out of

Worcester, 17th Aug. 1821.


in the council-chamber or the seThe Rev. John TREMLETT's Reflections nate-house, to check the origin and for every Sunday in the Year.

to stop the progress of national hos

tility, as they do in their private “ And they shall beat their swords into plough- capacity to live peaceably, as much shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; na

as in them lieth' with their neightion shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.”

bours. Hasten, we beseech thee,

() God of love, and Author of petce, “It is impossible for any one, who the glorious time, when the nations believes in revelation, to read the of the earth, which now appear to promise of which these words are be thirsting for blood, shall no longer part, without devout pleasure and lift up their swords against one anjoy. Scarcely can he avoid being other, and when they shall learn, and anxiously, piously, solicitous to know delight in, war no more! Amen." when the delightful and harmonious period, here predicted, is likely to Red and White Warriors compareil. take place. On the one hand, how painful and distressing to the heart [From the Friend of Peace, No. 3. Vol. ii.] of a Christian is it, to contemplate

To the Author. those scenes of carnage and woe, Ir being thy desire to have come which disfigure the creation of God! of the particulars of the treatment On the other, how consoling, how of the Indians and American army soothing, to be assured, by God's towards the people called Shakers, holy and inspired prophet, that a on the Wabash, I will state some of brighter and happierstateof the world the circumstances, as related to me may be expected !

by those who had a knowledge of Yes, O thou illustrious Prince of the facts. Peace! when the kingdoms of the At the time of Gen. Harrison's exworld will not only profess, but pedition, the white people dwelling practise, thy religion; nations, as near the Shakers all gathered into well as individuals, will afford all the forts, while the Shakers kept peaceassistance, and do all the good to ably about their business, as usual. each other, which they can.

Some of the white people were so But who are to be the instruinents offended at the Shakers for not gaof accomplishing the beneficent pur- thering into forts as they did, that poses of Divine Providence? What they swore if the Indians did not kill are the means by which we may the Shakers, they would. hope to see the nearer approach of It was well known that while the those days, when a virtuous emulation Indians were killing the Whites all in the arts of love and peace shall round the Shakers, and burning their animate the nations of the earth ? houses across the creek, in sight of when the dreadful instruments of the Shaker Settlement, they did not destruction shall be exchanged for molest the Shakers in the least. This the useful implements of husbandry ? excited an inquiry by the officers of The pacific principles of Christianity the American army to an Indian Chief must become constituent and predo- whom they had taken, why they did minant principles in all Christian not meddle with the Shakers, while states and empires. The pursuit and they were murdering and burning desire of extended dominion, national all around them ? His reply was, aggrandizement, which are at va- “ We warriors meddle with a peaceriance with these, must be totally able people !--That people, we know, and for ever abandoned.

will not fight.

It would be a Christian rulers and statesmen inust disgrace to our nation to hurt such consider themselves as much bound a people.”.


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