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a chain, for the rain might some- says, “ he occupied his domains by times rust it, or a tree might fall actual bargain and sale with the and break it; but he should consider Indians. This fact does him infinite them as the same flesh and blood honour, as no blood was shed, and with the Christians, and the same as the Christian and the Barbarian met if one man's body were to be divided as brothers. Penn has thus taught into two parts. He then took up us to respect the lives and properties the parchment, and presented it to of the most unenlightened nations.” the Sachem, who wore the horn in Being now returned,” says Robert the chaplet, and desired him and the Proud, in his History of Pennsylvania, other Sachems to preserve it care- “ from Maryland to Coaquannoc, he fully for three generations, that their purchased lands of the Indians, whom children might know what had pass- he treated with greatjustice and sincere ed between them, just as if he had kindness.-It was at this time when remained himself with them to re- he first entered personally into that
friendship with them, which ever “ That William Penn must have afterwards continued between them, done and said a great deal more on and which for the space of more this interesting nccasion than has than seventy years was never innow been represented, there can be terrupted, or so long as the Quakers no doubt. What I have advanced retained power in the Government.may be depended upon; but I am His conduct in general to these not warranted in going farther. It people was so engaging, his justice is also to be regretted, that the in particular so conspicuous, and the speeches of the Indians on this me- counsel and advice which he gave morable day have not come down to them were so evidently for their ad
It is only known that they so- vantage, that he became thereby lemnly pledged themselves, according very much endeared to them; and to their country manner, to live in the sense thereof made such deep love with William Penn and his chil- impressions on their understandings, dren, as long as the sun and moon that his name and memory will should endure.—Thus ended this fa- scarcely ever be effaced while they mous treaty, of which more has been continue a people.” said in the way of praise than of any other ever transmitted to posterity. “ This,” says Voltaire,
was the only treaty between those people and
Trophies of Victory. the Christians, that was not ratified THophies of victory or conquest by an oath, and that was are preserved and exhibited as the broken.”—" William Penn thought pride of individuals and the glory of it right,” says the Abbé Raynal, " to nations; and they have been emobtain an additional right by a fair ployed as means of exciting the same and open purchase from the abori- spirit of rapine and violence, as that gines, and thus he signalized his by which they were obtained. Sa
; arrival by an act of equity, which vages preserve the scalps of those made his person and principles equally they kill in war. More polished beloved.”—Here it is the mind rests nations preserve standards, statues, with pleasure upon modern history, paintings, and other articles which and feels some kind of compensation they have plundered from the inhafor the disgust, melancholy and bitants of conquered countries. Young horror, which the whole of it, but men are directed to regard these troparticularly that of the European phies as proofs of the virtue and Settlements in America, inspires. prowess of their ancestors. This Noble, in his continuation of Granger, practice has been adopted by Chris
tian nations ; and perhaps the people toxicate and bewilder the minds of of every country have treasures of men,--to make them thirst for war, this kind in which they glory. to overlook its crimes and calamities,
But what does reason, enlightened to seek occasions of strife, to take by religion, say of such a practice, offence at trifles, and rashly to expose and such memorials ? It says the a people to misery and destruction. practice is barbarous, derived from The numerous trophies treasured pagans and savages, unworthy of up in Paris by Napoleon, were fuel existence among Christians, and a to keep alive the fire of war, till reproach to any country: What! France was made to feel the terrible shall Christians preserve memorials effects of a war policy, and was stript of the robberies and bloodshed com- of her memorials of conquest. But mitted by their ancestors, or their while these trophies remained in cotemporaries, to stimulate the young Paris, what did they prove in regard to follow such examples ! With equal to Napoleon ? Did they witness to propriety they might preserve the his benevolence and justice ? Far from idols and altars of Pagan forefathers, this. They were ample proofs that to excite in children a veneration for he was an atrocious or deluded manidolatrous worship, and a delight in killer-a successful, but abandoned human sacrifices.
robber. The same may be said of Trophies of victory have generally the trophies of all the mighty conbeen trophies of barbarity, injustice, querors of nations and desolators of murder, and desolation. What should countries. Instead of being the obwe think of a band of robbers or jects of applause and panegyric, such pirates, so hardened or so blind, as men should have been exhibited to to preserve trophies of their destruc- the world as a curse to their species, tive exploits, to encourage their chil- and as much worse than common to imitate their examples ? This would highwaymen, as their crimes were be as just, as humane, and as wise, more numerous, more atrocious, and as the policy of Christian nations
more afflicting to mankind. now under review. Are not the tro- What would have been thought phies of the Spanish conquest of of M‘Carty, had he, after his victory South America—of the British con- at Bladensburg, taken the musket quests in India—of Napoleon's con- and the scalp of General Mason, quests in Europe—and of our victories preserved and exhibited them as troover the natives of this country, in phies to excite others to imitate his general, Memorials of injustice, ra- wonderful heroism? Would he not pine, and violence,-as inconsistent have been regarded as a merciless with the Christian religion, as the barbarian, unworthy of a place in conduct for which pirates and robbers civilized society? Yet, considered are doomed to die? What essential apart from the influence of a savage difference can be discerned in the practice, such conduct in Burr
, cases, except on the principle, that M‘Carty, Barron, or any victorious rulers may honourably and safely duellist, would have been no more commit such acts of robbery and inhuman, immoral, irreligious, or violence, as would expose common detestable, than the common prac. people to infamy and to hell ?
tice of preserving trophies in public Trophies of victory are so far from operating to preserve a nation from
It will perhaps be said that Chriswar, and to promote its prosperity, tian nations do not take the scalps of that they have a direct tendency to the slain to preserve as trophies
. its ruin.' They are the means of ex- Truly they do not ; but when they citing envy, pride, ambition, malig- have deprived men of their lives, it nity and revenge. They tend to in is less inhuman and less unjust to
take the scalps of the dead, than belonging to the Society of Friends, to add to the misery of survivors, there is a passage which may very by destroying their dwellings, or properly find a place in the Herald taking any thing which would be of Peace. With that characteristic necessary to their subsistence or their fortitude which distinguishes those comfort.
who act under a strong perception Christians of this country have been of duty, and which I have often delighted in hearing that the inha- noticed with pleasure in the Society bitants of Otaheite had “ burned their of Friends, (though I belong not to idols,” and become worshippers of their number) John Pemberton never the living God. Would it not how- shunned to declare what he conever be matter of still greater joy, ceived to be the whole counsel of if such a reformation should occur God. Having arrived at Fort Auin Christendom? The trophies of gustus in the Highlands, he felt devictory, preserved by Christian na- sirous of addressing the soldiers tions, encourage a species of idolatry; belonging to the garrison, which he as immoral, inhuman, antichristian, was permitted to do. The account and fatal, as was ever practised by given by his companion, Thomas the barbarians of Otaheite.
Wilkinson, is as follows :Let no one imagine, that the ge- “ Intimation being given to the neral consent of nations to the prac- officers, that the company of the tice of preserving trophies is any soldiers at meeting would be acevidence in its favour. In foriner ceptable, they gave directions that ages there was a general consent of they should attend; and they marchnations to the custom of offering ed in ranks to the chapel, which human sacrifices. Both customs are, was very full. The soldiers had rewe believe, an abomination in the ceived orders to march next morning, sight of God, and utterly unworthy in order to embark for the West to be associated with the name of a Indies. John Pemberton was much Christian.
enlarged in different testimonies Some apology may perhaps be amongst them; the season seemed made in favour of a people so bar- like a farewell to them; he signified barous as not to be acquainted with that he had often felt a near regard any better means of obtaining a sub- for soldiers, and intimated the unsistence, than rapine and violence,– certainty of life to all men, inore or so profoundly ignorant of human particularly to those in their situanature, and of right and wrong, as tion, and he affectionately recomnot to know a better method of mended to them to have the fear of settling controversies, than the ap- God, and the thoughts of their latter peal to arms. But, excepting the end, daily before their eyes. Ah! it delusive influence of custom, what is a reflection which now melts my apology can be made for those who heart, that probably, fallen in battle, are blessed with common sense, the the fine forms of many of these young means of instruction, and the light men have long ago mouldered into of the Gospel ?
dust, and their names, save by some near relation, are utterly forgotten :
may the part that never dies of those From an Account of the last Journey thus hurried prematurely from the
of John Pemberton to Scotland, by stage of life feel a peaceful immor. Thomas Wilkinson.
tality, is the prayer of my soul ! In perusing this short, but very But oh! you that promote war and interesting, journal of a Missionary bloodshed in the earth, whatever tour through the Highlands, and your pretensions, it is all one to me, other parts of Scotland, by a minister think at the day of final retribution,
Ten thousandfold the sin of him who slew
you must account to your God the Constitution of the United States. for the lives of his creatures, I had We copy them into this work, with almost said for their unrepented sins. a desire that they should be generally Ye ought not only to consider your- understood; and with a hope that selves as the parents of human ca- they will not again be violated, in lamity, but, from the licentiousness, making war on the Indian tribes. immorality, and irreligion of war, as Had they been heretofore duly obthe prime agents of eternal unisery. served, they would probably have Could any reflecting mind sit down, prevented all the crimes and miseries unbiassed by prejudice, passion, in- of the Seminole war. As there was terest, or opinion, and collect all the no act of Congress authorizing that consequences, temporal and eternal, war, at whose hands will the blood inseparable from War; if the review that was shed be required ? This is could be supported by the human a question which demands the serious intellect without destruction to it, the attention of the government and the display of misery would be the most people of the United States. dreadful that ever was contemplated. What a train of mournful incidents seem now pressing on my thoughts !
Turkish Warfare. But I forbear. This is not the place
O what are these,
Death's ministers, not men, who thus deal death for giving way to the lamentable
Inhumanly to men, and multiply detail."
0, that all who bear the name of His brother: for of whom such massacre Christians, could read the above ex- Make they but of their brethren, men of men ? tract; and that those who give any kind of encouragement to martial
Extract from a private Letter, enterprises, would consider the dia
July 15, 1821. bolical nature and dreadful conse
« The plains of Wallachia, which quences of War, and the awful
I traversed from Bucharest to the responsibility which attaches to the promoters of strife between man and frontiers, formerly so beautiful and man!
fertile, now present the appearance of desolation and ruin
bodies with which they are covered The War-making Power. infect the air; nothing is to be heard
but the mournful howlings with “ It is sufficient to say, that the Exe- which the dogs, having lost their cutive Authority of the United States, and masters, fill the forests and fields ; no much less a subordinate officer, has no
more men, nor towns, nor villages power to change the pacific relations of the Barbarians have destroyed every the nation. The President of the United thing, even the fruit-trees, to gratify States is bound constitutionally to pre- their savage fury. More than 20,000 serve the peace of the country until Condeclares it in a state of war : he
persons, the greater part of them gress can only, while thus in a state of peace, dragged into slavery beyond the
women and children, have been use the military forces of the nation in Danube. Aged men and women are three specified cases, that is, to execute massacred without mercy, and the the laws of the Union, to suppress insur- lives of young women only are sparrection, and repel invasion." —Report of ed, who are destined for the Harem, the Committee of the Senate of the United States, and those of children to be brought on the Seminole War.
up to the Mahometan religion. The The principles here asserted by churches and converts
are every the Committee of the Senate we be where razed from their foundations ; lieve to be strictly conformable to , in a convent of women, those who
were advanced in years were put to grievous burdens, and be less exthe sword; and the young females posed to danger than they are while carried into slavery."
each pursues a distrustful and meLondon Papers, Aug. 8.
nacing policy? What could have a more injurious effect on the charac
ters of men, than cherishing towards The Rubber Disarmed by Confidence, ship, and war ? And what can be more
each other the spirit of jealousy, rivalDuring a civil war in the reign of absurd than to cherish such a spirit Henry vi. of England, “Margaret,
Margaret,” as the means of preserving peace? the Queen,“ with her son, fled into a forest, where she was descried by The Kingdom of God on Earth. By the a band of robbers, who stripped her
Rev. John WHITEHOUSE. of her jewels, and treated her person with great indignity. Fortunately Tue exercise of reason, and the she escaped, while her plunderers indulgence of the common feelings were quarrelling about their booty; of humanity, may accomplish much and penetrating into the depth of the in favour of Peace, by exhibiting the forest, she wandered about till she injustice and the cruelties attendant was exhausted with fatigue and ter- upon War, and the blessings arising ror. At length, seeing a man ap- from national tranquillity. But the proach with a drawn sword, she principles and spirit of the religion summoned resolution enough to go of Jesus, couceived with clearness, out to meet him, saying, 'Here, and expressed with force, constitute friend, I commit to you the son of the legitimate and only solid founyour king, for that protection which dation upon which permanent and I am unable to afford him.' The universal Peace can be established. man, though a robber, was disarmed It is therefore the duty of the friends of every ill intention, by the con- of Peace, not only to propagate their fidence which was reposed in him, amiable anti-belligerent sentiments, and devoted himself to their service. but to hail with joy, and to promote After concealing them some time in with zeal, every endeavour to exthe woods, and providing for their tend the sacred precepts of Chrissupport, he conducted them in safety tianity throughout the world, to the sea-coast, whence they took Under the habitual impression of an opportunity of escaping to Flan- this weighty truth, we rejoice with ders.” —Cyclopedia, article Margaret joy unfeigned in the successful laof Anjou.
bours of Christian Missionaries of Had the Queen, instead of this all religious persuasions, who go intrepid and magnanimous course, forth in the humble and meek spirit assumed airs of defiance or defence, of their great Master. We may differ it is probable that both she and her from each on topics of minor imson would have been murdered. portance; but we entertain But even a robber may be suscep- common feeling with all of them, tible of the influence of magnanimity in the belief that Christians of every and confidence, whether they be real denomination are imperiously reor feigned.
quired to use their utmost endeavours What then would be the effect, if to evangelize the world. We are the rulers of different countries should deeply impressed with the importance display as much apparent confidence of the universal prevalence of Chris. in each other, as Margaret did in tianity, in order to the annihilation the robber? Might they not safely of the spirit of War, and the fulfilrenounce most of their hostile pre- ment of the prophecy, 'On earth parations, relieve their subjects of peace, good-will towards man.'