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and groans

of women and children remedy the evil, as it bade defiance expiring among the ruins, and all for to the laws, Olier undertook to form the pretended interest of a man who an Association of gentlemen of acis a stranger to us !"

knowledged prowess, and to bind them [That “ all the Romans should fight by an oath, neither to give nor acwith all the Carthaginians” is not perhaps cept a challenge, nor to act as seconds to be wondered at: their religion (if it de- in the duels of others

. The Marquis served that name) taught them no better. of Fenelon, who had been a noted But that the professors of a faith, the very lead of this really noble fraternity, all

duellist, was fixed upon to take the essence of which is “ love,” should act so inconsistently with its plain and positive of whom it was required should have

served as officers in the army.

With dictates, might well excite the surprise, and provoke the taunts, of the deistical a view to give all possible importance philosopher ! When will Christendom wipe to the institution, they went in a body off this reproach?]

at Whitsuntide 1651, and in the presence of many distinguished persons

delivered a document to M. Olier in Some account of a Society formed for the chapel of St. Sulpice, containing

putting an end to the fashion of an avowal of their abhorrence of fighting Duels.

duelling, as mad and vicious, and a

solemn promise to adhere to the prinANTHONY, Marquis of Fenelon,

Ann, uncle to the Archbishop of Cambray; ciples they had espoused. was a famous man in his time. It sanction to these principles in her

queen of Austria, gave her immediate was of him that the great Condé de- dominions; and Louis xiv. became so clared, he was equally admirable in fully convinced of their excellence, conversation, war, and the cabinet. that no height of rank, nor sentiments Some opinion may be formed of his of favour, could palliate with him the characterind principles from the re- crime of duelling. The example of mark he made to Harlay, on the ap- these royal wortbies, for such on this pointment of that prelate to the arch- occasion they certainly were, must bishopric of Paris :-" Great is the have had a great effect in lessening difference between the day of a pre- the number of duels wherever their fernient like this, which draws the influence went; and well would it compliments of a whole nation upon have been had their conduct in this you, and the day of death, when you shall give an account to God of your vereigns in Christendom.

case been followed by the other so

DURHAM. administration.” After signalizing himself in the military profession by the greatest bravery, and such talents as won the esteem of the first soldiers Sir Edward Sackville's Relation of of the age, the Marquis of Fenelon

the Fight betwixt him and the Lord thought fit to devote the last years of

Bruce. his life to the duties of religion. For this purpose he put himself under the

6 WORTHY SIR, · As I am not care of M. Olier, the founder and ignorant, so ought I to be sensible of superior of S. Sulpice, who was at the false aspersions some authorless that time occupied with a very laud- tongues "nave laid upon me, in the able project. Cardinal Richelieu had report of the unfortunate passágelately long before attempted to repress the happened between the lord Bruce and rage for fighting duels, so common in myself

, which as they are spread France, and punished offenders with here, so I may justly fear they reign the utmost rigour; but after the death also where you are. There are but of that minister, the practice was re two ways to resolve doubts of this vived with shameful eagerness. To nature ; by oath, or by sword. The

first is due to magistrates, and com- the country, by retiring into the domunicable to friends ; the other to minion not offended. It was farther such as maliciously slander and im- concluded, that in case any should pudently defend their assertion. Your fall or slip, that then the combat love, not my merit, assure me you should cease, and he whose ill fortune hold me your friend, which esteem had so subjected him, was to acknowI am much desirous to retain. Do ledge his life to have been in the me therefore the right to understand other's hands. But in case one party's the truth of that; and in my behalf sword should break, because that inform others, who either are, or may could only chance by hazard, it was be infected with sinister rumours, agreed that the other should take no much prejudicial to that fair opinion advantage, but either then be made I desire to hold amongst all worthy friends, or else upon even terms go to persons. And on the faith of a gen- it again. Thus these conclusions being ileman, the relation I shall give is each of them related to his party, was neither more nor less than the bare by us both approved, and assented truth. The inclosed contains the first to. Accordingly we embarked for citation, sent me from Paris by a Antwerp. And by reason my lord Scotch gentleman, who delivered it (as I conceive, because he could not to me in Derbyshire at my father-in- handsomely without danger of dislaw's house. After it follows my then covery) had not paired the sword answer, returned him by the same I sent him to Paris, bringing one bearer. The next is my accomplish- of the same length, but twice as ment of my first promise, being a broad, my Second excepted against particular assignation of place and it, and advised me to match my own, weapons, which I sent by a servant and send him the choice, which I of mine, by post from Rotterdam, as obeyed; it being, you know, the chalsoon as I landed there. The receipt lenger's privilege to elect his weapon. of which, joined with an acknowledg. At the delivery of the sword, which ment of my too fair carriage to the was performed by Sir John Heidon, , deceased Lord, is testified by the last, it pleased the Lord Bruce to choose which periods' the business until we my own, and then, past expectation, met at Tergosa in Zealand, it being he told him that he found himself só the place allotted for rendezvous; far behind-hand, as a little of my where he, accompanied with

blood would not serve his turn ; and Mr. Crawford, an English gentleman, therefore he was now resolved to have for his second, a surgeon, and a man, me alone, because he knew (for I will arrived with all the speed he could. use his own words) that so worthy And there having rendered himself, a gentleman, and my friend, could I addressed my second, Sir John not endure to stand by and see him Heidon, to let him understand, that do that which he must, to satisfy himnow all following should be done by self and his honour.' Hereupon Sir consent, as concerning the terms John Heidon replied, that such inwhereon we should fight, as also the tentions were bloody and butcherly, place. To our Seconds we gave far unfitting so noble a personage, power for their appointments, who who should desire to bleed for reagreed we should go to Antwerp, putation, not for life; withal adding, from thence to Bergen-op-Zoom, he thought himself injured, being where in the mid-way but a village come thus far, now to be prohibited divides the States territories from the from executing those honorable offices Archduke's. And there was the des. he came for. The Lord for answer, tined stage, to the end that having only reiterated his former resolutions ; ended, he that could, might presently whereupon, Sir John leaving him the Exempt himself from the justice of sword he had elected, delivered me

2 I

one

VOL. III.

the other, with his determinations. In which struggling my hand, having The which, not for matter, but manner, but an ordinary glove on, lost one so moved me, as though to my re of her servants though the meanest, membrance I had not of a long while which hung by a skin, and to sight eaten more liberally than at dinner, yet remaineth as before, and I am and therefore unfit for such an action put in hope one day to recover the (seeing the surgeons hold a wound use of it again: but at last, breathless, upon a full stomach much more dan- yet keeping our holds, there passed gerous than otherwise) I requested on both sides propositions of quitting my Second to certify him, I would each other's sword. But when amity presently decide the difference, and was dead, confidence could not live; therefore he should presently meet and who should quit first was the me on horseback, only waited on by question, which on neither part either our surgeons, they being unarmed. would perform, and restriving again Together we rode, but one before the afresh, with a kick and a wrench other some twelve score, about some together, I freed my long captivated two English miles; and then, passion weapon, which incontinently levyingt having so weak an enemy to assail at his throat, being master still of his

, as my direction,* easily became I demanded if he would ask his life, victor, and using his power, made me or yield his sword, both which, though obedient to his commands. I being in that imminent danger, he bravely verily mad with anger the lord Bruce denied to do. Myself being wounded, should thirst after my life with a kind and feeling loss of blood, having three of assuredness, seeing I had come so conduits running on me, which began far and needlessly, to give him leave to make me faint, and he courageto regain his lost reputation. I bade ously persisting not to accord to either him alight, which with all willingness of my propositions, through rememhe quickly granted, and there, in a brance of his former bloody desire, meadow ancle deep in water at the and feeling of my present estate, least, bidding farewell to our doublets, struck at his heart, but with his avoidin our shirts began to charge each ing missed my aim, yet passed through other, having afore commanded our the body, and drawing out my sword surgeons to withdraw themselves a re-passed it again through another pretty distance from us, conjuring place, when he cried “Oh, I am them besides, as they respected our slain !” seconding his speech with all favours or their own safeties, not to the force he had to cast me; but stir, but suffer us to execute our plea- being too weak, after I had defended sure, we being fully resolved (God his assault, I easily became master of forgive us!) to dispatch each other by him, laying him on his back ; when what means we could. I made à being upon him I re-demanded if he thrust at my enemy, but was short; would request his life, but it seemed and in drawing back my arm I re he prized it not at so dear a rate to ceived a great wound thereon, which be beholden for it, bravely replying, I interpreted as a reward for

my

short “ he scorned it ;” which "answer of shooting; but in revenge I pressed in his was so noble and worthy, to him, though I then missed him also, protest I could not find in my heart to and then received a wound in my offer him any more violence, only right pap, which passed level through keeping him down, until at length his my body, and almost to my back. surgeon afar off cried out“ he would And there we wrestled for the two immediately die if his wounds were greatest and dearest prizes we could not stopped.” Whereupon I asked ever expect trial for, honour and life. if he desired his

surgeon

should come,

as I

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a

which he accepted of; and so being portunity of appetite ; if the future drawn away I never offered to take was sacrificed to the present, and his sword, accounting it inhuman to hope renounced only for possession, rob a dead man, for so I held him to there would not be much cause for be. This thus ended, I retired to my wonder : but that man should draw surgeon, in whose arms after I had absurd conclusions, contrary to his remained a while for want of blood I immediate interest ; that he should, lost my sight, and withal as I then even at the risk of life, gratify thought my life also: but strong water those vices in some, which in others and his diligence quickly recovered he punishes with a gibbet or me, when I escaped a great danger; wheel, is in the highest degree asfor my Lord's surgeon, when nobody tonishing, and is such an instance of dreamt of it, came full at me with the weakness of our reason, and the his lord's sword, and had not mine fallibility of our judgment, as should with my sword interposed himself, I incline is to accept with gratitude of had been slain by those base hands, that guidance which is from above. although my Lord Bruce, weltering in But if it is strange that one man his blood, and past all expectation of has been immortalized as a god, and life, conformable to all his former another put to death as a felon, for carriage, which was undoubtedly actions which have the same motive noble, cried out, “Rascal! hold thy and the same tendency, merely behand.” So may I prosper as I have cause they were circumstantially difdealt sincerely with you in this re- ferent, it is yet more strange that lation, which I pray you, with the this difference has always been such inclosed letter, deliver to my lord as increases the absurdity; and that chamberlain. And so, &c. Yours, the action which exposes a man to

EDWARD SACKVILLE. infamy and death, wants only greater Louvain the 8th

aggravation of guilt, and more extenof Sept. 1633.

sive and pernicious effects, to render him the object of veneration and ap

plause. To the Editor of the Herald of Peace. Bagshot, the robber, having lost Sır,-Deeming the enclosed paper sociates at hazard, loaded his pistols,

the booty of a week among his asfrom the Adventurer suited to the objects of the Herald of Peace, I have Kentish road, with a resolution not

mounted his horse, and took the copied it out; and should you deem

to return till he had recruited his it worthy a place in that valuable

purse.

Within a few miles of Lonpublication, it will much gratify, Sir, don, just as he heard a village clock

Your obedient Servant,
A Constant Reader. strike nine, he met two gentlemen in

a post-chaise, which he stopped. One London, June 22d, 1821.

of the gentlemen inmediately pre

sented a pistol, and at the same time THE ADVENTURER, NO. XLVII.

a servant rode

up

armed with a blunMan, though as a rational being, derbuss. The robber, perceiving that he has thought fit to style himself the he should be vigorously opposed, lord of the creation, is yet frequently turned off from the chaise, and disthe voluntary slave of prejudice and charged a pistol at the servant, who custom; the most general opinions instantly fell dead from his horse. are often absurd, and the prevailing The gentlemen had now leaped from principles of action ridiculous. the chaise, but the foremost receiving

It may however be allowed, that a blow on his head with the stock of if in these instances reason always the pistol that had been just fired, appeared to be overborne by the im reeled back a few paces. The other,

He was

having fired at the murderer without the road in his return from Gravesend, success, attempted to dismount him, where he had been to receive an only and succeeded; but while they were son upon his arrival from India, after grappling with each other, the villain an absence of near six years; that drew a knife and stabbed his anta-herself and her daughter-in-law were gonist to the heart. He then, with come out to meet them, but were terthe calm intrepidity of a hero who rified with the apprehension that they is familiar with danger, proceeded might have been stopped by the man to rifle the pockets of the dead ; and who had just been taken into custhe survivor, having recovered from tody. Their attention was now sudthe blow, and being imperiously com- denly called to the other side of the manded to deliver, was now obliged coach by the child, who cried out in to comply. When the victor had

a transport of joy, “ There is my thus obtained the pecuniary reward grand-papa!" This was indeed the of his prowess, he determined to lose survivor of the three who had been no part of the glory, which, as con- attacked by Bagshot. queror, was now in his power : turning mounted on his servant's horse, and therefore to the unhappy gentleman rode slowly by the side of the chaise whom he had plundered, he conde- in which he had just placed the body scended to insult him with the ap- of his son, whose countenance was plause of conscious superiority: he disfigured with blood, and whose told him he had never robbed any features were still impressed with the persons who behaved better; and as agonies of death. Who can express à tribute due to the merits of the the grief, horror, and despair, with dead, and as a token of his esteem for which a father exhibited this specthe living, be generously threw him tacle to a mother and a wife, who back a shilling, to prevent his being expected a son and a husband, with stopped at the turnpike.

all the tenderness and ardour of conHe now remounted his horse, and jugal and parental affection! who had set off towards London ; but at the long regretted his absence, who had turnpike, a coach that was paying anticipated the joy of his return, and the toll obstructed his way, and by were impatient to put into his arms a the light of the flambeau that was pledge of his love which he had never behind it, he discovered that his coat seen! was much stained with blood. This

I will not attempt to describe that discovery threw him into such con- distress, which tears would not have fusion, that he attempted to rush by: suffered me to behold : let it suffice, he was however prevented; and his that such was its effect upon those appearance giving great reason to who were present, that the murderer suspect his motive, he was seized and was not without difficulty conducted detained.

alive to the prison; and I am conIn the coach were two ladies, and fident, that few who read this story, a little boy about five years old. The would have heard with regret that he ladies were greatly alarmed when was torn to pieces by the way. they heard that a person was taken But before they congratulate themwho was supposed to have just com selves upon a sense which always mitted a robbery and a murder. They distinguishes right and wrong by asked many questions with great spontaneous approbation and censures, eagerness; but their enquiries were let them tell me, with what sentiments little regarded till a gentleman rode they read of a youthful monarch, who, up, who seeing their distress offered at the head of an armıy in which every his assistance. The elder of the two man became an hero by his example, ladies acquainted him that her hus- passed over mountains and deserts

, band, Sir Harry Freeman, was upon in search of new territories to invade,

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