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abash your disobedience and vain saken. But nothing is so despised confidence therefore they that pur. by a prejudiced and inconsiderate sue you shall be swift,' and so ap- world, an ungodly world, as this palling shall they appear to you at waiting, believing frame of mind. No, length, that a thousand shall fee. If God make windows in heaven, (said at the rebuke of one, at the rebuke the unbelieving lord, 2 Kings vii.) of five shall ye flee, till
be left as
then might this thing be.' This is a beacon upon the top of a mountain, the language of sense, and has the and as an ensign on an hill!' Here we vote of all who do not know the value may see human expedients fail. God of a divine confidence in God; but a advises, instrụcts, promises --Man re well placed confidence in him judges bels, disobeys and flees, and inherits nothing too hard for him, whose is the disappointment. And has not this been earth and the fulness thereof, and the state of Christendom for more than such may therefore safely trụst him fourteen hundred years ?. And can under all exigences. we reckon on anything but judg- The prophet then goes on to reite ments, exclusion, and wrath, from an rate the promise of the Lord's grainşulted God and Saviour, for such ciousness, and the security and happrotracted rebellion! Yes, indeed, piness to be enjoyed, for says he, if he dealt with us after our sins, if The people shall dwell in Zion at he rewarded us according to our ini- Jerusalem, (the city of strength and quities, his wrath would consume us of Peace) where Jehovah has proas in a moment; but lo! as the hea. mised to dwell.' (Psal. ix. 11,lxxvi. 2. vens are high above the earth, so Joel iii
. 21.). "The joy of the whole great is his mercy, his forbearance, earth.' (Psalm xlviii. 2.) And both his patience, above our crimes : he Zion and Jerusalem are the most still waits to be gracious, and al accustomed types of the kingdom though the professing Christian world of heaven. But this grace will be has long been given up to feel and in answer to prayer. agonize for its crime, in its punish- rally intends that the subjects of his ment, and hitherto almost in vain; promises should be made the subalthough the Lord's true witnesses jects of our prayers. A conviction of have been doomed all that long period want and misery, met by those grato prophesy in sackcloth, yet, won- cious assurances, forbid our tears, der Obeavens, and be astonished 0 and encourage our supplication, For earth! the Lord still waits-still! thus sạith the Lord, I will be very still! for so proceeds the prophet; gracious at the voice of thy cry.' The
Therefore will the Lord wait that great mass of Christians, hitherto he may be gracious unto you, and deluded, nuore or less, by ignorance
, therefore will he be exalted that he custom, or prejudice, will be drawn may have mercy upon you. He will together ; lesser points of difference not be disappointed of his determina- will be put into the back ground; lion to purge, to cleanse, to save the nature, teniper, and image of bis church, maugre all the oppo. Christ, will appear more desirable; sition of men or devils ; For the antipathies and animosities shall Lord is a God of judgment;' he sees cease; swords shall be converted into the end from the beginning, --he rules ploughshares, spears into pruning. with wisdom and equity, he will per- hooks—The nations will dismiss the form all the counsel of his will, -he bloody science of war, from the study will yisit the earth in mercy - Blęs, of the literati and the practice of sed are all they that wait for him.' the soldier, FOR THEY SHALL LEARN Waiting is one peculiar feature of WAR NO MORE;' nor shall men longer Faith; and those who thus wait shalt forget that they are men and brethren; never be finally confounded or fors the children of one common Father;
and each shall move in their pro- no, in that state, the godly laborious per sphere, superior of subordi, teacher of Christ's doctrine shall be nate, for content will be the resident held in due respect, no more the subof every basom; and he will be ject of wicked scoffs and jeers; no very gracious unto thee at the voice longer taunted by infidels on the sem of thy cry; when he shall hear it, he cond coming of the Messiah, Where will answer thee.'
is the promise of his coming !' for it Now, although we have to look to will then be plain, his spiritual rea state of moral and spiritual prosa sidence in the hearts, witnessed in perity, which has hitherto been un- the lives of his followers ; and, lest known in the world, and this from they should be deceived by the great the progress of the kingdom of Christ arch-fiend any more, they shall have upon earth, we are not to presume an an invisible but divine monitor, to adexemption from all affliction : No, monish, to instruct, to withdraw thy chastisement may well suit the re- steps from erring on the right hand or turn from a state of protracted dist on the left: This can be no other obedience, and will prove a sanctified than the Holy Spirit, whose influence means of bringing mankind to an is so largely predicted, and promised acknowledgment of their former trans, in the latter days :: “ Thine ears shall gressions. We may not, it is not likely hear a word behind thee, saying, This that in so improved a state of society is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn we shall, have either inclination or to the right hand, and when ye turn temptation to revel in the excesses to the left.' and luxuries which are now abused to This earth will not always continue the purposes of disobedience to that to disgrace itself, and pour contempt God, and to the neglect of his poor, on the kind and gracious invitations which now degrade the visage of the of that God to whom it owes its existmoral world. No, it may comport ence. The prejudices which have with Divine Wisdom to measure out swayed the deteriorated opinions of the bread of adversity and the water Christendom, shall be driven away of affliction ; for, though no chastening like the morning mists before the for the present is joyous, but rather splendours of a rising sun, and Truth grievous, yet it is the soil to promote sħall universally prevail. the growth of the fruits of righteous- Applying these sentiments to War, ness in them who are exercised thereby. but which are of general application, The world
may be subjected to various we still insist that it is in all its forms visitations: nations that have dicta. inconsistent with the profession and ted its laws, may sink into political practice of the Gospel, and opposed insignificance; yet pure and unde- to Christianity. This is our irrefrafiled religion shall prosper, and fill gable position ; nor can its warmest the world with fruit, having their fruit advocates prove that nations have unto holiness, and the end everlasting gained by war.
It is at all times a life; for, in contrast to the bread source of distressing expence to the of adversity and waters of affliction, many, though it may yield gain to a named by the prophet, he sets a most few, and a little of this world's glory valuable, comnianding; and superla. to fewer still; but let the kingdoms of tįve blessing, carrying its effects into the earth say if it is not always a losing eternity, for there will then be no game to every one, both in the hora more prophesying in sackcloth ; ' For rible waste of human life and of treas thy teachers shall not be removed No gain, but to the sordid into a comer any more, but thine gratification of covetousness, or the eyes shall see thy teachers.'
No still viler one of revenge. more wandering and hiding in dens But the time is fast approaching and mountains and caves of the earth; when this delirium will cease, this
delusive phantom shall vanish; and who seriously considers that he is å the terminations in disappointment stranger in it, and shall shortly leave and loss will lead nations and the in- it? How can the flesh ensnare him dividuals who compose them to aban- who has his sepulchre in his don these errors, accept the cure of reflects on the cold lodging he shall their moral blindness, and bow to the have there ? And how can the devil sceptre of the Prince of Peace. prevail on him, who remembers that hé
shall die, and then enter on an unchangeable state of happiness of
misery, according as he has either Reflections upon the Conduct of resisted or yielded to his temptations ?
Human, Life; with reference to Of so vast consequence is the constant Learning and Knowledge. thinking upon death, above all other, (Continued from page 160.)
even practical meditation; and sợ
great reason had Moses for placing - 35. The only way to happiness is the wisdom of man in the consideraa good life ; and consequently all tion of his latter end. wisdom being in order to happiness, 37. But to return. I now persuade that is the true, and the only true wis- myself, that from the character of dom, that serves to the promoting it; man, and his présent circumstances, that therefore is the most compen- as well as from divine authority, it dious way of making a man wise, evidently appears, that however nawhich soonest makes him good. And tural our desire of knowledge is, this nothing does this so soon and so well, appetite is to be governed, as well as as the serious and habitual considera, those that are sensual ; that we ought tion of Death. And therefore, says to indulge it only so far, as may tend the wise man, 'Remember death and
to the conducting our lives, and the corruption, and keep the command- fitting us for that happiness which ments: the shortest compendium of God hath promised, not to the learned, holy living that ever was given. As but to the good : and that if it be if he had said, Many are the admo- gratified to any other purpose, or in nitions of wise and good men, for the any other measure than this, our cumoral conduct of life; but would riosity is impertinent, our study imyou have a short and infallible di- moderate, and the Tree of Knowledge rection, Remember death and cor. still a forbidden plant: ruption. Do but remember this, and 38. And now having stated the forget all other rules if you will, and measure of our affection to, and enyour duty if you can.
quiry after learning and knowledge, 36. And what is here remarked by it reřnains to be considered, how much one wise man, is consented to by all. it is observed in the general conduct Hence that common practice among of our studies. It is plain, it is not the ancients, of placing sepulchres in observed at all. For these two things their gardens, and of using that cele- are notorious: first, that very little of brated motto, Memento Mori. Hence what is generally studied, has any that modern as well as ancient custom, tendency to living well here or hapof putting emblems of mortality in pily hereafter. And secondly, that churches and other public places": these very studies which have no reby all which is implied, that the con ligious influence upon life, do yet sideration of death is the greatest se- devour the greatest part of it. The curity of a good life. Indeed what best and most of our time is devoted other considerations do by parts, this to dry learning; this we make the does at a blow. It at once defeats course of our study, the rest is only the world, the flesh, and the devil. by the by; and it is well: if what is : : For how can the world captivate him practical or devotional, can find us at : 1 leisure upon".a broken piece of & in his private retirements, and at the Sunday or holiday. The main cur- most serious intervals of his life, conrent of our life runs in studies of ano. cerning the general course of those ther nature, that do not so much as studies, which draw out the first runglance one kind aspect 'upon good nings of our age, and which are of living. Nay; it is well if some of them so great credit and authority in the do not hinder it. I am sure so great world, as to go under the name of inand so good a man as St. Austin gemuous and liberal education. You thought so, who, speaking of the in- see he not only disapproves them, but stitution' and discipline of his youth, reckons them among those sins and has these remarkable words: I learnt irregularities of his youth, whereof in those things many useful words; he thought himself obliged to make a but the same might have been learnt particular confession in this his great in matters that are not vain : and that Penitential. indeed is the safe way, wherein chil- 39. And here let me not be thought dren ought to be trained up. But immodest, if, upon great consideration woe unto thee, thou torrent of custom! and full conviction, I presume to tax Who is able to resist thee? How the management of our public schools. long will it be before thou art dried Many miscarriages I might note, but up? How long wilt thou roll along I shall concern myself only with those, the sons of Eve into a great and for- which the principles, here laid down midable sea, which they can hardly lead me to consider. And these we pass over ? Have I not, in obedience may comprehend under two general to theé, read of Jupiter thundering heads of complaint : and fornicating at the same time? 1. That they take up so much of And yet, O thou hellish torrent! the
our time. sons of men are still tossed in thee, 4. 11. That they teach us such friand are invited by rewards to learn volous and unprofitable things as these things! Thy pretence indeed they do. is, that this is the way to learn words, in relation to the first, I cannot and to get eloquence and the art of with patience reflect, that out of so persuasion. As if we might not have short a time as that of human life, known these words, golden shower, consisting, it may be of fifty or sixty lap, the temple of Heaven, without years (for where one lives longer, reading of Jupiter's being made a hundreds come short) nineteen or precedent for whoring! This im- twenty shall be spent between the morality does not at all help the learn- dictionary and the lexicon, in haming of the words, but the words greatly mering out a little Latin and Greek, encourage the committing the im- and in learning a company of poetical morality. Not that I find fault with fictions and fantastic stories. Were the words themselves; they are pure these things worth knowing, yet it is and choice vessels; but with that wine barbarous and inhuman to make peoof error, which in them is handed and ple spend so much of their little stock commended to us by our sottish teach- of time upon them. This is to make
And yet unless we drank of it, & cure of human ignorance, and to we were beaten, nor had we any sober deal with the infirmities of the mind as judge to appeal to. And yet, I, O my some ill surgeons do with the wounds God! in whose presence I now se- of the body. If one were to judge of curely make this recollection, wil- the life of man by the proportion of lingly learnt these things, and like a it spent at school, one would think that wretch delighted in them, and for this"antideluvian mark were not yet out, I was called a good hopeful, boy!? By : and that we had a prospect of at least this you may see what the judgment 900 or 1000 years before us. The of this holy and venerable person was truth is, it is an intolerable abuse it should be 80 ; and were the age as the amorous scenes of the poets? wise as it pretends to be, it would Whether it be safe to season their never sufferit: especially considering green imaginations with sach images what late examples we have had of as are there painted to the life? Is more compendious methods beyond not this rather the direct way to corthe seas.
It does not become me to rupt them, to sow in their tender project a scheme of school-discipline ; minds the seeds of impurity, to inÍ leave this to abler heads. Only crease their inbred propensities to in the mean time I may venture to evil, and lay a standing foundation for say, that the common way is a very debauchery? Let any man but congreat tax upon human life; so large a sider human nature as it comes down portion of which can very ill be spa- to us from Adam, and tell me whether red, to be lavished away in the first he thinks a boy is fit to be trusted elements of learning.
with Ovid? I do not understand upon But the greatest complaint against what principle, either of prudence or these seminaries is, the frivolousness piety, such books as these should be of the things they teach. Not only read by any; but least of all by boys, the spending so much time on the whose soft minds are so suseeptible things they teach is blame-worthy, of any ill impression. Far better but their teaching such things at all. were it they should continue ignorant, Setting opinion and fancy aside, what than that their understandings shonld real improvement is it to the mind of be accomplished at the hazard of their a rational creature to be overlaid with morals; upon which such studies as words and phrases, and to be full these can derive no very wholesome charged with poetical stories and influence. And yet to these our dreams? How many excellent and youth is dedicated, and in these some useful things might be learnt while of us employ our riper years, and boys are thumbling and murdering then when we die, this very thing Hesiod and Homer, which then they makes one part of our funeral elogy, do not understand, and which when that we were so diligent and indefathey do, they will throw by and de- tigable in our studies, and so inquisispise; and that justly too : for of what tive in the search of knowledge, signification is such stuff as this, to perhaps that we procured an early the accomplishment of a reasonable interment by it; when, according to soul? What improvement can it be the principles before laid down, we to my understanding, to know the were as impertinently, though not sa amours of Pyramas and Thisbe, or innocently employed all the while, as of Hero and Leander ? Do men if we had been so long pieking straws retain any value for these things, in Bedlam. when they grow up, or endeavour to 40. The sum of all is this: the meapreserve the memory of them! And sure of prosecuting Learning and why must poor boys be condemned to Knowledge, is their usefulness to a the drudgery of learning what when good life: consequently, all prosecuthey are men they must and will un- tion of them beyond or beside this learn! Why must they be forced, end, is impertinent and immoderate. with se great expense of time and But such is the general prosecution labour, to learly such things as are of of learning and knowledge, as is plain no standing use? So far from that, by appealing to the general conduct that they are dangerous as well as of study. It evidently follows, that umprofitable. For I appeal to the the intellectual conduct of human life common sense and experience of is justly chargeable with an immomankind, whether it be not dange derate and impertinent pursuit of rous in the highest degree, to entertain Knowledge. the gay catching fancies of bavs, with (To be coneluded in our next.)