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daring Pirates, called Sea Kings, Lucy. I believe that is very true, about the latter end of the ninth for it makes one nation rejoice in century.

the distresses of another; and then Harry. Mamma, I think these


it must be owned that they bear some Danish Pirates were the most cruel resemblance to the Sea Kings. I wish and wicked people that ever lived. they would find a better way of setI could not have supposed it was tling their differences. possible for men to be so barbarous. Mrs. B. You cannot wish a

Mrs. B. Indeed it is shocking to greater benefit to the world, my dear reflect, that of all the calamities to child; and remember, that every which this life is subject, the most person who 'cultivates the spirit of dreadful are those which men suffer justice and benevolence, does somefrom the furious passions of their thing towards bringing society into fellow men.

The pages of history that state which will render war unafford many

illustrations of this truth. necessary. ”—Page 21. When you are better acquainted with them, you will see how little the Page 76, Lucy reads an account progress of civilization, of knowledge, of the termination of a war between and of Christianity, have yet accom- Alfred and Hastings the Danish piplished towards allaying the spirit of rate, and then proceeds. “ Another

“ ambition, or subduing the love of calamity attended or immediately military glory. The peasants of Rus- succeeded its conclusion: this was a sia and Germany can, even now,

pestilence, which continued its detell tales as dreadful as those recorded vastations for three years, carrying by the historian of Croyland; and off vast numbers of every rank. could you hear them, you would Lucy. I do not quite under

1 cease to wonder at the excesses com- stand this, Mamma. It seems as if mitted by the untaught pagans of the the war was the cause of the pestiBaltic.

lence; but how could that be? Lucy. I am afraid, Mamma, Mrs. B. Our accounts of that that you

do not think the world is remote period are so imperfect, that I much improved.

cannot answer your question exactly. Mrs. B. The view of that beau- It is very probable that the ravages tiful and fertile plain before us might of war might occasion that calamity, reproach me if I said so, Lucy; for because we know that now they freit was once a dreary wilderness, in- quently do produce it. capable of supporting its famishing Harry. Will you explain that, inhabitants. Oh, no! the world is Mamma! I have no notion how it very much improved ; and it seems to us as if we had no feelings in com- Mrs. B. One reason is, the waste, mon with those dreadful men, whose and what is worse the wilful destrucravages I have been describing. tion, of the products of the earth, Their character was formed by habits which is occasioned by war. Now, of piracy, which rendered them from the want of a sufficient quantity of ehildhood familiar with scenes of blood wholesome food is a frequent cause and cruelty. But we shall deceive of contagious diseases. There is still ourselves, if we suppose that even another reason. Frequently after a polished and civilized nations can battle, hundreds of wounded men are indulge the love of military glory crowded together in close hospitals, without at the same time. declining in where, deprived of the blessings of humanity and virtue. However it fresh air and cleanliness, their disormay disguise itself, the spirit of war ders become infectious, and they is the spirit of tyrannical selfishness, perish miserably, victims to the rashand the greatest enemy to the im- ness and ambition of powerful men. provement and happiness of man. From the hospital, contagion often

can be.




spreads to the peaceful inhabitants of made by amending the Education of the city, who, having already suf- Youth. Surely it behoves Parents of fered from the scarcity of provisions, every degree to weigh this matter are rendered more liable to dis- with great seriousness: their neglect

Now I think you must in this point may not only introduce understand why there is a natural much sin and misery into the world connexion between war, famine, and at large, but it may

render that pos. pestilence."

W.P.T. terity, for whose short-lived temporal

advantage they often venture to incur Mr. Editor,

the risk of their own damnation, unAs the object for which you and protected of God in this world, and your worthy coadjutors are contend- objects of his indignation in another. ing is attainable only by slow de- It behoves them to consider that they, grees, by progressive steps in the under God, have been the cause of overthrow of opinions and prejudices giving existence to an innocent and deeply rooted and rendered the more helpless Being, by their instruobstinate by time, I cannot consider mentality it has had a beginning the subject as perfectly handled, with- of existence, but it is not in their out reference to EDUCATION. Permit power to say when it will have an end me therefore to suggest the expe- of it; it will have no end of existence, diency of devoting a portion of each it will live for ever and ever. But number of The Herald to a selection though the duration of the existence of short extracts or pithy sentences which they have given to the child illustrative of this important duty.- of their love, does in nowise depend One of the excellencies of the pe- upon them, the quality of it does. riodical press is its brevity. Amid ava- Though they will not be able some riety of subjects treated concisely and millions of years hence to blot this piquantly the eye quickly chooses, and poor Being out of existence, if it the mind fastens more intently and should then chance to move their with a greater zest on the simple essay compassion by its misery, yet they or pointed apophthegm than on the may even now guard it against being long and laboured disquisition. For in misery in that or in any more one reader of the latter, the former distant period : they may even now has its thousands, with perhaps the build up the clay which is put into superadded advantage of more per- their hands, into a vessel which God's fect recollection and better practical mercy may see fit to preserve in effect.-As an imperfect example everlasting honour. Let them not of what is here recommended, I beg neglect this blessed opportunity, let to submit the following quotations them fashion it with care ; if not for from the writings of the excellent the love they bear it, let them do it Bishop Watson ; and whether you for the love they bear themselves, for adopt or reject them, be assured of their own personal interest, for their my remaining a stanch friend of the everlasting happiness or misery is holy cause in which you are engaged. closely connected with their diligence


or with their neglect in forming the

religious character of their offspring." As it regards-1. Parents.—2. The 2. “ The possibility of amending

Clergy.-3. Magistrates.—4. The men's manners at any age should Government.

not be despaired of, and the fittest 1.". If any amendment of the opportunities of attempting the re

world is ever to be made, it must be formation should be attended to and

improved ; yet the most enlarged As an illustration we may refer to prospect of doing good, consists in the situation of Leipzig in 1813. seasoning with wholesome instruction




the susceptible minds of Young fidelity, exhibit man as he really is ; Persons."

distinguished, for the most part, by in3. “ The office of the civil ma

consistency, ignorance, superstition, gistrate extends not merely to the and vice; and only occasionally discopunishment, but primarily and prin

vering, to the friend of virtue and humacipally to the prevention of crimes. nity, the cheering gleams of moral exNow crimes are best prevented, and cellence, intellectual attainment, and the foundations of good government

benevolent feeling. Painful as is this are most securely laid, when piety view of the facts, which the historian towards God, a reverence for the and biographer are compelled to relaws, and a regard for virtue, are cord, yet might they be rendered, by instilled into the minds of the people..

correct representation, accompanied

with suitable remarks, subservient 4. “ An incessant contention for to the best interests of mankind. mastery subsists in every Civil State, We have lamented, and we shall and especially in every overgrown continue to lament, that this has Metropolis, between the laws on the rarely been done, until the cause for one hand, and the manners of the

our concern shall be removed. In people on the other. This warfare the mean time, we hail with sincere commences with the very commence pleasure every effort which is made ment of Government, and it ends

to delineate, with the


of a Chrisonly with its dissolution. It is carried tian, the incidents of individual life, on during the existence of the State, and the more important transactions with variable success, according to of nations. the varying talents of the governors The work to which our attention exerted in the enactment of laws is now directed, is intended chiefly more or less salutary, and the varying for the use of young persons, and is dispositions of the people to resist on that account furnished with quesor to submit to the laws enacted; and tions at the end of the volume, for the it is not finally extinguished, till purpose of examination. This is a

, the general prevalence of profligate very useful mode of ascertaining that morals puts an end to the Govern. the pupil has made himself thoroughly ment itself.—There is no instance in acquainted with the subject to which sacred or profane history, of a rich, he has attended. But the questions luxurious, immoral State, ever re- are too few to assist the recollection forming itself; it proceeds from bad of the pupil, and to draw out of him to worse, till, in the course of God's the facts or reflections to which his providence, its fall is accomplished notice has been directed. In reply by the sword, by famine, or by pes- to one question, in the historical part tilence. Notwithstanding this, the of the Studies of History, he is exfall of every State may certainly be pected frequently to give the contents retarded by whatever retards the of nearly a whole page ; and a single

interrogation is applied to an entire section of reflections, though that usually occupies two, and sometimes

three pages in extent. Studies in History; containing the At different periods, Mr. Morell

History of England: Vol. II. By has published Studies in the History Thos. Morell. Black, Tavistock of Greece, in the History of Rome,

Street, Covent Garden. 1820. and a first part of Studies in the The history of nations, and the lives History of England. The second of individuals, constitute a most im- part extends from James the First portant as well as a most interesting to the death of George the Third, subject of contemplation and reflec- and we think it is not inferior to either tion. These, when compiled with of his former productions, in clearness VOL. III,


progress of Vice.


of description, energy of language, which so great a number of men of geor purity of Christian feeling. In these nius flourished, in which so many imrespects we are happy to recommend portant discoveries were made, or in it to the perusal of our readers ; and which such intellectual chefs d'quvres though, perhaps, some may think the

were produced ?” reflections too long, or that they

Adverting to the dreadful massacre might have been better interwoven of the Protestants in Ireland, during with the history, yet the work com

the reign of Charles the First, where prises, in a comparatively small space, forty thousand fell in one day! the much valuable information, and many following remarks occur :very excellent observations. But we “ It is most deeply to be regretted, proceed to give, as specimens of the that Religion was blinded with the poliwork, a few of such quotations as

tical dissensions of this most unhappy comport with the express design of period; and still more, that those who the Herald of Peace; and we are

perpetrated the most atrocious crimes, happy to say that there are many of

professed to fight beneath her sacred

banner. A zeal for God was the prethis description.

text, not only for enkindling the torch of In his review of the character of civil War, and placing subjects in hostile James the First, Mr. Morell takes array agninst their sovereign, but even occasion to rernark as follows: for the horrible carnage of the Irish

Among the commendable qualities massacre itself. It cannot be denied, of this prince, must be mentioned-his that persons professing to be actuated love of peace—his clemency to state cri- by religious motives, have broken asunminals--and his generosity to those who der the bonds of legitimate authority, shared his confidence and friendship, and committed deeds of cruelty and Whether the pacific character of this blood, at which humanity shudders, and reign is to be attributed (as his enemies stands aghast; but utterly ignorant must affirm) to the constitutional timidity and they be of the genius of our Holy Relinative indolence of the sovereign, or, gion, who imagine that she affords any whether it arose from other feelings and sanction to such proceedings. The inbetter principles, the quality itself is of scription, traced by the hand of Omniposo rare occurrence in the history of princes tence on her standard, is, Peace on and empires, that we cannot forbear to earth, good will toward men. The spiadvert to it with feelings of satisfaction rit she breathes, is that of pure,

fervent, and delight."

unfeigned, universal benevolence. The In the reflections upon the state of becomes the ministers of God, who

duty she enjoins on rulers is, to act as Literature during this reign, we meet must ere long give an account to him with the following argument in favour that is ready to judge the quick and of Peace :

dead.' And to subjects, her command “ From the rapid sketch which is,'to submit themselves' with a willing now been taken of the state of Litera- mind to constituted authorities, and ture, at the commencement of the seven- to every ordinance of man, for the Lord's teenth century, it may be inferred (and sake,' unless when their mandates are it would not be difficult to support the

at variance with the supreme adminisinference by innumerable proofs, that tration of him who is King of kings, a time of national Peace is most favour- and Lord of lords.' The instructions able to the development of mind, and adulressed to all her disciples, whether the advancement of general knowledge. of low or high degree, are, 'Avenge not There may have been some men of yourselves, but rather give place unto genius, who were nurtured amidst the wrath: if it be possible, as much as in storms of civil contentions, or foreign you lieth, live peaceably with all men; warfare; there

may be some plants of for it is better, if the will of God be so, science that are found to thrive most in that ye suffer for well-doing, than for a soil saturated with human blood; but evil-doing ' Happy were it for society, for the most part, the reverse is found if men, in every age, who profess subto be the case.

The reign of James 1. mission to these maxims, were actuated was a time of almost universal peace; by them continually, not only in their and to what period can we reter, in letter, but in their spirit,"

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We conclude our quotations for the From Mr. Clarkson's Portraiture of present, from this useful work, by an

Quakerism. anecdote of Lord Falkland, Secretary of State to Charles the First, who feil (Continued from p. 358.) on the field of battle at Newbury.

« From the commencement of the civil war, he became increasingly me

Have now stated the principal lancholy, and was heard frequently to arguments, by which the Quakers exclaim, with much emotion, Peace !

are induced to believe it to be a docPeace! this cruel war will break my trine of Christianity, that men should heart.' On the morning of the day in abstain from war; and I intended to which he fell, he expressed to a friend have closed the subject in the last his anguish of mind at the scenes he had section. But when I consider the lately witnessed ; adding emphatically, frequency of modern wars - when I * I am weary of the times, I expect to consider that they are scarcely over, lowing morning, his body was found before others spring up in their

place; among a heap of the slain. He had just

—when I consider, again, that they attained his thirty-fourth year, and was

come like the common diseases which accounted the most accomplished scho- belong to our infirm nature, and they Jar, and the most elegant writer of his are considered by men nearly in a day

similar light, I should feel myself In the removal by death, of the criminal, if I were not to avail mymost amiable and virtuous men of that self of the privilege of an author, to age, at the very commencement of this

add a few observations of my own on contest, was to them a merciful dispensation ; but to the nation it was a griev

this subject. ous calainity. It was as if the pilot, who

Living as we do in an almost insat at the helm of the vessel of state, and accessible island, and having therein whom he inariners chiefly confided, fore more than ordinary means of had fallen overboard in the midst of a tre- security to our property and our mendous storm. Yetthe memory of these persons from hostile invasion, we do illustrious statesmen would have been not seem to be sufficiently grateful to more truly honourable, though less cele the Divine Being for the blessings we brated in the records of fame, if, instead of falling in the embattled plain, they enjoy. We do not seem to make a had refused to take an active part in the right use of our benefits, by contemmurderous contest; and if, instead of plating the situation, and by feeling wielding the homicidal sword, they had a tender anxiety for the happiness of resolved alone to bear the olive branch others. We seem to make no proper of Peace. There were, we would fain estimates of the miseries of war, hope, a goodly number of Christian pa- The latter we feel principally in triots in that day, who, like the amiable abridgments of a pecuniary nature. and accomplished Falkland, eartlestly But if we were to feel them in the sighed for Peace and union, who wept in secret places, on account of the cala. conflagration of our towns and vilmities of their country, and who vented lages, or in personal wounds, or in their sorrows in language like that of the personal sufferings of fugitive the Israelitish prophet": 0, that my misery and want, we should be apt head were waters, and mine eyes a to put a greater value than we do fountain of tears, that I might weep day upon the blessings of peace. And and night for the slain of the daughter we should be apt to consider the of my people. But, alas! amidst the connexion between war and misery, tumult of infuriate passions, amidst the horrid din of arms, their tears flowed and between war and moral evil, unobserved -- their sighs and groans

in a light so much stronger than we escaped unnoticed—the storm of War do at present, that we might even still raged with unabated, with ang. suppose the precepts of Jesus Christ mented violence."

to be deficient, unless they were

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