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more impiously unhallowed than by Extracts from English Stories," mutual bloody murder among you,

Vol. 2, by Maria Hack. his sons ? Thy kingdom come ;' Page 64. (Harry reads.) In the do you pray for the coming of his year 1294, a circumstance occurred kingdom, while you are endeavouring which, though apparently trivial, was to establish an earthly despotism, by followed by very important consethe spilling of the blood of God's sons quences. A French and an English and subjects ? " Thy will be done on vessel happened to be near the coast earth as it is in heaven ;' his will in of Normandy, and both of them being heaven is for peace, but you are now in want of water, they sent their boats meditating wur. Dare you say to to land, in order to procure the neces. your Father in heaven, Give us this sary supply. The crews unfortunately, day our daily bread,' when you are met at the same spring; each party the next minute to burn your brother's desired to have the precedence, neicorn-fields, and had rather lose the ther would yield to the other, and a benefit of them yourself, than suffer scuffle ensued, in which a Norman him to enjoy them unmolested? With was killed. This quarrel between a what face can you say, 'Forgive us few sailors about filling their waterour trespasses, as we forgive those who casks, not only kindled

a bloody war trespass against us,' when, so far from between France and England, but forgiving your own brother, you are occasioned an important change in going with all the haste you can, to the affairs of Scotland; and to this murder him in cold blood, for an change, as being more immediately alleged trespass, which, after all, is connected with our story, we shall but imaginary? Do you presume to confine. our attention. deprecate danger of temptation,' Harry. But I cannot "confine my who, not without great danger to your- attention” to it, mamma; and I wish self, are doing all you can to force you would be so very good as to exyour brother into danger? Do you plain how it was possible that such a deserve to be delivered from evil, prudent king as Edward the First that is, from the evil being to whose could engage in a bloody war about impulse you submit yourself

, and by filling water-casks ! whose spirit you are guided, in con- Mrs. B. The war appears to have triving the greatest possible evil to your originated in the imprudence and obbrother ? *

stinacy of the French king. You It may be doubted, whether a com- know that Normandy was adjudged plete history of all the conduct of to be forfeited to the crown of France, infernal spirits would contain any on account of king John's share in thing more inconsistent, more abomi- the supposed murder of prince Arthur. nable, or more to be deplored, than The Norman sailors complained to has appeared in the history of warring Philip the Fair of the treatment they Christians. To behold two con- had received at the spring; and intending armies, from Christian nations, stead of enquiring into the real state 80 deluded as mutually to offer prayers of the case, or demanding satisfaction to the same benevolent God, for suc- from the English government, that cess in their attempts to butcher each monarch, whose cruel and vindictive other, is enough to fill the mind of any temper forms a striking contrast to considerate person

with amazement the mildness and justice of his exand horror; - a sight like this might cellent grandfather, Louis the Ninth, well cause triumph in hell

bade the angry sailors take revenge themselves, and trouble him no more

about the matter. Thus authorized, * See Antipolemus, by Erasmus, translated by Knox.

these desperate men seized an English VOL, III,


ship in the Channel, and hung seve- he might there seek redress; but so ral of the crew on the yard-arm, with far from insisting on the case being some dogs beside them; they then decided by the laws of England, he dismissed the vessel, bidding the re- offered to settle the matter by private maining mariners inform their coun- arbitration, or to refer it to the judgtrymen that vengeance was now taken ment of the court of Rome. You for the blood of the Norman killed see, Harry, that national injuries may at Bayonne.

be repaired by wiser expedients than Harry. That was insulting and the hazardous results of war. abominable indeed. Hang English Lucy. If nations settle their difsailors

with dogs!

Mother, I do ferences by arms; strength and counot wonder now that Edward should rage, not justice, must gain the vicgo to war.

tory. Which of the plans proposed Mrs. B. Do you think, then, that by Edward did the king of France the insolence and wickedness of a few accept? ignorant sailors was a sufficient rea- Mrs. B. None of them. Philip son for subjecting millions, who had refused all the peaceable offers of our no concern in that quarrel, to the dan- hero; indeed, he seems to have been gers and miseries of war? I assure glad of the opportunity of gratifying you, Harry, that one of the most po- his ambition, for he summoned 'Edo litic kings who ever swayed the Eng- ward, as his vassal, to answer in perlish sceptre, one who was far too fond son, for the outrages which had oriof military enterprises, did not think ginated in his own rash sanction of the occasion required him to make so private revenge ; and because he did hazardous an experiment.

not appear, Philip declared the feudal Harry. But what could he do? possessions which the king of England Surely he would not submit to see his held in Gascony, to be forfeited, subjects insulted in that manner! and immediately invaded them. Now,

Mrs. B. His subjects did not so- my dear Harry, the connexion of licit his interference as they ought to these circumstances with the affairs have done, but took the law into their of Scotland will be explained in our own hands, and committed the like story, and you had better proceed.barbarities on all French vessels Harry then reads an account of without distinction. A sort of pirati- the manner in which the wars with cal war between the fleets of both France and Scotland, before alluded nations followed: the English sailors to, were brought about obtained the assistance of Irish and Page 115. After reading an acDutch vessels ; the French secured count of the sufferings of Bruce, subthat of the Flemings and Genoese. sequent to his coronation, Harry proThe sovereigns of both countries took ceeds :-“The declining health of no part in the quarrel, till after an Edward had compelled him to remain obstinate battle, in which the English during the preceding winter, at Carwere victorious, and the loss of the lisle. Unwelcome news soon reached French was said to amount to fifteen him : In the beginning of April 1307, thousand men.

The affair was now Bruce found means to raise a body of become too important to be over- troops, at the head of which he delooked ; the king of France loudly scended from the mountains. His demanded reparation, and Edward little army increased as he advanced, despatched the bishop of London to and at last amounted to 10,000 men. the French court, in order to accom- With this accession of strength, he modate the difference. In the first attacked and defeated the earl of place, he stated that the English Pembroke, and a few days afterwards courts of justice were open to all men, routed the forces under the command and if any Frenchman were injured, of the earl of Gloucester, who Ged to

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the castle of Ayr, where he was im- ignorant was this great monarch, mediately besieged.

of one of the most striking precepts “Edward was exasperated beyond of Him whose religion he professed, measure when he heard that Bruce but to whose spirit he was a stranger: had again appeared, and been again Forgive, that ye may be forgiven. successful. The

energy of his mind Lucy. What a contrast between appears to have exerted a temporary the last instructions of Edward the influence over his disorder. He felt, First and those of our favourite Alfred! or fancied, an increase of strength, He charged his son to “comfort the and made an offering of his horse- poor and shelter the weak ;” and to litter in the cathedral of Carlisle. trust in Providence, when he was in Impatient to execute his meditated trouble, not in a dead man's bones. vengeance on Scotland, he mounted I am afraid the English did not imhis horse, and set forward on his way prove much in the four hundred years to Solway Firth ; but the disorder, that passed between the deaths of these which had appeared to be suspended two kings. by strong mental excitement, returned Mrs. B. It would be very unfair with inreased violence : in four days to judge of the progress of improvehe only advanced six miles, and ment in such an interval, from the reached Burgh on the Sands, on the conduct of one individual. The temp6th of July. The next day he ex- tation which proved fatal to the virtue pired in his tent, in sight of that of Edward, had no power over the country which he had devoted to mind of Alfred. They formed endestruction. That his ruling passion tirely different estimates of the true was strong, even in death, we may glory of a sovereign-The one supbelieve, on the authority of Froissart, posed it to consist in the enlargement who probably received the account of his dominións ; the other in the he has transmitted to us from persons wise government of those he inherited who witnessed that awful scene, which from his ancestors_The one wasted he describes as follows:

his treasures and exertions in fruitless “When he (the king) perceived attempts to become the sole monarch he could not recover, he called to of Great Britain; the other, when him his eldest son, who was afterward extensive districts would have subking, and made him swear, in pre- mitted to his authority, was content sence of all his barons, by the saints, to live and to die the patriot king that as soon as he should be dead, of the West Saxons. Alfred died in he would have his body boiled in a peace and honour, 'and bequeathed a large cauldron, until the flesh should a tranquil and flourishing kingdom to be separated from the bones; that he his successor. Can

you should have the flesh buried, and the Harry, what prevented Edward from bones preserved; and that every time doing the same? What was it that the Scots should rebel against him, gradually obscured his noble qualities, he would summon his people, and and surrounded his dying bed with the carry with him the bones of his father; fiend-like images of cruelty, hatred, for he believed most firmly that as and revenge? long as his bones were carried against Harry. Ah, mamma ! I can tell the Scots, those Scots would never what you are thinking of, by the very be victorious.”

tone of your voice. Well, I will be To view the parting spirit trembling honest, and own that the first cause on the confines of eternity, and car- of all this mischief was nothing rying with it into the house of death worse than a little ambition :" but the "schemes of ambition and the I hope-yes, I am sure I shall thirst of vengeance, is a fearful think very differently of ambition for contemplation. But thus lamentably the future.

tell me,

At page 236~It is stated as the on by one class of men at the exopinion of John Wicliff, that“ He was pence of the property and the lives of particularly disgusted with the am- another; that it is in every respect as bition which induced rival Popes to needless and as immoral as duelling, assert their claims to St. Peter's chair, and commonly far more unjust in the at the expence of torrents of human vengeance it inflicts; that it is the blood; for he not only considered most atrocious mode of offering huthe whole trade of war to be utterly man sacrifices which was ever adopted unlawful for Christians, but seems by pagans or savages, and that, like to have thought it wrong, on the prin- all other sanguinary customs, its very ciples of the gospel, to take away the existence depends on its popularity

. life of man upon any occasion.” Consequently, every thing which tends

to render the custom popular, tends to

multiply, the crimes and miseries of The Substance of Three Letters ad- mankind ; and every thing which tends dressed to Christian Ladies. to diminish its popularity, tends to les(Continued from p. 121.)

sen the aggregate of crime and wo.

The ladies should also consider, Persons who have read and re- that every smile of approbation which flected but little on the subject, regard is given by them to military murder, the attempt to abolish war, as chime- may be the occasion of death to some rical. I rejoice that many ladies surviving brother, or of dishonour to of respectable rank are of a different some fair sister ; and that the conopinion; and I doubt not, that they sequences of such indiscretion may will unite with their brethren who eventually recoil upon themselves, have embarked in the cause of peace. and involve them or their off spring Permit me, then, to express my in wretchedness, infamy, and despair. firm belief, that the abolition of war Having their minds duly impressed will be completely in the power of the with these considerations, they should fair sex, if they can be persuaded set their faces against war, as the to act the part of Christians indeed, most horrible of all customs which and to combine their influence for have been handed down from ages the heavenly purpose.

of savage ignorance and barbarity; Do any of you ask, What can and resolve to employ all their inwomen do in such an enterprise ? I fluence to render it as disreputable, answer, ' Much every way,' or at least as it is wicked and destructive. much in many ways. But to prepare The ladies of rank and intelligence themselves for the work, they should should take the lead in this work, obtain correct information respecting and diffuse through every class of the causes of war, its nature and females correct sentiments on this effects, and the characters of the men subject. Mothers should inspire their in general by whom it is made and daughters with the most perfect abconducted; its deleterious influence on horrence of this cruel custom, and the morals of society, the desolation, teach them to treat with decided disthe anguish and misery it occasions; approbation every appearance of a its violations of moral principle in the disposition in men to boast of their systematic course of intrigue, false- heroism in shedding human blood, hood and violence it employs, and its or to make light of the crimes and perfect contrariety to the dictates of havoc of war. They should imbue benevolence and religion, as these the minds of their sons with sentiwere displayed by the Messiah. ments of humanity, love and tender

Let it also be understood by the ness towards all mankind, and excite ladies, that war is the most wanton in them a just detestation of every and fatal species of gambling-carried species of cruelty and barbarity. Let them also be taught to pity the woman narrating with pleasure the unhappy beings who are deprived inhuman butcheries committed by of the natural rights of men, and her husband, her father, or her son! doomed to spend their days amidst If she has reason to respect her the contagious vices of the camp, or husband, her father, or her son, let in ships of war, or to employ their it appear that she also deplores the powers for the destruction of one delusion which has led many valuable another. And let both sons and men to call evil good, and to regard daughters be taught to admire the the business of manslaughter as an heroism of men who hazard their honourable employment. If she has reputation and their lives, and who at all occasion to mention the sanemploy their time, their powers and guinary deeds of her relations, let it their property, in relieving the dis- ever be done with tears of regret, and tresses and promoting the happiness not with the exultation of an unreof their fellow-beings. Let them flecting savage. moreover be taught to regard with

By thirty years of faithful and unithorror, mingled with pity, those de- ed exertions on the part of females in luded men who wantonly plunge Christendom, War might lose all its nations into war, or who seek to fascinating charms, and be regarded aggrandize themselves by destroying by the next generation with more abor oppressing others.

horrence than the people of the preIf mothers perceive in their chil- sent age look back on the gladiatorial dren a disposition to admire the combats of Rome, the Papal crusades, wonderful exploits of such men as or the flames of martyrdom. Then Alexander the Great, or the fatal every well-informed man, who shall splendour which delusion has thrown desire the approbation of the ladies, around such desolating barbarians, or be in pursuit of a virtuous wife, they should correct the error, by will know that military decorations, bringing to view the unspeakable and boasting of sanguinary exploits, misery which such men have occa- are as little adapted to recommend sioned in the world; what multitudes him, as a present of human scalps, or of wives they have made widows, of garments died in the blood of murwhat multitudes of children they have dered men. made fatherless, or murdered in child- Unless something should be done hood; how many tender parents they to bring War into disrepute, it will have bereaved of their sons—how the frequently and inevitably occur; and people of whole towns, cities or pro- probably it will be but a few years vinces, have been either wantonly before our country will again be enbutchered, or reduced to beggary and gaged in some bloody and disastrous wo. Such military monsters should

gamebe represented to children, as bear

“Go then, ah go, whate'er thy lot, ing a striking resemblance to their

Be thine the prison or the cotfather, the devil,' being like him the And round thee gentle Peace diffuse, tormentors and destroyers of mankind. Her morning smiles and evening dews; All women professing godliness

Thy sons with love of Peace inform, should take a decided and active

Bid them pernicious strise abhor part; remembering that a meek and And all the pride and pomp of war ; quiet spirit is in the sight of God of Far round thee light the genial fire,

Thy neighbours and thy friends inspire ; great price. This spirit they should

United, lift the ardent prayer inculcate both by precept and ex- That God thy ruin'd race may spare, ample ; discountenancing in their children and in others every pro

And change the reasoning wolf to man."* pensity to cruelty, revenge or war. How shocking to hear a Christian

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Their bearts with sweet affections warm,

Protract of life the little span,

* Greenfield Hill.

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