« PreviousContinue »
same shall be and remain subject to the disposition of the United States, and said Indian lands shall remain under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the Congress of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens of the United States residing without the said states shall never be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to residents thereof; that no taxes shall be imposed by the states on lands or property therein belonging to or which may hereafter be purchased by the United States or reserved for its use. But nothing herein, or in the ordinances herein provided for, shall preclude the said states from taxing as other lands are taxed any lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed his tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or from any person a title thereto by patent or other grant, save and except such lands as have been or may be granted to any Indian or Indians under any act of Congress containing a provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxation, but said ordinances shall provide that all such lands shall be exempt from taxation by said states so long and to such extent as such act of Congress may prescribe.
Third. That the debts and liabilities of said territories shall be assumed and paid by said states respectively.
Fourth. That provision shall be made for the establishment and maintenance of systems of public schools, which shall be open to all children of said state, and free from sectarian control.
% 5. That the convention which shall assemble at Bismarck shall form a Constitution and State Government for a state to be known as North Dakota, and the convention which shall assemble at Sioux Falls shall form a Constitution and State Government for a state to be known as South Dakota; Provided, That at the election for delegates to the Constitutional Convention in South Dakota, as hereinbefore provided. each elector may have written or printed on his ballot, the words, For the Sioux Falls Constitution," or the words, “Against the Sioux Falls Constitution,” and the votes on this question should be returned and canvassed in the
manner for the election provided for in Section 3 of this act; and if a majority of all votes cast on this question shall be “For the Sioux Falls Constitution” it shall be the duty of the convention which may assemble at Sioux Falls, as herein provided, to resubmit to the people of South Dakota, for ratification or rejection at the election hereinafter provided for in this act, the Constitution framed at Sioux Falls, and adopted November 3. 1885, and also the articles and propositions separately submitted at that election, including the ques tion of locating the temporary seat of government, with such changes only as relate to the name and boundary of the pro
posed state, to the reapportionment of the judicial and legislative districts, and such amendments as may be necessary in order to comply with the provisions of this act; and if a majority of the votes cast on the ratification or rejection of the Constitution shall be for the Constitution irrespective of the articles separately submitted, the State of South Dakota shall be admitted as a state in che Union under said Constitution as hereinafter provided, but the archives, records and books of the Territory of Dakota shall remain at Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota, until an agreement in reference theretu) is reached by said states. But if at the election for delegates to the Constitutional Convention in South Dakota a majority of all the votes cast at that election shall be “Against the Sioux Falls Constitution,” then, and in that event, it shall be the duty of the convention which will assemble at the city of Sioux Falls on the Fourth day of July, 1889, to proceed to form a Constitution and State Government as provided in this act the same as if that question had not been submitted to a vote of the people of South Dakota.
% 6. It shall be the duty of the Constitutional Conventions of North Dakota and South Dakota to appoint a Joint Commission, to be composed of not less than three members of each convention, whose duty it shall be to assemble at Bismarck, the present seat of government of said territory, and agree upon an equitable division of all property belonging to the Territory of Dakota, the disposition of all public records, and also adjust and agree upon the amounts of the debts and liabilities of the Territory, which shall
be assumed and paid by each of the proposed states of North Dakota and South Dakota; and the agreement reached respecting the territorial debts and liabilities shall be incorporated in the respective constitutions, and each of said states shall obligate itself to pay its proportion of such debts and liabilities the same as if they had been created by such states respectively.
& 7. If the constitutions formed for both North Dakota and South Dakota shall be rejected by the people at the elections for the ratification or rejection of their respective constitutions as provided for in this act, the territorial government of Dakota shall continue in existence the same as if this act had not been passed. But if the constitution formed for either North Dakota or South Dakota shall be rejected by the people, that part of the territory so rejecting its proposed constitution shall continue under the territorial government of the present Territory of Dakota, but shall, after the state adopting its constitution is admitted into the Union, be called by the name of the Territory of North Dakota or South Dakota, as the case may be; Provided, That if either of the proposed states provided for in this act shall reject the constitution which may be submitted for ratification or rejection at the election provided therefor, the Governor of the territory in which such proposed constitution was rejected shall issue his proclamation reconvening the delegates elected to the convention which formed such rejected constitution, fixing the ‘ime and place at which said delegates shall assemble; and when so assembled they shall proceed to form another constitution or to amend the rejected constitution, and shall submit such new constitution or amended constitution to the people of the proposed state for ratification or rejection, at such time as said convention may determine; and all the provisions of this act, so far as applicable, shall apply to such convention so reassembled and to the constitution which may be formed, its ratification or rejection, and to the admission of the proposed state.
% 8. The Constitutional Convention which may assemble in South Dakota shall provide by ordinance for resubmitting the Sioux Falls Constitution of 1885, after having amended the same as provided in Section 5 of this act, to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection at an election to be held therein on the first Tuesday in October, 1889; but if said Constitutional Convention is authorized and required to form a constitution for South Dakota, it shall provide for submitting the same in like manner to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection at an election to be held in said proposed state on the said first Tuesday in October. And the Constitutional Conventions which may assemble in North Dakota, Montana and Washington, shall provide in like manner for submitting the constitutions formed by them to the people of said proposed states respectively, for ratification or rejection, at elections to be held in said proposed states on the said first Tuesday in October. At the elections provided for in this section the qualified voters of said proposed states shall vote directly for or against the proposed constitutions, and for or against any articles or propositions separately submitted. The returns of said elections shall be made to the Secretary of each of said territories, who, with the Governor and Chief Justice thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass the same, and if a majority of the legal votes cast shall be for the constitution, the Governor shall certify the result to the President of the United States, together with a statement of the votes cast thereon and upon separate articles or propositions, and a copy of the said constitution, articles, propositions and ordinances. And if the constitutions and governments of said proposed states are republican in form, and if all the provisions of this act have been complied with in the formation thereof, it shall be the duty of the President of the United States to issue his proclamation announcing the result of the election in each, and thereupon the proposed states which have adopted constitutions and formed state governments, as herein provided, shall be deemed admitted by Congress into the Union, under and by virtue of this act, on an equal footing with the original states from and after the date of sa proclamation.
9. Thay until the next general census, or until otherwise provided by day, said states shall be entitled to one represent ative in the House of Representatives of the United States, except Soutla Dakota which shall be entitled to two; and the representatives of the Fifty-first Congress, together with the governors and oth
officers provided for in said constitutions, may be elected on same day of the election for the ratification or rejection of the Institutions; and until said state officers are elected and quified under the provisions of each constitution and the states re pectively, are admitted into the Union, the terytorial on shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective o in each of said territories.
2,10 Tga upon the admission of each of said states into he Union sect as numbered 16 and 36 in every township of Sard propose states, and where such sections or any part thereof have been sold or otherwise disposed of by or under the authority of any act of Congress, other lands equivalent thereto, in legal subdiv sions of not less than one-quarter section, and as contiguous may be to the section in lieu of which the same is taken, are hereby granted to said states for the support of common schools, such indemnity lands to be selected within said states in such manner as the legislature may provide, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior; Provided, That the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections embraced in permanent reservations for national purposes shall not, at any time, be subject to the grants nor to the indemnity provisions of this act nor shall. any lands embraced in Indian, military or other reservations of any character, be subject to the grants or to the indemnity provisions of this act until the reservation shall have been extinguished and such lands be restored to and become a part of the public domain.
That all lands herein granted for educational purposes shall be disposed of only at public sale, and at a price not less than $10 per acre, the proceeds to constitute a permanent school fund, the interest of which only shall be expended in the support of said schools. But said lands may, under such regulation as the Legislature shall prescribe, be leased for periods of not more than five years, in quantities not exceeding one section to any one person or company; and such land shall not be subject to pre emption, homestead entry, or any other entry under the land laws of the United Siates, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, but shall be reserved for school purposes only.
% 12. That upon the admission of each of said states into the Union, in accordance with the provision of this act fifty sec
tions of the unappropriated public lands within said states, to be selected and located in legal subdivisions as provided in Section 10 of this act, shall be, and are hereby, granted to said states for the purpose of erecting public buildings at the capital of said states for legislative, executive and judicial purposes.
& 13. That five per centum of the proceeds of the sales of public lands lying within said states which shall be sold by the United States subsequent to the admission of said states into the Union, after deducting all the expenses incident to the same, shall be paid to the said states, to be used as a permanent fund, the interest of which only shall be expended for the support of common schools within said states, respectively.
% 14. That the lands granted to the territories of Dakota and Montana by the act of February 18, 1881, entitled “An act to grant lands to Dakota. Montana, Arizona, Idaho and Wyoming for university purposes," are hereby vested in the states of South Dakota, North Dakota and Montana respectively, if such states are admitted into the Union as provided in this act, to the extent of the full quantity of seventy-two sections to each of said states, and any portion of said lands that may not have been selected by either of said territories of Dakota or Montana may be selected by the respective states aforesaid; but said act of February 18, 1881, shall be so amended as to provide that none of said lands shall be sold for less than $10 per acre, and the proceeds shall constitute a permanent fund to be safely invested and held by said states severally, and the income thereof be used exclusively for university purposes. And such quantity of the lands authorized by the fourth section of the act of July 17, 1854, to be reserved for university purposes in the Territory of Washington, as, together with the land confirmed to the vendees of the territory by the act of March 14, 1864, will make the full quantity of seventy-two entire sections, are hereby granted in like manner to the state of Washington for the purposes of a university in said state. None of the lands granted in this section shall be sold at less than $10 per acre; but said lands may be leased in the same manner as provided in Section 11 of this act. The schools, colleges and universities provided for in this act shall forever remain under the exclusive control of said states, respectively, and no part of the proceeds arising from the sale or disposal of any lands herein granted for educational purposes shall be used for the support of any sectarian or denominational school, college or university. The section of land granted by the act of June 16, 1880, to the Territory of Dakota, for an Asylum for the Insane shall, upon the admission of said State of South Dakota into the Union, become the property of said state.
X 15. That so much of the lands belonging to the United States as have been acquired and set apart for the purpose