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ingénious display of stage effect, we connexion with Blackwood's Edinare disposed to consider his plays as a burgh Magazine, of which he is one of species of refined melo-drama, rather the most distinguished writers. Prothan belonging to genuine tragedy. He fessor Wilson is a man of great learnalways interests and affects us, but he ing and ability, possessing considerable is neither powerful nor sublime; and judgment and powerful discrimination in his efforts to catch the style of the as a critic, and the information of a elder dramatists, he sometimes shows us scholar with the taste and imagination of his own defects without recalling to our a poet. He is said to possess equal minds the beauties of his models. In powers of mind and body; to use the person, Mr. Knowles is of the middle single-stick with as much vigour as he size, with a ruddy, rough, and jovial does his pen; and to be fond of field aspect ; and is said
to be a good-natured sports, and the exercises of boxing and and cordial companion.
fencing. CUNNINGHAM, (ALLAN,) the son LEE, (SAMUEL,) whom his bioof humble parents, was born in Scot. grapher, Archdeacon Corbett, compares land, about 1786; and, after having re to the admirable Crichton, was born ceived an ordinary school education, about 1788; and, at the age of twelve, was apprenticed to a stone mason, and apprenticed to a carpenter and builder. lor some years, followed that business. In the course of six years, during which His poetical taste, which he early de time he worked steadily at his trade, he veloped, attracted the notice and pa- contrived to make himself master of tronage of Sir Walter Scott; and he the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldee, was already favourably known to the and Syriac languages, without any other public as an author, when he was se assistance than was afforded him by lected by Mr. Chantry, as a sort of such books as he picked up at old superintendent and assistant in the book-stalls. Shortly after the expirastudio of that eminent sculptor. Mr. tion of the period above-mentioned, he Cunningham's principal works are, Sir was appointed superintendent of a Marmaduke Maxwell; The Mermaid charity-school; and, in a few months, of Galloway; The Legend of Richard acquired a knowledge of the Persian Faulder; and twenty Scottish songs; and Arabic. Whilst holding this situafour volumes of Songs of Scotland, tion, he became acquainted with Dr. ancient and modern, with introduction Jonathan Scott, to whom, says Mr. and notes ; and Lives of the British Corbett, we may attribute Mr. Lee's Architects, Painters and Sculptors. subsequent engagement with the Church
Missionary Society ; his admission at WILSON, (John,) was born in the Queen's College, Cambridge; and his north of England about 1786 ; and ordination as a minister of the estabbeing sent to complete his education at lished church. His progress in matheMagdalen College, Oxford, he gained matics was rapid and wonderful; but the Newdigate prize for poetry, in he still directed his principal attention 1806. After having graduated B. A. to the study of oriental languages, and in 1807, and M. A. in 1810, he went was, in 1819, made professor of Arabic 10 reside on bis estate, near the to the university; on which occasion, Lake of Windermere, and there culti the degree of M. A. was conferred on vated the muses with no ordinary de him by royal mandate ; and he subvotion. In 1812, he published, at sequently proceeded B.D.
His ser Edinburgh, his celebrated Isle of Palms, vices, however, have not been confined and other poems ; a volume that at to his duty as a professor ; for, besides once placed him by the side of some of having translated the Scriptures into our most elegant modern poets. He several of the oriental languages, and was, some time after, appointed pro- being employed by the university to fessor of moral philosophy in the Uni. collate their oriental manuscripts in versity of Edinburgh, an office he still their public library, he has published a holds; and, in 1818, appeared his City Hebrew grammar, and various other of the Plague. He is, however, less elementary works connected with celebrated for his poetry than for his oriental studies. He also edited the Rev.
Henry Martyn's Controversial Tracis early proofs of those abilities which on Christianity and Mahomedanism; have since acquired for her productions and is the author of a volume forining a such deserved popularity. Not long part of Messrs. Rivington's Theological after her debut as an author, she was Library, Illustrations of Eastern Man resident in Liverpool, where she was ners, Scripture Phraseology, &c. introduced to Mr. Roscoe, the cele
brated author of The Lives of the MePEAKE, (RICHARD BRINSLEY,) son dici, in whose presence, at an appointed of Richard Peake, who was, for forty interview, she is said to have appeared years, in the treasury office of Drury and continued veiled, but from what Lane Theatre, was born in Gerard Street, cause is not stated. She was united to Soho, February 19th, 1792. He was an officer in the army some time after articled to James Heath, the engraver, 1829, and is, we believe, now a widow. with whom he remained eight years; but Her poems, of which the first was pubrelinquished the arts for the profession lished in 1806, are, The Restoration of of writing for the stage. Mr. Peake's the Works of Art to Italy; Tales and principal dramatic pieces are, The Duel; | Historic Scenes, in verse; The Sceptic; Hundred Pound Note; Comfortable The Siege of Valencia ; The Last ConLodgings; The Haunted Inn; Master's stantine; The Forest Sanctuary; ReRival; Wanted a Governess; Ama cords of Women, and Songs of the teurs and Actors; Walk for a Wager; Affections. She has also contributed Gordon the Gypsy; Presumption, or largely to the Annuals, and other the Fate of Frankenstein; Jonathan in periodicals; and particularly, during the England; Before Breakfast; Cornish last two or three years, to the pages of Miners; Bottle Imp; Middle Temple ; Blackwood's Magazine. Mrs. Hemans's and Spring Lock. He has also written poetry is of a melancholy cast, yet the chief portion of Mr. Mathews's cele- pleasing, elegant, and tender ; and, both brated entertainments of At Home. In in style and feeling, touching and deliprivate life, Mr. Peake is highly re cate. There is a monotony, however, spected, and no less celebrated for his in her thoughts and expressions, which conversational bons mots. Sir George becomes tedious when her compositions Smart, dining, one day, with Bartley, are collected into a volume; and she was seriously alarmed by a sudden therefore appears to better advantage flash of lightning; Bartley relating this in a magazine. Among her minor in the green-room: "Ah," said Peake, poems, The Distant Ship may be men“I do not wonder at Sir George's ap tioned as a favourable specimen ; and, prehension at the lightning, as he was indeed, all her smaller compositions fully aware that he was a conductor." may be read, separately, with pleasure. On a bitter cold day in December, A writer in The Edinburgh Review Peake was dining with a friend at the has justly observed of her poetry, Table d'Hôle, at Meurice's, at Calais : that " it may not be the best ima. when the conversation turning on the ginable, and it may not indicate the superiority of French manners, very highest or most commanding very frenchified Englishman abused his genius; but it embraces a great deal of own countrymen, and stated, that in that which gives the very best poetry good breeding, we were very much its chief power of pleasing." behind the French. Before the cloth was removed, every foreigner drew his KEATS, (John,) was born in Moorchair round the fire, and completely fields, at a livery-stable, kept by his shut out Peake and his friend. "Peake grandfather, on the 29th of October, very coolly resumed the argument, and 1796. After having received his eduassured the company, that he was not cation at a school at Enfield, he was quite satisfied as to the boasted good apprenticed to a surgeon, in Edmonton, breeding of the French ; but that he and afterwards attended St. Thomas's and his friend now certainly found them- Hospital, but soon abandoned his proselves very much behind them.
fession, and devoted himself to poetry,
for which he had early developed an HEMANS, (FELICIA,) was born extraordinary capacity Being enabout 1795, and is said to have given couraged by Mr. Leigh Hunt and
others, he, in 1817, published a volume whole of them, first, at the Russell, and of poems; in the following year, Endy- subsequently, in 1827, at the Western mion, a poetic romance; and, in 1820, Literary Institution. His last work his last work, entitled Lamia, Isabella, was The Romance of History, and was and other poems.
These were all re so well received, that the publisher, ceived with general applause, but were although originally intending that each attacked by one review with a virulence period of history should be illustrated which was painfully felt by Keats, who, by a different author, employed Mr. at the time, laboured under other per Neele to commence another series, for plexities, besides lying ill of a rapid which he had written Blanche of Bourconsumption. With a full conviction of bon, a short while previous to his death, his approaching death, he left England an event which took place on the 7th for Italy, and died at Rome, in the of February, 1828, when he was found November of the year last-mentioned ; | lifeless in his bed, having committed having observed, a short while previ- self-destruction with a razor. The perously to his dissolution, that he felt son of Mr. Neele was so short as to be the daisies growing over him. He was remarkable; his head singularly large, handsome in person, and, notwithstand and his countenance far from handing his physical weakness, and sensi some; his features, however, had an tiveness of mind, is said to have pos- expression pleasingly cheerful an vivasessed great personal courage, and a cious, and his eyes vividly denoted the manly, though somewhat proud, and active intelligence of his mind, and the independent spirit. His poetry, is of ardent vigour of his feelings and imaan original and peculiar cast, though gination. The peculiar spirit of melanunlikely to meet with admirers in any choly which breathes throughout his not possessing, in an equal degree, the poems, and was probably the cause of sensibility and imagination manifested his death, was known only to himself; by himself. It abounds both with as in society he was particularly ani. faults and beauties, but the latter pre-mated; his conversation replete with vail ; and, in the opinion of some mirth, wit, and gaiety; and his heart, critics, are such as to render Keats su apparently, the lightest in company. perior to any young poet that this Mr. Neele had some peculiarities: one country has produced. His fragment of which was that he never ate any of Hyperion, was highly commended other meat but pork. In addition to by Lord Byron, and has been com the works already enumerated, he had pared “ to those bones of enormous commenced editing a new edition of the creatures which are occasionally dug plays of Shakspeare, an author for up, and remind us of extraordinary whom he entertained an enthusiastic
reverence ; but the work was given up
by the publisher, after a few numbers, NEELE, (Henry,) son of a map in consequence of its not obtaining sufand heraldic engraver, was born in ficient circulation. He also wrote an London, on the 29th of January, 1798. admirable essay, under the title of After having received the rudiments Shakspeare's Supernatural Characters ; of education at an academy at Kentish which, with several other pieces, prose Town, he was articled to an attorney; and poetical, are to be found in his and, previous to the expiration of his Literary Remains, a work published clerkship, published a volume of poems, shortly after his death. of which Dr. Nathan Drake observes, “they cannot but be deemed very ex VANDYK, (HARRY STOE,) was traordinary efforts indeed, both of taste born in London, about the year 1798. and genius; and as conferring no slight He was educated at Westmaas, near celebrity on the author, as the name Rotterdam, and returned to London in next to be pronounced, perhaps, after 1821, principally dependent for support those of Chatterton and Kirke White." on remittances from his brother, a In the latter end of 1826, having com planter in Demerara. He at first pleted A Series of Lectures on English thought of appearing on the stage, but Poetry, from the days of Chaucer down literature became his ultimate pursuit, to those of Cowpier, he delivered the though it afforded him but a scanty
subsistence. His publications are, a however, a certain pedantic coxcombry poem, called The Gondola ; Songs Set in his style, which, with some other io Music; Theatrical Portraits ; a vo. defects, must be got rid of, before Mr. lume entitled Batavian Anthology, Bulwer can claim to be considered in translated from the Dutch, in conjunco any other light than, what he untion with Mr. Bowring; and miscel- doubtedly is, a very clever and accomlaneous contributions to several period-plished writer. ical works. He died of consumption on the 25th of December, 1827. His NORTON, (CAROLINE ELIZABETH poetry is pleasing and original; and, as SARAH,) grand-daughter of Richard a song writer, though at a considerable Brinsley Sheridan, was born about distance from Moore, he, in the present 1806; and, on the 30th of July, 1827, dearth of poets in this style of composi- married the Hon. George Chapple tion, certainly comes next after him. Norton, son of the Hon. Fletcher
Norton, a celebrated Scotch baron of BULWER, (EDWARD EARLE LYT- the Exchequer, and brother to the TON,) son of General Bulwer, and de- present Lord Grantley. Independently scended from an ancient and wealthy of several miscellaneous pieces in verse, family in Norfolk, was born in that Mrs. Norton is principally known by county, in 1803. His father dying in her two poems of the Sorrows of 1806, the care of his early youth devolved Rosalie, and Isbal, or the Undying One. upon his mother, who sent him, to com- The first, though written when she was plete his education, at the University of very young, contains some passages Cambridge, where he gained a prize for of beauty, but nothing either very a poem on sculpture. His first pro- striking or original.
The Undying duction was entitled Weeds and Wild One has procured her some reputation, Flowers, a collection of poems, pub- though we think it has been overrated, lished in 1826; and was succeeded, in even by those reviewers who have 1827, by another metrical attempt, mixed up a tolerable degree of censure O'Neill, or the Rebel. Neither these, with their praise. We should say, hownor his first prose work, a novel, entitled ever, that it contains many of the inFalkland, which appeared in 1827, at gredients of poetry, if not poetry itselt; tracted particular notice; but his Pel and that, considering the age of the fair ham, in 1828, was much read, and authoress, whose personal attractions gained the author great celebrity. He are said to equal her mental abilities, has since published The Disowned, something of a much higher order may Devereux, and Paul Clifford, all novels be anticipated from her pen than any of power and interest, but still inferior, thing she has yet given to the public. on the whole, to Pelham. There is,
END OF vol. in.
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