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Tunbridge, and held that situation till to his resignation, which occurred 1811, when he retired in favour of his in 1807, he prepared the third volume son. He had, in the meantime, been of the catalogue of the Harleian manupresented to the chapelry of Ship- scripts, which was published by the bourne, in Kent; and, at the same record commissioners. In 1798, he was period, held his own livings of the rec- presented to the rectory of Sharnford, tory of Rumwell and Ramsden Crays, in Leicestershire, which he resigned in in Essex. Dr. Knox was considered a the following year, on being collated to very eminent preacher, but it is in his the fifth stall of the canons residentiary capacity of author that he is chiefly of Lichfield Cathedral. In 1800, he known. Many of his works have been obtained the archdeaconry of Carlisle ; translated into the different European | in 1804, became a fellow of the Royal languages, and have received great praise Society; and, in the next year, was from Dr. Johnson, and other eminent presented to the living of St. Mary, literary characters. The principal of Reading, which he exchanged, in 1818, them are, Essays, Moral and Literary, | for that of Allhallows, London. In three volumes, octavo; Liberal Educa- 1823, he was elected a vice-president tion, two volumes, octavo; Winter Even- of the Royal Society of Literature, in ings, three volumes, octavo; Christian the establishment of which he had Philosophy; and a pamphlet on the Na- been greatly instrumental. He died on tional Importance of Classical Education. the 23rd of March, 1829. He was the The well-known works, Elegant Ex- author of various periodical essays; tracts, and Elegant Epistles, are his numerous contributions to The Gentle. selections. He is also said to have pub- | man's Magazine; a number of occalished, anonymously, several political sional sermons; some communications tracts at the commencement of the to the Royal Society of Literature; French revolution ; and, besides other Elements of Orthoepy; Remarks on sermons, he printed his famous one, de- the favourite Ballet of Cupid and Psyche, livered at Brighton, upon The Unlaw- with some account of the Pantomime of fulness of Offensive War. He died, the Ancients; The Principles of Governhighly respected, at Tunbridge, on the ment deduced from Reason ; A Glos6th of September, 1821, leaving two sary, or Collection of Words, Phrases,
His literary reputation is de- Names, and Allusions to Manners, &c., servedly great; he was not only well which have been thought to require skilled in his own language, but Illustration in the Works of English wrote Latin, both in prose and verse, Authors, particularly Shakspeare and with the most classical purity.
his Cotemporaries, &c. &c. He also
edited The British Critic, up to the NARES, (ROBERT, Archdeacon of forty-second volume ; Dr. Purday's Carlisle,) son of Dr. Nares, the com- Lectures on the Church Catechism ; poser, was born at York, in June, 1753, The Sermons of Dean Vincent, &c. In and educated at Westminster School, addition to these and other literary and Christchurch, Oxford. After having labours, he wrote a preface to, and astaken the degrees of B. A. and M. A., sisted in the completion of, Brydge's he became tutor to the sons and brother History of Northamptonshire; and, in of Sir W. W. Wynne ; in 1782, was conjunction with Tooke and Beloe, presented, by his college, to the living revised and enlarged the General Bioof Easton Mauduit, in Northampton- graphical Dictionary. He is described, shire; and shortly afterwards, he ob- by a writer in The Gentleman's Magatained that of Dodington, in the same zine, as a profound scholar, a laborious county.
In 1787 he was appointed and judicious critic, and an elegant chaplain to the Duke of York; and, in writer; whose intimacy was courted as the following year, assistant-preacher earnestly for the instruction it supplied, at Lincoln's Inn. In 1795, he was as for the taste and vivacity of manelected a fellow of the Society of Arts ; ners by which it was embellished; and during the same year, he became as- the merit of whose varied talents was sistant-librarian, and shortly afterwards excelled by that unassuming modesty, manuscript librarian, at the British which uniformly marked and adorned Museum. In the latter capacity, prior his character.
MAURICE, (Thomas) was born of the academy was that by which, on about the year 1755, and received the his return to England, he distinguished early part of his education at Christ's his contributions to the various perioHospital, but principally under the in- dical journals of the day, and which struction of Dr. Parr, and at St. John's produced so many imitators, and were College, Oxford. Here he gained great for a time so popular, that he was conreputation by a translation of the sidered the founder of a new school in Edipus Tyrannus of Sophocles, and by poetry. The Della Cruscan School, howseveral miscellaneous poems, which ever, was short-lived, and was ridiculed, were published about 1778. After by Gifford, in his Baviad and Mæviad, taking his degree of B. A., he was or- with a severity which the indifference of dained curate of Woodford, Essex, and posterity seems likely to justify, as there subsequently purchased the chaplaincy is not one of Mr. Merry's poems which of the ninety-seventh regiment, the is now generally read. He died on the half-pay of which he received till the 24th of December, 1798, at Baltimore, day of his death, In 1799, he was in America, whither he had retired, in presented, by Earl Spencer, to the 1796, with his wife, formerly Miss vicarage of Wormleighton, Warwick- Brunton, an a tress, (sister to the Counshire, and appointed assistant-librarian tess of Craven) to whom he was marat the British Museum. In 1804, the ried in 1791. Besides his poems, he was lord-chancellor gave him the living of the author of some dramatic pieces, none Cudham, in Kent; and he died on the of which had any great success. He is 30th of March, 1824. Mr. Maurice said to have been an accomplished genpublished a variety of miscellaneous | tleman, but to have become gloomy and works, but is principally known to the morose in the latter part of his life, and literary world by his History of Hin- to have attached himself to low company. dostan, and Indian Antiquities. These evince an accurate acquaintance with PERRY, (JAMES,) the son of a the oriental history and languages, and builder, in Aberdeen, was born there on display the learning and research of the 30th of October, 1756, and educated the author in a manner very creditable at the high school and college of his to his abilities. His other composi- native city. He at first studied for the tions consist of tragedies, poems, and Scottish bar, but, in consequence of his dissertations on the antiquities of Egypt | father failing in business, he proceeded Babylon, &c.
to England, and became clerk to a
manufacturer in Manchester, where he MERRY, (ROBERT,) the founder of displayed great talent in moral and what is known as The Della Cruscan | philosophical discussion, as a member School of Poetry, was born in London, of a society established for that purin April, 1755.
His father was go- pose. In 1777, he removed to London, vernor of the Hudson's Bay Company, and, being engaged as reporter to the and is said to have been the first London Evening Post, he raised the Englishman who returned home over sale of that paper many thousands aland from the East Indies. The sub- day, during the trials of Admirals Kepject of our memoir was educated at pel and Palliser, by sending up, daily, Harrow, and Christ College, Cam- from Portsmouth, eight columns of
probridge ; on leaving which, he became a ceedings, taken by himself in court. In student of Lincoln's Inn, but, instead | 1782, he projected, and afterwards of going to the bar, purchased a com: edited, for a short time, The European mission in the dragoons, on the death Magazine; and he subsequently became of his father, and was, for some time, sole editor and proprietor of The Mornadjutant. On quitting the service, hé ing Chronicle, which he conducted in went abroad; and, during a stay on such a manner, that Pitt and Lord Shelthe continent of nearly eight years, burne, in order to make use of his inpassed the chief part of his time at fluence, offered him a seat in parliaFlorence, where he studied the Italian
This he, however, refused; and, language, engaged in poerical compo- continuing firm to his Whig principles, sition, and was elected a member of the
was twice prosecuted by government: Academy of Della Crusca.
first, for printing the Resolutions of the
Derby Meeting; and, secondly, for publish one thousand copies of a work, copying a paragraph from the Exa- | entitled, On the Power, Wisdom, and miner, respecting George the Fourth, Goodness of God, as manifested in the then Prince of Wales. In both cases he Creation. obtained acquittals; acting, in the latter, as his own counsel. He died much re CHARNOCK, (John,) was born on spected, and in the possession of a the 28th of November, 1756, and was handsome fortune, at Brighton, on the educated at Winchester School, and 4th of December, 1821.
Merion College, Oxford, where he ob
tained a silver medal for elocution, but EGERTON, (SCROOPE, Earl of does not appear to have taken any deBridgewater,) youngest son of the
gree. He served, for some time, both Bishop of Durham, was born on the in the army and navy; and, after pubIlth of November, 1756. He took the lishing several miscellaneous works of honorary degree of M.A., at All Souls' merit, died in the King's Bench, in College, Oxford, in which year he was May, 1807. His life was much embit. appointed, by his father, a prebendary of tered by pecuniary distress, which is Durham. In 1780, the Duke of Bridge- said to have chiefly arisen from the exwater presented him to the rectory of penses he had incurred in preparing his Middle, and, in 1797, to that of White- | History of Marine Architecture, in three church, both in the county of Salop. He quarto volumes, and from the confined was raised to the rank of an earl's son sale of that useful and extensive work. in 1808, and succeeded to the titles of his He also wrote a pamphlet, entitled The brother in 1823. He died at Paris, in Rights of a Free People; Biographia the month of April, 1829. His produc- Navalis, six volumes, octavo; an able tions consist of an edition of the İlyppo- Supplement to Campbell's Lives of the litus of Euripides, with notes, various Admirals; A Letter on Finance; and readings, and a Latin version; a Life A Life of Lord Nelson, in which are of Lord-chancellor Egerton; A Letter inserted several original letters of that to the Parisians, upon Inland Naviga- great commander. tion; and Anecdotes of his own family. His singularities are said to have formed PINKERTON, (John,) the son of a general topic of conversation at a dealer in hair, was born in Edinburgh, Paris; his house was nearly filled with on the 13th of February, 1758; and, dogs and cats; and out of fifteen of the after having received an ordinary eduformer animals, two were admitted to cation, was articled to a writer of the his table; and half a dozen, dressed up signet, with whom he remained five like himself, were frequently seen alone years. In 1781, he settled in London, in his carriage, drawn by four horses, where he published a variety of works, and attended by two fooimen. When and, in 1806, removed to Paris, and 100 debilitated to partake of field sports, died there on the 10th of March, 1826. he kept in his garden a large stock of His chief publications are, An Essay on rabbits, pigeons, and partridges, with Medals; Letters on Literature : Wal. their wings cut, which he would occa poliana; The Treasury of Wit; Dissersionally, with the aid of his servants,walk tation on the Origin and Progress of the out to shoot. With all these eccentri. Scythians, or Goths, being an introduccities, however, he had no ordinary share tion to the Ancient and Modern History of learning and ability, and shewed his of Europe ; The Medallic History of zeal for letters and science by his post. | England; An Inquiry into the History humous munificence. He bequeathed of Scotland, preceding the Reign of Malhis manuscripts and autographs to the colm the Third ; Icnographia Scotica; British Museum, with the interest of Modern Geography, digested on a new £7,000 to the librarian who should take plan; General Collection of Voyages care of them; also £5,000 towards aug and Travels; New Modern Atlas; and menting the collection of that institution, Petralogy, or a Treatise on Rocks. He and £8,000 to the president of the Royal was also the author of several poems of Society, with a request that a portion of merit, and committed a literary forgery, it might be given to some person or by the publication of some Ancient persons who should write, print, and Scottish Poems, from the (pretended)
manuscript collection of Sir Richard and fellow of the Royal Societies of Maitland, Knight, Lord privy-seal of London and Edinburgh. Sir William Scotland. Of the numerous works which was a profound and elegant scholar; this prolific and eccentric writer pro- and, besides his able translation of the duced, the greater part are forgotten; Satires of Persius, published A Review but his Atlas and Geography, with a of the Government of Sparta and few others, are still popular.
Athens; Academical Questions; Ori
gines, or Remarks on the Origin of LEMPRIÈRE, (John,) was born in Several Empires, States, and Cities; Jersey, about the year 1760, and re- Odin, a poem ; Essay on a Punic Inceived his education at Winchester scription, found in the Isle of Malta; School, and Pembroke College, Oxford, (Edipus Indaicus; and, in conjunction where he graduated A.M. in 1792, and, with Robert Walpole, Esq., Herculain the same year, obtained the head- nensia, or Archæological and Philolomastership of Abingdon grammar- gical Dissertations. Sir William left school. He was subsequently appointed no issue by his widow, who now resides to the same situation at the free gram- at Naples, in great splendour. mar-school of Exeter, which he, however, was obliged to resign, after ROGERS, (SAMUEL,) one of our petitioning parliament, in consequence most elegant poets, was the son of a of a dispute with the trustees. Having banker, and himself follows that business proceeded B.D. in 1801, and D.D. in in the metropolis, where he was born, 1803, he was, in 1811, presented with about 1760. "He received a learned the rectory of Meath, which, together education, which he completed by irawith the living of Newstock, in the same velling through most of the countries county, he held till his death, in Feb- of Europe, including France, Switbruary, 1824. As an author, he has zerland, Italy, Germany, &c. He has obtained celebrity by the publication of been all his life master of an ample forhis Bibliotheca Classica, and Universal tune, and not subject, therefore, to the Biography; works of standard utility,
of an author, in and which have gone through several which character he first appeared in editions. In the former, the author has 1787, when he published a spirited Ode employed much original research, and to Superstition, with other poems. thonghi modelled on the plan of the These were succeeded, after an interval Siècles Païens of the Abbe Sabatier de of five years, by The Pleasures of MeCastres, it has the advantage of consi- mory; a work which at once estabderable additions, from a variety of lished his fame as a first-rate poet. In novel sources, enumerated by Dr. Lem- 1798, he published his Epistle to a prière, in his preface. A Latin trans- | Friend, with other poems; and did not lation of the work was published at again come forward, as a poet, till 1814, Daventer, in Holland, in 1794, and no when he added to a collected edition of book is extant that can be found of his works, his soniewhat irregular poem eqnal value to the mythological stu- of The Vision of Columbus. In the dent. Dr. Lemprière is also the author same year came out his Jaqueline, a of a first volume of a translation of He- tale, in company with Lord Byron's rodotus, but was induced to discontinue | Lara ; and, in 1819, his Human Life. it, in consequence of the appearance of In 1822, was published his first part of Mr. Beloe's edition.
Italy, which has since been completed,
in three volumes, duodecimo; and of DRUMMOND, (Sir William,) was which, a recent edition has been given to born in Scotland, about the year 1760, the world, accompanied with numerous and was made a kniglic of the Crescent engravings. This poem is his last and in 1801, at which time he was ambas- greatest, but by no means his best, persador to the Ottoman porte. He had formance; though an eminent writer in previously acted as envoy extraordinary The New Monthly Magazine calls it to the court of Naples, and sat in par- “ perfect as a whole.” There are cerliament for St. Mawes; and, at the tainly many very beautiful descriptive time of his death, which occurred at passages to be found in it; and it is toRome, in 1828, was a privy.counsellor, ially free from meretriciousness: but we
think the author has too often mistaken their fall, under Robespierre, imprisoned common-place for simplicity, to render in the Temple, at Paris, and, for some it of much value to his reputation,
as a time, was in danger of her life. After whole. It is as the author of The Plea her liberation, she published, in sucsures of Memory, that he will be chiefly cession, A Sketch of the Politics of known to posterity, though, at the same France; a translation of Paul and Virtime, some of his minor poems are ginia; Tour in Switzerland; Sketches among the most pure and exquisite of the State of Manners and Opinions fragments of verse, which the poets of in the French Republic; and a transthis age have produced. In society, few lation of the Political and Confidential men are said to be more agreeable in Correspondence of Louis the Sixteenth, manners and conversation than the with observations. About the time of venerable subject of our memoir; and the truce of Amiens, she is said to have his benevolence is said to be on a par been consulted by the English governwith his taste and accomplishments. ment; and, on the breaking out of the Lord Byron must have thought highly subsequent war, she was seized, togeof his poetry, if he were sincere in say- ther with her papers, by the French ing, * We are all wrong, excepting police, and underwent an examination. Rogers, Crabbe, and Campbell."
In 1814, she translated the first voluine
of the Personal Narrative of the Travels WILLIAMS, (HELEN MARIA,) is of Humboldt, which she completed, in said to have been born in London, about six volumes, in 1821. Her other perthe year 1762, though so early a date formances are, A Narrative of Events seems inconsistent with that affixed to in France, 1815; On the Persecution of two publications, entitled Memoirs and the Protestants of the South of France, Letters, &c., and Anecdotes in a Con- | 1816; Letters on the Events which vent, of which Watt, in his Bibliotheca have passed in France, from the LandBritannica, makes her the author in ing of Napoleon, on the 1st of March, 1770 and 1771. In what situation of life 1815, till the Restoration of Louis the her parents were, does not appear; but Eighteenth, 1819; and a sketch, entitled they resided at Berwick some time after The Leper of the City of Aoste, from the birth of Helen, who again came to the French. In these works, she avowed the metropolis in 1782. Of her educa sentiments entirely different from ber tion no account has been given; she former ones, advocating the cause of the developed, at an early age, a taste for Bourbons, and condemning the revopoetry, and, in the year just mentioned, lution. She died at Paris, where she published a tale in verse, entitled, Ed is said to have lived with an adulterer, win and Elfrida, under the patronage of the name of Stone, in December, of Dr. Kippis. The success with which it 1827. Her letters, and some of her was met, encouraged her to continue her poems, have been translated into the literary labours; and, in 1783, she pro French language, and appear to have duced an Ode to Peace; in 1784, Peru, acquired more celebrity in that country a poem; in 1786, two volumes of Mis- | than in her own. cellaneous Poems; and, in 1788, a poem on the Slave Trade. These acquired RADCLIFFE, (ANN,) the daughter her some fame, and considerable profit ; of a gentleman in trade, named Ward, and, proceeding to France, in the last was born in London, on the 9th of mentioned year, she formed some lite July, 1764. In her twenty-third year rary and political connexions, which she married, at Bath, where her parents induced her to take up her residence in then resided, William Radcliffe, Esq., Paris, in 1790. In the same year, she who subsequently became the propublished a novel, in two volumes, prietor and editor of The English called Julia; and, shortly afterwards, her Chronicle. Not long afterwards she Letters written from France, to which published her romance of The Castles a second and third volume were added of Athlin and Dumblaine; which was in 1792. This work was written in succeeded by The Romance of the support of the French revolution, and Forest; The Sicilian Romance; and, in of the doctrines of the Girondists; and 1793, by her celebrated production of the authoress was, in consequence, on The Mysteries of Udolpho, for which