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retired to Mendip, in Somersetshire, wrote a comedy, called The Generous where they established charity schools, Lovers; but his first production brought and devoted themselves, in other ways, on the stage was entitled The She to the religious instruction of the neigh- Gallant, acted at Dublin, in 1764. He bouring poor.

soon afterwards appeared on the stage

himself, and continued to act and comWHITE, (JOSEPH,) the son of a pose during a period of twelve years; at weaver, was born at Stroud, in Glou- the expiration of which he came to cestershire, in 1746, and was sent, by a London, where he produced several genuieman in the neighbourhood, who successful plays, chiefly at the Haymarhad noticed his inclination for reading, ket Theatre. Whatever emolument he to Wadham College, Oxford, were he might have derived from his dramatic graduated M. A. in 1773, and obtained labours was speedily dissipated; and, a fellowship. Devoting himself parti- in 1800, he found himself under the cularly to the study of oriental litera necessity of taking a benefit at Covent ture, he was, in 1775, appointed Laudian Garden Theatre, on which occasion, he professor of Arabic, and shortly after- drew tears from the whole audience. wards, editor of the Philoxenian Syriac His benefit produced him a sum with version of the Four Gospels, which he which he purchased an annuity, and published in 1778, with a Latin transla- shortly afterwards he retired to Chition and notes. About the same time, chester, where he composed that very he was nominated one of the preachers entertaining work, his Recollections. at the Chapel Royal, Whitehall; and, in O'Keefe's most popular pieces are, his 1781, delivered, as preacher of the Wild Oats, The Castle of Andalusia, Bamptonı lecture, a set of sermons on Fontainbleau, The Poor Soldier, Peepthe evidences of Christianity. They ing Tom, and The Highland Reel. were published in 1784, and procured Besides these, he wrote The World in the subject of our memoir distinguished a Village, Tony Lumpkin in Town, The reputation; which, however, much de. London Hermit, Life's Vagaries, and a clined, on the discovery of the share in variety of others, principally farce and them which belonged to Dr. Parr. After opera. The success which most of his having been collated to a prebend at productions met with was, in a great Gloucester, and taken the degree of measure, owing to the subjects being D. D., he married, and obtained a col- founded on fact, and the characters lege living in Suffolk, whither he re- drawn, as it were, on the spot, from the moved about 1790, and set up a printing author's own observation of them. press in his own house. He died in O'Keefe is said to be a convivial com1814, having published, in addition to panion, fond of his glass and his jest, the works before-mentioned, an edition though inoffensive in the one, and temof Major Davey's translation, from the perate in the other; and is, by all who Persian, of the Institutes of Timour; know him, much beloved and respected. Ægyptiaca, with a Latin version of The part of Dobbin, in The Man MilAbdollaliph's account, in Arabic, of liner, having been given to Rock instead Ægypt; an edition of the Greek Tes- of Quick, for whom it was designed, tament, from the text of Griesbach; O'Keefe induced the manager to follow and A Harmony of the Four Evan- his own wishes, by sending him the gelists, in Greek.

following lines :O'KEEFE, (John,) was born in

As on the wave expose I must Dublin, in 1746, of catholic parents, and

My freight of little wit,

Ob ! let me to a Quick-sand trust, received the chief part of his education

Nor on a Rock be split under a priest of that persuasion. He appears, at first, to have studied draw. SEWARD, (ANNA,) the daughter ing, with some success, at the Royal of a clergyman, was born at Eyam, in Academy of his native city; but a Derbyshire, in 1747. She received but defect in his sight, induced him to re- an ordinary education, her parents not linquish all idea of becoming an artist by being anxious to encourage the taste profession. He then took to dramatic and talent which she early displayed composition and, at the age of sixteen, for literature. Her correspondence,

[graphic]

however, shows that she had both read Priestley's History of the Corruptions of and thought much in her youth. The Christianity, appeared in The Monthly first effusions of her muse that were Review. It produced a reply from given to the public, appeared in a selec. Priestley, who observed that “the tion from Lady Miller's Poetical Vase ; | knowledge and ability of the reviewer and, in 1780, she published an Elegy made him a formidable and respectable on the Death of Captain Cook; followed, antagonist.” The reputation of Badin the next year, by A Monody on cock induced Dr. White to apply for Major André. These pieces procured his assistance in the Bampton lectures, her considerable reputation ; and Dr. in which he had a considerable share, Darwin complimented her, by terming and a fourth part of the notes were also her the inventress of epic elegy. In furnished by him. In 1786, he con1784, she produced a poetical novel, formed to the established church ; and, entitled Louisa, which became popular, in the following year, was ordained to and passed through several editions. the curacy of Broad Clyst, near Exeter, Her last publication was entitled Me- by Bishop Ross, who dispensed with moirs of the Life of Dr. Darwin; in all examination. Til health obliging which she lays claim to the lines at the him to relinquish his curacy, almost commencement of The Botanic Garden, immediately, he became assistant to though unacknowledged by the author. Dr. Gabriel, of the Octagon Chapel, Miss Seward died at Lichfield, in Bath, and died on the 19th of May, March, 1809, leaving the copyright of 1788, in London. In addition to the her miscellaneous works to Walter Scott, works before-mentioned, he wrote a who published them in three volumes. poem, entitled The Hermitage, and was Her other poems, not yet mentioned, ihe author of some curious memoirs of are Langollen Vale, a volume of Son- the family of the celebrated John nets, Ode paraphrased from Horace, Wesley, and of several pieces in the and a poem upon the death of Lady various magazines of the day. He was Miller. Miss Šeward holds a respect- a man of extensive learning, and acute able rank among English poets : her judgment; as a preacher, "it was an chief faults are redundancy of ornament, unhappiness,” observes one of his bioand want of simplicity of expression ; graphers, “not to have heard him;" but she abounds in harmonious versifi- and, in his private character, he is said cation, delicate sentiment, and beautiful to have been gentle, humane, and and appropriate descriptions. Her lively. opinions, on all subjects, were those of a strong and liberal mind; and, though DAY, (THOMAS,) the son of a colfond of compliment, she could admire lector of the Customs, was born in Lonexcellence in those who did not ac- don, in 1748, and received his education knowledge it in herself.

at the Charter-house, and Corpus Christi

College, Oxford, where he became inBADCOCK, (SAMUEL,) the son of a timate with Mr. (afterwards Sir William) butcher, was born at South Molton, in Jones. Though called to the bar, an Devonshire, about the year 1747. He ample fortune precluded the necessity was educated for a preacher among the of his practising; and, at the same time, dissenters, and was, for some time, pastor enabled him to pursue that romantic of a congregation at Beer Regis, in and benevolent course of life, for which Dorsetshire, and afterwards at Barn- he early evinced a disposition. This, staple, in his native county. In 1777, he, in the first instance, put into prache removed to South Molton; and, in tice, by residing in particular spots, 1780, whilst the controversy respecting where he made himself acquainted with the materiality or immateriality of the the mental and physical wants of the soul was pending between Priestley, lower classes of society, and remedied Price, and others, Badcock published a both to the utmost of his power. He tract upon the subject, which, though is said to have acquired a temporary the least in size, was considered the first melancholy from the pain caused him in merit. In 1781, he wrote, with great by the distresses he witnessed ; and force, against Mr. Madan's Thelyphthora; some harrowing consequences of female and, in 1783, his admirable critique on seduction, which had come under his

notice, roused his indignation against which she subsequently became celethat crime to such a pitch, that he brated, and which enabled her to supchallenged, to single combat, a noble port her husband and family in tolerabie man, famous, at the time, for his licen comfort. She passed much of the latter tiousness and debauchery; who, how- part of her life in Normandy; but died, ever, declined answering him. After after her return to England, at Thetreturning from a philanthropic tour in ford, Surrey, in the autumn of 1806. As France, he selected two girls from the a novelist, Mrs. Smith is favourably poor-house, at Shrewsbury, with the known to the public by her Romance intention of educating them after the of Real Life, Emmeline, Desmond, principles of Rousseau, and of making Marchmont, Ethelinda, Celestina, and one of them his wife ; but their conduct others ; besides which, she wrote some did not answer his expectations, though, elegiac sonnets, a poem called The on their union with the objects of their Emigrant, and some works well adapted choice, he presented them with £500 for youth, entitled Rural Walks, Rameach. In 1778, he married a Miss bles Farther, Minor Morals, and ConEsther Milnes, and retired to his estates versation; all of which display no ordiin Essex and Surrey, where he took an nary powers. active part in the public meetings of the time, and was an eloquent speaker HUDDESFORD, (GEORGE,) son of in behalf of American independence the Rev. William Huddesford, principal and parliamentary reform. He also of Trinity College, Oxford, was born in wrote several political pamphlets, in 1750, and educated at Winchester, and one of which, with reference to negro New College, where he graduated B.A. slavery, he says, “ If there be an object in 1777, and M.A. in 1780. Having, in truly ridiculous in nature, it is an Ame the meantime, entered into holy orders, rican patriot signing resolutions of in he was presented to the vicarage of dependence with the one hand, and, Loxley, in Warwickshire, and died with the other, brandishing a whip over in London, in November, 1809. He is his affrighted slaves.” The work, how known as the author of a variety of ever, which gained him his chief cele comical and satirical pieces, whichi, in brity, is his Sandford and Merton, one their time, attracted considerable notice, of the most popular ever written for and, as may be guessed from their titles, the information of youth, and power evinced inuch originality of style in the fully inculcating all the manly virtues, author. They consist of Salmagundi, and containing no small portion of in a miscellaneous combination of original struction in the principles of science. poetry; Topsy Turvy, with Anecdotes With the same end in view, but adapted and Observations Illustrative of the for lower life, he also wrote The His- Leading Characters in the Government tory of Little Jack. This high-ıninded of France, 1790; Bubble and Squeak, and benevolent man was killed, by a a Galli-maw-fry of British Beef, with fall from his horse, on the 28th of Sep- chopped Cabbage of Gallic Philosophy tember, 1789; and his wife was so and Radical Reform; Crambe Repeafflicted with the intelligence, that she tita; The Wiccamical Chaplet, a selecis said to have closed round her the tion of original poetry, comprising curtains of her bed, and never after suf- smaller poems, serious and comic; Les fering the light of the sun to visit them, Champignons du Diable, or Imperial died, in that melancholy state, about Mushrooms, a mock-heroic poem, in two years afterwards.

five cantos, including a conference be

tween the Pope and the Devil on his SMITH, (CHARLOTTE,) whose holiness's visit to Paris in 1805. maiden name was Turner, was born in Sussex, in 1749, and possessed a hand DALZELL, (ANDREW,) the son of some fortune at the time of her marriage a farmer, in the parish of Ratho, near with Mr. Smith, who soon dissipated Edinburgh, was born there about the the whole of it by his extravagance. year 1750. He completed his educaThe state of indigence into which she tion at the university of the Scotch was thus brought, is said to have called metropolis, whence he proceeded to the forth the display of those abilities, for continent, in the capacity of tutor to

the Earl of Lauderdale. On his return, BUTLER, (CHARLES,) nephew to he was appointed Greek professor at the Rev. Alban Butler, author of the the university, and in that character Lives of the Saints, and son of a obtained considerable celebrity, parti- linen-draper, was born in Pall Mall, cularly by the publication of his selec- London, on the 15th of August, 1750. tions from the works of ancient Greek | He was educated at the Roman catholic writers, under the titles of Collectanea academy at Hammersmith, and at the Græca Minora, and Collectanea Græca | English College of Douay, on leaving Majora. He was subsequently ap- which he was placed with an eminent pointed secretary to the Royal Society conveyancer, of the name of Holliday. of Edinburgh, to whose Transactions he He studied his profession with zeal, was a valuable contributor ; keeper of notwithstanding his attachment to clasthe public library in the university, and sical literature, and ultimately became principal clerk to the general assembly one of our most eminent equity draughtsof the Scottish clergy; and died in 1806. men, besides attaining considerable He was one of the most eloquent and fame as a writer. He was not called to affecting lecturers of his day, and at the the bar until 1791, when he was the conclusion of some of his discourses, | first Roman catholic who had that both himself and his pupils were not honour, after the passing of the relief unfrequently in tears.

bill in that year. He never, however, ar

gued any case, except the celebrated one LEE, (Sophia,) the daughter of a of Choliondeley v. Clinton, before Sir gentleman bred to the law, but who Thomas Plumer and the house of lords. afterwards became an actor, was born His first publication, which attracted in London, in 1750. She received a particular notice, was his Horæ Bi. good education, which she studied to blicæ, first printed in 1797, and of which improve by literary pursuits, and, in five editions have appeared, besides a 1780, appeared in print as the author of French translation. It was followed by a comedy, entitled The Chapter of Ac- his Horæ Juridica Subsecivæ, a valucidents. The success it met with pro- able and learned work, reprinted in duced her considerable profits, with 1807. His writings in behalf of the which she opened a school at Bath; catholics are numerous and valuable, and and, in 1784, she published her cele- involved him in occasional controversy brated novel of The Recess, and in 1787, with some eminent men of letters. The a ballad, called A Hermit's Tale. Both principal are his Historical and Literary of them increased her reputation, and Account of the Formularies, Confesthe public looked with favourable sions of Faith, or Symbolic Books of the anxiety for the representation of her Roman Catholic, Greek, and principal tragedy of Almeyda, Queen of Granada, Protestant Churches, octavo; the Book which was performed in 1796, but dis- of the Roman Catholic Church; and appointed the general expectations, | A Vindication of the same against the although Mrs. Siddons played the he- Reverend George Townshend's Accuroine. In the Canterbury Tales of her sations. It gave rise to no less than sister, Miss Harriet Lee, the subject of six replies on the protestant side, all of our memoir wrote three tales ; from one which Mr. Butler answered in an Apof which, entitled Krutzner, Lord pendix to the Vindication. His profesByron adapted his tragedy of Werner. sional works are, An Essay on the In 1803, she relinquished her school, Legality of Impressing Seamen; Harand after having given to the public a grave's edition, completed, of Coke novel, called The Life of a Lover, and upon Lyttleton, in which he has given her comedy of The ion, she an admirable annotation on feuds; and died at Clifton, near Bristol, on the 13th the sixth edition of Fearne on Conof March, 1824. Her writings display tingent Remainders. His other works ingenuity and pathos, and appeal forci- are too numerous to specify; they con. bly to the passions, and at once strike, sist chiefly, of a continuation of Alban interest, and excite the reader. The Butler's Lives of the Saints ; separate names of both Sophia and Harriet Lee Biographical Memoirs of Eminent Law. will, possibly, obtain a permanent record yers and Divines; History of the Geo. in the annals of literature.

graphical and Political Revolutions of

Germany; Reminiscences of Himself; | 26th of May, 1824. Mr. Lofft is not only and a variety of tracts relative to the favourably known as an author, but as Roman catholic church and doctrines. the encourager of merit in others; and,

in particular, of the genius of BloomWAKEFIELD, (Priscilla,) was field, as we have already noticed in born at Tottenham, on the 31st of our memoir of that poet. The principal January, 1751. Sir Richard Phillips, of his literary productions are, Timoleon, in his biographical collection, says, that a tragedy; Eudosia, a poem, in blank her maiden name was Trewman; but verse ; a translation of the two first a writer in The New Monthly Magazine Georgics of Virgil; Laura, or an Anthodescribes her as the eldest daughter of logy of Sonnets; and a volume of Daniel Bell, and grand-daughter of the Aphorisms from Shakspeare. His procelebrated Robert Barclay, who wrote fessional works are, A Collection of the Apology for the Quakers. She was Common Law Cases, from 1772 to married, in January, 1771, to Mr. Ed. 1774 ; two volumes of law maxims, ward Wakefield, a merchant of London, entitled Principia tum Juris Universalis by whom she has two sons and one tum præcipue Anglicani; Essay on the daughter. Mrs. Priscilla Wakefield, Law of Libel; and an edition of Gilwho has for many years been a great

bert's Law of Evidence. Mr. Lofft also sufferer from bodily infirinity, is favour- wrote several political pamphlets, and ably known to the public as the author contributed largely to most of the peof a variety of popular works for youth, riodical publications of his day. and is said to have been the original promoter of those institutions, now so NOTT,(John,) born at Worcester, on general, under the name of Savings' the 24th of December, 1751, was brought Banks. Her publications are entitled up as a surgeon, and studied under Sir Juvenile Improvement, Leisure Hours, Cæsar Hawkins, and at Paris. He An Introduction to Botany, Mental afterwards went to China, in a medical Improvement, Reflections on the Con- capacity; and whilst there, learnt the dition of the Female Sex, The Juvenile Persian language, from which he transTraveller, A Familiar Tour through lated some of the odes of Hafiz. In the British Empire, Domestic Recrea- 1788, he took his degree of M. D.; betion, &c. &c.

came, afterwards, family physician to

the Duchess of Devonshire, with whom LOFFT, (CAPEL,) the son of a bar- he travelled on the continent; and, on rister, was born in London, in Novem- | his return, settled at Bristol Hot-wells, ber, 1751, and received his education where he died, in 1826. Mr. Nott was at Eton and Peter-house College, Cam- the author of numerous works, which bridge, where he was distinguished for gained him some reputation as a scholar his classical attainments, and produced and philological writer, and as an elegant, a Latin poem in praise of Shakspeare, if not a profound, poet. His principal which procured him the notice of literary productions are, Alonzo, a poetic Garrick, whose friendship proved, at a tale; Leonora, an elegy ; translations of subsequent period, very serviceable to the first book of Lucretius, and the him. After having gone through the odes of Horace; an edition of Catullus, usual forms, he was, in 1775, called to the with the Latin text rendered into bar, and practised till 1781; when, suc- English verse ; besides some profesceeding to the Capel estates, he retired sional tracts, and a variety of manuto Tuston, in Suffolk, and acted, with scripts, among which was a translation great credit, as a magistrate, for several of Silius Italicus. years. In 00, however, being dismissed from his office, for a humane but mis- KNOX, (VICESIMUS,) the son of a taken interference in behalf of a young clergyman, was born on the 8th of Dewoman under sentence of death, he re- cember, 1752, and received his educasumed the practice of his profession, and tion at Merchant Tailors' School, and was chosen recorder of Aldborough in King's College, Oxford, of which he 1810. He subsequently quitted England, became a fellow. After having entered to reside with his family on the con- the church, he succeeded his father as tinent, and died at Monicallier, on the head master of the granımar-school at

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