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Considering that Broome composed menced the publication of The Craftsnearly one third of what is called Pope's man, one of the most popular and best Odyssey, he is entitled to no mean rank written political periodicals of the day; as a poetical translator ; and, indeed, and of which, it is said, twelve thousand his lines will be found to come very copies were daily dispersed. lle bad near to those of Pope, both in smooth- the occasional assistance of Mr. Pulteness of verse and elegance of diction. ey, Lord Bolingbroke, and others; The following distich, by Henley, is a but his own productions were genesomewhat ludicrous compliment to rally considered superior to those of Broome, at the expense of Pope :- even his most talented contributors. Pope came off clear with Ilomer; bat they say
In 1737, a paper having appeared in Broome went before, and kindly swept the way.
The Craftsman, ridiculing the act for
licensing plays, Mr. Amhurst, to save Broome published a volume of miscel- his printer, gave himself up, and was laneous poems, and contributed to The obliged to procure his release by habeas Gentleman's Magazine a translation of corpus, having refused to give bail. the Odes of Anacreon. Ilis original His services to the opposition party, poetry does him little credit, and is fuil however, were soon forgotten ; and his of plagiarisms.
disappointment, in consequence, is sup
posed to have hastened his death, which PROWDE, (Philip,) was born in took place on the 27th of April, 1742. Devonshire, about the year 1680, and He wrote, in addition to the works was educated at Oxford, where he be- before-mentioned, some miscellaneous came intimate with Addison, and wrote poems of merit; and Bolingbroke and some very elegant Latin poems, which Pulteney have been justly censured for were inserted in The Musæ Anglicana. suffering so able a promoter of their He also composed two tragedies of measures and designs to die in poverty great poetical merit, but which did not and neglect. succeed on the stage, entitled, respec. tively, the Fall of Saguntum, and FENTON, (ELIJAH,) the son of an Philotas. He died, in Cecil Street, attorney, was born at Shelton, near Strand, on the 19th of December, 1738, Newcastle, in Staffordshire, on the 20th having gained no ordinary reputation of May, 1683. After completing his in his lifetime for his genius, and the school education, he was entered of universal respect of all who knew him, Jesus College, Cambridge, where he for his private virtues.
graduated B. A., in 1704, with a view
of entering into holy orders; but AMHURST, (NICHOLAS,) was born was retused admission in consequence at Marden, in Kent, about the year of his declining to take the required 1680, and was educated at Merchant oaths. He then became an assistant Taylor's School, and St. Jobn's, Ox- in the school of a Mr. Bonwick, in ford. He had been long at Surrey ; afterwards kept a schoul himcollege before the libertinism of his self at Seven Oaks, in Kent; and was principles caused his expulsion; of for some time in Flanders, as secretary which he has given a humorous ac- and tutor to the son of Charles, Earl of count in the dedication of his poems, Orrery. This connexion, together with entitled Oculus Britannia and Terræ his abilities and amiable manners, inFilius, a severe satire against the uni- | troduced him to the notice and friendversity and all its members. In this ship of the great and learned, and l'ope he teils us be was expelled for loving employed him to assist him in the foreign turnips and presbyterian Odyssey, of which he composed the bishops ; for believing that steeples and first, fourth, nineteenth, and twentieth organs are not necessary to salvation ; | books. Pope also introduced him to for preaching without orders, and pray- Craggs, when secretary of state, about ing without a commission; for lam- | 1720, to whom Fenton acted as a sort pooning priestcraft and petticoatcraft; of tutor; but the death of the former and for not lampooning the govern- suddenly put an end to the pleasing ment and the revolution. On leaving prospects which this association opened. Oxford, he settled in London, and com- In 1723, his tragedy of Maríamne,
after having been rejected, as Johnson canon residentiary of the church of observes, with “brutal petulance," Hereford ; and, in 1732, was made by Cibber, was performed, with great Archdeacon of Salop, and chaplain in applause, at Covent Garden Theatre, ordinary to the king. His principal and is said to have produced the author work is a poem, entitled The Fair Cir. nearly £1,000. The latter part of his cassian, a paraphrase of the Song of life was passed at Easthampstead, in Solomon, which he considered as noBerkshire, the seat of Lady Trumbull, thing more than an amorous effusion of to whose son he had acted as tutor, and the monarch towards some favourite of where he died, on the 13th of July, his seraglio, and thus drew great ob1730. In addition to the works before- loquy upon himself as a clergyman. mentioned, he wrote the Lives of Millon His other works are, a volume of Scripand Waller, with an edition of the poems ture Politics ; two poems, called The of the latter; and Oxford and 'Cam Vision, and The Royal Manual; besides bridge Verses. There is great elegance several pieces from Ovid, and a transand sweetness in all his poetical per lation of the whole of Æsop's Fables, formances ; Pope ranks his Ode to and some miscellaneous poems. Mr. Lord Gower next, in the English lan Croxall died in 1750. His translation guage, to Dryden's Cecilia ; and his of Æsop is still read, but his other translation of the four books of The verses have deservedly sunk into obOdyssey, before-mentioned, may be livion. taken for those of Pope himself. The character of Fenton, says Johnson, in SHERIDAN, (Thomas,) a native of alluding to the epitaph written on him Ireland, and grandfather of the celeby the poet just named, “ was so brated R. B. Sheridan, was born about amiable, that I cannot forbear to wish 1684. On account of the prodigality of for some poet or biographer to display his father, who kept a public-house, it inore fully, for the advantage of pos he would have been destitute of educaterity.” In his person he is described as tion, but for the kindness of a relative, tall, fat, and bulky; he was of retired the deprived Bishop of Kilmore, at and sedentary habits, and so sluggish, whose expense he was sent to Trinity that one of his friends says, “ he died of College, Dublin, where he appears to indolence." His morals and conversa liave proceeded to the degree of D.D. tion were blameless, and he is never Entering into holy orders, he became mentioned by any of his contempora- chaplain to the lord-lieutenant. About ries, but with respect and honour. The the same time he obtained a fellowship, following anecdote of him deserves to which, however, he soon vacated, by be recorded: dining with his brother, marrying a woman named Elizabeth at an annual family party, he observed Macfadden, who appears to have furthat one of his sisters, who had married nished no apology for his imprudence, unfortunately, was absent; and found, either in person, manners, or intelliupon inquiry, that distress had made gence. He now established a school in hier thought unworthy of invitation. Dublin, which, for some time, produced As she was at no great distance, he re him nearly £1,000 per annum. Infused to sit at the table till she was toxicated by his good fortune, and sent for, and when she had taken her naturally careless and extravagant, he place, was careful to show her particular indulged his inclination for the pleaattention.
.sures of the table to such an excess,
that his duties were neglected, his CROXALL, (SAMUEL,) was born at pupils gradually diminished, and, at Walton, in Surrey, about the year 1683. length, "his once flourishing academy He was educated at Eton and Cam became worthless. After capriciously bridge, where he studied for the church, declining an offer of a mastership of the and, after having received ordination, grammar-school at Armagh, worih £400 was presented to the living of Hampton, a year, he accepted a living, valued at in Middlesex, and afterwards to the about £150 per annum, which had united parishes of St. Mary, Somerset, been procured for him by Dean Swift. and St. Mary, Mountshaw, in London. While proceeding to take possession of He was also chancellor prebend, and his benefice, he imprudently preached
a sermon, on the king's birth-day, from 7th of January, 1758. Notwithstandthe text “ Sufficient for the day is the ing his early deficiency of education, evil thereof." For this his name was he made sufficient progress in the struck out of the list of vice-regal chap- French and Latin languages, to effect lains, and he was forbidden the castle. poetical translations from each. His Soon after, he exchanged his living for Gentle Shepherd, which has procured another, which proving to be worth him the appellation of the Scottish only £80 per annum, he gave it up for Theocritus, displays the rural character the mastership of the free-school of in a manner strikingly true to nature, Cavan; and inis he speedily sold for and both in the story and description, £400. He now returned to Dublin, cannot fail to charm the reader. li does where he died, in great poverty, on the not appear when he was married, but 10th of September, 1738. A great
he left one son, who became an eininent number of his letters appear in Swift's artist. Miscellanies : he was also the author of a prose translation of Persius, with CARTE, (THOMAS,) the son of a noies; and published a few sermons. clergyman, was born in Warwickshire, A story is told of his seeking an on the 23rd of April, 1686. In 1698, asylum with Dean Swift, to escape his he was adınitted of University College, creditors, and of his asking the dean, Oxford; and after graduating B. A., in who had retired to bed early, one night, 1702, was incorporated of Cambridge, to send him the key of the cellar, that where he proceeded M. A., in 1706. he might get a bottle of wine. The On his return from a continental tour, dean returned for answer, that “ he he took holy orders, and was appointed had promised to find hin a lodging, reader of the Abbey-church, Bath, but not in wine,” which so affected | where, on the 30th of January, 1714, Sheridan, that he burst into tears, and, he preached a sermon that gave rise to quitting the house, never entered it
a controversy between him and Mr. afterwards.
(afterwards Dr.) Chandler, which occa
sioned his first publication, entitled The RAMSAY, (ALLAN,) the son of a Irish Massacre set in a clear light, &c. superintendent of mines, belonging to On the accession of George the First Earl Hopetoun, was born in Scotland, he assumed the lay habit, in conseon the 13th of October, 1685. He was quence of his declining to take the oaths educated at his parish school, and was to the house of Hanover; and, during desirous of becoming an artist ; but, in the rebellion of 1715, a warrant was 1700, at which time he had lost both issued for his arrest, which he evaded his parents, his step-father apprenticed by retiring to the residence of a friend him to a barber, at Edinburgh. A pas at Coleshill, in Warwickshire. Be. sion, however, for poetry, which he had coming afterwards secretary to Bishop early imbibed, induced him to change Atterbury, his connexion with that prehis occupation for that of a bookseller ; late subjected him to a charge of high and, in 1721, he published, by sub treason; and, on the 13th of August, scription, a volume of poems, which 1722, a reward of £1,000 was offered procured him both fame and emolument. for his apprehension. He, however, He next edited a collection of ancient succeeded in escaping to France, where Scottish poems, called The Evergreen, he remained until 1729, when the inin which those of The Vision, and a tercession of Queen Caroline, procured fragment of Hardiknute, are considered permission for him to return home. He to be his own productions. In 1728, he now engaged in one of his niost imprinted a second volume of his poems; portant literary undertakings, The Hisand, shortly afterwards, appeared his tory of the Life of James, Duke of Gentle Shepherit, and two additional | Ormond, which he completed, in three cantos of Christie's Kirk of the Grene, volumes, in 1736. The success which the first part of which is attributed to this work met with (in which Swift is James the first of Scotland. In 1739, said to have had a hand), encouraged Ramsay, having gained a moderate him to commence a general History of competence, retired to a small house England, with a design of counternear Edinburgh, where he died, on the balancing the tendency of that pub
lished by Rapin. He printed proposals in Ireland; and held that situation to this effect in 1738, and began his until his death, which took place at task with ardour, being encouraged in Bath, on the 23rd of April, 1740. His the prosecution of it by very liberal poems are entitled, The Prospect of subscriptions, though, for a short time, Peace, The Royal Progress, Kensington interrupted by the suspicions of govern- Gardens, Description of the Phenix ment, who caused him to be arrested from Caudian, à translation of The under a suspension of the habeas corpus First Book of Homer's Iliad, Letter to act. The first volume appeared in folio, Avignon, and several other pieces, which in 1747, and would have experienced will be found in the second volume of general applause but for the injudicious The Minor Poets. The work, by which introduction of a note, containing an he is principally known, is his versificaaccount of the cure of one Christopher tion of Homer, although it is doublful Lovel, said to be touched for the evil whether, as we have stated, in our life by the Pretender. This attempt to sub- of Pope, Addison was not the real siantiate the right divine of the Stuart author. It will bear no comparison family, caused the withdrawal of the with the version of Pope, though there city of London's subscription, and are some of the opening lines not uncreated a prejudice against the work, worthy the genius of that poet. Mr. which
never removed. Carte, Tickell's elegy on Addison should not however, completed three additional go unnoticed; it contains a few paravolumes; the last of which, bringing the graphs of exceeding beauty; and Dr. history down to 1654, was published Johnson remarks, that a more sublime the year after his death, which took or more elegant funeral poem is not to place in April, 1754. He wrote some be found in the whole compass of other works, now forgotten, and con English literature. Tickell is deficient tributed largely to Mr. Buckley's edi in energy and invention; but, among tion of the History of Thuanus. The the minor poets, none display nore following anecdote is told of him :- harmony of numbers, or a greater deWalking in a heavy shower of rain, gree of laste and feeling. soon after the accession of George the First, he was plied with “ A coach, BAXTER, (ANDREW,) the son of a your reverence ?" “ No, honest friend," merchant of Aberdeen, was born in that was his answer; "this is not a reign city, in 1686, and there received his for me to ride in a coach." Mr. Carte education. He obtained a livelihood by was married, but does not appear to the instruction of private pupils, with have had any children.
one of whom he went abroad, in 1741,
and for some years resided at Utrecht. TICKELL, (Thomas,) the son of a He returned to Scotland in 1747, and clergyman, was born at 'Bridekirk, in remained there till his death, which took Cumberland, in 1686, and, in 1701, place at Whittingham, in East Lothian, became a member of Queen's College, in 1750. As an author, he is principally Oxford, where he graduated M.A., in known by his Inquiry into the Nature 1708, and obtained a fellowship, in of the Human Soul; a work which ob1710, which he held till his marriage, tained the applause of the most eminent about sixteen years afterwards. Some literati, and particularly of Warburton, verses, written whilst he was at college, who spoke of it as a book containing in favour of Addison's opera of Rosa “the justest and precisest notions of mond, gained him the notice of that God and the soul," and as “one of the poet, and they continued on the most most finished of its kind." Hume and intimate terms of friendship throughout Colin Maclaurin, however, have controthe rest of their lives. When Addison verted many of his arguments; whilst, was appoined secretary to the lord on the other hand, many have remained lieutenant of Ireland, the subject of our unanswered, if not unanswerable. Bax. memoir accompanied him thither; and, ter, who was of a cheerful and sociable on his friend's appointment to the secre- disposition, as well as of extensive learntaryship of state, in 1717, he was chosen ing and sincere piety, left behind him under secretary.
In June, 1724, he several manuscripts on philosophical was made secretary to the lords justices topics, and was also the author of Natho,
sive Cosmotheoria Puerilis, a work in was presented to the living of All Saints, which he endeavours to deduce the Stamford. In 1734, he published A principles of natural religion from the Treatise on the Cause and Cure of the phenomena of the material world. Gout, from a new Rationale, which
passed through several editions ; and, RAMSAY, (ANDREW MICHAEL,) in 1736, the first number of Palæowas born at Ayr, in Scotland, in 1686. graphia Sacra, in which he contends He was educated at Edinburgh, and that heathen mythology is derived the University of St. Andrew's, where from sacred history, and that ,Bache became a sceptic in religion ; but chus is Jehovah. In 1739, he was was converted by Fenelon, whom he appointed chaplain to the Duke of visited at Cambray, in 1709, to the Ancaster; and, the year following: precatholic faith. Ramsay was recom sented, by that nobleman, to the living mended, by this prelate, as tutor to the of Somerby, near Grantham. In 1747, Prince de Turenne, and was made a he was presented, by the Duke of Monknight of the order of St. Lazarus, pre tagu, to the rectory of St. George, viously to his return to England. He Queen Square, and died, of a paralytic also, for some time, superintended the stroke, on the 3rd of March, 1765. In education of the Pretender's children at addition to the works before-mentioned, Rome ; and, after receiving the degree | Dr. Stukeley published Itinerarium Cuof D. D. from the University of Oxford, riosum, or an Account of the Antiquities paid a second visit to the continent, and and Curiosities reat Britain ; An died at St. Germain-en-Laie, on the 6th Account of Stonehenge ; The History of May, 1743. He published several of Carausius; besides a variety of papers works, of which his I'ravels of Cyrus, in the Philosophical Transactions, and on the plan of Fenelon's Telemachus, the Archæologia, and a Treatise on the is the most popular.
Structure and Uses of the Spleen. He
obtained high reputation as a physician, STUKELEY, (William,) was born a philosopher, a divine, and an antiat Holbeach, in Lincolnshire, on the quary; and his great proficiency in 7th of November, 1687; and, after every thing relating to the history of having received the rudiments of edu the Druids, caused his most intimate cation at the grammar-school of that friends to designate him the “ Archtown, proceeded, in 1703, to the Uni.
Druid of the age.” Dr. Stukeley was versity of Cambridge, where he evinced twice married : first, in 1728, to a Miss a strong inclination for the art of de. Williamson, by whom he had three signing, and the study of antiquities. daughters; and, secondly, in 1737, to Fixing, however, on medicine as a pro a daughter of Dr. Gale, Dean of York, fession, he took the degree of M. B., by whom he had no issue. in 1709, and removed to London, where he completed his medical instruction DUNCOMBE,(WILLIAM,) was born under Dr. Mead, at St. Thomas's Hos- | in London, in 1690; and, at an early pital. He first practised at Boston ; age, obtained a situation in the Navybut, in 1717, he came to London, where office, but subsequently renounced it, he was elected a fellow of the Royal and devoted himself to literature. He Society; and becoming one of the re published a translation of Racine's vivors of the Society of Antiquaries, in Athaliah; edited, separately, the works 1718, he acted as their secretary for of Mr. Needler, Mr. Hughes, and the many years. In 1719, he graduated Rev. Mr. Say; and, in 1734, produced, M. D. at Cambridge; and, in the fol at Drury Lane, bis tragedy of Lucius lowing year, was admitted a fellow of Junius Brutus. It met with merited the College of Physicians, before which success; but the chief work of Mr. Dun. he read the Gulstonian lecture, in 1722. combe, who died in 1769, was a series In 1726, he settled, as a physician, at of imitations of the poems of Horace. Grantham, in Lincolnshire ; but ill | In this he was assisted by his son John, health preventing him from giving the who became a fellow of Benet College, necessary attention to his professional Cambridge, and was, in 1766, nomi duties, he took holy orders, in July, nated, by Archbishop Secker, one of 1730; and, in the following October, the six preachers in Canterbury Cathe.