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ROWE, (EL:ZABETH,) the daughter money, coat, stockings, and shoes, he
of the Reverend Mr. Singer, a dissent- contrived to reach Aberdeen ; and,
ing minister, was born at Ilchester, in without friends, and almost without
Somersetshire, on the 11th of Septem- clothes, obtained the object of his am-
ber, 1674. Music, painting, and poetry, bition. After five years' study at the
she cultivated at an early age; and, in university, he graduated M.A., in 1694;
1696, she published a volume of poems, and, in 1700, lett Laurencekirk, where
winch gained her some reputation, he had been master of the parish school,
having previously composed a para. for Edinburgh. In 1702, he was ap-
plirase on the thirty-eighth chapter of pointed assistant librarian to the faculty
Job, at the request of Bishop Ken. of advocates, but derived so small an
She afterwards 'studied French and income from his literary undertakings,
Italian, under the superintendence of that, in 1707, he commenced business
the Honourable Mr. Thynne, son to as an auctioneer. At length his cir-
Lord Weymouth, who was much cap- cumstances were bettered, by an in-
tivated with her person and abilities, crease of salary, which induced him to
which induced, among others, the poet decline accepting the rectorship of the
Prior, to pay his addresses to her. She, grammar-school of Dundee, on its
however, in 1710, gave her hand to Mr. being offered to him, and enabled him
Thomas Rowe, but becoming a widow to coniinue his literary labours without
in 1715, retired to Frome, in Somerset- | interruption. In 1729, he became joint
shire, where she composed the most proprietor, with his brother, of The Čale-
celebrated of her works, Friendship in donian Mercury newspaper ; resigned
Death, or Twenty Letters from the his situation of librarian in 1752, and
Dead to the Living. This was suc- died on the 19th of January, 1757.
ceeded, in 1729, by Letters, Moral and The works, by which he is chiefly
Entertaining, in Verse and Prose; and, known, are, bis Grammatical Exercises,
in 1736, by her History of Joseph a still used in teaching Latin in Scotland,
poem; and, in the February of the and his Rudiments of the Latin Tongue,
foilowing year, she died of apoplexy. which has superseded all other books of
Shortly after her death, Dr. Isaac the kind in the country of the author,
Watts published her Devout Exercises and was even taught in England. His
of the Heart, with a preface, in which other publications are Buchanani Opera
he highly commends them, for the sub- Omnia, Critical Observations on Bur-
lime sentiments and elevated piety man's Commentary on Lucan's Phar,
which they contain. In 1739, appeared salia, a continuation of Anderson's
her Miscellaneous Works, in Prose and Diplomata et Numismata Scotiæ, John,
Verse, in two volumes, ociavo, with an stoni Cantici, an edition of Voluseni de
account of her life and writings pre- Animi Tranquillitate Dialogus, and also
fixed. The poetry of Mrs. Rowe is of a of Bishop Gawin Douglas's Transla-
serious cast, and displays feeling, imagi- tion of the Æneid, for which he wrote
nation, and taste; but, upon the whole, the glossary.
it is not deserving of a higher epithet
than respectable. Her character was TANNER, (THOMAS, Bishop of St.
exceedingly estimable, and she enjoyed Asaph,) was born in 1674, at Market
the friendship of some of the most emi- | Lavingion, in Wiltshire, of which place
nent literati of her day.

his father was vicar. He completed his

education ai Oxford, where, in 1707, RUDDIMAN, (Thomas,) was born he accumulated the degrees of B. D. at Raggel, in Banffshire, in October, and D.D., having previously been made 1674, and received his education at the chaplain to the Bishop of Norwich, and parish school of his native place. On chancellor of his diocese. In 1713, he leaving this, he wished to try for a was made prebend of Ely; in 1723, a bursary at Aberdeen, but his father canon of Christchurch, Oxford; in 1727, being opposed to this step, young Rud. prolocutor of the lower house of convo. diman lett home privately with only a carion ; and, in 1732, he was raised to guinea in his pocket, for the purpose

the see of St. Asaph, in the possesof proceeding to the above-named city. sion of which he died, at Christchurch, Though robbed, on his way, of his Oxford, on the 13th of December, 1735.

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He pubiished Notitia Monastica, and Creator of the World, composed from a second edition of Wood's Athenæ the fragments of Orpheus, to which the Oxoniensis; and, in 1748, appeared his biographer of Hughes, in the Biographia celebrated posthumous work, Bibiio Britannica, has, erroneously, applied the theca Britannico-Hibernica, the fruit, ' concl ding part of Addison's criticism it is said, of forty years' study. It con on Milton, in Sunber Three Hundred tains alphabetical memoirs of the prin- and Thirty-Nine of The Spectator, cipal English, Irish and Scotch writers, which has evident reference to Blackdown to the commencement of the more's Poem on the Creation. in seventeenth century, and displays great: 1715, he published an accurate edition learning, research, and industry. of the works of Spenser, which Pope

highly commended; and, in 1717, in HUGHES, (Jons,) was born at


which year he was appointed, by Earl Marlborough, in Wiltshire, on the 29th Cowpei, secretary to the commissioners of January, 1677. He received his I of the peace, appeared a singular piece education in London, at a dissenting from his pen, entitled Charon, or the academy, under Dr. Thomas Rowe, Ferry-Boat, a vision. He died on the and he early displayed a taste for lite- | 17th of February, 1719-20, the very rature, and ihe fine arts. At nineteen, day on which his celebrated tragedy, he paraphrased, in verse, one of the The Siege of Damascus, was repremosi difficult odes of Horace; but his sented for the first time. Swift ranks cultivation of the muse did not hinder Hughes among the mediocrists in prose him from pursuing his business at the as well as verse, to which Pope assents, ordnance office, where he held a situa- observing, that " what he wanted in tion, as well as being secretary to several genius, he made up as an honest man.' commissions under the great seal, for în 1735, a complete collection of his the purchase of lands for the dock poems and dramatic pieces was pubyards of Portsmouth, Chatham, and lished, in two volumes, duodecimo, by Harwich. Devoting, however, all his his brother-in-law, Mr. Duncombe. leisure to the belles lettres, he soon made himself acquainted with the mo SHUTE, (John, Viscount Barringdern languages, and, in 1697, he pub ton,) the son of a merchant, was born lished a poem on the treaty of Ryswick, at Theobalds, in Hertfordshire, in 1678; which is said to have met with an ap- and, after having received the rudiprobation rarely bestowed on, and very ments of education, was sent to the rarely deserved by, a young poet of University of Utrecht. On his return twenty. He added to his reputation in to England, he became a student of the 1699, by the publication of his Court of Inner Temple, and was called to the Neptune, on the return of King Wil- bar; but preferring literary pursuits, he liam from Holland; and, in 1701, he published, in 1701 and 1704, two works wrote a piece, entitled Of the Pleasure in favour of the civii rights of protestant of being Deceived; the first of those dissenters; of which body he was a essays from his pen, which have been member. When about twenty-four since considered among the most en years of age, he was applied to, by Lord tertaining and able in our language. In Somers, to gain the consent of the 1702, he published, on the death of presbyterians to the projected union King William, a Pindaric ode, entitled between Scotland and England; and, Of the House of Nassau ; and, in 1703, in 1708, his services were rewarded by his Ode in Praise of Music was per a commissionership of the Customs; formed at Stationer's Hall, with great from which he was removed, by the applause. In 1706, he wrote a most Tories, in 1711. Soon after, he had masterly preface to Kennet's History of the good fortune to be left heir to the England, and afterwards translated estates of a Mr. Wildman and of Francis Fontenelle's Dialogues of the Dead, in Barrington, Esq., whose name he, in three parts, in which he completely consequence, took. On the accession caught the spirit of the original. In of George the First, he was chosen 1712, he translated the Abbé Vertot's member of parliament for Berwick; in Revolutions in Portugal; and, shortly 1717, made master of the Rolls; and, afterwards, published An Ode to the in July, 1820, created a peer by the

title of Viscount Barrington, of Ard- been justly denominated one of the glass, in the county of Down. In 1722, pioneers of literature. Of his publicahe was again returned for Berwick; tions, which relate chiefly to monastic but in the February of 1722-3, having and other ancient chronicles of our nabeen appointed sub-governor of the tional history, the most important are Harburgh Company, and engaged in a his editions of Livy, Justin, and Eutrodisreputable affair called the Harburgh pius ; and the Acts of the Apostles in Lottery, he was dismissed the house. Greek and Latin, from a manuscript in In 1725, he published his great work, the Bodleian Library, Miscellanea Sacra; an admirable defence of Christianity, in which he has COCKBURN, (CATHERINE,) the the credit of staggering the infidelity of daughter of Captain Trotter, of the navy, the celebrated Anthony Collins. During was born in London, on the 16th of the same year, he printed An Essay on August, 1679. When a child, she is the several Dispensations of God to said to have recited extemporary verses; Mankind; resigned his mastership of and with scarcely any assistance, she the Rolls in 1731 ; and died on the 14th taught herself French, Latin, and logic. of December, 1734. He married Anne, At seventeen years of age, she wrote her daughter and co-heir of Sir William tragedy of Agnes de Castro, which, as Daines, Knight, and left several children; well as another, called Fatal Friendship, of whom five sons rose to high stations, and produced two years afterwards, respectively, in the church, the state, was acted with applause. In 1702, the law, the army, and the navy. Lord she published A Defence of Locke's Barrington is described by Swift, when Essay on the Human Understanding; speaking of his principles, as "a mode- a performance that was commended by rate man, frequenting the church and Locke hinisels, and was, indeed, the the meeting indifferently." His other best written treatise that had appeared works, in addition to those mentioned, in behalf of his Essay. In 1707, she are. A Discourse of Natural and Re- became a convert from popery to provealed Religion, and several letters testantism; and at the same time puband treatises relative to the test acts, lished some letters, which she had and to toleration in general in matters written previous to her conversion, of religion.

under the title of A Guide to Contro

versy; In the meantime, she had proHEARNE, (T110mas,) was born at duced her comedy of Love at a Loss; White Walthain, in Berkshire, where and two tragedies, entitled The Un. his father was parish clerk and school- happy Penitent, and The Revoluion of master, about 1678. He is said to have Sweden. In 1708, she married a clergyreceived considerable instruction from man of the name of Cockburn, and died the celebrated scholar, Henry Dodwell; on the 11th of May, 1749, having surand, in 1696, was sent to Edmund Cola vived her husband about eight months. lege, Oxford, where he was employed, Her works, not before mentioned, are, by Drs. Mill and Grabe, in the collec- A Letter to Dr. Holdsworth, concerning tion of biblical manuscripts. After the Resurrection of the Body ; A Vinhaving graduated M. A., he was, in dication of Mr. Locke, against the im1701, made as-istant to Dr. Hudson, putations of the former; Remarks upon the keeper of the Bodleian library ; se- some Writers in the Controversy recond librarian in 1712; and, in 1715, specting the Foundation of Morai Virtue archity pographer and esquire beadle of and Moral Obligation ; Remarks upon the civil law. These situations he re- Dr. Rutherford's Essay on the Nature signed, on his declining to take the oath and Obligations of Virtue ; besides seof allegiance to George the First; but, veral letters, poems, and miscellaneous nevertheless, continued to pursue his pieces, chiefly on religious and moral literary labours at the university, and subjects. An edition of her works apdied there, on the 10th of June, 1735. peared, in two volumes, in 1751, with Hearne, though only an editor, deserves her life, by Dr. Birch, mention as one of the most useful and industrious antiquarians that the TRAPP, (JOSEPH,) the son of a Georgian era bas produced; and he has clergyman, was born in Gloucestershire,


in Novesuber. 1679, and educa'ed at prefixed; and died on the 22nd of NoWadham College, Ox:ord, where he vember, in the same year. He had graduaud B. 1699; M. A., in, married, in 1712, a daughter of Alder. 1702, and, in 1704, was elected a fellow, man White, of Ox'ord, and was survived Having, previously to this time, dis- by one son. Trapp, who, in the early tinguished himself by several sınall part of his life, is said to have been dispoems or merit, he was, in 1708, ap. sipaled, was a man of hasty temper, but pointed to the first Birknead professor: seif coinmand ; possessed wit and disship of oetry, and held tiial situation cernment; and, according to Bishop for ten years. In 1709, and in the ful. Pearce, studied harder than any man lowing year, he acted as manager for in England. Besides the works already Dr. Sacheverell on his famous trial; and, mentioned, he published a tragedy in 1711, he was appointed chaplain to called Abramule, some miscellaneous Sir Constantine Phipps, lord-chancellor poems in English and Larin, and a of Ireland. In 1715, ne printed the first variety of sermons and pieces on devolume of his Preservative against Uo: vocional subjects. Trapp's translation of slied Norins, of which a second vo. Virgil, on which his fame principally lume was printed in 1722 ; and in the resis, is an indifferent performance, interval, in 1717, appeared his Contro- and not wholly undeserving of the versial Sermon against Bishop Hoadly; fo:lowing sarcastic couplet, written by bis fainous transiation of Virgil, in blank a wilty contemporary on the first apverse, in two octavo volumes; and, in pearance of Glover's Leonidas :1718, his Prælectiones Puelicæ, in three

Equal to Vi-gil! It wat, perhaps ; volumer, octavo. In 1720, through the But then, by heavca! 'tas Dr. Trapp's interest of the Earl of Peterborough, he was preferred to the recwry uf Daunt- PARNELL, Thomas,) was born zey, in Wiltshire, which, in the follow- at Dublin, in 1679; and, after having ing year, he reigned for the united received the rudiments of education at parishes of Chrisuhurch, Newgate a grammar-school, was sent to Trinity Street, and St. Leonard's, Poster Lane, College, at the early age of thirteen. London. In 1727, appeared his Popery In 1700, he graduated M. A., and was truly Stated and Contuted; and his ordained deacon ; entered into priest's celebrated Answer to Engiand's Con- orders in 1703 ; and, in 1705, *as preversion; of which the University of ferred to the archdeaconry of Clogher. Oxford marked their approval by con- About the same time, he married, and ferring upon him the degree of D. D. afterwards, paying annual visits w These were followed by his Sermons on England, he became a member of the Rightesu»ness overmuch, which gave Scribberus Club, formed by Pope, Gay, rise to a paper froin the pen of Dr. Swift, and Arbuthnot. At first a Whig, Johnson, printed in The Gentleman's but afterwards a Tory, he, towards the Magazine for 1787, on the subject of latter end of Queen Anne's reign, in literary property, in consequence of the anticipation of church preferment, Trapp having refused Mr. Cave per- took every opportunity of displaying mission to give an abridgment of the bis eloquence in the pulpit. The death above sermons in his periodical. In of the queen, however, putting an end 1733, he became rector of Harlington, to his hopes, he abated his zeal, and in Middlesex, on the presentation of having also lost his wife, he began, says the fainous Lord Boiingbroke, who had Goldsmith, to throw himself into every previously appointed him his chaplain, company, and to seek from wine, if not as a recompense for some papers he relief, insensibijiv. By the recomhad written in The Examiner, in de- mendation of Swift, to Archbishop fence of that noileman's administra- King, he obtained a prebend, and the tion. In 1734, he was elected a joint vicarage of Finglas, in the diocese of lecturer of Sc. Maruin's-in-the-Fields; Dublin; a preferment he only enjoyed and, in 1740, appeared, in iwo volumes, a year, dying at Chester, in July, 1717, his Milioni Paradisus Amissus, a Latin “in some measure," observe: Goldsmith, translation of Milton's Paradise Lost. In “ a martyr to conjugal fidelity.” A col1747, he published three Sermons, with lection of his poems was published explanatory notes on the four Gospels after his death, by Pope, and another

posthumous volume was printed at studied, under Boerhaave, at Leyden, Dublin, in 1758 ; but are so interior to returned to London, and practised as a the former that they may be doubted physician. In the latter part of his to have been from the same pen. His lite, he removed to Hampstead, where best and most popular performances are, he died, on the 8th of February, 1726, The Hermit, The Allegory on Man, leaving behind the reputation of an and A Night Piece on Death; they are ingenious writer, both in poetry and characterised, as are most of his poems, pro-e, which he had acquired by the by easiness and sweetness of diction, publication of several works, from 1719 sprightliness without effort, and pro- up to the time of his death. Of these priety without pains. Johnson 'has may be mentioned his tragedy of Sir justly observed of them, that it is im- Walter Raleigh, and Epistles to Mr. possible to say whether they are the Addison on the Death of Lord Halifax; productions of nature so excellent as and, among his prose works, A Life of not to want the help of art, or of art John Philips ; A Vindication of the so refined as to resemble nature.

English Stage ; and Schism Destructive

of the Government both in Church and EUSDEN, (LAWRENCE,) was born State. He was also a contributor to the at Spotsworth, in Yorkshire, about the fifth volume of The Tatler, and the year 1680, and educated at Trinity ninth of The Spectator ; translated Mr. College, Cambridge, where he studied Addison's Latin poems, and portions of divinitv. After entering into holy Ovid, Lucan, and Tibullus ; and wrote orders, he became chaplain to Lord Wil- a variety of political pamphlets, prinloughby de Broke; was appointed poet cipally directed against the Bishop of laureate in 1718 ; and, subsequently, Salisbury. rector of Coningsby, in Lincolnshire, where he died, on the 27th of September, BROOME, (William,) was born 1730. His poems, which are in several at Cheshire, about the year 1680, and collections, consist of miscellaneous educated upon the foundation of Eion ; pieces, written on particular occasions, whence he was sent to St. John's Coland which procured him the patronage lege, Cambridge, where he studied for of the Duke of Newcastle and Lord the church, and went by the name of Halifax, whose poem of The Battle of the Poet, in consequence of his addicthe Boyne he translated into Latin tion to verse. He acquired great repuverse. He also left behind, in manu- tation by the part he took, with Ozell script, a translation of the works of and Oldisworth, in translating the Iliad Tasso, with a life of that poet ; and is into prose ; and being introduced to said, but upon doubtful authority, to Pope, he was employed by him to assist have contributed to The Spectator and him in his own version both of the Iliad Guardian. Eusden excited much and the Odyssey. In the former, he jealousy by obtaining the laureateship; was only concerned with reference to and was satirized, by Pope, in The the notes from Eustathius; but of the Dunciad; by Oldmixon, in his Art of latter he wrote the second, sixth, eighth, Logic; and by Sheffield, Duke of eleventh, tweltth, sixteenth, eighteenth, Buckingham, in his Session of the and twenty-third books, together with Poets, where he is thus mentioned, all the notes. For this performance he

only received £500, and probably comlo rush'd Eusden, and cry Who shall have it

plained to Pope of the smallness of the But I, the true laureate, to whom the king gave it? Apollo bered pardon, and granted his claim,

sum, who, in consequence, inserted h.s But yow'd chat, till then, be ue'er heard of his name in The Dunciad. Broome be.

came D. D. in 1728, and was, in the

same year, presented to the rectory of SEWEL, (George,) was born at Pulham, in Norfolk. This he resigned Windsor, where his father held the on being appointed vicar of Eye, which office of treasurer and chapter clerk, he held with Oakley Magna, in Suffolk, about the year 1680. He was educated both given him by Lord Cornwallis, to at tton and Cambridge, where, being whom he was chaplain. He died, at intended for the medical profession, he Bath, on the 16th of November, 1745, graduated B. M.; and, after having and was buried in the abbey church.


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