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ments, and embroiled in unsuccessful character he pub.ished several learned quarrels, on the 6th of January, 1733. tracts, the principal of which are, Geta His works are, a comedy, called A Plot Britannicus, &c., or Observations upon and no Plot: three tragedies, respec a Fragment of an Equestrian Stone tively entitled, Rinaldo and Armida ; Statue, found near Baih, which MusIphigenia ; and Asserted Liberty: two grave believes to have been set up in plays, altered from Coriolanus, and honour of Geta, after his arrival in Merry Wives of Windsor, of Shaks Britain ; together with a chronological peare; The Spanish Adventurer, a synopsis of the family of Severus; and comedy; and The Masque of Orphens A Dissertation upon a piece of Saxon and Eurydice. He also published two Antiquity found at Athelney, in Somer. volumes of letters, besides several criti- setshire, being King Alfred the Great's cal essays and poems, chiefly in the Amulet : Belgium Britannicum, in Pindaric style. Dennis was a man of which he treats of the history and parts and a shrewd critic, but his arro topography of Hampshire, Wilishire, gant conceit deservedly covered him and Somersetshire; and endeavours to with ridicule in his own time; and, in prove, in the dissertation prefixed, that the present age, it is rather the reputa- Britain was formerly a peninsula, and tion of Pope, which he so vulgarly at. I joined to France, aboui Calais. The tacked, than that of his own writings, work is illustrated with several curiously which rescue him from oblivion. The engraved copper-plates; and, according following ludicrous anecdote is told of to Mr. Moyle, has been the means of him whilst he was at the theatre:-a preserving from oblivion many valuable tragedy being acted in which the ma monuments of antiquity. chinery of thunder was introduced according to a plan of his own that he had BRADY, (NICHOLAS,) the son of an formerly coinmunicated to the mana officer in the army, was born at Bandon,

gers, he cried out, in a transport of rage, in Cork, Ireland, on the 28th of October, ! " 'Sdeath! that is my thunder! the 1659. He was educated at Westminster

villains will play my thunder, but not School, and Christchurch, Oxford; but my plays."

studied divinity at the University of

Dublin, where he graduated B. A., and MUSGRAVE, (WILLIAM,) was born by which he was subsequently preat Charlton Musgrave, Somersetshire, sented with his doctor's degree. He in 1657; and became, in 1675, a pro was chaplain to King William and bationer fellow of New College, Ox Queen Anne; and, after holding seveford. After having taken his degree ral previous preferments, was collated of LL. B., in 1982, he commenced the to the rectory of Clapham, in Surrey, study of pinysic. Soon after, he became which he retained, together with that of a fellow, and, in 1684, secretary, of the Richmond, in the same county, till his Royal Society ; in which capacity he death, in May, 1726. He was an active edited The Philosophical Transactions, promoter of the revolution, and by his from Numbers One Hundred and Sixty interest with the general of King James, seven to One Hundred and Seventy thrice prevented the burning of the eight, inclusive. In 1685, he took his town of Bandon; by the inhabitants of bachelor's, and, in 1689, his doctor's, which, he was sent to England to petidegree in physic; and, in the latter tion parliament for a redress of the year, was admitted a fellow of the Col. grievances they had suffered whilst lege of Physicians in London. He that monarch was in Ireland. As an practised in the metropolis from this author, he is chiefly distinguished by period until 1691, when he removed to his version, in conjunction with Nahum Exeter, and died there, on the 23rd Tate, of the Psalms of David; but he of December, 1721. Dr. Musgrave's also published a translation of the medical works are two Latin treatises Æneid of Virgil; a tragedy called The on the gout; one entitled De Arthri- Rape; and three volumes of Sermons. ide Symptomaticâ; and the other, De Little can be said in praise of these Arthritide Anoinalâ sive Interna. He productions; and, as a matter of taste, was, however, less distinguished as a his version of the Psalms, though still physician than an antiquary; in which tolerated by authority, is scarcely more

endurable than that of Sternhold and James the Second, when Duke of York, Hopkins.

who rewarded him handsomely : The

Spartan Dame; Oroonoko; and The GILDON, (CHARLES,) was born at Fatal Marriage ; or, Innocent Adultery, Gillingham, in Dorsetshire, in 1665 ; of which the chief feature is the characand was sent, by his parents, who were ter of Isabella. He also wrote The Roman catholics, to fit himself for a Wife's Excuse, and some other comepriest of that persuasion, at the College dies, but none have kept possession of of Douay, in Hainault. Popery, how- the stage, or added to the reputation of ever,

was neither consonant to his the author. Southern is said to have reason, nor priesthood to his inclina- drawn "all imaginable profits from his rion; and, on his return to England, poetical labours," and to have demeaned in 1679, he plunged into dissipation himself by a drudgery of solicitation in and extravagance, and added to the procuring the sale of his tickets, much disarrangement of his affairs by an im- beneath the dignity of a poel. He was prudent marriage in his twenty-third once asked, by Dryden, how much he year. Necessity, at length, induced him had got by one of his tragedies, and, io turn author, when he produced, in after replying that “he was really succession, a variety of pieces in prose ashamed to inform him," told him that and verse,

of which the principal are, he had cleared £700; which astonished The Post Boy robbed of his Mail, or the former, who had never been able the Packet broke open; Canons, or to acquire more than a seventh part of the Vision; The Laws of Poetry; The that sum for any of his most successful Deist's Manual ; and, his best work, pieces. For The Spartan Dame, in The Complete Art of Poetry. He also which the whole of the last scene of the composed three tragedies, entitled, re- third act was written by the Honourable spectively, The Roman Bride's Re- John Stafford, he received £150; at that venge; Phaeton, or the Royal Divorce ;

time a very extraordinary, price; and and Love's Victim, or the Queen of he was the first who raised the advanWales : all of which were acted, but tage of play-writing to a second and soon forgotten. According to Boyer, third night; in allusion to which, Pope he also wrote an English Grammar; says,and the same authority, in recording

Southern, born to raise his death, which occurred on the 12th

The price of prologues and of plays. of January, 1723-4, speaks of him as a person of great literature, but a mean His reputation, as a dramatic poet, is genins, which is, perhaps, the only best sustained by his tragedy of Oroopraise that can be accorded to him. noko, in which there are sentiments and Pope gave him a place in his Dunciad, touches of passion not unworthy the in revenge for some remarks made by pen of Shakspeare. It is only the latter the subject of our memoir upon the part of The Fatal Marriage ihat is inRape of the Lock.

teresting to the audience, though it

wholly depends upon the actress, wheSOUTHERN,(THOMAS,) was born in ther Isabella be made sublimely harDublin, in 1660; and, after having com- rowing, or disgustingly extravagant. pleted his education at the university of Dryden called Southern“ such another that city, studied, in London, for the poet as Otway;" and was so confident bar; but, devoting himself to dramatic of his dramatic abilities, that he emcomposition, did not follow his profes. | ployed him to write half of the last act sion. In 1685, he entered the army, of his tragedy of Cleomenes. and rose to the rank of captain, in the regiment raised by Lord Ferrers against GRANVILLE, (GEORGE, Lord the Duke of Monmouth. He died on Lansdown,) descended from an illusthe 26th of May, 1746 ; having enjoyed trious family in Devonshire, was born the longest life, and died the richest, about the year 1666 ; and after having with a very few exceptions, of the poets studied in France, under the tuition of. of that time. His dramatic productions Sir William Ellis, was sent to Camare, The Persian Prince, or The Loyal bridge, in his eleventh year, and graBrother, intended as a compliment to duated M. A., in 1679. When the

Duchess of York visited the university, tation. The lustre of his station, and he addressed to her a copy of his own the compliments of Pope and others, versos; and, on the accession of King obtained Granville the reputation of a James the Second, wrote three pieces poet, during his own age; but he has in honour of that monarch. In the left but few verses to warrant the name, commotions which preceded the revo- and those are in close imitation of lution, he was exceedingly anxious to Waller. take arms under the king against the Prince of Orange; and wrote to his CENTLIVRE, (Susanna,) whose father that celebrated letter quoted by maiden name was Freeman, was born Johnson, and other of his biographers. in Ireland, in 1667. Losing both her “ You say I am 100 young to be parents before she was twelve years of hazarded," runs one of the passages ; age, and being unkindly treated by " but give me leave to say, it is glorious those who subsequently had the care of at any age to die for one's country; and her, she set oui, al ne, for London ; the sooner, the nobler the sacrifice.” but being met in her way by a Mr. During the reign of King William, Hammond, he took her into keeping at Granville lived in literary retirement; Cambridge. She afterwards proceeded but, on the accession of Queen Anne, to the metropolis; and, whiist only in he became a member of the house of her sixteenth year, married a nephew cominons; and, in 1710, was made of Sir Stephen Fox. His death soon secretary at war. In the following taking place, she gave her hand to year, he was created Lord Lansdown, Captain Carrol, but again became a Baron Bideford ; in 1712, was appointed widow in about a year after the marcomptroller of the household, and a riage. The distress which this occaprivy-counsellor; and, in 1713, trea- sioned, induced her to try her talents surer of the household. These situ- both as a dramatic writer and an actress; ations he lost, on the accession of George and, in 1706, she married Mr. Centlivre, the First; and, having protested against yeoman of the mouth to Queen Anne. the bill for attainting Ormond and She enjoyed the friendship of Rowe, Bolingbroke, he was, after the insur- Farquhar, and other wits of the day, rection in Scotland, confined to the and died on the 1st of December, 1723. Tower, from September, 1715, till She wrote fifteen plays, the principal February, 1717. In 1722, he went of which are, The Perjured Husband; abroad, when he wrote his Vindication The Busy Body; The Wonder; and of General Monk from the aspersions A Bold Stroke for a Wife; besides of Burnet, and of Sir Richard Green- three farces, and several poems, which, ville from those of Clarendon; and, together with some of her letters, were after his return to England, published, collected and published by Bowyer. in 1732, a splendid edition of the whole Her dramatic works were published, in of his works. He died on the 30th of three volumes, duodecimo, in 1763. She January, 1735, a few days after the was of an agreeable person, sprightly death of his wife, who was a daughter and intelligent in conversation, and of of the Earl of Jersey, and by whom he a friendly and benevolent disposition. had four daughters. His chief per- Her plays above-mentioned, with the formances are two plays, called Once a exception of The Perjured' Husband, Lover and always a Lover; and The still retain possession of the stage; and Jew of Venice, altered from Shaks. are extremely diverting, and full of peare; Heroic Love, a tragedy; and humour and incident. The British Enchanter, a dramatic poem, which Johnson calls the best of ASTELL, (MARY,) the daughter of his works. His prologues and epilogues a merchant, at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, deserve praise ; but his plays have little was born about 1668. She received, merit, and in the first of them above- from her uncle, who was a clergyman, mentioned, there are some gross and a very liberal education, and was, at an indecent passages.

In The Jew of early age, mistress of Italian and French, Venice, as Rowe remarks, the character logic, philosophy, and the mathematics. of Shylock is made comic, and we are She published several works, which prompted to laughter, instead of detes- procured her considerable reputation ; 513

was courted by the fashionable world, New Atlantis, an attack, under feigned but led a pious and abstemious life; and names, upon the character of the Whigs, died, of a cancer in her breast, on the and especially of those who had assisted 24th of May, 1731. Among her works in effecting the revolution of 1688. The are, Letters concerning the Love of work being considered a libel, she volunGod; An Essay in Defence of the tarily came forward as the authoress, to Female Sex; and A Serious Proposal prevent the confinement of the printer to the Ladies, for the Advancement of and publisher; and on being examined their true and greatest Interest, &c., before the secretary of state, .she dewherein she proposed a scheme, in fur- clared, that as she had unintentionally therance of which, a lady, supposed to be identified particular characters, she the queen, offered to give £10,000, for must have written by inspiration. The building a college for females, but who secretary, Lord Sunderland, observing, was dissuaded from doing so by Bishop “ that inspiration used to be upon a Burnet's representation, that such an good account, and her writings were establishment would be reputed a nun- stark naught;" she replied, "that his nery.

She also wrote Reflections on lordship's observation might be true, Marriage; Moderation truly stated; A but that there were evil angels as well Fair Way with Dissenters; and The as good; so that, nevertheless, what Christian Religion, as practised by a she had wrote, might still be by inspiraDaughter of the Church of England ; tion.” After being committed to the which last was supposed to be the work custody of a messenger, she was adof Atterbury. This prelate, together mitted to bail, and the prosecution with Hickes, Dodwell, and others, spoke against her was ultimately dropped. In very highly of Mrs. Astell's powers as the meantime, she had become no less a writer ; but hint that a little more notorious as a woman of intrigue than urbanity of manner would not have of wit; and she sustained her reputadetracted from the force of her argu- tion for both up to the period of her ments.

death, which took place at the house of

Alderman Barber, on the 11th of July, MANLEY, (Mrs. DE LA RIVIERE,) | 1724. In addition to the works beforethe daughter of Sir Roger Manley, mentioned, she wrote Letters from a governor of Guernsey, whose fortune supposed Nun in Portugal; Memoirs was ruined by his adherence to Charles of Europe towards the close of the the First, was born in Hampshire, Eighteenth Century ; Court Intrigues ; about the year

1670. Losing her | Adventures of Rivelle ; The Powers of parents early, she was left under the Love ; and some miscellaneous poems, guardianship of a male cousin, who which display great sweetness and har

base enough to seduce her by mony of versification. means of a fictitious marriage, his own wife being still alive. After she had YALDEN, (Thomas,) born in given birth to a child, and he had Exeter, in 1671, was educated at a spent great part of her property, her grammar-school in that city, and at betrayer confessed the deception he Magdalen Hall, Oxford, where he obhad practised upon her, and shortly tained a fellowship, in 1700; and, enterafter deserted her. Thus destitute, she | ing into orders next year, was presented accepted the protection of the Duchess to the vicarage of Willoughby, in Warof Cleveland; but a quarrel with that wickshire, and chosen lecturer of moral disreputable shoot of nobility, throwing philosophy. In 1707, he took the deher again upon her own resources, she gree of D. D.; and, not long after, was attempted to write for the stage; and made rector of Chalton and Cleanville, produced, in 1696, her tragedy of The in Hertfordshire, and had the prebends Royal Mistress, which was acted with or sinecures of Deans, Hains, and great applause. She subsequently | Pendles, in Devonshire. In 1713, he wrote, though not with equal success, succeeded the celebrated Atterbury as two other plays, entitled, respectively, preacher of Bridewell Hospital; and The Lover, and Lucius; but the per- when that prelate was sent to the formance which produced her the Tower, Dr. Yalden was also taken into greatest share of reputation, was The custody, on suspicion of holding a trei


VOL. 111.




sonable correspondence with his secre- June of the following year. The pastary, Kelly, but was soon discharged. corals of Puillips have great merit, notHe died on the 10th of July, 1736. He withstanding the ridicule cast upon is the author of several poetical pieces, them by Pope ; in our memoir of whom, the principal of which are, The Con- we have alluded to the artifice he quest of Namur; The Temple of Fame; adopted to decry them in favour of his Å Hymn to the Morning in praise of own. Philips was so exasperated at Light; and A Hymn to Darkness, be- Pope's conduct, that he charged him sides some others published in Tonson's with disaffection to government, and Miscellanies; and the Medicine, a tale, hung up a rod at Button's, with which inserted in The Tatler, The best of he threatened to chastise him; whilst his poems is the Hymn to Darkness, a Pope retaliated by calling Phillips a production conceived with vigour, and rascal, and taxing him with detaining expressed with propriety : Jolinson calls the subscriptions for Homer, delivered the tenth stanza exquisitely beautiful. to him by the Hanover Club. The

poems, written by the subject of our PHILLIPS, (AMBROSE,) was born memoir, to which Harry Cary first gave about the year 1672, and received his the naine of Namby Pamby, Johnson academical education at St. John's mentions with approbation; and obCollege, Cambridge, where he gradu. serves that they would have had ated B. A. in 1696, and A. M. in 1700. admirers, had they been written by In the latter year, he published An Addison. Phillips was extremely sen. Epitome of Hacket's Life of Archbishop sitive with regard to critical censure ; Wake, in order to promote the prin- and a friend mortally offended him, one ciples of the Whig party, to which he day, by saying to him, “ Phillips, how early belonged Some time previously came thy King of Epirus to drive oxen, to 1708, appeared his Pastorals; and, and to say, • I'm goaded on by love ?'" in 1709, he addressed A Poetical Letter In conversation, he is described as from Copenhagen to the Duke of Dorset, having been solemn and pompous, and which Pope styled “the production of is said to have been eminent for braa man who could write very nobly." | very, and skill in the sword. In 1712, was acted his play of The Distrest Mother, almost a translation of OLDMIXON, (John,) was born Racine's Andromaque, with an admi. near Bridgewater, in Somersetshire, in rable epilogue by Addison, who praised | 1673, and became a virulent party the tragedy with great zeal in The writer, in favour of the revolution, for Spectator, where several of Phillips's which he was rewarded with a post in translations from Sappho had a place the Customs at Liverpool, where he In 1717, he was made a commissioner died some time after *1730. Besides of the lottery, and a justice of the peace; some dramatic pieces, now forgotten, a and, in 1722, he produced his tragedy volume of Poeins, An Essay on Critof The Briton, which, though now for. cism, Drayton's England, Historical gotten, has some spirited and highly Epistles, Lise of Arthur Maynwarring, dramatic scenes. In 1723, he produced and Life of Queen Anne, he wrote a Hisanother tragedy, entitled Humphrey, tory of the Stuarıs, and a Critical HisDuke of Gloucester, which met with tory of England; the former of which temporary success; but, like its prede- has been universally condemned for the cessor, was soon banished from the malevolence he displays towards the stage, Some time afterwards, he as. Stuart family. Being employed by sisted Dr, Boulter in the composition of Bishop Kennet, in his Complete Hisa paper, called The Free-thinker; and tory, Oldmixon

Daniel's when the doctor was made Archbishop Chronicle, in several places, yet had the of Armagh, Phillips accompanied him effrontery, in a preface, to charge the to Ireland, as his secretary ; became editors of Clarendon's History with member of parliament for Armagh ; | interpolation ; an accusation which was was made secretary to the lord-chancel refuted by Atterbury. He was severely lor, in 1726; and, in 1733, judge of the handled by Pope, in the Dunciad, and Prerogative court. In 1748, he returned seems to have been an unworthy chato London, and died of palsy, in the racter, though a forcible and able writer.


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