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one, the Vanity of human Greatness ; the other, the Variableness of human Judgments.

As we have had Occasion, in several Places, to mention the Reasons that induced us to undertake the Compiling this History, we shall not here repeat them : But only observe, that, notwithstanding some Errors may have flipped us, we hope there will not appear any but such as are common; that, we are not conscious to ourselves of any partial Fondnesses for our principal Character, nor of any undue Severities towards his Enemies, either dead or living; that tho'we have taken more Freedom with Monsieur Rapin, than with

any other Author, our Readers may see we were not the first who did so, if they will but attend the many Pieces that have been published to set forth his Mistakes; and that we do not conceive even the most Censorious can bring against us the Charge of undertaking this Publication with a mercenary View, especially as there could be no Hopes of Family Gratifications, in vindicating the Character of one who was the first and last Person in his, of any the least Consequence or Distinction. After having spoke of the many

Circumstances relating to his Disgrace, and attended him both in his Retirement from the World, and his final Departure out of it, we were brought to the MEMOIRS with which this Volume and this Work is concluded, and dispatched them with as much Conciseness as possible.

And we cannot but here hint, that we have been at a much larger Expence about this Collection, than our Subscriptions have hitherto answered; though we are not uneasy on that Account,



because, in discharge of our Obligations to the Encouragers of it, we have afforded them more Matter and a greater Number of Embellishments than is usually given, or might reasonably be expected.

In this Volume will be further seen what Use has been made of ancient Records, and other valuable Letters and Papers, many of which are preserved in the Exchequer Record-office: And, as to our taking so many large Quotations from the inimitable Shakespear, we say, that, finding him so full of fine Imagery, in Relation to our CARDINAL, &c. we thought some of his Scenes would be no disagreeable Parts in our History.

We must own too, that we are particularly obliged to several worthy Gentlemen, who furnished us with Original Letters, or other Matters, made use of in the Course thereof; which leads us here to acquaint our Readers, that the CARDINAL had another Dignity in the Church, which had escaped us, till communicated by a Gentleman (while the Index to this Volume was printing off) in these Words,

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To Mr. GROVE, S IR, A Mong the many Preferments, which Cardinal

Wolsey enjoyed, I do not find any of our Historians mention that of the Deanry of Saint Stephens, Westminster. As you would probably take Occapon to mention this in your History, I give you the Trouble of this Letter.

On the 3d of October, Anno 4to, Hen. 8. the King, by Letters Patents, granted the next Turn


in the Deanry of St. Stephens to Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and George, Earl of Shrewsbury, who, on the 18th of October, in the fame Year, presented Thomas Wulcy, the King's Almoner, and he was admitted and instituted into it by John, Abbot of Westminster.

This appears by an Entry in the Register, or Leafe-books, of the Church of Westminster. In the fame Book is a long Particular of the Ceremony * observed when Wolsey received his Cardinals Cap, and is thus intitled,

Forma Instructionis jam a Lxxv Annis, observat super Transmissione Capelli rubei & Annuli ad novem CARDINALEM. 26th of June, 1744:

I am, Sir, &c,

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ERRAT A. VOL. II. Page 1, Line 6, for about Eighteen, read not Seventeen; p. 17, 1. 13, f. 3d of March, r. 3d of June,

Vol. III. Page 361, in the Note, Col. 2, Line 19, f, one Barnes, r. one Harness.

VOL. IV. Page 6, in the Note, Col. 1, 1. 20, f. on his own Horse, r. to his e-vn House ; p. 10, in the Note, Col. 1, 1. 8, for Who thought, r. Who little thought ; p. 15, l. 2, f. Chency r. Cheney ; p. 51, in the Note, Col. 1, l. 16, f. Friends, r. Enemies; p. 80, in the Note, Col. 2, 1. 16, f. 1537, r. 1534 ; p. 160, 1, 21, f. Princess, 1. Princesses ; p. 180, 1. 2, f. Philip the VIlth, 1. the Ild; p. 184, in the Note, Col. 2, 1. 7. f. repose, r. repair ; p. 207, 1. 21, f. mute Afafters, r. Moot-masters; p 288, in the Note, Col. 2, l. 2, f. 1741, 5. 1714. MEMOIRS, p. 20, 1. 17, f. ever, r. even.

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E concluded our Third Affairs of Spain,
Volume with taking and Italy.

France, England,
notice of a Conspiracy

1526. against his Imperial Majesty and the Spanish Forces at Milan. The Beginning of the Year, 1526,

the Commendary Herara returned from Rome to Madrid, and brought Letters from Pope Clement the VIIth, written with his own Hand, to the Emperor, in which he laboured to clear himself of the Imputation of having any Hand in the Conspiracy, by laying the Fault on the Marquis of Pescara, and Jerome Moreton; and entreated the Emperor to pardon Sforza, and restore him to his Dominions of Milan : But, says the Spanish Writers, “ the Emperor, knowing that the Duke would VOL. IV,

66 ascribe


“ ascribe the Benefit of his Liberty to the Intercession “ of the Pope and the Venetians, and not to his Mercy “ only, made little Account of their fair Words.'

Also about this Time the captive King of France was brought to consent to the Restitution of Burgundy for the Sake of his Liberty, only insisting, that it could not be performed till fome Time after he was free, because the People would never deliver it whilst he was a Prisoner ; but, for Security of the Performance, he agreed to deliver his two eldest Sons as Hostages. Though the Emperor thought good to take the Advice of his Council upon so important an Affair, yet, finding their Opinions so very different one from the other, as not to be reconciled, he resolved to releafe the King upon such Terms as could be had. Accordingly the Treaty was concluded and signed, on the 14th of January at Madrid, by which Peace and Amity seemingly was established between Charles the Vth and Francis the It. The chief Articles of which were,

“ That the King of France should marry Queen Eleanora, the Emperor's Sister, and have with her 200,000 Crowns in Gold. That he should be set

at Liberty on the roth of March, and then deliver “ his two Sons as Hostages. That he should

resign to the Emperor the Dutchy of Burgundy in « full Sovereignty That he should give up

the Homage the Emperor owed for Flanders and Artois. That he should renounce all Claim to Naples, Milan, Asti, Tournay, Life, Hesdin, &c. That he “ should endeavour to persuade Henry d'Albert to re

sign the Kingdom of Navarre to the Emperor, or at “ least should give him no Asistance.---- That within

40 Days he should restore the Duke of Bourbon, “ and all his Party to their Eftates.—That he should “ restore Philbert de Chalons, Prince of Orange, and Michael Antonio de Saluzzo to their Principality.-“ That he should give no sort of Asistance to the “ Duke of Guelders, and, after that Prince's Death,

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