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For organic acts relating to the land now included within Michigan printed in other parts of this work see:

Virginia Act of Cession, 1783 (Illinois, p. 955).
Deed of ('ession from Virginia, 1784 (Illinois, p. 957).
Northwest Territorial Government, 1787 (Illinois, p. 957).
Virginia Act of Ratification, 1788 (Illinois, p. 963).
Northwest Territorial Government, 1789 (Illinois, p. 9963).
'Territorial Government of Indiana, 1800 (Illinois, p. 964).
Extension of Michigan Territory, 1834 (Iowa, p. 1111).
Enabling Act for Illinois, 1818 (Illinois, p. 967).

TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT OF MICHIGAN-1805

[EIGHTH ('ONGRESS, SECOND SESSION]

An Act to divide the Indiana Territory into two separate governments Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilouse of Representatives of the United States of America in ('ongress assembled, That from and after the thirtieth day of June next, all that part of the Indiana Territory which lies north of a line drawn east from the southerly bend, or extreme, of Lake Michigan, until it shall intersect Lake Erie, and east of a line drawn from the said southerly bend through the middle of said lake to its northern extremity, and thence due north to the northern boundary of the United States, shall, for the purpose of temporary government, constitute a separate Territory, and be called Michigan.

Sec. 2. And be it further enactedl, That there shall be established within the said Territory a government in all respects similar to that provided by the ordinance of Congress, passed on the thirteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, for the government of the territory northwest of the river Ohio; and by an act passed on the seventh day of August, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, entitled "An act to provide for the government of the territory northwest of the river Ohio; ” and the inhabitants thereof shall be entitled to and enjoy all and singular the rights, privileges, and advantages granted and secured to the people of the

The French explored the land near Detroit in 1670, and established a colony there in 1702. This was (eded to Great Britain, with all of the other French possessions east of the Mississippi River, by the treaty of Paris, February 10, 1763, and was annexed by royal proclamation to the British colony of Quebec. It was relinquished to the United States by Great Britain by the treaties of 1782-83, although a British garrison was maintained until 17996.

• The boundaries of Michigan, as established by this act, were necessarily changed by the acts of Congress approved April 9, 1816; June 18, 1818; June 28, 1834, and April 20, 1836.

The act of 1818 extended the Territory westward to the Mississippi River. and the act of 1834 added the territory between the Mississippi River on the east and the Missouri and White Earth Rivers on the west. Michigan Territory then extended from Lakes Erie and Iluron westward to the Missouri River, and from the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri northward to the British dominions.

territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio by the said ordinance.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the officers for the said Territory, who, by virtue of this act shall be appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall respectively exercise the same powers, perform the same duties, and receive for their services the same compensations as by the ordinance aforesaid, and the laws of the United States, have been provided and established for similar officers in the Indiana Territory; and the duties and emoluments of superintendent of Indian Affairs shall be united with those of governor.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed so as in any manner to affect the government now in force in the Indiana Territory, further than to prohibit the exercise thereof within the said Territory of Michigan, from and after the aforesaid thirtieth day of June next.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all suits, process, and proceeding which, on the thirtieth day of June next, shall be pending in the court of any county which shall be included within the said Territory of Michigan, and also all suits, process, and proceedings which, on the said thirtieth day of June next, shall be pending in the general court of the Indiana Territory in consequence of any writ of removal, or order for trial at bar, and which had been removed from any of the counties included within the limits of the Territory of Michigan aforesaid, shall, in all things concerning the same, be proceedled on, and judgments and decrees rendered thereon, in the same manner as if the said Indiana Territory had remained undivided.

SEC. 6. And be it further enarteil, That Detroit shall be the seat of government of the said Territory until ('ongress shall otherwise direct.

Approved, January 11, 1805.

ENABLING ACT FOR MICHIGAN—1836

[TWENTY-FOU'RTI ('ONGRESS. FIRST SESSION ! An Act to establish the northern boundary-line of the State of Ohio, and to

provide for the admission of the State of Michigan into the l'nion upon the conditions therein expressed.

Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilouse of Representatives of the United States of Imerica in Congress assembled, That the northern

a For other statutes of an organic nature relating to Michigan subsequent to 1805 see an act to ascertain the boundaries of, act of May 20, 1812 ; to authorize the election of il delegate from, and to extend right of suffrage within, Felsruary 16, 1819; to provide for additional judge and to regulate the courts, January 30, 18233 ; to amend the earlier acts establishing government in, March 3, 1823; to provide for township and county government, and for popular election of additional members of the legislative council, February 5, 1825; to allow citizens to elect members of the legislative council, January 29, 1827; to authorize legislative council to take charge of school lands, May 24, 1828: to change time and place of holding county court, April 2, 1830; to prolong session of legislative council, March 2, 1833, to authorize change in election districts, March 2, 1833 ; to annex to Michigan territory west of Mississippi river and north of state of Missouri, June 28, 1834; to authorize extra session of legislative council, June 30, 18:34; to increase salaries of judges, June 30, 18:34; to provide for the due execution of the laws of the United States in, July 1, 1836.

boundary-line of the State of Ohio shall be established at, and shall be a direct line drawn from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan to the most northerly cape of the Maumee (Miami) Bay, after that line, so drawn, shall intersect the eastern boundary-line of the State of Indiana ; and from the said north cape of the said bay, northeast to the boundary-line between the United States and the province of Upper Canada, in Lake Erie; and thence with the said last-mentioned line, to its intersection with the western line of the State of Pennsylvania.

Sec: 2. Ind be it further enacted, That the constitution and State government which the people of Michigan have formed for themselves be, and the same is hereby, accepted, ratified, and confirmed; and that the said State of Michigan shall be, and is hereby, declared to be one of the United States of America, and is hereby admitted into the Union upon an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatsoever: Provided always, and this admission is upon the express condition, That the said State shall consist of and have jurisdiction over all the territory included within the following boundaries, and over none other, to wit: Beginning at the point where the above-described northern boundary of the State of Ohio intersects the eastern boundary of the State of Indiana, and running thence with the said boundary-line of Ohio, as described in the first section of this act, until it intersects the boundary-line between the United States and Canada, in Lake Erie; thence with the said boundary-line between the United States and Canada, through the Detroit River, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior, to a point where the said line last touches Lake Superior; thence, in a direct line through Lake Superior, to the mouth of the Montreal River; thence, through the middle of the main channel of the said river Montreal, to the middle of the Lake of the Desert; thence, in a direct line, to the nearest headwater of the Menomonee River; thence, through the middle of that fork of the said river first touched by the said line, to the main channel of the said Menomonee River; thence, down the centre of the main channel of the same, to the centre of the most usual ship-channel of the Green Bay of Lake Michigan; thence, through the centre of the most usual ship-channel of the said bay, to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence, through the middle of Lake Michigan, to the northern boundary of the State of Indiana, as that line was established by the act of Congress of the nineteenth of April, eighteen hundred and sixteen; thence Que east with the north boundary-line of the said State of Indiana to the northeast corner thereof; and thence south, with the east boundary-line of Indiana, to the place of beginning.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That as a compliance with the fundamental condition of admission contained in the last preceding section of this act, the boundaries of the said State of Michigan, as in that section described, declared, and established, shall receive the assent of a convention of delegates elected by the people of said State for the sole purpose of giving the assent herein required; and, as soon as the assent herein required shall be given, the President of the United States shall announce the same by proclamation; and, thereupon, and without any further proceeding on the part of Congress, the admission of the said State into the Union, as one of the United States of America, on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever, shall be considered as complete, and the Senators and Rep

resentatives who have been elected by the said State as its representatives in the Congress of the United States shall be entitled to take their seats in the Senate and House of Representatives, respectively, without further delay.

Sec 4. wind be it further enacted, That nothing in this act contained, or in the admission of the said State into the Union as one of the United States of America, upon an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever, shall be so construed or understood as to confer upon the people, legislature, or other authorities of the said State of Michigan any authority or right to interfere with the sale by the United States, and under their authority, of the vacant and unsold lands within the limits of the said State; but that the subject of the public lands, and the interests which may be given to the said State therein, shall be regulated by future action between Congress, on the part of the United States, and the said State, or the authorities thereof. And the said State of Michigan shall in no case, and under no pretence whatsoever, impose any tax, assessment, or imposition of any description upon any of the lands of the United States within its limits.

Approved, June 15, 1836.

SUPPLEMENTARY ACT FOR THE ADMISSION OF MICHIGAN-1836

An Act supplementary to the act entitled "An act to establish the northern

boundary line of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the admission of the State of Michigan into the l'nion on certain conditions."

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in lieu of the propositions submitted to the Congress of the United States by an ordinance passed by the convention of delegates at Detroit, assembled for the purpose of making a constitution for the State of Michigan, which are hereby rejected; and that the following propositions be, and the same are hereby offered to the Legislature of the State of Michigan, for their acceptance or rejection, which if accepted, under the authority conferred on the said Legislature by the Convention which framed the constitution of the said State, shall be obligatory upon the United States.

First. That section numbered sixteen in every township of the public lands, and where such section has been sold or otherwise disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto, and as contiguous as may be, shall be granted to the State for the use of schools.

Second. That the seventy-two sections of land set apart and reserved for the use and support of a university by an act of Congress approved on the twentieth day of May, eighteen hundred and twentysix, entitled "An act concerning a seminary of learning in the Territory of Michigan," are hereby granted and conveved to the State, to be appropriated solely to the use and support of such university, in such manner as the Legislature may prescribe; And provided also, That nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to impair or affect in any way the rights of any person or persons claiming any of said seventy-two sections of lands, under contract or grant from said university.

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