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Born 1722.-Died 1752.

Born in Eastern Gothland-Studies at Upsal-Acquires the friendship

of Linnæus-Conceives the design of travelling in the East-Mode of
raising travelling funds Studies the oriental languages-Embarks at
Stockholm--Arrives in the Grecian Archipelago-Harbour of Milo-
Strange costume of the women-Island of Scio-State of medical
science in the East-Smyrna—The Frank carnival-Dances-Begin.
ning of Spring-Beautiful flowers and plants-Turkish_cemetery-
Excursion to Magnesia-Impregnation of figs—Sails for Egypt-Gar-
dens of Alexandria-Asses of Egypt-Rosetta-Women hatching

eggs—Politeness of the Turks-Circumcision feast-Voluptaousness

Serpent charmers-The Pyramids- Vegetation of the desert—The
Jion ant-Impregnation of palm-trees--Soils of Palestine-Jerusalem

--The Dead Sea-Apples of Sodom- The dudaim, or mandrakes-

Silkworm-Cyprus-Dies at Smyrna


Born 1690.-Died 1780.

Born at Antermony-Embarks for Petersburg-Sets out for Persiame

Descends the Volga-The Caspian-Falcons-Extraordinary incident

Skamakia-Tabriz-Koom-Kashan—Scorpions - Ispahan-Returns
to Petersburg-Departs for China-Arrives at Kazan-Beehives
Fogs and frosts of Siberia-Asbestos-Tobolsk-Swedish prisoners-
Game-Singular manuscripts-Ancient tombs or barrows-Curious
antiquities—white haressable-hunters-The Baikal Lake-Mongo-
lia-Great wall of China-Pekin-Character of the Chinese--Fine arts

- Population-Imperial hunt-Departs from China---Returns to Pe-

tersburg-Journey to Derbend-And to Constantinople-Returns to



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Born 1730.-

Died 1794.

Born at Kinnaird-Educated at Harrow-Wishes to become a clergy

man-Returns to Scotland-Becomes a sportsman-Studies the law
-Marries-Loses his wife-Visits Spain and Portugal--Returns

through Germany and Holland-Projects an expedition against Spain
-Is appointed consul of Algiers- Travels in Italy-Arrives in Algiers

--Disputes with the dey-Loaves Algiers—Visits Tunis and Tripoli-

Is shipwrecked, and plundered by the Bedouins-Embarks at Bengazi

for Caramania-Sails for Syria-Visits Palmyra--Embarks for Egypt

-Cairo-- Transactions with the bey-Anecdote-Ascends the Nile-

The Ababde Arabs—The Tigré chief-Assuan-Descends the Nile--
Proceeds to Kosseir-Adventure among the Arabs—Visits the moun-

tains of emeralds-Crosses the Red Sea to Jidda-Anecdote--Surveys

the Red Sea--Arrives at Masuah-Is in extreme danger-Escapes, and
enters Abyssinia-Crosses Mount Tarenta-Arrives at Dixan-Slave

trade--Rich scenery-Fair in the forest Adowa-Palace of Ras Mi-

chael-Ruins of Axum-Beautiful scenery--Live cow eating-Monks

of Waldubba-Crosses Mount Lamalmon--Arrives at Gondar - The

book of the prophet Enoch-Visits the queen-inother-Becomes a phy-

sician, and excites the jealousy of the monks-Has an interview with

Ras Michael-Triumphal entry of the Ras into Gondar-Beautiful

wife of the Ras-Is promoted to a high office at court-Shoots through
a shield and a table with a piece of candle-Profligate manners of the

Abyssinians—Is appointed governor of a district, Visits the great

cataract of the Nile-Sets out to discover the source of the Nile-Is

entertained by a rebel chief-Placed under the protection of the Gal

las-Reaches the sources of the Nile-Returns to Gondar-Leaves

Abyssinia-Traverses the deserts of Nubia-Reaches Assuan-De-

scends the Nile-Embarks for Marseilles-Arrives in England - Pub-
lishes his Travels-Dies........


Born 1712.-Died 1786.

Born at Portsmouth- Educated in London-Apprenticed to a merchant

at Lisbon-Conceives an unsuccessful passion-Renounces all ideas
of marriage--Returns to England_Visits St. Petersburg-Appointed
agent of the Russian company in Persia--Arrives at Lanjaron-Pro-
ceeds to Astrabad-Burning forest-Persian compliments—City of
Astrabad taken and plundered - Loses all his merchandise-Sets out
in company with a hajji and an escort-Deserted by his guides, and
left at a fisherman's hut-Embarks in a canoe--Arrives at Teschide-
zar-Presented with a horse by the shah's officers-Arrives at Bal-
froosh-Sets out alone for the camp of Nadir Shah-Extraordinary
privation--Dangers and difficulties--Reaches Lanjaron-Hospitably
entertained by Captain Elton-Desolating effects of the shah's tyr-
anny-Arrives at the royal camp-His tent near the royal standard-
Narrowly escapes being burnt to death. -Petitions for restitution of
his merchandise-Nadir detested by his followers-Magnificence of
the imperial camp-Splendid equipments of his numerous army-
Hanway obtains an order for restitution of his property-Sets out on

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