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tholomew Fair. Upon the credit of which they took a lodging in Smithfield, and made shift to get up a small booth to show juggling tricks in, the art of hocus-pocus, and pounder-le-pimp. The score being deep on all hands, the people clamouring for money, and customers coming but slowly in, they consulted how to rub off, and give their creditors the bag to hold. To this Coppinger dissented, saying he would find out the way to mend this dulness of trading; and he soon effected it by a lucky chance. A country fellow, on his return from Newgate-market on horseback, resolving to have a gape at Jack Pudding, sat gazing, with his mouth at half cock; and, so intent was he, that his senses seemed to be gone wool-gathering. Coppinger, whispering some of his companions, they stept to Tom Noddie's' horse, one of them ungirthing him, and taking off the bridle, the reins of which the fellow held in his hand, they bore him on the pack-saddle on each side, and led the horse sheer from under him; whilst another with counterfeit horns, and a vizard, put his head out of the head-stall and kept nodding forwards, so that Ninny' verily supposed, by the tugging of the reins, that he was still on cock-horse! The signal being given, they let him squash to the ground, pack-saddle and all; when, terrified at the sight of the supposed devil he had got in a string, and concluding Hocus Pocus had conjured his horse into that antic figure, he scrambled up, and betaking him to his heels back into the country, frightened his neighbours with dismal stories that Dr. Faustus and Friar Bacon were alive again, and transforming horses into devils in Bartholomew Fair! The tale, gathering as it spread, into many monstrous things, caused the booth to be thronged during the fair; which piece of good-luck was solely attributable to Coppinger's ingenuity.

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Plain Joe Haynes, the learned Doctor Haynes, or the dignified Count Haynes, for by these several titles he was honourably distinguished, was the hero of a variety of vagabondical adventures both at home and abroad. He is the first comedian who rode an ass upon

Wood's Athena, Oxon, ii, p. 976. Joseph Haynes, or Heynes, matriculated as a servitor of Queen's College, 3d May, 1689. Mr. Ja. Tirrel saith he is a great actor and maker of plays; but I find him not either in Langbaine or Term Cat.' Old Anthony, like good old Homer,' sometimes nods. Haynes had been upon the stage many years before, and was too profligate to be admitted of the university at that period.


In the memoir of Joe Haynes, in the Lives of the Gamesters, he is said to have died in the beginning of the year 1700, aged 53. This is a mistake.

He was married, as appears from the following lines in the prologue to 'The Injured Lovers.'

'Joe Haynes's fate is now become my share,

For I 'm a poet, marry'd, and a player.'

Downes says he was one of those who came not into the company untill after they had begun in Drury Lane.' Drury Lane first opened on 8th April, 1663.

He wrote and spoke a variety of prologues and epilogues, particularly the epilogue to the Unhappy Kindness, or Fruitless Revenge,' in the habit of a horse-officer, mounted on an ass, in 1697. In after times his example was imitated by Shuter, Liston, and Wilkinson.

His principal characters were, Syringe, in the Relapse: Roger, in sop; Sparkish, in the Country Wife; Lord Plausible, in the Plain Dealer; Pamphlet and Rigadoon, in Love and a Bottle; Tom Errand, in the Constant Couple; Mad Parson, in the Pilgrim; Benito, in the Assignation; Noll Bluff, in the Old Bachelor; Rumour, in a Plot and No Plot, (to which, in 1697, he spoke the prologue); and Jamy, in Sawney the Scot.

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the stage. He acted the mountebank, Waltho Van Clatterbank, High German, chemical, wonder-working doctor and dentificator, and spoke his famous Horse-doctor's harangue' to the mob. He challenged a celebrated quack called 'The Unborn Doctor,' at the town. of Hertford, on a market-day, to have a trial of skill with him. Being both mounted on the public stage, and surrounded on all sides by a numerous auditory eager to hear this learned dispute, Joe desired that each might stand upon a joint stool. 'Gentlemen,' said Joe, 'I thank you for your good company, and hope soon to prove how grossly you have been deceived by this arch-impostor. I come hither neither to get a name, nor an estate: the first, by many_miraculous cures performed in Italy, Spain, Holland, France, and England, per totum terrarum orbem, has long been established. As to the latter, those Emperors, Kings, and foreign potentates, whom I have snatched from the gaping jaws of death, whose image I have the honour to wear (showing several medals,) have sufficiently rewarded me. Besides, I arn the seventh son of a seventh son; so were my father and grandfather. To convince you, therefore, that what I affirm is truth, I prognosticate some heavy judgment will fall on the head of that impudent quack. May the charlatan tumble ingloriously, while the true doctor remains unhurt! At which words, Haynes's Merry-Andrew, who was underneath the stage, with a cord fast to B's stool, just as B-was going to stutter out a reply, pulled the stool from under him, and down he came; which, passing for a miracle, Joe was borne home to his lodging in triumph, and B- hooted out of the town.*

Some of Doctor Haynes's miraculous mock cures were the Duchess of Boromolpho of a cramp in her tongue; the Count de Rodomontado of a bilious passion, after a surfeit of buttered parsnips; and Duke Philorix of a dropsy-of which he died! He invites his patients to the 'Sign of the Prancers, in vico vulgo dicto, Rattlecliffero, something south-east of Templum Danicum in the Square of Profound-Close, not far from TitterTatter-Fair!'

He was a good-looking fellow, of singular accomplishments, and in great request among the ladies. 'With the agreeableness of my mien, the gaiety of my conversation, and the gallantry of my dancing, I charmed the fair sex wherever I came. "Signor Giuseppe," (he was now Count Haynes !) says one, "when will you help me to string my lute ?" "Signor Giuseppe," says another, "shall we see you at night in the grotto behind the Duke's palace?" "Signor Giu

The life of the late Famous Comedian, Jo. Haynes. Containing his comical exploits and adventures, both at home and abroad. London. Printed for J. Nutt, near Stationer's-Hall, 1701.'

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The Reasons of Mr. Joseph Hains, the Player's Conversion and Reconver sion. Being the Third and Last Part to the dialogue of Mr. Bays. London: Printed for Richard Baldwin, near the Black Bull in the Old-Baily, 1690.' This tract is intended as a skit upon Dryden, whose easy conversion and re-conversion' are satirised in a very laughable manner. In 1689, Haynes spoke his 'Recantation Prologue upon his first appearance on the stage after his return from Rome,' in the character of a theatrical penitent!

John Davies ridicules the coxcombs of his day, that it engrossed the whole of their meal-times in talk of plays, and censuring of players.

As good play as work for naught, some say,

But players get much good by naught but play.'

seppe," says a third, "when will you teach me the last new song you made for the prince of Tuscany? and so, i'faith, they Guisepped me, till I had sworn at least to a dozen assignations.'

His waggery was amusing to all who were not the butts of it. He once kept a merchant that had a laced-band which reached from shoulder to shoulder, two good hours in a coffee-house near the Exchange, while he explained the meaning of chevaux de frize. The wide-gaping citizen telling him there were horses in Frize-land that were bullet-proof! At another time he parleyed with a grocer a full quarter of an hour in the street, inquiring which was the nearest way from Fleet street to the Sun Tavern in Piccadilly; whether down the Strand, and so by Charing Cross; or through Lincoln's Inn Fields and Covent Garden? though the simpleton declared his spouse sent him post-haste for a doctor, and-for all that Joe knew, -made him lose an heir-apparent to 'some dozen pounds of raisins, as many silver apostle spoons, Stow's London, and Speed's Chro


His astonished father-confessor, while listening to his sham catalogue of frightful enormities, looked as death-like as a frolicsome party of indigo porters in a dark cellar, by the melancholy light of burnt brandy! 'For,' said the penitent wag, 'last Wednesday I stole a consecrated bell from one of St. Anthony's holy pigs, and coined it into copper farthings! Such a day I pinned a fox's tail on a monk's cowl; and passing by an old gentlewoman sitting in her elbow-chair by the door, reading "The Spiritual Carduus-posset for a Sinner's Belly-Ache," (this, saving our noble comedian's presence, is more after the fashion of Rabby Busy, than Friar Peter!) 'I abstracted her spectacles from off her venerable purple nose, and converted them to the profane use of lighting my tobacco by the sunshine.'

'Hark!' said Mr. Bosky, as a voice of cock-crowing cachinnation sounded merrily under his window, there is my St. Bartholomy-tide chorister. For twenty years and more has Nester Nightingale proclaimed the joyous anniversary with a new song." And having thrown up the sash, he threw down his accustomed gratuity, and was rewarded with


Harlequin, taking a journey to Bath,

Put up at an inn with his dagger of lath.
He supp'd like a lord,-on a pillow of down

He slept like a king, and he snored like a clown.

Boniface said, as he popp'd in his head,
In that little crib by the side of your bed,

As honest a farmer as e'er stood in shoes,

(My chambers are full) would be glad of a snooze.'

The farmer began, as in clover he lay,
To talk of his clover, his corn-rigs, and hay,
His bullocks, his heifers, his pigs, and his wife;
Not a wink could our Harlequin get for his life.

He reckon'd his herds, and his flocks, and his fleece,
And drove twice to market his ducks and his geese;
He babbled of training, and draining, and scythes,
And hoeing, and sowing, and taxes, and tithes.

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'I'm the hangman,' said Harlequin, sir, of the town;
I cut in the morning a highwayman down;
And fix in the market-place up, for a flag,
To-morrow his head, which I bear in my bag!"

The talkative farmer jump'd up in a fright

(If you look for the bag, friend, it lies on your right!')
Ran out of the chamber, and roar'd for the host,
Shrieking, and shaking, and pale as a ghost!

Boniface listen'd, bolt upright in bed,

To the cock-and-bull story of hangman and head;
And then caught the mountebank, snug on his back,
Holding his sides, which were ready to crack!

Loud laugh'd the landlord at Harlequin's trick.
As soon, cried the farmer, I'd sup with Old Nick,
As sleep in this room with that gibbetting wag,

With a head on his shoulders, and one in his bag!

'Bravo, Nestor said the Laureat of Little Britain; Norah Noclack (as the taciturn old lady has grown musical), will draw thee a cup of ale for thy ditty, and make thee free of the buttery.'



SWEET May is come once more
With rich and plenteous store,

To deck the meadows gay,
Cold frost, and ice, and snow,
Shun where the west winds blow,
And slowly melt away.

Oh! may no grief annoy
The lover's dream of joy,
Let all be happy now,
May what ye ask be given,
A pledge from bounteous Heaven
To bless your nuptial vow.

Therefore 'tis right that I,
A faithful friend, should try
One simple heartfelt prayer.
Oh! may my wishes prove
Propitious to your love,

And shield you both from care.

May God on you each hour
As many blessings shower

As leaves are on the tree:
As twinkling stars on high
That glitter in the sky,
As fishes in the sea.



THE sameness of a voyage while out of sight of land has been much spoken of by travellers, and, we think, unfairly abused. Now, commend me to a sameness of fair weather and fair winds; even the sameness of a good mess is not to be despised. Let those who want a change have the agrémens of their voyages interspersed with storm, and blast, and salt junk to their hearts' content: a taste of a gale of wind in the Bay of Biscay, and five days of contrary winds off Cape St. Vincent, have afforded me more than enough of change during the last three weeks. Now the far-famed Pillars of Hercules are before us, and with a favouring and gentle breeze we are entering the Mediterranean. Cape Trafalgar is on our larboard, Tangier on our starboard bow: we look back on the Barbary coast, stretching away to the south-west, in ever-changing undulation as our ship proceeds on her course, until mountain appears rising over mountain, the whole terminating in a branch of the Atlas range, far, far away, where the clouds of heaven bend down to greet the giants of the earth. The moon rises over the rocky fastnesses of Gibraltar, but dimmed by distance, and lost in the deep shadows of its mighty crags, we gaze on the wondrous pile as on a mystery we are as yet forbidden to penetrate. The breeze freshens,— we hug the African coast,-the noble ship feels the strong current. Ceuta is neared-is passed—and we are in the Mediterranean. There was a report in the cockpit that we were to touch at Ape's Hill (Ceuta) for powder-monkeys.' This rumour has proved incorrect, and the sagacious inhabitants of that rock are not to be pressed into the service, but to be left to the prosecution of their civil engineering, in tunnelling from the shores of Africa to those of Europe.

Being now fairly launched in the Mediterranean, it is much to be regretted that the prosecution of our voyage to the shores of Syria, touching only at Malta, prevents our looking in upon the French at Algiers. Great guns and small arms! what preparations we are making to do credit to any experimental war it may please the kings of the earth to get up for the trial of sundry new inventions, calculated to make fighting a pastime not lightly to be provoked, and to prove protocols to be the most expedient of projectiles. The shores of Sardinia are before us; a fertile land, inhabited by a race unworthy of the rich soil that bears them, half cultivated as it is by a people more than half savages. Already we see the shores of Sicily lying, as every schoolboy knows, at the foot of Europe, and rarely have its destinies been kicked about. Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Saracens, Normans, French, Germans, and Spaniards, have all had a slap at it; but we do not pretend to be historians, except of our own voyage, and even of that in mere 'memoranda.'

We are now fast approaching the 'Skerki rocks,' or, as sailors call them, the Squirks. On this dangerous reef the Athenian frigate was lost in the early part of the present century, and but few of her crew were saved to tell the story of her captain's rashness, redeemed if a fault involving the lives of hundreds could be redeemed-by the firmness with which he determined on sharing the fate he had brought on others. The moon is rising over the waters, and the decks of the Howe lie bleaching in her rays, emulating the spreading sails in white

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