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laughter. The falling circumflex begins with the rising, and ends with the falling movement. This will appear in Hamlet's reply to his mother.

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Q. Hamlet, you have your father much offended.

H. Madam, you have my father much offended.

These movements of the voice have an important agency in forming the emphasis of scorn and irony.

If you have writ your annals true, 'tis there,
That like an eagle in a dove-cote, I
Flutter'd your Volsces in Corioli:
Alone I did it-Boy!

And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, cry aloud; for he is a God: either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is on a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, and

must be awaked,

SECTION II. Of Rhythmus.

Rhythmus or melodious reading, signifies the uniform recurrence of accented syllables in a given time, called feet. Each foot begins with an accented, and ends with an unaccented syllable or more. But as there is not in the English language this regular alternation of accented and unaccented syllables, pauses are introduced to supply the deficiency. Thus, if in dividing a sentence into feet it should happen, as it often does, that the first word in the bar is unaccented, a rest or pause is introduced, and the remaining measure is filled with unaccented syllables: so that there shall be in each foot, really or artificially, one accented, and one or more unaccented syllables. And as every accented syllable must begin a bar, it often happens that the measure of the preceding foot, for the want of unaccented syllables, must be completed by the introduction of pauses. Thus in the Exile of Erin :

7 There came to the | béach 7|7 a poor |éxile of | 'Erin, | 7 The | déw on his | thín 7 | róbe 7|7 was | heavy and | chill 7 7 For his country he sigh'd, 7 whén at | twilight repairing,

To wander a lóne 7 | 7 by the wind 7 | beaten | hill |—

That the ear requires rhythmus in reading poetry, no one will dispute. The regular alternation of heavy and light sound is absolutely indispensable. The most uncultivated speaker, in reciting the following lines of Pope, would be apt to imitate the following reading :

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7 The | séas 7|7 shall | waste, 7|7 the skies in | smóke decây 7

Rocks 7 fall to dúst7|7 and | mountains | mélt a | wáy, 7 | 7 But fixed his word, 77 his | sáving | power 7 re | mains,7 1 7 Thy | realm 7|7 for | éver | lásts, 7 | 7 thy | own mes | síah | 1 reigns. 7

But in reading prose, and less musical poetry, there would be a greater departure from rhythmus. The uncultivated reader in those instances would imagine there is no music. Such, however, is not the fact: for in every species of composition, there is more or less of this attribute; and reading is good or bad, in proportion to the exhibition of it.

As the benefits of rhythmical reading consist, not merely in the improvement of the ear, the ease of the reader, and the pleasure it affords the auditor, but also of useful exercises in accentuation, and the delicate intermixture of light and heavy sound, it should be attended to with great assiduity. The following examples, if completely mastered, will contribute much to the formation of a taste and aptitude for rhythmical reading.

HOHENLINDEN.

|

I lay the un❘ tródden | snów, 7|

7 On Linden when the sun was | lów, 71
| |
7 All bloodless
|
|77|7 And dark as | winter | 7 was the flow 7
7 Of 'Iser | rolling | rápidly. | 777

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7 But Linden - saw an | other | sight 7

When the drúm 7 | béat 7 | 7 at | dead of night 7 | death, 7|7 to | light 7 | scénery. [777

7 Commanding firés of 7The darkness 17 of her

| fast ar | ráyd7

w

7 Bytórch and trumpet |
Eách 7 | horseman | drew his | battle | blade, 7 |

7 And furiousévery charger | neighed 7 | 7 To join the dreadful | révelry. 777

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Thén 7 shook the hills 77 with | thúnder | ríven, |
Then 7rúshed the | steed, 7|7 to | battle | driven, }
17 And loúder 17 than the | bólts of heaven,
Får 7 | flashed 717 the | réd 717 ar ↑ tillery, |

Andrédder | yét 7 | 7 those | firés shall | głów 7, | 7 On | Linden's | hills of blood stain'd | snów, 7 | T 7 And darker yét 717 shall | bé the | flów, 7 | 7 Of I'serrólling | rápidly. | 777

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7 'Tis mórn; 7 7 but scárce 7 | yón 7 | lúrid | sún 7 | 7 Can pierce the wár-clouds | rolling | dûn ;7| 7 Where | fúrious | Frank 717 and | fiéry | Hún 7 Shout 77 in their | súlphurous | cánopy. 1777

7 The combat deépens. |

O'n 717 ye | brave 7

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7 Who rush to glory||7 or the | gráve : 71 | | Wave 7 Múnich || áll thy | bánners | wave; 7| | 7 And | charge 77 with all 7 | 7 thy | chivalry. Į

Féw 7 few shall | párt 717 where | mány | méet, 7 |
7 The snów 717 shall be their | winding | sheet; 7 |
| 7 And | évery | túrf 7 |7 be | néath their | feet 7 |
| 7 Shall | bé a | sóldier's | sépulchre. | 777

THE THUNDER STORM.

BY MONTGOMERY.

O' for evening's | brównest | shade ; 7 |

Where the breezes | pláy 7|7 by stealth, 7

7 In the forest- | cinctured | gláde, 7| Round the hermitage of | Health: 7]

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7 While the ❘ noón-bright | mountains | bláze, 7|
In the sun's tor ménting | rays:7|
O'er the sick and | súltry | pláins, 7|

1

I

Through the | dim7|7 de | lírious | aír, 7 | A'gonizing silence | reigns; 7|

1

1

I

7 And the wánness | 7 of despair. 7|
Nature | faints 77 with | fervent | héat; 7|
A'h ! 7 | 7 her | púlse 7|7 has | ceas'd to | béat, 7 | ~~ |
Nów in deep and dreadful | gloom, 7|

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Clouds on clouds 7|7 por | téntous | spréad ; 7} Black 7 as if the | day of doóm, 7|

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Húng oer | nature’s | shrinking | héad. 7 | Ló, 77 the | lightning | breaks from | high ;7| Gód is cóming, | | Gód 7 | 7 is | nígh. 7| Héar ye not 7 his | chariot | wheels, 7| 7 As the mighty | thúnder | rólls; 7 | Nature, | startled | náture | | reéls, 7 7 From the centre 7 to the | póles. 7| I Trémble [ócean | earth 7|7 and | s'ky, 7| God 77 is passing | b'y. 7| wild with horror forms 7

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Trémble,

Darkness

1 His mystérious | híding | pláce ; 7|

Should he |7 from his |árk of stórms 7]

|

Rénd the veil 7|7 and shów his | face, 7 |
7 At the judgment | 7 of his | éye 7|
A'll the universe |7 would | die. 7 |
I
Brighter | broader | lightnings | flash, 7|

L

Háil and | ráin, 7 tem | péstuous | fall, 7 |

Lóuder déeper | thúnders | crash, 71
Désolation threatens all. 7 |

Struggling | náture | gasps for | breath, 7 |
7 In the agony | 7 of death, 7| I J
Gód of vengeance 17 from a bóve,.7|

While thine | awful | bólts are | húrl'd, 7 |

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| 0', 7 | 7 re | mémber |

thóu 77 art love; 7

Spáre, 70', spáre 77 a | guilty | world. 7 |
Stay thy flaming | wráth a while; 7 |
See thy | bów of promise | smíle. 7 |
Welcome 7 in the | Eastern | cloúd 7 |
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Méssenger of mércy | still ;7 | 1

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Nów 7 ye winds 7 | 7 pro | claim a | loúd 7¦

Peace on earth, 77 to | mán 7 good 7 | will, 71 } { Nature, Gód's repenting child, 7|

S'ee thy parent |

réconcil❜d. I

Hárk, 7 |
7 the nightingale |
Sweetly | sings the | sún to | rést, 7 |
7 And a wakes the evening | stár,7|
7 In the rosy tinted wést; 7|
While the moon's enchanting | éye, 7 |
O'pens | Paradise |7 on | hígh. 7| 1
Cléar and tranquil | 7 is the night, 7 |

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Nature's | sore af | flíctions | céase, 7|
7 And the stórm that | bént its might, 7|
Hás a covenant | 7 of | peáce. 7 |
Véngeance drops her harmless | ród, 7
Mércy 7 is the power of God. 71 1

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17 a far, 71

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Lord of all 7 power | 7 and | might, 717 who art the author and giver | 7 of all 7 | good 7|7 things, graft in our hearts 717 the love of thy | náme, 7|7 in | créase in us | trúe re | ligion, | nóurish us with | áll 7 | goodness, | 7 and of thy | gréat7 | mércy, | kéep us | 7 in the same, 717 through | Jésus | Christ 77 our | Lord. 7 |

For the farther discussion of this subject, I refer, with great pleasure, to Dr. J. Barber's Exercises in Rhythmus. As he is now preparing a new edition of this work, with considerable im

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