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and decorated by the taste of Pope, is almost exclusively dedicated to the memory of the truly great. Or rather, like the Pantheon of Rome, it stands in calm and severe beauty amid the ruins of ancient magnificence and "the toys of modern state." Within, no idle ornament encumbers its bold simplicity. The pure light of heaven enters from above and sheds an equal and serene radiance around. As the eye wanders about its extent, it beholds the unadorned monuments of brave and good men who have greatly bled or toiled for their country, or it rests on votive tablets inscribed with the names of the best benefactors of mankind.
But there is another consideration, which, if it did not naturally arise of itself, would be pressed upon us by the taunts of European criticism.
What has this nation done to repay the world for the benefits which we have received from others? We have been repeatedly told, and sometimes, too, in a tone of affected impartiality, that the highest praise which can fairly be given to the American mind, is that of possessing an enlightened selfishness; that if the philosophy and talents of this country, with all their effects, were for ever swept into oblivion, the loss would be felt only by ourselves; and that if to the accuracy of this general charge, the labours of Franklin present an illustrious, it is still but a solitary exception.
The answer may be given confidently and triumphantly.
Is it nothing for the universal good of mankind to have carried into successful operation a system of self-government, uniting personal liberty, freedom of opinon and equality of rights, with national power and dignity; such as had before existed only in the Utopian dreams of philosophers? Is it nothing, in moral science, to have anticipated in sober reality, numerous plans of reform in civil and criminal jurisprudence, which are, but now, suggested as plausible theories by the politicians and economists of Europe? Is it nothing to have been able to call forth on every emergency, either in war or peace, a body of talents always equal to the difficulty? Is it nothing to have, in less than half a century, exceedingly improved the sciences of political economy, of law, and of medicine, with all their auxiliary branches; to have enriched human knowledge by the accumulation of a great mass of useful facts and observations, and to have augmented the power and the comforts of civiliz ed man, by miracles of mechanical invention? Is it nothing to of have given the world examples of disinterested patriotism, political wisdom, of public virtue; of learning, eloquence, and valour, never exerted save for some praiseworthy end?
No-Land of Liberty! thy children have no cause to blush for thee. What though the arts have reared no monuments among us, and scarce a trace of the muse's footstep is found in the paths of our forests, or along the banks of our rivers; yet our soil has been consecrated by the blood of heroes, and by great and holy deeds of peace. Its wide extent has become one vast temple and hallowed asylum, sanctified by the prayers and blessings of the persecuted of every sect and the wretched of all nations.
Land of Refuge-Land of Benedictions! Those prayers still arise, and they still are heard. "May peace be within thy walls, and plenteousness within thy palaces;" "May there be no decay, no leading into captivity, and no complaining in thy streets;"" May truth flourish out of the earth, and righteousness look down from Heaven."
Lochiel! Lochiel, beware of the day
When the Lowlands shall meet thee in battle array!
Go, preach to the coward, thou death-telling seer!
Ha laugh'st thou, Lochiel, my vision to scorn?
False Wizard, avaunt! I have marshalled my clan :
-Lochiel, Lochiel, beware of the day!
Now, in darkness and billows, he sweeps from my sight:
Rise! rise! ye wild tempests, and cover his flight !
But where is the iron-bound prisoner? Where?
-Down, soothless insulter! I trust not the tale :
So black with dishonour-so foul with retreat.
Though my perishing ranks should be strewed in their gore,
While the kindling of life in his bosom remains,
With his back to the field, and his feet to the foe!
Extract from BIDDLE's Address before the Philadelphia Agricultural Society.
If I have failed to prove that the pursuits of agriculture may be as lucrative as other employments, it will be an easier task to to vindicate their pleasures and their importance. I need not dwell on that retirement, one of the purest enjoyments of this life, and the best preparation for the future-on those healthful Occupations on that calmness of mind-on that high spirit of manliness and independence, which naturally belong to that condition. These are attractions which must have deep roots in the human heart, since they have in all times fascinated at once the imagination and won the judgment of men.
may be allowed to say, that in this nation agriculture is probably destined to attain its highest honours, and that the country life of America ought to possess peculiar attractions. The pure and splendid institutions of this people have embodied the brightest dreams of those high spirits, who in other times and in other lands, have lamented or struggled against oppression --they have realized the fine conceptions which speculative men have imagined-which wise men have planned, or brave men vainly perished in attempting to establish. Their influence in reclaiming the lost dignity of man, and inspiring the loftiest feelings of personal independence, may be traced in every condition of our citizens; but as all objects are most distinct by insulation, their effects are peculiarly obvious in the country.
The American farmer is the exclusive, absolute, uncontrouled proprietor of the soil. His tenure is not from the government; the government derives its power from him. There is above him nothing but God and the laws; no hereditary authority usurping the distinctions of personal genius; no established church spreading its dark shadow between him and heaven. His frugal government neither desires nor dares to oppress the soil; and the altars of religion are supported only by the voluntary offerings of sincere piety. His pursuits, which no perversion can render injurious to any, are directed to the common benefit of all. In multiplying the bounties of Providence, in the improvement and embellishment of the soil-in the care of the inferior animals committed to his charge, he will find an ever varying and interesting employment, dignified by the union of liberal studies, and enlivened by the exercise of a simple and generous hospitality. His character assumes a loftier interest by its influence over the public liberty. It may not be foretold to what dangers this country is destined, when its swelling population, its expanding territory, its daily complicating interests, shall awake the latent passions of man, and reveal the vulnerable points of our institutions. But whenever these perils come, its most steadfast security, its unfailing reliance will be on that column of landed proprietors-the men of the soil and of the country-standing aloof from the passions which agitate denser communities-well educated, brave, and independent-the friends of the government, without soliciting its favours-the advocates of the people, without descending to flatter their passions; these men, rooted like their own forests, may yet interpose between the factions of the country, to heal, to defend, and