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A FRAGMENT

OF

AN ESSAY OF FAME.

The poets make Fame a monster : they describe her in part finely and elegantly, and in part gravely and sententiously: they say, look how many feathers she hath, so many eyes she hath onderneath, so many tongues, so many voices, she pricks up so many ears.

This is a flourish; there follow excellent parables; as that she gathereth strength in going; that she goeth upon the ground, and - yet bideth her head in the clouds; that in the day-time she sitteth in a watch-tower, and Ayeth most by night; that she mingleth things done with things pot done; and that she is a terror to great cities: but that which passeth all the rest is, they do recount that the Earth, mother of the giants that made war against Jupiter, and were by him destroyed, thereupon in anger brought forth

Fame; for certain it is, that rebels, figured by, the giants and seditious fames and libels, are but brothers and sisters, masculine and feminine: but now if a man can tame this monster, and bring her to feed at the hand and govern her, and with her fly other ravening fowl and kill them, it is somewhat worth: but we are infected with the style of the poets. To speak now in a sad and serious manner, there is not in all the politics a place less handled, and more worthy to be handled, than this of fame; we will there. fore speak of these points: what are false fames; and what are true fames; and how they may be best discerned; how fames may be sown and raised; how they may be spread and multiplied; and how they may be checked and laid dead; and other things concerning the nature of fame. Fame is of that force, as there is scarcely any great action wherein it hath not a great part, especially

Mucianus undid Vitellius by a fame that he scattered, that Vitellius had in purpose to move the legions of Syria into Germany, and the legions of Germany into Syria; whereupon the legions of Syria were infinitely inflamed. Julius Cæsar took Pompey unprovided, and laid asleep his industry and preparations by a fame that he cunning

in the war.

ly gave out, how Cæsar's own soldiers loved him not; and being wearied with the wars, and laden with the spoils of Gaul, would forsake him as soon as he came into Italy. Livia settled all things for the succession of her son Tiberius, by continually giving out that her husband Augustus was upon recovery and amendment; and it is an usual thing with the bashaws, to conceal the death of the Great Turk from the janizaries and men of war, to save the sacking of Constantinople, and other towns, as their manner is. Themistocles made Xerxes, king of Persia, post-apace out of Græcia, by giving out that the Grecians had a purpose to break his bridge of ships which he had made athwart the Hellespont. There be a thousand such like examples, and the more they are the less they need to be repeated, because man meeteth with them

every

where : wherefore let all wise governors have as great a watch and care over fames, as they have of the actions and designs themselves.

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. . Death

III,
IV.

.. Love

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No.

Page
I. Of Truth

13
II.

17
Unity in Religion

20
Revenge

27
V Adversity

29
VI.
Simulation and Dissimulation

31
VII
Parents and Children

36
VIII. Marriage and Single Life

38
IX. Envy

41
X.

49
XI. Great Place

52
XII. Boldness

57
XIII. . Goodness, and Goodness of Nature

60
XIV.
. . A King

64
XV. . . Nobility

68
XVI. . Seditions and Troubles

70
XVII. - Atheism

82
XVIIL Superstition

86
XIX Travel

89
XX. . Empire

92
XXI.
.. Counsel

. 100
XXII. Delays

07
XXIII. Cunning

• 109
XXIV. .. Wisdom for a Man's Self .

115
XXV, . . Innovations

117
XXVI. . Dispatch

119
XXVII.
.. Set ming Wise

122
XXVIII. . Friendship

124
XXIX. Expense

,136
XXX. . . The True Greatness of Kingdoms and Estates 138

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